1. LL202-XXLIBERAL LEARNING – END SEMESTERPRESENTATIONTOPIC: INDIAN PARAMILITARY FORCESName of the Student: AVINASH JANARDHAN CHAKRAWARMIS ID: 111108010Department: Information & TechnologyArea: DEFENSE STUDIESSub Area: Military ForcesFaculty Mentor: Dr. Mahindra RanjekarStudent Convener:Date of the presentation: 22 nd march
2. ASSESSMENT CHART <FOR INFORMATION>Area Elements % TotalWeightageMid SemWeightageEnd SemWeightageChoice of topic Novelty, Relevance, Reasoning inChoice of Focus Q, Experts10 % 10 % 0 %Harvest Comprehensiveness and diversityof the study20 % 15 % 5 %Synthesis Originality of the viewpoints,Value of the viewpoints20 % 0 % 20 %Sharing Methods of sharing, effectivenessof the sharing25% 5 % 20%Becoming greatlearnerPlan and result of the plan 15 % 0 % 15 %Commitment tothe courseRegular Meeting with the mentorand continuous learning10 % 5 % 5 %
3. PARAMETERS FOR EVALUATION <FOR INFORMATION>Attribute (Bad) -0 (Not upto mark)-2(Neutral)-5 (Impressive) -8 (Role Model)-10Sharing - 5(Preparation,OpeningandClosing,Eyecontactand BodyLanguage)Very badSlides, Verypoor startand closure.No eyecontact atall. Total lackofconfidence (Iwant to getout asap)Bad Slides. Poorstart andclosure. Verylittle eyecontact.Defensivebody lang(takingsupport,,hands inpocket)Everything justOk but nopull factor.Ok start –No issuesbut noengagingstart either.Ok closureAction planmay not beright. Littleeye contact.Rigidity.Very goodslides. PullFactor.Engagedaudience.Good closure,handling ofQA andaction plan.Good eyecontact.Occasionaluse ofhands, nodefensivebody lang.Excellent slides.Engagedaudience rightfrom the start.Impressiveclosure,excellenthandling of QAand ActionPlan. Excellenteye contact.Exudingconfidence.Harvest – Booksand Papers(10)No reading ofbooks,papers /articles.Limited reading(< 3) of booksand papers /articles withnot so goodunderstanding.Ok reading (<5) of booksand papers/ articleswith just okunderstandingVery good (< 10)reading ofbooks andpapers /articles withcompleteunderstanding.Allround and indepth reading(> 10) of booksand papers /articles withsuperbunderstanding.
4. PARAMETERS FOR EVALUATION <FOR INFORMATION>Attribute (Bad) -0 (Not upto mark)-2 (Neutral)-5 (Impressive) -8 (Role Model)-10Harvest – Experts(5 )No contact /discussion withexperts.Limited contact /discussion withexpert (1) withpoor outcomes.Ok contact/discussionwith experts(2) and justok outcome.Very good contact/discussion withexperts (3)with excellentoutcomesExcellent contact/discussion withexperts (4) withexceptionaloutcomes.Topic Definition (10) Topics andquestionsconsidered, FocusQuestions chosenand expertsidentified.No process for topicselection anddefinition (focusQ, experts). Norelevance of thetopic.Poor process for topicselection anddefinition (focusQ, experts). Littlerelevance.Ok process fortopic selectionand definition(focus Q,experts).Relevance anda bit of novelty.Good process fortopic selectionand definition(focus Q,experts). Quiterelevant and goodnovelty.Comprehensiveprocess for topicselection anddefinition (focusQ, experts). Veryrelevant and noveltopic.Commitment (5) Did not attend anysession. Have notmet the mentor.Nocommunicationwhatsoever.In between Attended someof thesessions andparticipated inthemIn between Attended all the sessionsand participatedenthusiastically andmeaningfully
5. METHODOLOGY 1.initially thought on different topics. 2.decided topic of interest. 3.then made a list of questions related to the topic. 4.then decided five focus questions. 5.explained how I am going to describe them. 6.given description on all questions. 7.gathered all information from wikipedia and otherinternet links with understanding from different books. 8 . I have Strictly followed instructions given by mentorand studied subject loyally. NOT A SINGLE SLIDE I HAVE COPIED FROMINTERNET OR ANY OTHER SOURCE.
6. EXPLORING TOPICS The top three topics that were thought with a couple of linesdescription for each of them. Topic 1: importance of paramilitary forces Description : - to study how paramilitary forces serves indevelopment and building of nation . Topic 2: INDIA in indo-china war Description :- to study the conditions which where responsible forwar situations between India and china in 1962 Topic 3: weapons technology for safety of nation Description :- to study different weapons used by military and localpolice forces for safety of nation
7. THE TOPIC OF CHOICEIMPORTANCE OF PARAMILITARY FORCES
8. EXPLORING THE TOPIC. <LIST THE QUESTIONS THATYOU THOUGHT ABOUT THE TOPIC> Q 1 What is structure of Indian military forces? Q 2 What are reserved or paramilitary forces? Q3 What is significance of paramilitary forces? Q4 Why there is a need for paramilitary forces? Q5 What are different paramilitary forces in India?
9. EXPLORING THE TOPIC FURTHER: LIST THE QUESTIONSTHAT YOU FOUND WITH THE HELP OF OTHERS Q 6 What type of training do paramilitary forces are given? Q 7 How different paramilitary forces serves for nationalsecurity? Q 8 How paramilitary forces are connected with society? Q 9 What is role of paramilitary forces in maintainingnational peace? Q 10 How paramilitary forces are used as a back up forcesfor border security?
10. EXPLORING THE TOPIC FURTHER: LISTTHE QUESTIONS THAT YOU FOUND WITH THEHELP OF OTHERS Q11 What are reasons for creation of reserved forces instates ? Q12 How different kinds of paramilitary forces areinterconnected with each other? Q13 How government of India has control overparamilitary forces? Q14 How paramilitary forces can be used for thebetterment of situations after catastrophic activities likefloods , earthquake etc? Q15 What is role of paramilitary forces in developmentand building of nation?
11. FOCUS QUESTIONS WITH BRIEF DESCRIPTION Q 1 What is structure of Indian military forces? == In this I will be discussing structure of Indian military forces. Q 2 What are the reserved or paramilitary forces? == In this I will be defining what is paramilitary forces. Q 3 Why there is a need of paramilitary forces? == In this I will be stating the conditions under which there createdneed for paramilitary forces Q 4 What are different paramilitary forces in India? == Here I will be discussing different paramilitary forces in India. Q 5 Exploring information about assam rifle. ==Here I will be discussing about assam rifle.
12. INTRODUCTION Introducing this subject , initial step isunderstanding the different concepts , differentdefinitions and overall structure of subject . As considered my subject it is necessary tounderstand concept of military. “ Military is an organization authorized by it’sgreater society to use lethal force, usually includinguse of weapons , on defending it’s country bycombating actual or perceived threats”.
13. INDIAN DISCIPLINE
14. WHAT IS STRUCTURE OF INDIAN MILITARYFORCES?  India is a big country with a dominant position inworld affairs. For such a country like India it is necessary to havemilitary forces which serves for maintaining law andorder and security of nation that may be internal orexternal . ” the Indian armed military forces are the militaryforces of republic India” the president of India is a supreme commander of theIndian armed forces.
15. WHAT IS STRUCTURE OF INDIAN MILITARYFORCES? The Indian military is under the management of theministry of defense . They consist of ARMY, NAVY,AIR FORCE, COASTGUARD and PARAMILITARY FORCES. Generally military forces are active or reserved. activemeans working military. India is one of the worlds largest military forces.  Indian military consists of 4,768,407 personals out ofwhich 1,300,586 are paramilitary personals.
17. WHAT ARE RESERVED OR PARAMILITARYFORCES ?  Out of all topics main topic of discussion isparamilitary.  We can define paramilitary forces as “ forces orgroups that are distinct fro the regular armed forcesof country , but resembling them inorganization, equipment training , or mission “. In India paramilitary forces are those governmentorganization that help military forces, help indisaster management and control civil agitations.
19.  These forces act asarmed force auxiliariesan are considered as apart of Indian armedforces.
20.  The paramilitary forces of India are world’s secondlargest after the Chinese people’s armed forcewhich has 1.5 million personal. In comparison to civilian police force , paramilitaryforce may provide a more disciplined force whosemilitary capabilities make them more capable ofdealing with all types of violance
21. SOME OF MAIN OPERATIONS BY PARAMILITARYFORCES ARE 1 . Combating terrorism. This include antiterrorism and counterterrorism. 2 . Anti-smuggling operations. 3 . Humanitarian assistance. This include operations to retrieve or reduce theresults of natural or manmade disaster 4 . Support civil authorities. 5 . Non-combatant evaluation operations.
22. WHY THERE IS A NEED FOR PARAMILITARYFORCES ?With it’s large area , diversity andkilometers of borders , India needsspecialized forces that can maintainlaw and order in disturbed areas andkeep vigilance on borders.Also there may arise diverseconditions due to natural as well asmanmade catastrophe or civilagitations
23. to handle such conditions theremust be a organization . For solution to this problem Indiacame up with concept ofparamilitary forces.
24. WHAT ARE DIFFERENT PARAMILITARYFORCES IN INDIA ?There are overall 13 paramilitaryforces . They are classified as following 1 . National level 2 . State level 3 . Assisting organizations
25. NATIONAL LEVEL 1 . Border security force :-  The main role of BSF is security ofborder of India . It functions to promote a sense of securityamong the people living in border.
26. NATIONAL LEVEL2 . Central Industrial security force: The central Industrial security forceis responsible for security services atports and other transportation facilitiesas well as in other facilities .
27. NATIONAL LEVEL3 . Central reserved police force:The central reserved police force isan armed force of the union of India,with the basic role of striking reserveto assist the state territories in policeoperations to maintain law and orderand contain insurgency.
28. NATIONAL LEVEL4 .Indo-Tibetian border police: ITBP is multidimensional force.  ITBP battalions are also deployed onanti-terrorism duties and VIP security dutiesin strategic locations. ITBP conducts long range and shortrange patrols to keep an effective vigil oninaccessible and unmanned areas onborder.
29. NATIONAL LEVEL 5 . Rashtriya Rifles : Rashtriya rifles is a light elitecounterinsurgency formed specifically tocompensate for inadequate local police andincreasingly well armed insurgents inkashmir.
30. NATIONAL LEVEL 6 . National security guards : Important role of NSG is to fight terrorismin whatever form it may assume in areaswhere activity of terrorists assumes seriousproportions and state police can not copeup with the situations .
31. NATIONAL LEVEL 7 . Special frontier force :special frontier force isresponsible for counter-terrorismduties with teams in a constantstate of alert.
32. NATIONAL LEVEL8 . Railway protection force : The main task for railway protectionforce is to protect and safeguardrailway property, passenger area andpassenger.And to perform any act conductiveto the better protection and security ofrailway property.
33. STATE LEVELHome guard :  To service as a supporting force tothe police in maintenance of law, orderand internal security,To help community in any kind ofemergency.
34. EXPLORING INFORMATION ABOUTASSAM RIFLES  Assam rifle is a paramilitary organizationof ministry of home affairs working under theoperational control of army. These forces came in existence in thelatter part of eighteenth century , whenbritisher’s create a small force of 750combatants to guard the settlements andtea estates against revages by local tribes.
35.  That time these forces were known as“Cachar levy” .It undergone many changeslike Cachar levy, assam military force,frontier police and lastly assam rifle. During the WORLD WAR 1, the forceprovided 23 officers and 3,174 soldiers togorkha regiments of Indian Army besideswhom they fought in europe and middleeast.
36. ASSAM RIFLES
37.  Presently Assam rifles consists of 46battalions deployed all over the North-eastregion with 50,000 personnel in it . Assam rifles conduct insurgencyoperations in North-east and other areaswhere deemed necessary , under control ofthe army during peace and “proxy war” ensures security of the Indo-China andIndo-Myanmar borders
38.  Indo-China borders.
39.  Assam rifles.
40.  The Assam rifles have traditionallyparticipated in all development activities ofthe region and have helped in bringing thepeople of this remote and Underdevelopedregion into the national stream.
41. TILL STUDY AND FUTURE PLAN Till this time I have studied overall structure and workingof paramilitary forces . I have collected all the data regarding the subject. Next I will be focusing on different aspects of defenseforces and will be studying them. During the study of this course I found it very interesting.I wish , I will continue this study. I hope I will be able to learn different academic andnonacademic topics on my own using skills taught in thisvery course
42. HARVEST (INTERNET) I have collected data from different internet links 1.”en.wikipedia.org” 2.www.airindia.in 3.aicpmfewa.org 4.defenceforumindia.com
43. HARVEST(BOOKS)I have referred two books1 .Paramilitary forces in Indiaby Lt.col.M.C.Sharma2 .Paramilitary forces in IndiaFredric. P. Miller
44. HARVEST(PAPER)1 .Annual Report 2005-06, Ministry ofHome affairs, Government of India.2 . CIA World factbook 2005 : India3 . Indian defense review, jan 19914 . Indian Express paramilitary review:1997