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180611 jutk note

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180611 jutk note 180611 jutk note Document Transcript

  • vkf n o k l h fo d k l fo H k k x¼ e g k j k ” V ª ‘ k k l u ½ iq j L d ` r oe g k j k ” Vª bf U L V V ; q V vkW Q V s D U k k W y k W t h Vªk U l Q jQ k W j #jy ,f j ; k t ] u k f ’ k d } k j k la p k f y r tu m R d ” k Z dk;Z d z e 200 3 & 2 0 11 ¼vkfnoklh lektkdjhrk loZad”k fodkl dk;Zdze½ l a { k h I r fVi . k h 1
  • eg k j k ” Vª bf ULV V; q V vk W Q V s D U k k W y k W t h Vª k Ul Qj Qk W j #j y ,f j ; k t ¼f er z½ ] c k ; Q & f e r z H k o u ] f u o k l g k s El l e k s j ] c k s/ k y s u x j P; k i k B h e k x s ] u k f ’ k d & i q . k s j k s M ] uk f ’ k d & 4 2 2 011Qk s u u a - ¼ 0 2 5 3 ½ 2 4 1 6 0 5 7 ] 2 4 1 6 0 5 8 QW D l 241 6 0 5 6 b e sy mittra_nsk@dataone.in tu mR d ” k Z dk; Z d z e & eg kj k ” Vª vkfnoklh lektkdjhrk loZad”k fodkl dk;Zdze1- 0 iz L r k o u k %egkjk”Vª ‘kklukus o”kZ 2003&04 ;k o”kkZe/;s vfnoklh fodkl dk;Zdze 15ftYg;klkBh ,d egRokadka{kh izdYi fe= ;k laLFksl eatwj dsyk oR;klkBh :-144 dksVh brdk fu/kh 5 o”kkZlkBh eatwj dj.;kar vkyk- ;k vfnoklhfodkl ;kstusvarxZr 15 ftYgk fugk; 52500 dqVwcs lekfo”V d:u R;kapsvkfFkZd mRiUu o thoueku lq/kkjkos vls fu;ksthr gksrs- 2
  • egkjk”Vª ‘kklukpk lu 2003&04 ;k o”kkZpk vFkZladYi fo/kkulHksr lknjdjrkuk ek- ea=h] foÙk ;kauh fnukad 20 ekpZ] 2003 jksth ts Hkk”k.k dsysR;k Hkk”k.kke/;s ;k izdYikckcr dsysYkh ?kks”k.kk [kkyhy izek.ks vkgs-ßvkfnoklh dY;k.kklkBh ‘kklukus oj uewn dsysY;k fofo/k ;kstuk gkrh ?ksÅu ;k{ks=kr fodklkP;k n`”Vhus vf/kd Bksl dk;Zokgh dj.;kpk vkepk ekul vkgs-uanqjckj] /kqGs] Bk.ks] vejkorh] ukf’kd xMfpjksyh] xksafn;k] panziwj] jk;xM]iq.ks] vgenuxj o ukxiwj ;k izR;sd ftYg;krhy 1000 dqVaqckalkBh ,dkfRed vkfnoklhfodkl izdYi r;kj dj.;kps izLrkfor vkgs- ;k dk;ZØeke/;s vYiHkw/kkjd o lhekafrd‘ksrd&;kadjhrk i’kw fodkl dsanzs] ikw fpfdRlky;s] pkjk fodkl dk;ZØe o ‘ksretqjkalkBh brj lgk¸;dkjh ;kstusdjhrk enr ns.ks- lkoZtfud vkjksX; vkf.k fL=;kapsl{kehdj.k bR;knh ?kVdkapk lekos’k vlsy- gk ,dkfRed izdYi 05 o”kkZdjhrk ,dq.k12000dqVaqcklkBh jkfgy o ;kdjhrk #i;s 144 dksVh [kpZ visf{kr vkgs- ck;Q fodklvuqla/kku izfr”Bku] iq.ks laLFks’kh layXu vl.kk&;k egkjk”Vª bfUL V V;wVvkWQ VsDukWykWth VªkUlQj QkWj #jy ,fj;kt] ukf’kd gh laLFkk okMhdk;ZØe T;kizek.ks jkcfor vkgs] R;kp /krhZoj lnj dk;ZØe ukekafdr Lo;alsohlaLFkkaekQZr jkcfo.;kr ;sbZy- ;k iz;kstukFkZ #i;s 20-00 dksVh ,o<kfu/kh jk[kwuBso.;kr vkysyk vkgs-Þ;k eq|kl vuql#u vkfnoklhapk ,dkfRed fodkl Ogkok Eg.kwu vkfnoklhmi;kstuk {ks=krhy vgenuxj] vejkorh] /kqGs] panziqj] xMfpjksyh] xksafn;k]iq.ks] ukf’kd] uanqjckj] Bk.ks] jk;xM] ukansM] ;orekG] tGxko o ukxiwj ;k15 ftYg;krhy 51 rkyqD;ke/;s okMh dk;ZØe ¼QGckx dk;ZØe½ lq/kkjhr‘ksrh] ‘ksretwj o Hkwfeghu dqVaqckpk vkfFkZd fodkl] vkjksX; o iks”k.k]vkJe’kkGk izf’k{k.k o izkR;f{kd dsanz bR;kfnlkBh ?kVd dk;ZØe52]500@& brD;k vkfnoklh dqVaqckdfjrk ck;Q fodkl vuqla/kku izfr”Bku]iq.ks ;k laLFks’kh layXu vlysyh egkjk”Vª bfULVV;qV vkWQVsDukWykWth VªkUlQj QkWj #jy ,fj;kt] ukf’kd ;k Lo;alsoh laLFksekQZr05 o”kkZr #i;s 144-49@& dksVhpk izdYi jkcfo.;kpk izLrko ‘kklukP;kfopkjkf/ku gksrk- 3
  • ek- lpho] vkfnoklh fodkl] o ek- vk;qDr vknhoklh fodkl ;kaP;k ekxZn’kZulqwpusuqlkj ^ t u m R d ” k Z * ;k vkfnoklhaP;k lokZaxh.k fodklkP;kdk;Zdzekpk vkjk[kMk ^fer* ;k laLFksus fodlhr d#u egkjk”Fª ‘kklukl lknjdsyk xsyk-^tumRd ” k Z * dk;Zdzek}kjs vkfnoklh dqVaqckaps vkjksX; o thouekumapko.;kph la/kh laLFks yk iznku dsY;k cn~y ^fe=* laLFkk egkjk”Vª‘kklukph lnSo _q.kh jkghy- 2003 rs 2011 ;k dkGkr LkaLFksus lrr dk;Z d#udk;Zdze lQy dsyk-Dk;Zdzekps ok”khZd izxrh vgoky osGksosGh egkjk”Vª ‘kklukl lknj dj.;krvkys vkgsr- lnj vgoky gk dk;Zdzekpk laf{kIr lekIrh vgoky ¼lejh Dyks>jfjiksVZ½ vkgs- 4
  • 1- 2 iq o Z f i B h d k %egkjk”Vªkr vuqlqphr tekrhps ,dw.k yksdla[;sr 9-27 Vdds izek.k vkgs-,dw.klekt dksd.kk] egknso dksGh] HkhYy] xksaM] Bkdj] dkrdjh] okjyh b- ;ktkrhrfoHkkxyk xsyk vkgs-ojhy iSdh dkrdjh o xksaM ;k vkfne tekrh vkgsr- lqekjs 85 VDdsvkfnoklhapk mnj fuokZg ‘ksrhoj voyacwu vlqu R;krhy 70 & 80 VDds ‘ksrhdjhr vlqu jkghysys 20 & 30 VDds ‘ksretwj vkgsr- 85 VDds lektkpk eq[;vk/kkj vl.kkjh ikjaikjhd ‘ksrh gydh MksaxjkG tehu] flapukpk vHkko]lk/kukapkviqjsi.kk o ekfgrhpk vHkko ;kaus xzklysyh vkgs- ;kp cjkscj tehuhphgks.kkjhlrr /kwi o Hkjao’kkP;k flapukP;k vHkkokus mRiknu vR;ar deh >kys vkgs-vkfnoklhP;k thoui/nrh gh taxykrhy miyC/k mRiUukoj] tG.k] oSj.k o vUub- lkBh cjhp voyacwu vlrs- rFkkih taxy{ks= >ikV;kus deh gksr vlqu] rstserse 15 & 20 izfr’kr f’kYyd vkgs- 5
  • ;k loZ dkj.kkaewGs vkt vkfnoklh lekt ‘ksrhps vYi mRiUu] uSlfxZd lk/kulaiRrhpk gks.kkjk tyn &gkl] ikjaikjhd mRiUu lk/kukr >kysyh ?kV] dqiks”k.k]va/kJ/nk] la/kh pk vHkko o LFkykarj ;k n`”Vpdzkr lkiMyk vkgs- ;k lokZapkifj.kke Eg.kqu fujk’ke; thou- loZckcrhr ‘kklu o vU; fBdk.kkgqu lgk¸;feG.;kP;k izfr{ksr okV igk.kkjk lekt v’kh fLFkrh vuqlqphr tekrhP;klektkph vkt vkgs-1- 3 f L F k r h fo ’ y s ” k . k %vkfnoklh lektkP;k izeq[k leL;kps fo’ys”k.k dsys vlrkauk R;kauk vYi mRiUu]dqiks”k.k] fuj{kjrk ] LFkykarj ;k leL;kauh xzklys vkgs vls fnlrs-1- 4 t u m R d ” k Z dk;Z d z e k p h mn ~ n h ” V s• xjhc vkfnoklh dqVaqckapk ‘kk’or loZad”k fodkl] vFkkZtZu lk/kukaP;k ok<h}kjs o dqVaqc lgHkkxk}kjs R;kaph xjhch nwj d:u thoueku lq/kkj.ks gs tumRd”kZ dk;Zdzekps eq[; /;s; vkgs-• okMh ¼d`”kh] QGckx] ouhdj.k o Ik’kq/ku ;k lokZapk ,d= fodkl½ ;k mRiknd dk;ZdzekP;k fodklkrqu o brj O;olk;kf/kf”Vr dk;Zdzekrqu fn? kZdkG ‘kk’or mRiUu feG.kkj vkgs-• dqiks”k.kkps ewG dkj.k nwj d:u] vkjksX;kr lq/kkj.kk dj.ks] dqVaqckps thoueku mapko.ks o efgykapk fodkl lk/; dj.ks- 6
  • • dqVaqckrhy lokaZauk iksVHkj vUukph lnSo ‘kk’orh o nkfjnz; gVfo.ks-• ckyds o efgykaP;k vkjksX;kr ok< o lkekftd vkjksX;kr ok<-• dqVaqckdMhy mRiknd eRrsr o lk/kuakr ok<-• efgyakps lcGhdj.k-1- 5 t u m R d ” k Z dk;Z d z e k p s dk; Z{ k s r z % v- d z ft Y g k rky q d k 1 vgenuxj 2 ukfkd 3 iq.ks 4 Bk.ks 5 jk;xM 6 uanqjckj 7 /kqGs 8 tGxko 9 vejkorh 10 ;orekG 11 ukansM 12 panziwj 13 xMfpjksyh 14 ukxiwj 15 xksafn;k 7
  • 1- 6 v a e y c t k o . k h p h i/n r % izdYi vaeyctko.kh [kkyhy izek.ksdj.;kr vkyh- • dk;Zdzekrhy xkaokaph fuoM vkfnoklh fodkl foHkkx] earzky; o vk;qDr] vkfnoklh fodkl] ukf’kd ;kaps fopkj fofue;k uqlkj dj.;kr vkyh- • vknhe tekrhaP;k xkokapk lekos’k dk;Zdzekr dj.;kph n{krk ?ks.;kr vkyh- • izkFkfed ppsZuarj bPNqd vlysY;k xkod&;kauk okMh}kjs ifjorZu ? kMr vlysY;k vkfnoklh xkokar vkH;kl nkS&;kdfjrk ikBfo.;kr vkys- ;kr lgHkkxh >kysY;k ‘ksrd&;kauh brj ‘ksrd&;kauk ekfgrh fnyh- ykHkkF;kZaph fuoM djrkauk rks vuqlqfpr tekrhpk Hkqfe/kkjd] R;k xkokpk jghoklh vlkok ;kph dkGth ?ks.;kr vkyh- rlsp ykHkkF;kZaph fuoM xkod&;kaP;k laerhus o izdYi vf/kdk&;kaP;k lgdk;kZus dj.;kr vkyh- QGckx ykxoM vlysyh tfeu fodrk ;s.kkj ulY;kps ekU; vlY;kps laerhirz ykHkkF;kZ adMqu ?ks.;kr vkys- • csap ekdZ losZ% Tku mRd”kZ dk;Zdzekr lgHkkxh vl.kk&;k loZ rkyqD;kae/;s 50 vkfnoklh dqVaqckapk izkfrfu/khd losZ dj.;kr vkyk- R;ke/;s 15 ftYg;krhy 51 rkyqD;kapk lekos’k vkgs- Lknj losZ{k.k izdYikP;k ifgY;k nksu o”kkZe/;s dj.;kr vkys- 2004&2005 lkyh 29 rkyqD;kae/;s o 2005&2006 lkyh 24 rkyqD;kae/;s losZ{k.k 8
  • dj.;kr vkys- R;klkBh dqVaqc losZ{k.k QkWeZ cufo.;kr vkyk- izdYikP;kdeZpk&;kuh izR;sd dqVaqckyk HksVwu dqVaqckph ekghrh xksGkdsyh- R;kuarj th ekghrh xkssGk >kyh rhps fo’ys”k.k dj.;kr vkys- R;kfo’ys”k.kkuqlkj izR;sd rkyqD;kpk xks”kokjk ;k iqfLrdsr ns.;kr vkyk vkgs-;k loZs{k.kkrwu vkfnoklh dqVqackph lkekthd o vkfFkZd fLFrh izdYi lq:gks.;kiwohZ d’kh gksrh ;kph ekghrh feGrs- dqVaqckP;k fofo/kmRiknukP;k L=ksrkuqlkj dqVaqckaph vkfFkZd LFkhrh dk<.;kr vkyhvkgs- dqVaqckaP;k ‘ksrhe/khy fidkaps mRiUukps vkdMs o R;kpscktkjkrhy nj ;kph ekghrh mRiUu dk<.;klkBh fopkjkr ?ks.;kr vkyh vkgs-izR;sd fidkpk cktkjkrhy nj Bjforkauk 2004&2005 pk egkjk”Vª vkfFkZdfodkl egkeaMG ;kuh fofo/k ftYg;kpk fidkpk izfr fDoaVypk fu/kkZfjrdsysyk njkpk mi;ksx vkyk vkgs-izdYikpk dkyko/kh laiY;k uarj ftYgkfugk; izkrfu/khd ln;ifjLFkhrhpklOgsZ dj.;kr vkyk o R;kpk csapekdZ‘kh rqyukRed vH;klk d#umRiUuok<hph ekfgrh ?ksryh xsyh-• YkWM ;qt iWVUkZ% vWxzksDyk;esVhd iWVuZ ¼d`”kh gokeku½ uqlkj izdYikP;k lqjokrhyk tfeu okij.;kP;k i/nrh ph ekfgrh ladfyr dj.;kr vkyh o R;k uqlkj vuqdqyre tehu okij.;kph i/nr Bjfo.;kr vkyh- 9
  • • Hkqfeghu vkfnoklh dqVaqckpk l/;kpk O;olk; o R;kaP;k mRiUukpk Lrzksr ;kaph ekfgrh Bso.;kr vkyh- ;k dqVqackalkBh ykx.kkjs dkS’kY; fodkl o izLrkohr O;olk; o R;krqu miYkC/k gks.kkjs mRiUu ;kaps fu;kstu d#u R;k izek.ks enr dj.;kr vkyh- • ykHkkFkhZ dqVqackaps dqVqacfugk; dzsMhV IyWu dj.;kr vkys- • ‘kklukP;k fofo/k foHkkxkdMqu jkcfo.;kr ;s.kk&;k brj ;kstukapk ykHk ns.;klkBh lfoLrj vkjk[kMk r;kj dj.;kr vkyk-1-7 dk;Ziz.kkyh% dk;Zdzekph vaeycpko.kh ph izfdz;k- • vkfnoklh lektk’kh laidZ o toGhd ok<owu izR;{k dkekyk lq:okr dj.;kr vkyh- • dk;Z i/nrhr yofpdrk BsÅu xjtkaoj vk/kkjhr eq[; midzekauk izk/kkU; ns.;kr vkys- • efgyk o iq:”kkaps Lo;algk¸;rk xV LFkkiu d:u R;kaps lcGhdj.k dj.;kr vkys- lcGhdj.kklkBh feVhax] izf’k{k.k o HksV] xVkarhy L=h iq:”kkaps euks/kS;Z ok<fo.;klkBh ppkZZ l=kaps vk;kstu dj.;kr vkys- • uSrhdrk ok<hyk yko.;klkBh o O;lu eqDrhlkBh xVkaP;k o fo’ks”kr % efgyk la?kVukaP;k ek/kekrwu iz;Ru dj.;kr vkys- • ygku & ygku xVkaP;k ek/;ekrwu ;ksX; R;k lgHkkx/kkjdkaph fuoM dj.;kr vkyh- • okMh dk;Zdze jkcforkuk 8 rs 10 okMh/kkajdkpk ,d xV ;kizek.ks xVkaph LFkkiuk dj.;kr vkyh vkgs- R;kyk okMh rqdMh vls lacks/k.;kr ;srs- okMh rqdMhph nj efgU;kyk okMhe/;sp lHkk gksrs- 10
  • lHksiqohZ] loZ okMh/kkjd xVkrhy okM;akuk HksVh nsmu okM;kaph ikg.kh dj.;kr ;srs- lHkse/;s ekxhy dkekpk vk<kok] iq<hy efgU;akps fu;kstu o R;akph veayctko.kh ;koj ppkZ gksÅu dk;Zdze Bjfoyk tkrks- okMh rqdMheqGs ‘ksrd&;kauk Lor%ps vuqHkokph nsok.k? ksok.k dj.;kph la/kh feGrs- okMh rqdMheqGs dk;Zdze ‘ksrd&;kapkp vkgs v’kh Hkkouk ‘ksrd&;ake/;s fuekZ.k gks.;kl enr >kyh- ;k lHks e/ kss fe= laLFksps izfrfu/kh rkafrzd ekxZn’kZu djhr vlr- • loZ xVkrhy lgHkkx/kkjd ,df=r ;sÅu lgdkjh lkslk;Vhph LFkkiuk dj.;kP;k n`”Vhus iz;Ru dj.;kr vkys- mRiknhr ekykph izfdz;k d:u o R;kps fodzh O;oLFkk d:u lgHkkx /kkjdkauk R;kaP;k ekykyk ;ksX; rks ekscnyk feGoqu ns.;kr ;sr vkgs-1- 6 t u m R d ” k Z dk;Z d z e k p s fof o/ k ?kVd% lokaZfx.kfodklkps /;s; Bsowu rlsp uSlfxZd lk/kulkeqxzh] ra=Kku o vkfnoklhlaLd`rhpk fopkj d:u dk;Zdzekps fofo/k ?kVd Bjfo.;kr vkys- R;ke/;sdk;Zdzekph fujarjrk ;koj Hkj ns.;kr vkyk gksrk-dk;Zdzekps ?kVd [kkyhyizek.ks vkgsr- • okMh] QGckx o lq/kkjhr ‘ksrh • HkqfeghukalkBh dk;Zdze 11
  • • ik.kyksV {ks= fodkl • efgyk fodkl dk;Zdze • lkekftd vkjksX; dk;Zdze • vkJe‘kkGk fodkl dk;Zdze • i’kq/ku fodkl dk;Zdze • eqY; o/kZu o fodzh lk[kGh • izf’k{k.k dk;Zdze2 - okM h ] QG c k x o lq/ k k j h r k s r h‘ksrh o R;k ofjy fuxMhr O;olk; gs 85 VDds vkfnoklhaP;k mRiUukps eq[;lk/ku vkgs- ikjaikjhd ‘ksrh gh eq[;rk deh [kPkkZph i.k R;k e/kqu vi{ks;so<s mRIkknu feGr ukgh- vfu;fer ikml o ‘ksrhlkBh ik.;kph derjrk gsmRikndrk deh vl.;kps eq[; dkj.k vkgs-2.1 ok M h dk; Z d z eouhdj.kklkscr QGckxsP;k 0-5 rs 1 ,dj iMhd @ deh mRiUukP;k tfeuhojhyykxoMhl ^okMh* vls lacks/k.;kr ;srs- ;k iMhd tfeuhps QGckxse/;s :ikarjd:u xjhc vkfnoklh dqVawckaps iquZolu dj.;kr ;srs- okMh dk;Zdze gk ksrhin/krhoj voyacwu vlwu R;ke/;s QGckx ¼vkack o dktw½ taxyh >kMs] vakrjfids ¼Hkkthikyk @ uxnh fids½ o NksV;k ksrhe/;s uxnh fidkaph ykxoMdj.;kr ;srs- 5 rs 7 O;k o"khZ QG>kMs o taxyh >kMkaps mRiUu lq: gksmu 12
  • ‘ksrd&;kauk R;kaP;k brj ksrhP;k mRiUukr Hkj lq#okr gksrs- ,dnk dqVwacokMh dk;Zdzekr lgHkkxh >kys dh kD;rks R;k dqVawckyk kgjkdMs /kko ?ks.;kph xjt fuekZ.k gksr ukgh- dkj.k Lo;ajkstxkjkP;k la/kh xkokrp miyC/kgksrkr-vkfnoklh dqVawckr 1 ,djkoj QGckx ykxoM d:u ’kk’or mRiUukph geh gkOkkMh o lq/kkfjr ’ksrh ;k dk;Zdzekpk mnns’k gksrk- lq/kkjhr ’ksrh i/nrhpkvoyac djrkauk ‘ksrd&;kauk uos ra=Kkukpk okij d:u uxnh o HkkthikykykxoM dj.;kl izo`Ùk dj.;kr vkys-dqVawc gk ?kVd /k:u dk;Zdzekph veayctko.kh dj.;kr vkyh- miyC/klk/kulkeqxzhpk ;ksX; okij ¼tls tfeu o ik.kh½ d:u dk;eLo:ih jkstxkj miyC/kd:u ns.ks gk dk;Zdzekpk eq[; mn~ns’k gksrk- gk dk;Zdze yksdakP;kxjtsuqlkj o vkoMhuqlkj jkcfo.;kr vkyk o R;ke/;s brj dk;Zdzekph tksM ns.;krvkyh-tumRd”kZ dk;Zdeake/;ss okMh o lq/kkfjr ‘ksrh gk dk;Zdze jkcforkuk[kkyhy xks”Vh dj.;kr vkY;k-• vH;kl lgyh o xko ikrGhoj cSBdk 13
  • • okMhrhy fofo/k ?kVdkaps izf’k{k.k• okMh vk[k.kh• [kM~Ms [k.k.ks] Hkj.ks] o >kMkph ykxoM• tSohd dqai.k o okMhph ns[kHkky• okMh rqdMh ekQZr ekxZn’kZutumRd”kZ dk;Zdzeake/;ss izR;sd 1 ,dj okMh e/;s 50 rs 60 QG>kMs¼vkack] dktq] vkoGk] fyacw ½ o 250 rs 400 ou>kMkaP; jksikaph ykxoMdj.;kr vkyh vkgs-ykxoM dj.;kr vkysY;k okM;kaP;k ns[kHkkyhoj Hkj ns.;kr vkyk-lq/kkfjr ‘ksrhe/;s] lq/kkfjr ch&fc;k.ks] ykxoM i/nr o brj lq/kkfjr i/nrhpkvoayc ;koj Hkj ns.;kr vkyk-vkti;Zar ,dq.k 43325-5 ,djkr 45056 vkfnoklh dqVqckauh okMh ykxoMdsyh vkgs-ykxoM dsysY;k okM;kaph ns[kHkky ‘ksrdjh djr vlwu Okjhy loZ ftYg;akrhycgqrsd rkyqD;kae/;s >kMkaph ok< pkaxY;k izdkjs vkgss- okMh 14
  • dk;Zdzekrhy QG>kMkaph ok< o ftforkps izek.k gs dkyc/n okf”kZdvkjs[khr dkekaP;k osGki=dkoj o R;kP;k dkVsdksj vaeyctko.khoj voyacquvlrs- vls u >kY;kl QG>kMkaP;k ok<hoj o R;kP;k ftforkP;k izek.kkoj foijhrifj.kke fnlrks- lnj dk;Zdzekl viq&;k o vfu;fer fu/kh iqjoB;keqGs ojhyosGki=d ikG.ks dBh.k xsys- rjhgh ykHk/kkjdkaP;k mLQqrZ izfrlknkeqGsifjfLFkrh vkVksD;kr vkgs-cWp & 1 ¼2004&05½ o cWp & 2 ¼2005&06½ ;ko”khZ ykxoM dsysY;kokM;kauk QG/kkj.kk gksr vkgs o ‘ksrdjh QGkaps mRiUu ?ksr vkgsr-okMhiklqu ljkljh ok”khZd #- 0000 rs #-0000 feGkY;kph uksan >kYkhvkgs-2 . 2 lq/ k k f j r ‘ k s r hfoHkkxkrhy gokekukuqlkj lq/kkjhr ‘ksrhlkBh fofo/k fidkaP;k ykxoMh dfjrkiWdst r;kj dj.;kr vkys- R;ke/;s mRd`”V tkrhps fc;k.ks] [krs] fid laj{k.k oykxoMhph Ik)r ;kapk vrZHkko dj.;kr vkyk- R;kizek.ks izR;sd rkyqD;krhy‘ksrd&;akuk izf’k{k.k ns.;kr vkys- dkgh fBdk.kh mRd`”V tkrhps ch&fc;k.ksrj dkgh fBdk.kh rkaf=d Kku lgHkkxh/kkjdkauk ns.;kr vkys- g;kpk mi;ksx‘ksrd&;kaps mRiUu ok<.;klkBh >kyk- ‘ksrd&;kauh ,dkp fidkoj voyacwu ujkgrk R;kuh fofo/k fids ?;kohr ;klkBh iz;Ru dj.;kr vkys R;ke/;s Qqy’ksrh] 15
  • Hkkthikyk] uxnh fids] fgokGh fids] ;kapk varHkkZo vkgs- R;ke/kqu‘ksrd&;kauk pkaxY;k izdkjps mRiUu feGr vkgs- vkfnoklh Hkkxkrhy cgqrsd‘ksrdjh Hkkr ihd ?ksrkuk R;kps mRiUu ok<fo.;klBh fo’ks”k iz;Ru dj.;krvkys-dk;ZdzekP;k vkjaHkk iklqu lq/kkjhr ‘ksrhlkBh lrr ekxZn’kZu o enr dj.;krvkyh- 45056 dqVqackauk [kjhi] 11403 dqVqackauk jCch o 124dqVqackauk mUgkGh fidkalkBh enr dj.;kr vkyh- Hkkr ihdklkBh ^Jh* ¼,l-vkj-vk;½ i/nrhus ykxoM dj.;koj Hkj ns.;kr vkyk- R;ke/kqu ‘ksrd&;kauhfc;k.;kaph cpr rj dsyhp f’kok; mRiUugh 35 VDdss tkLr dk<ys-xkaMwG [krkfufeZrh ckcr cíy ‘ksrd&;kauk ekxZn’kZu dj.;kr vkys- 4054‘ksrdjh xkaMwG [kr cuor vlwu ,dq.k 713 Vu xkaMwG[krkps mRiUu>kysys vkgs-2. 3 Tky L=k s r fo d k l dk; Z d z eOkkMh dk;Zdekrhy gk ,d egRokpk ?kVd vkgs- okMhlkBh ik.;kph miyC/krk dj.ks o tknk ik.kh lq/kkfjr ‘ksrhlkBh okij.ks gk ;kdk;Zdzekpk mn~ns’k vkgs- okMh rqdMhrhy ‘ksrd&;kacjkscj ppkZ 16
  • d:u l/;k vl.kkjs ik.;kps L=ksrk ckcr ekfgrh ?ks.;kr vkyh o fofo/k Ik;kZ;kapkfopkj dj.;kr vkyk- TkyL=ksr fodkl dk;Zdze jkcforkuk vaeyctko.kh e/;s ‘ksrd&;kapk lgHkkx gh Bjfo.;kr vkyk o dk;ZdzekP;k vaeyctko.khpsfu;kstu o osGki=d r;kj dj.;kr vkys- fu/kh miyC/k >kY;koj tkLrhr tkLr‘ksrd&;kauk tyL=ksr fodklklkBh enr dj.;kr vkyh-n` ” V h { k s i k r iz x r h - - -v- Rki ’ k h y ,d d ,d q . k Lk k/;ua 1 PksdMWe ¼Vh-lh-Mh-½ la [ ; k 890 2 TkydqaM la [ ; k 12980 3 Ukfou foghj la [ ; k 319 4 TkqU;k foghjhaph [kksyhdj.k la [ ; k 2205 o nq#Lrh 5 ik.;kP;k VkD;k la [ ; k 111032. 4 Tkf e u h p h ck a/k c a f/ k L r h,dw.k 28428 ,dj oj ty o e`n la/kkj.kkph dkes dj.;kr vkyh vkgsr- ;keqGs‘ksrd&;akuk ,su mUgkG;ke/;s jkstxkj miyC/k >kyk- Rki’khy izFke fOnrh; pkSFks ikpos ,d q . k 17
  • o”kZ o”kZ o”kZ o”kZ 2004&05 2005&06 2007&08 2008&09e`n la/kkj.kkps 1485-5 10413-5 7675 8854 28428>kysys dke ,dj;k loZ ckchapk ifj.kke gksmu vkFkhZd mRiUukr ok< >kyh- ;k laca/khvH;kl dsyk vlrkauk vls fnlqu vkys dh lgHkkxh >kysY;k dqVqackaPksdk;ZdzekeqGs cWp fugk; ok<ho ljkljh mRiUu [kkyhy izek.ks uksnfo.;krvkys vkgs- vkfFkZd 06-07 07-08 08-09 09-10 10-11 o”kZ cWp 1 7930 10708 12994 16388 16971¼2004-05½cWp 2 7506 10131 12387 14522 15536¼2005-06½cWp 3 7877 10175 11984 14030¼2007-08½cWp 4 8978 10769 12616¼2008-09½3- H k q f e g h u k a l k B h dk; Z d z eLkk/kkj.ki.ks 20 rs 30 VDds vkfnoklh dqVwackadMs tehu ukgh- ;kdqVqackadMs [kkl y{k ns.;kr vkys vkgs- Hkqfeghu dqVwckadMs vlysysKku] dkS’kY; ;kapk mi;ksx d:u R;kauk izf’k{k.k] fofo/k izdkjps lkfgR; o 18
  • HkkaMoykph enr dj.;kr vkyh- dk;Zdzekr 4615 Hkwfeghau dwVawcakukenr dj.;kr vkyh-Hkqfeghukauk enr djrkauk izFke R;kaph ekfgrh ?ks.;kr vkyh o ppkZ d:udks.krh enr |koh o Hkqfeghu dqVqackauh Lor% dk; djkos ;k cíy Bjfo.;krvkys- Hkqfeghu dqVqqqckauk enr djrkauk [kkyhy VIis ikM.;kr vkys-• Hkqfeghu dqVqackuk [kkl izf’k{k.k ns.;kr vkys ts.ks d:u R;kauk rkaf=d dke djrk ;sby tls xoaMhdke] lqrkjdke] fMQq;tj cufo.ks bR;knh-• ‘ksrhiwjd O;olk; tls jksiokfVdk r;kj dj.ks] Hkkthikyk ykxoM] Vlj jsf’ke mn;ksx bR;knh-• izfdz;k mn;ksxke/;s Hkqfeghukauk izk/kkU; tls] vkack izfdz;k bR;knh-3 -1 H k q f e g h u k a l k B h fny s y s f o f o / k mi d z e;k dk;ZdzekarxZr lqrkj dke] xoaMh dke] yksgkjdke] ;klkBhph gR;kjs]fodzh O;olk;klkBh lk;dy] HkkaMoy] fpdu lsaVj] jloarh] ksGhikyu]cWatksikVhZ] eaMi lkghR;] eklsekjh tkGh] jsf’ke mn;ksx fdjk.kk nqdku]dVyjh nqdku] ulZjh] Hkkthikyk ykxoM] b- fofo/k O;olk; lq: d:uHkwfeghukaauh vkiyk fodkl lq: dsyk vkgs- 19
  • Hkqfeghu dqVqackauk fofo/k O;olk;k lkBh enr dj.;kr vkyh- ;k O;olk;krqu2008&09] 2008&09] 2008&09 lkyh vuqdzes ljkljh #- 12839] 16266] 18238mRiUu feGkys-4 - 0 ik . k y k s V {k s= fo d k l dk ; Z d z etumRd”kZ dk;Zdzekrhy 50 rkyqD;ke/;s ik.kyksV {ks= fodklklkBh 50xkaokph fuoM dj.;kr vkyh gksrhs- R;k xkokrhy loZ ykHk/kkjdkauk ,df=rd:u lq:okrhiklwup dkekps fu;kstu] vkjk[kMs o ik.kyksVkps fujarj O;oLFkkiu;ke/;s lgHkkxh d:u ?ks.;kr vkys- ,dq.k 16351-67 gsDVj tfeuhojps fu;kstud#u 14126-19 gsDVj oj dke iq.kZ >kys vkgs-ik.kyksVkP;k dkekeqGs ekrhph /kwi deh gksÅu tehu pakxyh gks.;kl enr>kyh] uohu tehu fidk[kkyh vkyh] fofgjhP;k ik.;kP;k ikrGhr ok< >kyh]xorkps mRiUu ok<ys] [kjhips mRiUu ok<ys o nqckj fidklkBh ik.;kph miyC/krk ok<yh-5 - 0 lk e k f t d vkj k s X ; dk; Z d z evkjksX; lao/kZu vkf.k jksx izfrca/ku midzekaoj eq[;Ros Hkj ns.;kr vkyk-Lo;algk;rk xVkP;k efgykaps izf’k{k.kkr oS;fDrd vkf.k lkoZtfud LoPNrk ;k 20
  • ckcr ekfgrh ns.;kr vkyh- ik s ” k d vk g k j iz f ’ k { k . k }kj sosxosxG;k iks”kd inkFkkZaph d`rh letkoqu izR;{k inkFkZ r;kj d:unk[kfo.;kr vkys- v k j k s X ; ek s f g e jk c o q uvkjksX; fo”k;d tkf.ko tkx`rh] efgykaph {kerk ok<fo.ks o ‘kklfd; o brj vkjksX;lsok ns.kk&;k laLFkka’kh leUo; ok<o.ks gh mfí”Vs dsyh xsyh]xko k a e / ; s xzkeLoPNrk vfHk;ku] izHkkr Qsjh] vkjksX; f’k{k.k &oS;fDrd LoPNrk vkf.k xzkeLoPNrk] vkjksX; rikl.kh f’kchj] ijlckxse/;sfc;k.kkaph ykxoM] foghj futqZrhdhdaj.k] >kMkaph ykxoM] izkR;f{kds &fi.;kps ik.;kps ‘kq/nhdj.k o tylaftouh] LoPN Loa;ikd ?kj izkR;kf{kds] oLokbZu QY;w jksxkfo”k;h tk.kho tkx`rh vls dk;Zdze ?ks.;kr vkys-5- 5 vkj k s X ; mi d z evkjksX; mi d z e ke/ks /kqjkaM;kpk mi;ksx] ckWycsvfjaxpk mi;ksx]thouMªkWi] xkG.;k vksxjkGs bR;knhP;k okijk ckcr l[kksy ekfgrh] R;kiklwugks.kkjs Qk;ns o ekxZn’kZu dsys tkrs ;keqGs nqf”kr ik.;keqGs gks.kk&;kvktkjkaoj ekr djrk ;srs- midzekapk xks”kokjk [kkyhy izek.ks vkgs- 21
  • v-u- midze lgHkkxh dqVqacs & ekpZ 2011 v[ksj 1 ijlckx 49671 2 ik.;kP;k Lrzksrkapk fodkl 264 3 ik.;kP;k Lrzksrkaph nq#Lrh 405 4 thouMªkWipk mi;ksx dsyk 85179 5 xkG.;kapk mi;ksx 47571 6 vksxjkGs mi;ksx 38396 7 LoPN Lo;aikd?kj 27314 8 dkpsps dkSy 42677 9 [k#t fueqZyu dk;Zdze 11884 10 ekrk lap 5354 11 cky lap 6434 12 vkjksX; f’kchj 629 13 tutkx`rh dk;Zdze 36245 - 5 - 1 ijl c k xvkgkjke/;s HkkthikY;akpk vHkko o R;keqGs gks.kkjs dqiks”k.k nwjdj.;klkBh jkstP;k vkgkjkr rkT;k HkkthikY;akps egRo y{kkr ?ksÅu ikolkG;krloZ okMh/kkjd] efgyk cprxV] Hkwfefgu dqVaqfc;akuk ijlckxsP;k fc;k.;kaphikdhVs ns.;kr vkyh-;k ikfdVkae/ks oakxh] fejph] nksMds] fxyds] oky] Makxj] dkjys b-HkkT;kapk lekos’k gksrk- g;k loZ HkkthikY;kpk mi;ksx R;kaP;k vkgkjkr 22
  • gksr vkgs- ;k f’kok; cgqokf”kZd QGHkkT;k Eg.ktsp ‘ksoxk] gknxk]rksaMyh] fyacw] d<hiRrk] is#] iibZ o ikjaikjhd HkkT;kaph ykxoM dj.;krvkyh-,dw.k 49671 dqVaqckauk ijlkckxaslkBh dk;Zdzekrqu enr ns.;kr vkyh-ijaijkxr ijlckxsrhy fc;k.ks cpr xVkrhy efgykauh tek d#u rs brj loZ efgykaukfnys ;k eqGs tkLrhr tkLr dqVaqcki;Zar ijlckx gk miØe iksgpq ‘kdyk-5- 5- 2 [k#t fu e w Z y u[k#tsoj izfrca/kkRed mik; dk; djkosr ;koj vkjksX; f’k{k.k dj.;kr vkys-vkJe’kkGk] ftYgk ifj”kn ‘kkGk o cprxV] b- fBdk.kh [k#t fuewZyukpsdk;Zdze ?ks.;kr vkys- [k#t fueZwyuklkBh th-ch-,p- vkS”k/kkpk okij dsykxsyk-[k#t fueZwyu midzekvarxZr ,dq.k 11884 #X.kakoj mik; ;kstuk dj.;krvkyh-[k#t fueZwyuklkBh lrr iz;Ru dsY;keqGs [k#tsP;k izek.kkr y{k.kh; ?kV>kyhs vkgs-5- 5- 3 o S n w dk; Z d z e 23
  • vkfnoklh dqVaqch;akuk osGsr o deh [kpkZr vkS”k/kksipkj feG.;klkBhfoHkkxke/;s oSnw dk;Zdze o”kZ 2004 iklqu lq# vkgs- taxyke/;svk<G.kk&;k vkS”k/kh ouLirhapk lksI;k i.k egRokP;k vktkjakoj mi;ksx dsyktkrks-foHkkxkae/;s pakxY;k mipkjklkBh 14 pjd dsanz lq# >kys vkgsr- foHkkxke/ks ,dq.k 143 oSnw dk;Zjr vlwu ,dw.k 43011 #X.kkaoj mik; dj.;kr ;’k vkysysvkgs-5- 5- 4 Lo P N Lo;ai k d x ` g fuf e Z r hLoPN Lo;aikdx`g fufeZrhps egRo iVowu ns.;klkBh ^?kj vlkoa vla* g;kfp=fQrhpk eksB;kizek.kkoj mi;ksx dsyk xsyk-LoPN Lo;ikd ?kjke/;s lw/kkjhr pwy] dkpsps dkSy] /kqjkaMs dkSy] ckWycsvjhax] vksxjkGs o xkG.khpk mi;ksx b- dk;Zdze jkcfo.;kr vkys-,dw.k 27314 LoPN Lo;ikdx`gs cak/kwu iw.kZ >kysyh vkgsr- 24
  • vkjksX; f’k{k.kkps l= cpr xVkP;k cSBdhe/;s vk;ksftr dsys tkrs- oS;fDrdvkjksX;] ik.kh ‘kq/nhdj.k] ijlckx] ifjlj LoPNrk] vks- vkj- ,l- cufo.ks b-fo”k;kapk R;kr lgHkkx vlrks-5- 5- 5 ek r k o ckyla x k s i uckye`R;wps izek.k deh djk;ps vlsy rj ekrsph vkf.k ckGkph dkGth ?ks.ksvR;ar egRokps vkgs- R;klkBhp efgyk cprxVkP;k fefVaxe/;s ekrk ockylaxksiukfo”k;h tutkx`rhP;k dj.;koj Hkj fnyk xsyk- tutkx`rh lkBh fp=akP;kek/;eakpk mi;ksx dj.;kr vkyk-uotkr ckydkl ^ckylap* fnyk xsyk o R;kpk mi;ksx dlk o dk djk;pk ;kfo”k;hekrsl vkjksX; f’k{k.k dsys tkrs- ckylapke/;s IyWLVhdps csM‘khV dOgj]eQyj] nqiVs] CyWadsV] ePNjnk.kh ¼ygku eqykaph½ okVh o pepk rlspekrklaPkk e/;s eQyj] CyWadsV] ePNjnk.kh bR;knh oLrw vlrkr- ;keqGsMklkaiklwu lqj{kk] gxo.k] U;qeksuh;k] ‘olulaLFksps fodkj] o gk;iksFkehZ;k¼ik.kh fdaok FkaM gosus xkjB.ks½s ;k iklwu cpko djrk ;srks- ,dw.k 6434ckylap o 5354 ekrklap lgHkkx/kkjdakuk nsÅu R;akP;k okijkps egRoiVowu ns.;kr vkys-5 - 5 - 6 lq j f { k r fi. ; k p s ik . k h 25
  • fi.;kP;k ik.;kP;k L=ksrkatoG LoPNrk jkg.ks vko;d vkgs- LoPNrs eqGsik.;kiklwu gks.kkjs vktkj deh gksrkr- foghj vkf.k g¡Miai toG lkaMik.khO;oLFkkiu dj.;kP;k jpuk r;kj dj.;koj Hkj ns.;kr vkyk- ;k jpukaP;k okijkfo"k;hLo;algk¸;rk xV] okMh/kkjd] Hkwfeghu rlsp xkokrhy yksdkauk ekfgrh ns.;krvkyh- ;k lokZaapk ifj.kkekeqGs nq”khr ik.;k}kjs gks.kkjs jksx vkVksD;krBso.;kr vkys-5 - 5 - 7 fi. ; k p s ik . ; k p s L= k s r k a p k fo d k l &fi.;kP;k ik.;kP;k L=ksrkaph fuehZrh@nq#Lrh ;koj Hkj ns.;kr vkyk- ;kn~okjstkLrhr tkLr dqVaqcki;Zar ik.;kph O;oLFkk gksmu efgykaps ik.kh vk.k.;klanHkkZrhy d”V deh >kkys-ik.;kph miyC/krk vkf.k L=ksrkatoGhy lkaMik.;kps O;oLFkkiu ;k nksUgheq|koj Hkj ns.;kr vkyk- ,dq.k 779 ik.;kP;k L=ksrkapk fodkl dj.;kr vkyk-5- 5- 8 vkjk s X ; f’k{k.kvkjksX;k fo”k;h tk.kho tkx`rh dj.;klkBh Lo;algk¸;rk xVkr fujfujkG;kvkjksX;kP;k fo”k;kaojrh vkjksX; f’k{k.k ns.;kr vkys- ;kr oS;Drhd vkf.klkoZtfud LoPNrk] lqjf{kr fi.;kps ik.kh ijlckx vkf.k iks”kd vkgkj izkR;f{kd] 26
  • LoPN Lo;aikd ?kj] tylathouh] jDr ika<jh] iztuu vkf.k cky vkjksX; LokbZu¶Y;w b- fo”k;kapk lekos’k gksrk-5- 5- 9 Lo k b Z u ¶Y; wLokbZu ¶Y;w ;k lkFkhP;k vktkjk fo"k;h ekfgrh tkLrhr tkLr yksdkai;Zariksgkspfo.;klkBh iz;Ru dj.;kr vkys-5- 5- 10 vkj k s X ; esGk o kLo;a lgk¸;rk xVkrhy LFkkfud vkjksX; dk;ZdrsZ ;kaps mtG.kh izf’k{k.k vkf.kesGkos osGksosGh ?ks.;kr vkys- efgyk Loa;algk¸;rk xV lnL;] okMhrqdMh /kkjd] oSnw ;kapk esGkos ?ksvqu vkjksX;kfo”k;h ekfgrh ns.;krvkyh- efgyk fnukP;k fufeÙkkus nj o”khZ efgyk esGkO;kps vk;kstu d#uR;kr efgykauk vkjksX;k fo”k;h ekfgrh ns.;kr vkyh-,dq.k 3624 xzke LoPNrk vfHk;ku ?ks.;kr vkyh- xzkeLoPNrk vfHk;kuklmRRke izfrlkn feGkyk-5 - 5 - 11 v k j k s X ; f’kchjLFkkfud vkjksX; lsoka’kh leUo; lk/kwu osxosxG;k vkjksX; f’kchjkapsvk;kstu dj.;kr vkys- jDrika<jhlkBh fgeksXykschuph rikl.kh] us=rikl.kh]vkjksX; rikl.kh o mipkj b- ;kr rikl.kh dj.;kr vkyh- vkjksX; rikl.kh cjkscjp 27
  • vkjksX;kph dkGth d’kh ?ksrk ;sbZy vkf.k jksxizfrca/ku dls djrk ;sbZy ;kojekfgrh ns.;kr vkyh- ,dq.k 629 vkjksX; f’kchjs ?ks.;kr vkyh6- 0 ef g y k fo d k l dk; Z d z etumRd”kZ dk;ZdzekarxZr efgyk fodkl dk;Zdzekyk izk/kkU; nsÅu fo’ks”kiz;Ru dj.;kr vkysr- efgykauk ,d= d:u R;kaps la?kVu dj.;kr vkys- efgykaP;kLo;algk¸;rk xVkaph mHkkj.kh d:u xVkaps lcGhdj.k dj.;klkBh izf’k{k.k ovH;kl nkS&;kps fu;kstu dj.;kr vkys- izdYi {ks=kr dk;Zjr vl.kk&;k xVkaukghizf’k{k.kkOnkjs lcGhdj.k dj.;kr vkys-ef g y k a l k B h ?k s .;k r vky s y s iz f ’ k { k . k izfk{k.kkps uko izfk{k.k ?ksrysY;k efgayakph la[;kLoa;lgk;rk xVkrhy lnL;kaps izf’k{k.k 51401xV izfrfu/khps izf’k{k.k 4723izsjd izf’k{k.k 687tumRd"kZ dk;ZdzekaarxZr efgyk fodklkps dke djrkauk Lo;algk;rk xV gkdsanzfcanw ekuyk xsyk o xVkaP;k ek/;ekrwu efgykauk ,d= vk.kwuR;kaP;k fofo/k leL;k lksMfo.;kpk iz;Ru >kyk- 28
  • xVkaps lcGhdj.k o ;krqu iq<s efgykaps d"V deh dj.ks] vkjksX; lq/kkj.kk]vkfFkZd cprhph lo;] iriqjoBk] mRiUu ok<hps midze v’kk fofo/k ikrGhaojxVkaekQZr dke dsys xsys-tumRd”kZ dk;Zdzeke/;s vkti;Zra 1679 Loa;lgk;rk xVkaph LFkkiuk dj.;krvkyh vlwu :- 2]20]40]657 cpr efgykauh dsysyh vkgs- 913 efgyk xVkauhmRiUu ok<hps dk;Zdze lw# dsys vkgs- tum R d ” k Z dk; Z d z e k r Lo; al g k ; r k xV a k p hokV p k yvu ri k h y la [ ; kq- 1 ,dw.k xV 1679 xV 2 ,dw.k lHkkln 23298 3 ,dw.k cpr :- 2]20]40]657 4 cWdsr [kkrs m?kMys 1639 xV 5 efgykauh dtZ ?ksrys 16631 efgyk 6 mRiUuok<hps dk;Zdze ?ksrys 913 xV7- 0 vk J e ’ k k G k fo d k l dk; Z d z e 29
  • tumRd”kZ dk;Zdzeake/;s vkJe’kkGk fodkl gk egRokpk dk;Zdze 84‘kkGke/;s jkcfoyk xsyk- vkJe’kkGk fodkl dk;Zdzekps mÌs’k [kkyhyizek.ksvkgs- • leqfpr ra=Kkukps uequk o izlkjdsnaz Eg.kwu vkJe’kkGspk fodkl dj.;kl enr dj.ks- • ‘kkGk fodkl dk;Zdze jkcfo.;klkBh vko’;d v’kh rkaf=d] fu;kstu o vaeyctko.kh dkS’kY;s vkRelkr dj.;klkBh ‘kkGk o O;oLFkkiu o f’k{kdakuk enr dj.ks- • ‘ksrh] ik.kh o ekrh O;oLFkkiu] vkjksX; o f’k{k.k ;kckcr ekfgrh o dkS’kY;s ;kaps izf’k{k.k vkfnoklh eqykeqayhuk ns.ks- • ‘kkGk fodkl dk;Zdzekr lgHkkxh gks.;klkBh rlsp ‘kkGsr ;’kLoh >kysys iz;ksx vkiY;k ikM;akoj d:u ikg.;klkBh vktqcktwP;ak vkfnoklh ikM;akojhy yksdkauk izo`Rr dj.ks-vkJe’kkGakuk fodklkpk dsnzafcnw ekuwu 84 vkJe’kkGkavrZaxrf’k{k.kfe= midze lq: vkgs- ;k midzekrqu vkjksX;] d`f”k] Ik;kZoj.k] dyk-laLd`fr- [ksG- iajijk b- xks”Vhpk fodkl lk/kyk xsyk- izR;sd vkJe’kkGsrfon;kFkhZ o f’k{kd ;akP;k ldzh; lgHkkxkus ojhy fo”k;kaps dk;Z dj.kk&;k 30
  • lfeR;k LFkkiu dsY;k xsY;k o ‘kkGkae/;s xV cka/k.kh d:u izf’k{k.ks lq: dsyhxsyh-^f’k{k.k fe= dk;ZØe* gk tu mRd”kZ dk;ZØekpkp ,d Hkkx Eg.kwu jkcfo.;krvkyk- ;k dk;Zdzekpk mn~ns’k vkfnoklh Hkkxke/khy fo|kF;kZalkBh vkJe‘kkGk gs fodkl dsanz Ogkos gk vkgs- fo|kFkhZ gk ;k dk;ZØekpkdsanzfcanw vkgs-vkJe’kkGk fodkl dk;ZdzekarxZr jkcfo.;kr vkysys midze [kkyhy izek.ksvkgsr-vk J e ’ k k G k dk; Z Ø e k r h y f o f o / k mi Ø e &vuq ‘ksrhfo”k;d miØe ‘kkGkaph la[;k- 1 ijlckx ykxoM 56 2 Qqyckx ykxoM 49 3 taxyh ouLirh ykxoM 53 4 Qqy>kMs ykxoM 57 5 vkS”k/kh ouLiarhph ckx r;kj dj.ks 88dkgh ‘kkGkae/;s ‘ksrh’kh laca/khr ra=Kkuk tls ik.kh O;oLFkkiu] daqi.k]cka/k cafnLrh] xkaMqG[kr fufeZrh] ‘kksHksP;k >kMkaph ykxoM] i’kqikyu] 31
  • jksiokVhdk r;kj dj.ks] dye cka/k.kh izf’k{k.k] e/kek’kh ikyu] js’khe m|ksx;kfo”k;hgh ekxZn’kZu d#u izkR;f{kds nk[kfo.;kr vkyh-8 - 0 i k q / k u f o d k l d k ; Z d z eikjaikfjdfjR;k xkbZapk lkaHkkG o iSnkl vkfnoklh dqVaqcs djrkr- ‘ksrh o brj tMdkeklkBh cSykapk mi;ksx gksrks-Ik ’ k q l a o / k Z u dk;Z d z e k p h mí h ” V s• d`f=e jsrukckcr tkx#drk fuekZ.k dj.ks-• Ik’kqlao/kZukckcr xkokrhy yksdkaps izf’k{k.k o efgykauk izk/kkU;-• mPp izfrP;k oGawP;k xksBoysY;k fo;kZpk okij- R;kr tlhZ] gksYLVhu fQzth;u fdaok dks.kpsgh ;ksX; ns’kh tkrhP;k oGaqph fuoM o Eg’khalkBh lqrhZ o eq&gk tkrhpk jsM;kpk okij-• pkjk fidkapk fodkl-• jksx izfrca/kd ;kstuk-loZlk/kkj.ki.ks dqVqackdMhy tukojs ghs cgqrka’k xkoBh o vfr’k; deh nw/kns.kkjh vlrkr- ;k xkoBh xqjkapk nq/kkG tkrh P;k oGqa ‘kh d`frze jsruk}kjs 32
  • ladj d#u lq/kkfjr xq.koRrsP;k tukojkaph iSnkl djrk ;srs o nq/kkps tkLrmRiknu ?ksrk ;srs- lq/kkjhr xks&iSnk’khph lsok ns.;klkBh] lkr ladfjrxks&iSnkl dsanz lq: dj.;kr vkyh- ;k iSdh nksu dsnsz izR;sdh uxj o iq.ksftYg;kr o izR;sdh ,d dsanz ukfld]uanqjckj o /kqGs ftYg;kae/;s gksrh- d`f=ejsruk }kjs ,dw.k 1165 dkyoMh TkUekyk vkY;k vlqu R;kauk izdYik }kjsikq[kkn; iqjfo.;kr vkys vkgs-Ik ’ k q l a o / k Z u d k ; Z d z e k p k iz x r h v g o k y vuq- Rki ’ k h y ,dq . k Lk k/; 1 d`f=e jsru 10327 2 xHkZ/kkj.kk 5151 3 tUeysY;k ,dq.k dkyoMh 1165 3-1 Lkadfjr dkyoMh 738 3-2 MkaXkh tkrhP;k dkyoMh 225 3-3 EgS’khaP;k dkyoMh 202 4 tUeysys xks&gs 1278 4-1 tUeysys xks&g;kaiSdh MkaXkh tkrhps 263 xks&gsd`f=e jsruk}kjs mRd`”B izfrP;k xk;haph o cSykaph iSnkl >kysyh vkgs-fofo/k midzeakP;k ifj.kkedrseqGs ok<rk izfrlkn feGkyk- 33
  • tukojakph ;ksX; dkGth] xksB;kph LoPNrk] jksx izfrca/k b- fo”k;h tkx:drkok<fo.;klkBh iz;Ru dsys xsys o R;kpk ;ksX; rks ifj.kke fnlwu ;sr vkgs-tukojakuk pk&;ph miyC/krk gks.;klkBh oSj.k fodkl varxZr fxuh xorkphykxoM dj.;kr vkyhs- ‘ksGhikyukr mRiknu ok<h lkBh fofo/k iz;Ru dsys xsyso R;kpk ln`”; ifj.kke fnlqu ;sr vkgs-9 - 0 iz f ’ k { k . k dk; Z d z etumRd”kZ dk;Zdze jkcforkauk fofo/k ?kVdkaps izf’k{k.k]lgHkkfx/kkajdkauk ns.;kr vkys- izf’k{k.k nsrkauk [kkyhy i/nrhpk mi;ksxdj.;kr vkyk-9- 1 vH; kl nk S j s % izdYi lq# gks.;kiqohZ ‘ksrd&a;kuk tOgkj ookalnk ;sFkhy okMh dk;Zdze nk[kfo.;kr vkyk- nkS&;akP;k osGh‘ksrd&a;kcjkscj laokn lk/kwu R;kaP;k vuqHkokph nsok.k?ksok.k dj.;krvkyh- vH;kl nkS&;keqGss ‘ksrd&a;kuk dk;Zdzekph pakxyh ekfgrh >kyh oR;akuh vkiY;k xkokrhy brj ‘ksrd&a;kuk tumRd”kZ dk;Zdzekr lgHkkxhgks.;klkBh izo`Rr dsys- izdYi lq# >kY;kuarj ‘ksrd&;kaps jkT;krhyizdYikarxZr xkokae/ks vH;kl nkSjs vk;ksthr dj.;kr vkys- 34
  • 9- 2 lg H k k x h / k k j d k a p s iz f ’ k { k . k % okMh dk;ZdzekrlgHkkxh >kysY;k ‘ksrd&a;kuk fofo/k izdkjps izf’k{k.k ns.;kr vkys- ;ke/;sxVppkZ] vuqHko dFku] izkR;f{kd ;koj Hkj ns.;kr vkyk- [kkyhy fo”k;kapsizf’k{k.k nss.;kr vkys-• >kMkaph ykxoM o R;kaph tksikluk• tfeuhph cka/kcfnaLrh• tyL=ksr fodklkph dkes12- vk O g k u s o R; k oj d s y s Y k h ekrviqjk fu/kh% lnj dk;Zdzekl R;kP;k ikp o”kkaZP;k dkyko/khr ¼lu 2003&04rs 2007&08½ ,dq.k :- 46-79 dksVh ,o<kp fu/kh Eg.kts ,dq.k fu/khP;k32-50% izkIr >kyk- R;kuarj izdYikl rhu o”kkZph eqnrok< feGqu izdYikP;kvkBO;k o”kkZi;Zar ,dq.k :-93-24 dksVh ,o<kp fu/kh Eg.kts ,dq.k fu/khP;k64-74 izfr’kr izkIr >kyk-;k O;rhfjDr nG.k oG.kkpk o jLR;kapk vHkko] ikolkG;kr laidZ rqV.ks]okgukalkBh ba/ku O;oLFkk isVªksy iai ul.ks bR;knh vMp.khapk lkeukdjkok ykxyk- ;k loZ foijhr ifjLFkhrhr lq/nk izdYikaph mnh”Vs xkB.;klkBhvVksdkV iz;Ru dsyk xsyk- - --------------¼½------------- 35
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