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Nervous System

Nervous System

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Presentation12 Presentation12 Presentation Transcript

  • Nervous System Suffixes and Examples
  • Nervous System
    • Responsible for coordinating all the activity of the body
    • Receives information from external and internal sensory receptors
    • Uses information to adjust the activity of muscles and glands to match the needs of the body
    • Subdivided into the Central Nervous System and Peripheral Nervous System
  • Nervous System
    • Central Nervous System
      • Brain
      • Spinal Cord
    • Peripheral Nervous System
      • Cranial Nerves
      • Spinal Nerves
  • - phasia
    • Suffix
    • Meaning: Speech
  • Aphasia
    • Acquired language disorder in which there is an impairment of any language modality
    • Suggest total impairment of language
    • Causes:
      • Lesions to language relevant areas (i.e. Broca’s area, Wernicke’s area)
      • Damage can be caused by: Brain tumor, Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s Traumatic Brain Injury, Epilepsy
    • There are many different types
      • Example: Global Aphasia- severe communication abilities, extremely limited in speaking and comprehending language
    • Treatment: No treatment proven to be effective for all types of aphasia
  • Language Relevant Areas
  • Dysphasia
    • Patient experiences an impairment of the power of speech
    • Causes:
      • Damage to the Left area of the brain
      • Examples: Stroke, Head Injury, Infection, Inflammation
    • Treatment
      • Speech Therapy
  • - plegia
    • Suffix
    • Meaning: Paralysis
  • Monoplegia
    • A symptom not a disease
    • Paralysis of a single limb
    • Common Causes:
      • Cerebral Palsy
      • Stroke
      • Brain tumor
      • Nerve damage
    • Treatment:
      • Depends on the underlying cause
  • Quadriplegia
    • Also known as Tetreplegia
    • Paralysis of all limbs and torso
    • Causes:
      • Damage to the Brain
      • Damage to Cervical Vertebrae
    • Symptoms
      • Loss of functionality of limbs
      • Loss of functionality of torso
        • Loss or No control in bowel and bladder, sexual function, digestion, breathing
    • Treatment
      • Intensive Rehabilitation (though patient will only gain very little movement back)
  • Quadriplegia
    • Christopher Reeve
    • Became Quadriplegic after a horse riding accident
    • Regained slight movement are intensive therapy and rewiring nerve connections
  • References
    • Medical Terminology: A Living Language
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Aphasia#Causes
    • http://www.ayushveda.com/healthcare/dysphasia.htm
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monoplegia
    • http://www.wrongdiagnosis.com/symptoms/monoplegia/treatments.htm
    • http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Quadriplegia#Causes