Robert Jan de Boer, HvA

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Aviation 2020

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Robert Jan de Boer, HvA

  1. 1. Current state of the Technical Aerospace Education: the value of our graduates Robert J. de Boer
  2. 2. ROC van Amsterdam <ul><li>ROCvA </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25.000 students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2900 employees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Studies: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>(International) Aviation services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aviation maintenance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Security services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transport and Logistics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Degrees: several, including PART 66 – cat A/B </li></ul><ul><li>Typical careers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance technician </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aviation Operations Officer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Steward, Stewardess </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Logistics employee </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manager Warehousing and Distribution </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Luchtvaarttechnologie – Hogeschool InHolland <ul><li>Hogeschool InHolland </li></ul><ul><ul><li>33.500 students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2900 employees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Luchtvaarttechnologie / Aeronautical Engineering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inflow 150 studenten </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently 450 studenten </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acceditation: 2006 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Two majors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lightweight construction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Design and development </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Degree: BEng </li></ul><ul><li>Typical careers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Design engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systems engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reliability Engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Construction specialist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>R&D Engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Manufacturing engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance engineer </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Aviation – Hogeschool van Amsterdam <ul><li>Hogeschool van Amsterdam </li></ul><ul><ul><li>> 40.000 studenten </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3.000 medewerkers (2.200 fte) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aviation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inflow 460 students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently 810 students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>35 employees (26 fte) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acceditation: 2009 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Four majors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aviation Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aviation Management </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aviation Flight </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aviation ATM </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Degree: BEng </li></ul><ul><li>Typical careers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance Engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>System & Powerplant Engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Performance Engineer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Flight Planner / Dispatcher </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance inspector  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inspector IVW </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Station Manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Duty Hub Manager </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aviation Policymaker </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>(Engineering) Pilot </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Luchtverkeerleider </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Aerospace Engineering – Delft University of Technology <ul><li>TU Delft </li></ul><ul><ul><li>15.321 students </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>4640 employees </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Aerospace Engineering </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Inflow 450 studenten </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currently 2000 studenten </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Degrees </li></ul><ul><ul><li>BSc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>MSc </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PhD </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Majors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerodynamics </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wind Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainable Science </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Control and Simulation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Air Transport & Operations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Aerospace Structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SE and Aircraft Design </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composite Structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Novel Aerospace Materials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural Integrity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Astrodynamics and Satellite Systems </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space Systems Engineering </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Remote Sensing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mathematical Geodesy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Space Geodesy </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Engineering education at MBO’s in the Netherlands is becoming more attractive Growth of MBO engineering students versus 2003 Special program Others Platform Beta Techniek (2009): ‘Facts and Figures 2009’, Den Haag. Special Program = ambitieprogramma van het Platform Beta techniek
  7. 7. Tertiary engineering education is also growing in absolute terms Growth of tertiary engineering students versus 2000 Universities HBO Total Platform Beta Techniek (2009): ‘Facts and Figures 2009’, Den Haag
  8. 8. Engineering Education has been made more attractive and valuable by project-based learning <ul><li>Instrumental competencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Basics of engineering work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Traditional focus of engineering education </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Strategic competencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Achieving economic and political goals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasingly part of management courses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Communicative competencies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have a users frame of reference </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability for dialogue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capability to deal with a plurality of cultural codes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Originally the weak spot but now addressed by project-based learning </li></ul></ul>Ravesteijn, Wim, De Graaff, Erik and Kroesen, Otto (2006): 'Engineering the future: the social necessity of communicative engineers', European Journal of Engineering Education, 31:1, 63 - 71
  9. 9. One cause could be the attractive incentives for engineers in other industries Djoerd de Graaf, Bert Hof, Chris van Klaveren (2008): ‘De diverse loopbanen van beta’s – samenvatting Beta Loopbaanmonitor 2008’, Platform Beta Techniek / SEO Economisch Onderzoek, Den Haag / Amsterdam
  10. 10. One cause could be the attractive incentives for engineers in other industries Djoerd de Graaf, Bert Hof, Chris van Klaveren (2008): ‘De diverse loopbanen van beta’s – samenvatting Beta Loopbaanmonitor 2008’, Platform Beta Techniek / SEO Economisch Onderzoek, Den Haag / Amsterdam
  11. 11. One cause could be the attractive incentives for engineers in other industries Djoerd de Graaf, Bert Hof, Chris van Klaveren (2008): ‘De diverse loopbanen van beta’s – samenvatting Beta Loopbaanmonitor 2008’, Platform Beta Techniek / SEO Economisch Onderzoek, Den Haag / Amsterdam
  12. 12. Recent research shows that increasingly the better engineers leave technology in mid-career B. Lindsay Lowell, Hal Salzman, Hamutal Bernstein, Everett Henderson (2009): ‘Steady as She Goes? Three Generations of Students through the Science and Engineering Pipeline’, Annual Meetings of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, Washington, D.C. Flow of engineering students into technology sectors College to mid-career – comparison between three generations
  13. 13. Recent research shows that increasingly the better engineers leave technology in mid-career B. Lindsay Lowell, Hal Salzman, Hamutal Bernstein, Everett Henderson (2009): ‘Steady as She Goes? Three Generations of Students through the Science and Engineering Pipeline’, Annual Meetings of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, Washington, D.C. Flow of engineering students into technology sectors College to mid-career – comparison between three generations
  14. 14. <ul><li>Have we made our graduates too generic, so that they are valuable for other industries as well? </li></ul>
  15. 16. One cause could be the incentives in other industries (1/2) Charles River Associates ( 2009): ‘Innovation in Aerospace and Defense’, CRA Project No. M13385-05, Boston. Average Annual Pay for Selected Occupations in Selected Industries USA, 2008 Aerospace
  16. 17. … but not in relative terms Growth of tertiary engineering and total students versus 2000 Engineering Total HBO Universities Platform Beta Techniek (2009): ‘Facts and Figures 2009’, Den Haag
  17. 18. But are we too successful in making our graduates attractive for other industries ?? <ul><li>Results of a recent comparison between six industries </li></ul><ul><li>Aviation excelled by systems thinking entrenched in all industry participants </li></ul><ul><li>This was in part due to the strong focus on systems thinking in education, both in training for pilots as in the aerospace engineering curricula </li></ul><ul><li>These competences were strongly recommended for all other industries </li></ul>Dr. J-K Helderman, Dr. M. E. Honingh (2009): ‘’Systeemtoezicht: Een onderzoek naar de condities en werking van systeemtoezicht in zes sectoren’
  18. 19. Recent research shows that increasingly the better engineers leave technology in mid-career B. Lindsay Lowell, Hal Salzman, Hamutal Bernstein, Everett Henderson (2009): ‘Steady as She Goes? Three Generations of Students through the Science and Engineering Pipeline’, Annual Meetings of the Association for Public Policy Analysis and Management, Washington, D.C. Average Best 20% Flow of engineering students into technology sectors College to mid-career – comparison between three generations
  19. 20. Technical knowledge seems important for responsibilities but management skills for salary Correlation between two measures of career success and competencies Aerospace engineers, Netherlands, 2009 G.N. Saunders-Smits (2008): ‘Study of Delft Aerospace Alumni’, PhD thesis Delft University of Technology

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