LOK NAYAK JAYAPRAKASH NARAYAN
NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF CRIMINOLOGY AND FORENSIC
SCIENCE Government of India (Ministry of Home Affairs)
Police Station visit Report
2. Details of Visit
3. Purpose of Visit
4. Division of State
5. Organizational Structure of Police
6. Physical Observation
7. Preparation of Case Diary U/S 172 Cr.P.C.
8. Personal Observation
I, Avinash student of M.A. Criminology, 1st semester, would like to
pay my sincere gratitude towards our course director Pro. (Dr.)B.N.
Chattoraj, for arranging our visit to police Station for the purpose of
understanding the police organization and there functioning.
I also thankful to Mr. Ajay Kumar, Inspector of police in
Police station West Rohini, outer District, Delhi to understand the things
in a much Practical Way.
Place of Visit: Police Station South Rohini, Outer Dist. Delhi.
Date and Day of Visit
11:00 AM TO 04:00 PM
10:00 AM TO 04:00 PM
11:00 AM TO 03:00 PM
Purpose of Visit
Understand the Physical structure of a Police Station. Nature of
duties performed by Police officers in a police Station. Know about case
diary, Mallkhana, and other activity of police.
To See the Functioning of a Police Station, To See how a FIR
is lodged. See and observe the role of police in contemporary society
with changing trends of crime and criminal Tendency.
POLICE: Police is the subject of state. Police is one of the most
important parts of a Criminal Justice System. Police play an important
role in the matters related law and order. The first police force was
started 1829 in England. Indian police force was started in 1861.
Police prevent and control the crime in the society. Police is one of the
main parts of society.
Each State/Union Territory has its separate police force.
Despite the diversity of police forces, there is a good deal that is
common amongst them. This is due to these main reasons:
1- The structure and working of the State Police Forces are governed by
the Police Act of 1861, which is applicable in most parts of the country,
or by the State Police Acts modeled mostly on the 1861 legislation.
2- Major criminal laws, like the Indian Penal Code, the Code of
Criminal Procedure, the Indian Evidence Act etc are uniformly
applicable to almost all parts of the country.
3- The Indian Police Service (IPS) is an All India Service, which is
recruited, trained and managed by the Central Government and which
provides the bulk of senior officers to the State Police Forces.
History of Delhi Police - An organized form of policing was established
by the British after the first war of freedom of 1857, with the
adoption of the Indian Police Act of 1861. Delhi being a part of the
Punjab, remained a unit of the Punjab Police even after becoming the
Capital of India in 1912. In the same year, the first Chief
Commissioner of Delhi was appointed and was vested with the powers
and functions of the Inspector General of Police.
According to the 1912 Gazette, Delhi District was under the
control of a DIG of Police with his headquarters at Ambala. The
police force in the Delhi district, however, was commanded by a
Superintendent and a Deputy Superintendent of Police. The total
composition of the force then was 2 Inspectors, 27 Sub-inspectors,
110 Head Constables, 985 Foot Constables and 28 Sawars. In the
city the rural police was in the charge of two Inspectors with their
headquarters at Sonipat and Ballabgarh respectively with 10 police
POLICE STATION: The Police Station is the basic unit of police
administration in a district. Under the criminal Procedure code, all crime
has to be recorded at a police station. All crime prevention,
investigation, and law and order work is close from here.
A police station is divided into number of beats, which are
assigned to constables for patrolling, surveillance, collection of
intelligence etc. an Inspector of police is the in charge of a police
station in cities and metropolitan areas.
In Rohini Police station 2 to 4 Cases registered daily.
From 8:00 am to 4:00 pm time is called Emergency duty. When a
criminal commits the crime 3 to 4 times. Then the police called him a
history sheetar. After this if the criminal again commits the crime then
police called as a bad character.
An Officer of rank of SP heads the district Police
force. A group of districts forms the range, which is looked by an officer
of the rank of DIG police. Some states have zones comprising of two or
more ranges under the charge of an officer of the rank of IG police.
Each district is divided into sub division. Sub division is
under the charge of the rank ASP/DSP. Every division is further divided
into number of police stations. Between police station and sub division
there are numbers of circles in some states, each circle headed by
inspector of police.
Police station is basic unit of police administration in a
state. A police station is divided into a number of beats which are
assigned to constable for patrolling, surveillance, collection of
intelligence etc. In rural area or smaller police stations, the office in
charge is usually Sub inspector.
Director General of Police (DGP)
Inspector General of Police (IGP) or (C P)
Dy. Inspector General of Police (DIGP)
Superintendent of Police (SP) or (DCP)
Dy. Superintendent of Police (DSP) or (ACP)
Inspector of Police (IP)
Sub Inspector of Police (SIP)
Assistant Sub Inspector of Police (ASIP)
Head Constable (HC)
Director General of police is the head of the police department. He saw
all the management of police and Inspector general is the second
highest post of police. There is more then one inspector general under
the director general. After that the another posts of police comes. The
lowest post of police is Constable.
Inspector General of police is in charge of a zone, which comprise few
ranges. Dy. Inspector General of Police is in charge of a range, which
comprise a group of district. Superintendent of police is in charge of a
district. Dy. Superintendent of police is in charge of sub division in the
district. Inspector of police is the in charge of a police station. Sub
Inspector of police is the in charge of a smaller police station and the
other officers are the staff of the police station.
The police station in which we visited is located in Rohini
sec-3. This police station covers the area of Rohini Sector-2 and Sector3. Two or three cases registered in this police station in a day. There is
a board in which the poster of criminals with their details is printed. A
notice board for officer’s direction is also located. Different registers are
maintained for different things. If a complaint is comes then try to find
the truth that the complaints is true or false.
As we entered the gate of police station, we found that the
ground floor consisted of following section.
1-Reception: On the left hand, as we entered the main gate inside the
station, there was a reception which consisted of a big wooden table. It
was headed by a lady constable. It is a place from where the complaint
is directed to the respective duty officer. No FIR is lodged in this section
but only the entries are done.
2-Duty Officer: Duty officer is a person who lodges the FIR and tells the
respective officer about the report. He maintains the daily diary and puts
entry in them. In case of cognizable offence, he lodges FIR (First
Information report) while an NCR (Non Cognizable Repot) is filled in
case of non cognizable offences. He also maintains the PCR calls.
3-Investigation room: There is a room in the police station where a
person weather accused or witness can be detained for some time by
the investigation officer for enquiring .
4- Record Room: All files are maintained here. The record of various
offences and there details, PCR call record, bail register, FIR record and
other information are maintained here.
The registers are given no. and designated by those no. only
for example conviction record is maintained in register no.- 5, criminal
record is maintained in register no.-9.
5-Police Maalkhana: It is one of the most important parts of a police
station. This room is a place where the various types of items collected
for example- shoes, clothes, weapons, or other things. These items
collected from the place of crime. These items are maintained for further
trial. These items send to Forensic labs for testing.
6-Computer Room: The FIR is now recorded in computerized form
after the year of 2007. And all the data of police station saved on his
website. This website is police personal website.
7- Wireless Room: The call is directed from the headquarter to the
wireless room of the police station. When a crime commits then the
headquarter inform in police station through the wireless in which area
the crime commits.
8- Police Lock-Up: There are separate lock-ups for male and female. It
is two in number. A proper sanitation facility is there. Rooms have
sanitation facilities but no switchboards or fans, nails or any sharp
edges which might help to commit suicide or harem themselves in any
Preparation of Case Diary U/S 172 Cr.P.C.
Case diary is also called as C.D. which contains all the investigating
details. It has two kinds of pages as inner case diary & outer case diary.
Inner case diary used as supplement copy & investigation proceedings
are has done, up to dating by day to day in the outer case diary. These
diaries are a relevant part of the case file which has F.I.R., statement of
accused, inner case diary, outer case diary, disclosure statement, if any
medical reports spot memo & is regularly updated by the concerned I.O.
In this visit of police Station we understood the basic
structure of the police station. There are three Inspectors of police in this
police station. Now the police stations become advanced. All the data of
police record saved in computer.
FIR also loading in computerized form for the record.
Sometimes Inspectors not wearing his uniform in police station. There
are some Help line No. of some senior officers in the reception and
there is a notice board in which the daily notice is written for the officers.
There is a women help desk in the reception, where a lady
constable sitting to note the complaint of ladies. Mainly all the lady staff
busy in other work. So sometimes no lady constable present on the lady
helps desk bench.
We saw some notice boards in police station.
There is a board in which last 24 hrs. Arrested persons record is written.
S. No. Officer’s Name
Joint Commissioner of Police (Northern 23490206
Dy. Commissioner of Police (Outer Dist.) 27034873/874
Additional Dy. Commissioner of Police - 27034878
1 (Outer Dist.)
Right to information RTI Act-2005
Additional Dy. Commissioner of Police– 2 27034315
Following officers has been appointed to provide information Under
Assistant Commissioner of Police Sub 27915922
2- Public Information
Commissioner of Police
Dy. Commissioner of
Any Person seeking information under RTI Act may contact the above
Phone no of senior officers of Outer District