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Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
Illustrated journal
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Illustrated journal
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Illustrated journal
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Illustrated journal

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  • 1. Illustrated Journal Hong Kong & Beijing Study Abroad 2012 Avery Davis University of North TexasMet a new friend while sight seeing at the Jiangmen Kaiping Diaolou andVillages. Photograph by Nicole Winters
  • 2. Professional Appointments Blanc de Chine May 18th, 2012 [The first international Chinese luxury brand in the world] Photograph by a Blance de Chine employeeBlanc de Chine was one of my favorite luxury retailers.Not only has it made a name for itself on aninternational front, but you could tell how humble andgenuine its owner, Mr. Kin Yeung was and his passionabout the business he had built. The flagship store isin Hong Kong but they also have one in Beijing andrecently opened a merchant in New York.
  • 3. Professional Appointments Blanc de Chine May 18th, 2012 [The first international Chinese luxury brand in the world] The lightest fabric in the worldThe owner, Mr. Yeung (K. Yeung, personalcommunication, May 18th, 2012) noted Blan de Chinereceived an award for producing the lightest fabric inthe world. The scarf was very sheer and light to thetouch. It felt very breathable and a staple fashionpiece. The scarf will run about 300 U.S dollars.
  • 4. Professional Appointments Blanc de Chine May 18th, 2012 [The first international Chinese luxury brand in the world]Photographs by Debbie DuncanBlance de Chine has recently started promoting shortjackets due to the increasing threat of global warming.The piece I am wearing doubles as a short jacket anda handbag and is 2600 Hong Kong Dollars. Blance deChine is very ergonomic when it comes to theirgarments and call their style “Dao” meaning “theway”. This is where simplicity meets functionality.
  • 5. Professional Appointments Fossil East May 17th, 2012 [Sourcing for Fossil in the Asia-Pacific]Fossil East does all the sourcing for the Asia-Pacific realm of the Fossil Brand. We were introduced to the supply chain, visual merchandising, product development, leather, watches, and marketing strategies for the Asia-Pacific area [APAC].Managing Director Randy Belcher noted (R. Belcher, personal communication, May 17th, 2012) that Fossil East is a bridge between the vendors and the head office.
  • 6. Professional Appointments Fossil East May 17th, 2012 [Sourcing for Fossil in the Asia-Pacific]In terms of jewelry at Fossil, The back of the cow is the bestGermany is a huge market. part for quality leather.(They love to be flashy!). Suede- the underside of theCasting- is more labor grain, a hairy textureintensive and used for fine Top Grain- the first layer of thedetails on the piece of jewelry leatherStamping- machine; less labor Most production is in Asia,intensive and used for Indonesia, and Indiaregularly shaped pieces Patent Leather can only be used for handbags
  • 7. Professional Appointments Fossil East May 17th, 2012 [Sourcing for Fossil in the Asia-Pacific]In terms of jewelry at Fossil, The back of the cow is the bestGermany is a huge market. part for quality leather.(They love to be flashy!). Suede- the underside of theCasting- is more labor grain, a hairy textureintensive and used for fine Top Grain- the first layer of thedetails on the piece of jewelry leatherStamping- machine; less labor Most production is in Asia,intensive and used for Indonesia, and Indiaregularly shaped pieces Patent Leather can only be used for handbags
  • 8. Professional Appointments Fossil East May 17th, 2012 [Sourcing for Fossil in Asia-Pacific]Challenges approaching the supply chain: More styles and variation in product characteristics Supply constraints and the difficulty to balance supply, demand, and inventory China Concerns Minimum wage and RMB appreciation At lest a 15% increase every month due to the communist government
  • 9. Professional Appointments Yantian International Container Terminal May 22nd, 2012 [the 4th largest container terminal in the world]Yantian International Container Terminal is built onreclaimed land and provides shipping lines and shipperswith container operations and logistical services. PeterYum, Sr. Manager of Strategic Marketing took us on atour of the terminal. We go to see everything from theshippers themselves to the containers being lifted forfurther processing.
  • 10. Professional Appointments Jia Cheng Knitting Factory Co., Ltd. May 23nd, 2012Jia Cheng Knitting Factory Co., Ltd producesknitted/crocheted cotton, wool, fine animal hair, andother fabrics using 116 sets of circular knittingmachines.They specialize in Jersey, Pique and JacquardsThe Factory produces fabrics for Kohls, (biggestbuyer), Sears, Macys, Guess, Wal-Mart, and a localvendor who sells army uniforms
  • 11. Professional Appointments Jia Cheng Knitting Factory Co., Ltd. May 23nd, 2012 How the Process is DoneThe Winding Shop- removes imperfections fromthe yarnThe Knitting Shop- preface weft knitting fabricThe flat knitting machineGrey Fabric checkingFinal Inspection
  • 12. Professional Appointments Kai Ping Textile Mill May 24th , 2012Kai Ping Textile Mill is recognized as one of the world’slargest circular knitted fabric manufacturers and adriving force in the local market. The mill usesvertically integrated machinery in spinning, knitting,dyeing, printing, and finishing.The mill uses cotton from Australia due to its lightercolor, and advantage when dying.-ISO Certification
  • 13. Professional Appointments Kai Ping Textile Mill May 24th , 2012Mr. Deng GuoQuan, Patrick S.Y. Yu, Wu Jing Biao, and Y.X.Huang production manager, deputy general manager, andassistant(s) general manager for the Kai Ping Textile Mill hashad to be flexible during the difficult economic environmenthappening North America and Europe over the past 6months. They said a high unemployment rate and concernsover the default of European debts has led to a lowerconsumer confidence in textile products.
  • 14. Professional Appointments Kai Ping Textile Mill May 24th 2012It is also very interesting to note that thefactory workers live on the premises. They livein a dormitory like setting and produce theirown food. I remembered from the predeparture session that most of the workerspulled long days and only went home one dayout of the week.
  • 15. Professional Appointments Zhongshan Furey Printing Material Company May 25th 2012Zhongshan Furey Printing Material Company doeshand and machine screen printing of garments. I gotto see firsthand how the screen process works and alot of the students got to hand print themselves!
  • 16. Professional Appointments Zhongshan Furey Printing Material Company May 25th 2012How the process is done
  • 17. Professional Appointments Lia Hua Garment Factory May 25th 2012Founded in 1998, Lia Hua Founded in 1998, the LiaGarment Factory Hua Garment Factoryspecializes in the produces garments forproduction of casual Lacoste, Sketchers, Southwear. They have Pole, Rock A Wear, andstreamlined a process to House of Dereon, just tothe point where it only name a few.takes 30 minutes toproduce 1 garment (H.Hua, personalcommunication, May25th, 2012).
  • 18. Professional Appointments Lia Hua Garment Factory May 25th 2012Here is how the process works
  • 19. Professional Appointments Qinhai Garment Co., Ltd May 25th 2012Qinhai Garment Co., Ltd manufactures protectiveuniforms from nurses outfits to police officers. Mr.Edward Pang, CEO of the factory noted that hisworkers are paid 400 U.S dollars a month, notincluding insurance costs. The 160,000 square footfacility does business with Europe and Australia anduse a 2 year contract (E. Pang, personalcommunication, May 25th , 2012).
  • 20. Professional Appointments Qinhai Garment Co., Ltd May 25th 2012Qinhai Garment Co., Ltd outsource their fabrics fromother parts in China (60-70%), Thailand, and Korea.If the factory uses fabric from China, Mr. Pang gets a16% tax refund to be used for export purposes,further driving the international sourcing trade (E.Pang, personal communication, May 25th 2012).
  • 21. Professional Appointments Qinhai Garment Co., Ltd May 25th 2012 Stats-Firefighter uniforms cost 5 times more than a basicgarment to produce (E. Pang, personal communication, May25th , 2012)-The facility produces 200,000+ pieces a month-Work in FOB terms for the customer-1 worker can produce 26 basic t-shirts a day-Fabric is kept for 6 months, if it is not used by then it isrecycled (E. Pang, personal communication, May 25th ,2012).
  • 22. Professional Appointments The University of North Texas Welcome Banquet Excelsior Hotel, Hong KongPhotograph taken by the waiter at the ExcelsiorThe welcome banquet was one of the first chances I got toindulge in Cantonese cuisine and learn more about HongKong and China. Professor Alice Chu from Hong KongPolytechnic University sat at my table and talked openlyabout her experiences in Hong Kong, growth in the future,and current situations. Mrs. Chu noted that the wineindustry was huge due to no taxes in Hong Kong (A. Chu,personal communication, May 15th, 2012). She predicted thesubtle differences between Hong Kong and China would beobsolete in the next 20 years (A. Chu, personalcommunication, May 15th, 2012).
  • 23. Professional Appointments The University of North Texas Welcome Banquet Excelsior Hotel, Hong KongThe first picture on the left is of almond chicken, followed byvegetable soup, “tai chi” style and mango pudding. This wasone of my first times eating solely with chopsticks! I was alittle shaky at first, but as times progressed got much better.I noticed in both China and Hong Kong orange juice, Coke,and Sprite are the main drinks. I asked for a Dr. Pepper at acafé and got a pepper shaker!
  • 24. Professional Appointments Dim Sum, Hosted by Dr. Knight Superstar Restaurant Photograph taken with Emalee Rose and Shelby Snow Photograph taken by Ellen DittrichDim Sum was an amazing first experience for me. I hadnever had that type of food before, nor used chopsticks.Food is served family style and everything comes out rightafter the other on what Americans call a Lazy Susan. We hadtraditional pork dumplings, egg tart, and bamboo sprouts toname a few.
  • 25. Professional Appointments Jiangmen Polytechnic College May 23rd, 2012Our day at Jiangmen Polytechnic College was one of themost lifting experiences of my life. I met some of the nicestand most caring people whom I hope to keep in touch withwell into adulthood. I learned how college was like on theother side of the world and interacted with college studentsjust like me. Even though we may look different on theoutside, the girls and I shared the same dreams of having afruitful life. We laughed, danced, and sang together. A lot ofmy new friends yearned to come to America and studyabroad. Hopefully one day this will be a reality.
  • 26. Professional Appointments Jiangmen Polytechnic College May 23rd, 2012 Dorms at Jiangmen Polytechnic College The LibraryI had a student ask me “How small are your living spaces”? Ichuckled and said “small?, our dormitories house up to 3people, but most are double rooms”. She was astonishedand quickly told me she shares a room with 8 other girls.Her room is too small to house a washer/dryer so they (likemost Chinese/Hong Kong) air dry their clothes.
  • 27. Professional Appointments Jiangmen Polytechnic College May 23rd, 2012 Photographs taken by a student at Jiangmen PolytechnicHere I learned cultural differences in symbols. In China,what is known as the peace symbol in America is actually ashowing of happiness. The students were so happy to seewhich really took me aback. I had never encountered suchgenuine love.
  • 28. Professional Appointments Farewell Banquet May 25th, 2012 Jiangmen Photograph taken by Shelby SnowThe Farewell Banquet in Jiagmen was an absolute delight.Each table had a different business executive to networkwith and ask questions. I sat at the table with Mr. Peter Yum,Sr. Manager of Strategic Marketing at Yantian InternationalContainer Terminal and his wife. He asked us about life ascollege students in America and how we were enjoyingChina. Each student received their very own t-shirt madefrom the cotton at one of the factories at the banquet.
  • 29. Professional AppointmentsMy learning experiences of the textile and apparel industries I have always wondered how what I buy from a store gets to the store, and all the logistics involved. Touring the factories and the Yantian International Container Terminals further solidified how interconnected we are. A factory in Jiangman, China produced the shirt I just bought at Macy’s. Many Americans never stop and think just how hard other nations are working to satisfy us. We are the main consumers of most of these products and our actions make a shockwave all over the world. When we demand a change in price, this directly impacts the worker across the sea. The supervisor of that worker may not be able to afford to keep him around since his suppliers are demanding lower prices. Seeing this first hand has made me more aware and conscious of my purchasing decisions. I have stopped complaining when American Eagle still hasn’t put that shirt on sale. Americans tend to have a negative view of what they call a “sweatshop”. Upon my return, it really irked me to have my friends and family refer to these facilities as “sweatshops”. I feel that the media has harmfully affected our view of the world. These “sweatshops” are no more than people putting in honest work for acceptable pay for their standard of living. Who are we to point the fingers at others and tell them how to live? At some of the factories the workers had a place to live and food to eat. Why is that so wrong? I can’t answer this but I can and have started instilling my new founded knowledge on what I saw and truth stumps superficiality any day.
  • 30. Professional AppointmentsMy learning experiences of the textile and apparel industries At Fossil East I learned that the Australian market is a focal point because they are highest in terms of brand awareness. Australians have a higher buying power than most nations thus also have the money to spend. According to the article “Apparel Retail in China”, the largest segment of the apparel industry is menswear, accompanying 44% of the market (Datamonitor, 2009). Before my trip to China, I was very surprised by these statistics. Upon my return however I can see that this holds true. The men were some of the most fashionable and trendy I had seen; I had never seen so many clean-cut gentlemen. In my opinion, Chinese brands really need to capitalize on this; it seems as if the men and their clout in the apparel industry are here to stay. China is catching up on the global landscape by “investing in new capacity, adopting modern technologies and consequently increasing the productivity of its workers” (Deloitte Research, ¶, 9). These new modern technologies can be seen at the Lia Hua Garment Factory where owner He Guo Hua has streamlined a process to where it only takes 30 minutes to produce a garment, something that would be unheard of just a decade ago. He noted that workers will work harder now since they have the tools and resources to do so (H. Hua, personal communication, May 25th, 2012).
  • 31. The Retail IndustryThis is initial, a retail merchant that sells true HongKong clothing. Located at Harbour City Mall, initial dida great job capturing the experience with its lighting,décor, and atmosphere. Even the employees dressedthe part. I immediately felt as if I had jumped intoanother generation. This shot was taken at B+AB a store in Festival Walk Mall. I equated the feel and merchandise to an American Urban Outfitters with funky fixtures, quirky garment pairings, and bright colors. The location of the cash wrap was at the very back of the store, giving me even more free will to browse.
  • 32. The Retail IndustryHarbour City is the largest mall in Hong Kong boasts a lot oflocal Hong Kong and Japanese brands. This mall hosts aLane Crawford, and, according to Mrs. Alice Chiu, verysimilar to a specialized department store (A. Chiu, personalcommunication, May 18th, 2012). I would compare HarbourCity mall to the Mall of America in terms of size. I also foundvery interesting that on the top floors their were full-onkiosks selling everything from expensive watches to a nailsalon. I have never seen anything like this in Americanmalls.Pacific Place Mall was the lap of luxury. I had never seen somany high-end retailers in one place. They were all housedin their own little enclave on the 3rd floor and less priceybrands followed like a hierarchal pyramid. I saw a lot ofEuropean brands as well as brands that I had recognizedfrom back home. There is no centralized food court or fastfood eateries and many of the dining options were nicerestaurants. Pacific Place included a record store, which isnot as commonly found in the evolving digital age.Festival Walk Mall stood out in that it boasted a full on foodmarket on the ground floor. I even sampled some stew andhad an apple pastry. This mall reminded me of a mixbetween North Park and the Galleria in Dallas. It had an ice-skating rink and more moderately-priced eating options likeNorth Park. Besides the market it was the most comparableto American malls in my opinion. The mall also a retailformat I had never seen before- a pop-up store. These werevery small, walk-through stores with only 1 employee. Theyseemed to be great options for low rent and areas werethere is high traffic.
  • 33. The Retail IndustryThe TASTE Market atFestival Walk Mall Sampling at TASTE Market in Festival Walk Mall Photograph by Allison JamesOutside Harbour CityMallPhotograph myAllison James Again Li pop-up store at Festival Walk Mall
  • 34. The Retail IndustryDuring my visit, The SOGO shopping area was teaming withpeople trying to score a deal- it was Thankful Week -- retailstores mark their merchandise down insanely, not to mention iswas also Sogo’s 27th anniversary. The Thankful Sale is only oncea year so thousands of tourists flock the Hong Kong area to getthe best deals. I would compare it to Black Friday in America. To me, Soho is a long winding road full of retail shops and restaurants offering food from all over the world. I had never seen streets so narrow and full you are literally hanging out into the streets at the restaurants.
  • 35. The Retail Industry Photograph by Sujana GurungLEAF TEA, a boutique in Soho, offered different teas fromall over the world. Tea is an eastern phenomenon so therearen’t many stores like this back in the states where thecustomer can try the sample before deciding on what theywant. FIOROCCI AND SHOE TALK, a show store in Soho had a unique format. The first floor was bright and fun complete with orange coloring on the walls. The second floor was much different and calmer. The retailer was able to offer us two totally different experiences depending on our mood and the size of our wallet. The name of the store was also different from the first floor.Photograph byAllison James
  • 36. The Retail Industry The MarketsStanley Market: The markets were an interestingexperience. I started out at Stanley Market, known as themarket for beginners. I had never “haggled” before and wasvery apprehensive about the whole thing since I am so usedto paying a set price for everything and not knowing the truevalue of the items scared me a little bit. I did my first haggleand bought a fan for thirty Hong Kong dollars off the markedprice. I used the techniques I had been told from friends andmy professor- the walk away. I gave my price and casuallywalked away. The dealer immediately started lowering theprice until he got me to turn around. I had thought I hadreeled him in with my behavior but I knew he was used tothis. It was a personal victory for me though since it was myfirst time. I was weary of getting back counterfeit money soI paid in exact change. I could tell Stanley Market was afeeding ground of tourists. The vendors knew how to playonto their weaknesses while still maintaining a profit. All inall my experience was pleasant but I had no idea what wasto come as I ventured to other markets; the vendors gottougher and the crowd got rough.My first hagglepurchase
  • 37. The Retail Industry The MarketsThe Ladies Market: I went on our last day in Hong Kongand the girls had warned me how pushy and rude thevendors were, so I approached the market aimed and ready.The ladies market was housed in its own enclave in the heartof the Mongkok district. Unlike Stanley market, to me, theladies market was more cramped and off the beaten path.There was no sign that said “Ladies Market Here” you had tofollow the crowd. There were a lot of tourists here too I amassuming mostly from mainland China and Europe. I tried tohaggle for some magnets, but the lady would not budge onthe price, saying 30 Hong Kong dollars was cheap (a laterfound out how ripped off I would have gotten because theywere selling those same magnets at the Summer Palace for5 Hong Kong dollars). I immediately left and went to anothervendor across the street. She seemed sad but gave me 4magnets for 30 Hong Kong because I said the lady overthere wouldn’t give it to me, therefore she made no moneyoff my purchase. I went with a friend to buy a jeweledpeacock. The worker (who looked to be our age) gave us anextraneous price and when we walked away followed us andgrabbed my friends arm. I knew immediately how desperatethese people were to make a sale. We bargained with her alittle more to an agreeable price (about 120 off the markedprice). I ended up purchasing a pair of flats, magnets, ajeweled elephant, and a scroll for about 40 American dollars.I was very satisfied with my purchases since this was onlymy second time haggling. The ladies market really appealedto me; there were so many different goods for sale. Fromapparel to fruit this was truly a one stop shop.
  • 38. The Retail Industry The MarketsThe Ladies Market: I went on our last day in Hong Kongand the girls had warned me how pushy and rude the vendorswere, so I approached the market aimed and ready. The ladiesmarket was housed in its own enclave in the heart of theMongkok district. Unlike Stanley market, to me, the ladiesmarket was more cramped and off the beaten path. There wasno sign that said “Ladies Market Here” you had to follow thecrowd. There were a lot of tourists here too I am assumingmostly from mainland China and Europe. I tried to haggle forsome magnets, but the lady would not budge on the price,saying 30 Hong Kong dollars was cheap (a later found out howripped off I would have gotten because they were selling thosesame magnets at the Summer Palace for 5 Hong Kongdollars). I immediately left and went to another vendor acrossthe street. She seemed sad but gave me 4 magnets for 30Hong Kong because I said the lady over there wouldn’t give itto me, therefore she made no money off my purchase. I wentwith a friend to buy a jeweled peacock. The worker (wholooked to be our age) gave us an extraneous price and whenwe walked away followed us and grabbed my friends arm. Iknew immediately how desperate these people were to makea sale. We bargained with her a little more to an agreeableprice (about 120 off the marked price). I ended up purchasinga pair of flats, magnets, a jeweled elephant, and a scroll forabout 40 American dollars. I was very satisfied with mypurchases since this was only my second time haggling. Theladies market really appealed to me; there were so manydifferent goods for sale. From apparel to fruit this was truly aone stop shop. In almost every underground area/alley inHong Kong you will find some form of street vending.
  • 39. The Retail Industry The MarketsThe Hung Qiao Pearl Market: By my 3rd marketexperience I felt like a seasoned pro. I knew the true valueof things so I wouldn’t be persuaded into paying too much.The Hung Qiao Pearl Market was the first market that was ina building that vendors shared. It reminded me of anindustrial facility complete with hardwood floors. Our tourguide told us this was a good place to purchase counterfeithandbags. This market had more electronics then theStanley and Ladies market. I was weary to buy thoughbecause the technology might be faulty in America. He gaveus an acceptable price range and we were allowed to roamaround on our own. It was like a competition to see whocould haggle the most and get the lowest price. The key wasto start with an insanely low price to begin with and workfrom there. I used the “walk away” strategy several timesand used my knowledge of true prices to snag 2 men’swallets. Not to say I was not challenged along the way. A fewvendors were set in their pricing and challenged mine to thepoint where I got frustrated and left. The Hung Qiao PearlMarket was a tourists paradise. I saw a lot of tour groupsand guides from all over the world. A lot of the girls boughthandbags but the last market, but he silk market proved tooffer the lowest prices and the widest selection.
  • 40. The Retail Industry The MarketsThe Silk Market: This was my last market experience andthe most memorable. The silk market was the Rolls-Royce ofmarkets. It was a huge facility (big as most American Wal-Marts) and had vendors selling virtually every type ofmerchandise. There was floor after floor of bargaining andexchange. It seemed to me that the vendors were smarterthan the shoppers. They had been told a price millions oftimes before, so they were quick to adapt to the consumerdemand for an item. They knew Ray Bans sold most heavily at30-40 dollars so this was their stopping point. I noticed thevendors focused heavily on the brand of the product and usedthis as a key selling point. I had a personal goal of buying 3handbags, 2 pairs of sunglasses, and 3 men’s wallets. Ibudgeted to spend a certain amount on the total purchase,but the draw of the thrill was hard to eradicate. The silkmarket had so much to offer that the psychological affect of“needing” something crept in. It was an overwhelmingexperience for me especially when I got to the handbags.There was a sale going on so thousands of people immediatelyflocked to the area. I was able to get good deals on mypurchases, but the shear energy involved in doing so wasexhausting. The market was loud and it was hard to getaround. Staying in a group is very important because the areais so big. It felt like Christmas, a birthday, and black Fridaywrapped in one. I saw people from all different age groups,backgrounds, and gender shopping at the Silk market. I cansee why modern retailers see these markets as intensecompetition. They usually offer no price advantage over themarkets since the price is haggled until the consumer feels heis getting a deal. Street markets and vendors pay no rent sothey can offer lower prices. Also, people will buy a counterfeithandbag due to its reduced price and the perception of status.
  • 41. Hong Kong and Mainland China Cultural Experiences The Hong Kong Heritage Museum This photo was taken at the Hong Kong Heritage Museum of one of iconic pop star Roman Tran’s concert pieces. Roman Tran was born in Guanxi china in 1945. He was the first Hong Kong artist to perform at the Royal Albert Hall in London and the Lincoln Center in New York City. Up until the 1970s, western pop was the norm in Hong Kong. Roman Tran was so influential in that he was able to make a name for himself, both domestically and abroad. His look was very similar to that of the Beatles so he used this as a springboard to make it big. Traditional Hong Kong caricature ->
  • 42. Hong Kong and Mainland China Cultural Experiences The Mongkok Flower Market [Hong Kong]This place was amazingthere were floral shops,nurseries, bouquetshops, garden shops, adeven an area were youcould purchase birds. Mymom loves to garden soI made sure to take lotsof pictures!
  • 43. Hong Kong and Mainland China Cultural Experiences The Sik Sik Yuen Wong Tai Sin Temple in Hong KongA local temple where peoplecan worship and get theirfortunes. I noticed a lot ofincense burning whichhundreds of years ago wasused to tell time. There werelocals worshipping andtourists at the temple. Out ofrespect, I was careful whentaking photographs.
  • 44. Hong Kong and Mainland China Cultural Experiences 10,000 Buddhas Monastery in Hong Kong The 10,000 Buddha’s Monastery was a long winding trail of sculptured Buddhas. It was a personal victory of mine to make it to the top of the trail.There were old men pretendingto be monks selling trinkets atthe beginning of the monastery -- Real Buddhist monks wont askyou for money-- this wasinteresting to me because thesemen were literally begging forour money. This kind of tookaway from the spirituality of themonastery to me; but I guessyou have make it in this worldanyway that you can.
  • 45. Hong Kong and Mainland China Cultural Experiences The Mongkok District of Hong Kong The nightlife in MongKok was a blast! The area are teaming with energy and life. I saw a clown, a man doing Chinese character paintings, and a mummy. Besides the ladies market there were a lot of vendors I had recognized promoting their product. The MongKok District reminded me of Mardi Gras at night in terms of the festivities.
  • 46. Hong Kong and Mainland China Cultural Experiences Hong KongLiving Areas Nightlife View from Victoria PeakTo me, Hong Kong is a beautiful city. I saw a sign that said:“A Hong Kong second is a New York minute”. This wasapparent right off the bat. The city literally never sleeps-shops and restaurants are open well into the midnight hourand people are always out and about because it is relativelyeasy to get around. On our tour of the city I noticed howsmall the living areas were. The apartments are housed ontop of retailers and restaurants because the city is so large.They build up rather than across. When we visited the Peak,the highest point in Hong Kong, I could easily see the tallbuildings and a vast landscape of apartments and harbor.
  • 47. Hong Kong and Mainland China Cultural Experiences Mainland ChinaSite of the 2008 Olympics Old Beijing meets New Beijing (at the back) KungFu show- such talent reenacting traditional Kungfu The Drum Tower methods and ideologies
  • 48. Hong Kong and Mainland China Cultural Experiences Mainland ChinaA Hutong is a residentialcourtyard owned by people ofhigh status. Our tour guide toldus the higher a person is placedin the home the higher hisranking. The daughters (knownas goat girls) live on the westend of the home and the boyslive on the east end andcontribute greatly to family life.Feng Sui principles areestablished here. 12 families livein this Hutong and on the Dragonline making it very expensive.Government owned Hutongs areless expensive with a rental feeof 200 yuan for in-houseresidents. The further you arefrom the area the more you pay,up to 2000 Yuan for foreigners.
  • 49. Hong Kong and Mainland China Cultural Experiences Mainland ChinaTiananmen square is the entranceto the Forbidden City and knownas the “gate of heavenly peace”.Our tour guide told us 24emperors once worshipped at theForbidden City which had 9999rooms (9 is considered a magicalnumber to the Chinese). The cityhas five openings and the centralone is strictly for the emperor. Thenearest left opening to the centeris for the royal family and theright is for the ministry. Inside one of the emperors’ room
  • 50. Hong Kong and Mainland China Cultural Experiences Mainland China The temple of heavenThe SummerPalace-the lakeis in the shapeof a peachwhichrepresentslongevity
  • 51. Hong Kong and Mainland China Cultural Experiences Mainland ChinaOn the Cable CarPhotograph by Rachel Forbes The Great Wall of China was an amazing experience. It was so high up I wondered how the Chinese were able to use it hundreds of years ago. It is interesting to note Local Vendor at the Great Wall that this marvel wall can be seen from space! The street vendors outside of the entrance were unique. It wasn’t so much the vendor type, it was the people selling. They gave me an ominous feeling as they yelled, laughed, and gossiped about us while we were purchasing.
  • 52. Hong Kong and Mainland China Cultural Experiences Mainland ChinaLiyuan Gardens Jiangmen Kaiping Diaolou and Villages The Liyuan Gardens and the Kaiping Diaolou and Villages, located in Jiangmen are historical landmarks of the city. The Liyuan Gardens is known as one of the four most well-known lake side gardens in China and the Kaipin Diaolou was originally built to protect its residents from intrusion and raids by local bandits.
  • 53. My Own Experiences Hong KongIn Hong Kong, I noticed a lot of outside billboardadvertising.You can see the British influence everywhere a lot ofBurberry stores and BBC on the television.Extremely narrow streets , pedestrians do not have theright away Hong Kong a very on the go place people anddont have time to wait!The automobile industry stood out to me. car dealershipsare small little stores with at most 6 cars per dealershipand connected to other retailers on the street.This holds true for both Hong Kong and China- they do notencourage leftovers at restaurants, this is a westernphenomenon.Dr. Knight (our faculty advisor) informed me that The onlydifference n a chain type retailer store amongst thedifferent cities in the world is product assortment ( anAmerican store might have tanning cream but a HongKong store would have whitening creamThe currency was fairly easy to exchange and understandI took travelers checks and converted in the hotel andthere were many places to exchange on the streets whichusually offered a more advantageous rate.Hong Kong had very tall building-- I wasnt used to thatand it was extremely HUMID. The roads are very high upThe Chinese and Hong Kong residents dont like to try onothers clothes so there was usually only one of eachgarment--ask for your size. A showroom-type layout.
  • 54. My Own Experiences Hong KongEven though the British Influence has apparent there was stilla lot of American cues. From the advertisements to what wason television (American Idol, Adam Lambert in concert,Desperate Housewives), Hong Kong has a huge westerninfluence as well.Hong Kong is serious about no smoking when it says Nosmoking that means it! Up to 5000 in fines for violatingI encountered all levels of like from the homeless sleepingunder the bridge to the guy in the Bentley; mirrors that ofAmerica.I saw a lot of luxury and foreign cars but no American madevehicles.I saw a job posting for a waitress on Soho and a requirementwas that you had to be fluent in English. This shows thetourist destination Hong Kong is.The men in Hong Kong are the most fashionable men I haveseen and Adidas is King, I saw very little Nike.There were chunky shoes and overalls everywhere- a definitetrend that will probably make its way to America soon.
  • 55. My Own Experiences Hong KongThere are people on the street trying to sell their product willliterally push a flyer promoting their business in your face myopinion not a good sales tactic; it just made me angry since Idont enjoy being pushed into buying something.The Chinese put a lot of emphasis on sanitation-- thehandrails on the MTR are sanitized constantly and in some ofthe bathrooms they have a tenant who cleans up after eachperson leaves -- Im not a huge public restroom person butthe restrooms in Hong Kong are above standard incleanliness. There were disinfection stations all over the cityThe SARS outbreak in the early 2000s has still rattled HongKong. I saw a lot of people wearing surgery masks to ridthemselves from germs. They even had a bin at the HongKong Heritage Museum where you could dispose of facemasks. There is also no added tax in Hong Kong nor China and at restaurants a 10% service charge is automatically addedThe customer service has less than stellar. I found myselfeither being followed around the store or ignored completely.I was able to meet people from all over the world in our hotel.There was a soccer match in Hong Kong the week weattended and a team from England was staying at our hotel.We chatted and shared stories.
  • 56. My Own Experiences Hong Kong The white arrows is the entrance points and the green arrow is the exit point.Holding the handrails is crucial when the trainstops because the unbalance causes you topush forward. We had to find our own way back to the hotel some days using the MTR. This is a very fast paced area people hopping in an out of the train you must be ready and alert so you catch the right route of the train. The MTR uses a system with what is called an octopus card. You load you card with money and use that to get around-- the trains run back and forth and you hop on where you need to go. The impact of technology is seen at the MTR station. You can now look up route information on an iPad instead of rummaging through a pamphlet.
  • 57. My Own Experiences Mainland ChinaMainland China was very different than Hong Kong in myopinion. It was much more difficult to communicate and thepeople were very rude and pushy. They would laugh at us fornot knowing the language but still wanted our picture becausethey had only seen Americans through the media. It was avery interesting parallel. It was much harder to get around(no MTR in mainland China!) and the streets were even morecrowded. Many Chinese opted for a moped I noticed becauseit is cheaper than a car. You would see 4 people on one bikespeeding around the city. I saw a lot of accidents because thestreets are so congested with people walking, biking, anddriving but at least the roads were what I was used to (likeAmerican roads in terms over sides and similar cardealerships). Jiangmen reminded me of sunny California and Isaw areas were you could rent a bike.A notable difference in mainland China was that there was alot of smoking and no repercussions. You could smoke almostanywhere at anytime.The communist atmosphere was a lot for me to handle. Therewere military men everywhere saluting. The internet wasrestricted (no social media) and America’s president wasknown as a communist ruler. I saw Barack Obama on t shirtsdressed as a communist.
  • 58. Professional DevelopmentI have grown so much as a result of thisexperience. I never would have encountered anddone the things I did if it were not for the Collegeof Merchandising, Hospitality and Tourism. I nowhave real-world knowledge of the internationalmerchandising process which I will apply to myprofessional career. Few get the opportunity toleave the state, let alone the other side of theworld. I cherish my learning and new knowledge. Igot to see first hand how the clothing I weareveryday is produced and how it even gets to myfront door. I learned how international businessdecisions are made from top industry leaders. I gotto experience the cuisine, something I never wouldhave done sitting in my apartment in Denton. Ilearned a few Chinese words and phrases andimmersed myself in a culture I knew nothingabout. I got to climb one of the seven wonders ofthe world, a feat few get to acknowledge. I wasable to establish long lasting relationships withpeople my age with similar dreams and interestsas me. My professional outlook has changed as aresult of this trip. I want to have a career that hasestablished sensitivity and appreciation for othercultures.
  • 59. Professional Development My most valuable learning experiences forone were our tours of apparel production factories,textile mills, and the Yantian InternationalContainer Terminals. I saw the complete supplychain as it was happening and gained crucialknowledge of the sourcing industry. Another valuable learning experience wasour days with the students from JiangmenPolytechnic College. We learned so much from eachother and I enjoyed sharing my knowledge ofAmerican views and practices. Nothing is greaterthan learning from your peers because they aregenuinely honest and upfront. Seeing China and Hong Kong from ahistorical context was also a very valuable learningexperience. My whole perspective of Asia isdifferent now because I was able to form my ownopinion based on what I saw first hand.
  • 60. ReferencesChina’s consumer market: what next (n.d.), Deloitte.Apparel Retail in China. (2009), Datamonitor.
  • 61. DisclaimerI was exempt from attending the TargetSourcing Services professional appointmentdue to doctor’s orders for bed rest.

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