Police station report


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Police station report

  1. 1. LOK NAYAK JAYAPRAKASH NARAYAN NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF CRIMINOLOGY AND FORENSIC SCIENCE Government of India (Ministry of Home Affairs) Police Station visit Report Submitted By Avinash M.A. Criminology 1st Semester
  2. 2. CONTENTS 1. Acknowledgement 2. Details of Visit 3. Purpose of Visit 4. Introduction 4. Division of State 5. Organizational Structure of Police 6. Physical Observation Reception Duty Officer Investigation room Record Room Police Maalkhana Computer Room Wireless Room Police Lock-Up 7. Preparation of Case Diary U/S 172 Cr.P.C. 8. Personal Observation
  3. 3. I, Avinash student of M.A. Criminology, 1st semester, would like to pay my sincere gratitude towards our course director Pro. (Dr.)B.N. Chattoraj, for arranging our visit to police Station for the purpose of understanding the police organization and there functioning. I also thankful to Mr. Ajay Kumar, Inspector of police in Police station West Rohini, outer District, Delhi to understand the things in a much Practical Way. Avinash
  4. 4. Place of Visit: Police Station South Rohini, Outer Dist. Delhi. Date and Day of Visit Date 20-10-2011 21-10-2011 22-10-2011 Time 11:00 AM TO 04:00 PM 10:00 AM TO 04:00 PM 11:00 AM TO 03:00 PM Day Thursday Friday Saturday Purpose of Visit Understand the Physical structure of a Police Station. Nature of duties performed by Police officers in a police Station. Know about case diary, Mallkhana, and other activity of police. To See the Functioning of a Police Station, To See how a FIR is lodged. See and observe the role of police in contemporary society with changing trends of crime and criminal Tendency.
  5. 5. POLICE: Police is the subject of state. Police is one of the most important parts of a Criminal Justice System. Police play an important role in the matters related law and order. The first police force was started 1829 in England. Indian police force was started in 1861. Police prevent and control the crime in the society. Police is one of the main parts of society. Each State/Union Territory has its separate police force. Despite the diversity of police forces, there is a good deal that is common amongst them. This is due to these main reasons: 1- The structure and working of the State Police Forces are governed by the Police Act of 1861, which is applicable in most parts of the country, or by the State Police Acts modeled mostly on the 1861 legislation. 2- Major criminal laws, like the Indian Penal Code, the Code of Criminal Procedure, the Indian Evidence Act etc are uniformly applicable to almost all parts of the country. 3- The Indian Police Service (IPS) is an All India Service, which is recruited, trained and managed by the Central Government and which provides the bulk of senior officers to the State Police Forces. History of Delhi Police - An organized form of policing was established by the British after the first war of freedom of 1857, with the adoption of the Indian Police Act of 1861. Delhi being a part of the Punjab, remained a unit of the Punjab Police even after becoming the Capital of India in 1912. In the same year, the first Chief Commissioner of Delhi was appointed and was vested with the powers and functions of the Inspector General of Police. According to the 1912 Gazette, Delhi District was under the control of a DIG of Police with his headquarters at Ambala. The police force in the Delhi district, however, was commanded by a Superintendent and a Deputy Superintendent of Police. The total composition of the force then was 2 Inspectors, 27 Sub-inspectors, 110 Head Constables, 985 Foot Constables and 28 Sawars. In the city the rural police was in the charge of two Inspectors with their headquarters at Sonipat and Ballabgarh respectively with 10 police stations. POLICE STATION: The Police Station is the basic unit of police administration in a district. Under the criminal Procedure code, all crime
  6. 6. has to be recorded at a police station. All crime prevention, investigation, and law and order work is close from here. A police station is divided into number of beats, which are assigned to constables for patrolling, surveillance, collection of intelligence etc. an Inspector of police is the in charge of a police station in cities and metropolitan areas. In Rohini Police station 2 to 4 Cases registered daily. From 8:00 am to 4:00 pm time is called Emergency duty. When a criminal commits the crime 3 to 4 times. Then the police called him a history sheetar. After this if the criminal again commits the crime then police called as a bad character.
  7. 7. State ↓ Zone ↓ Range ↓ District ↓ Subdivision ↓ Circle ↓ Police Station An Officer of rank of SP heads the district Police force. A group of districts forms the range, which is looked by an officer of the rank of DIG police. Some states have zones comprising of two or more ranges under the charge of an officer of the rank of IG police. Each district is divided into sub division. Sub division is under the charge of the rank ASP/DSP. Every division is further divided into number of police stations. Between police station and sub division there are numbers of circles in some states, each circle headed by inspector of police. Police station is basic unit of police administration in a state. A police station is divided into a number of beats which are assigned to constable for patrolling, surveillance, collection of intelligence etc. In rural area or smaller police stations, the office in charge is usually Sub inspector.
  8. 8. Director General of Police (DGP) ↓ Inspector General of Police (IGP) or (C P) ↓ Dy. Inspector General of Police (DIGP) ↓ Superintendent of Police (SP) or (DCP) ↓ Dy. Superintendent of Police (DSP) or (ACP) ↓ Inspector of Police (IP) ↓ Sub Inspector of Police (SIP) ↓ Assistant Sub Inspector of Police (ASIP) ↓ Head Constable (HC) ↓ Constable Director General of police is the head of the police department. He saw all the management of police and Inspector general is the second highest post of police. There is more then one inspector general under the director general. After that the another posts of police comes. The lowest post of police is Constable. Inspector General of police is in charge of a zone, which comprise few ranges. Dy. Inspector General of Police is in charge of a range, which comprise a group of district. Superintendent of police is in charge of a district. Dy. Superintendent of police is in charge of sub division in the district. Inspector of police is the in charge of a police station. Sub Inspector of police is the in charge of a smaller police station and the other officers are the staff of the police station.
  9. 9. The police station in which we visited is located in Rohini sec-3. This police station covers the area of Rohini Sector-2 and Sector3. Two or three cases registered in this police station in a day. There is a board in which the poster of criminals with their details is printed. A notice board for officer’s direction is also located. Different registers are maintained for different things. If a complaint is comes then try to find the truth that the complaints is true or false. As we entered the gate of police station, we found that the ground floor consisted of following section. 1-Reception: On the left hand, as we entered the main gate inside the station, there was a reception which consisted of a big wooden table. It was headed by a lady constable. It is a place from where the complaint is directed to the respective duty officer. No FIR is lodged in this section but only the entries are done. 2-Duty Officer: Duty officer is a person who lodges the FIR and tells the respective officer about the report. He maintains the daily diary and puts entry in them. In case of cognizable offence, he lodges FIR (First Information report) while an NCR (Non Cognizable Repot) is filled in case of non cognizable offences. He also maintains the PCR calls. 3-Investigation room: There is a room in the police station where a person weather accused or witness can be detained for some time by the investigation officer for enquiring . 4- Record Room: All files are maintained here. The record of various offences and there details, PCR call record, bail register, FIR record and other information are maintained here. The registers are given no. and designated by those no. only for example conviction record is maintained in register no.- 5, criminal record is maintained in register no.-9. 5-Police Maalkhana: It is one of the most important parts of a police station. This room is a place where the various types of items collected for example- shoes, clothes, weapons, or other things. These items
  10. 10. collected from the place of crime. These items are maintained for further trial. These items send to Forensic labs for testing. 6-Computer Room: The FIR is now recorded in computerized form after the year of 2007. And all the data of police station saved on his website. This website is police personal website. 7- Wireless Room: The call is directed from the headquarter to the wireless room of the police station. When a crime commits then the headquarter inform in police station through the wireless in which area the crime commits. 8- Police Lock-Up: There are separate lock-ups for male and female. It is two in number. A proper sanitation facility is there. Rooms have sanitation facilities but no switchboards or fans, nails or any sharp edges which might help to commit suicide or harem themselves in any form. Preparation of Case Diary U/S 172 Cr.P.C. Case diary is also called as C.D. which contains all the investigating details. It has two kinds of pages as inner case diary & outer case diary. Inner case diary used as supplement copy & investigation proceedings are has done, up to dating by day to day in the outer case diary. These diaries are a relevant part of the case file which has F.I.R., statement of accused, inner case diary, outer case diary, disclosure statement, if any medical reports spot memo & is regularly updated by the concerned I.O. (Investigation Officer).
  11. 11. In this visit of police Station we understood the basic structure of the police station. There are three Inspectors of police in this police station. Now the police stations become advanced. All the data of police record saved in computer. FIR also loading in computerized form for the record. Sometimes Inspectors not wearing his uniform in police station. There are some Help line No. of some senior officers in the reception and there is a notice board in which the daily notice is written for the officers. There is a women help desk in the reception, where a lady constable sitting to note the complaint of ladies. Mainly all the lady staff busy in other work. So sometimes no lady constable present on the lady helps desk bench. We saw some notice boards in police station. There is a board in which last 24 hrs. Arrested persons record is written. S. No. Parentage Name, Add. Arrested Person FIR U/ Date No.& Sec of DD No. Arres t Nam e of I.O. Bail/J Name C/PC of Relative informe d
  12. 12. S. No. Officer’s Name Phone No. 1 Joint Commissioner of Police (Northern 23490206 range) 2 Dy. Commissioner of Police (Outer Dist.) 27034873/874 3 Additional Dy. Commissioner of Police - 27034878 1 (Outer Dist.) Right to information RTI Act-2005 4 Additional Dy. Commissioner of Police– 2 27034315 Following officers has been appointed to provide information Under (Outer Dist.) “RTI Act-2005”. 5 Assistant Commissioner of Police Sub 27915922 1-Assistant Public Assistant Commissioner 27034875 division, Rohini Information Officer of Police (Tel.) (APIO) 2- Public Information Addisnnal Dy. 27034878(Tel.) Officer (PIO) Commissioner of Police 27034877(Fax) 3-Appellate authority Dy. Commissioner of 27034874(Tel.) (AU) Police 27034873(Fax) Any Person seeking information under RTI Act may contact the above officers Board No.-2 Board No.-3 Phone no of senior officers of Outer District