They don’t distinguish between their online and offline identities.
Digital Natives feel as comfortable in online spaces as they do in offline spaces
They use social networking Digital Natives use digital technologies to express themselves and relate to others by using sites such as Facebook, Twitter and Myspace.
They use technology to express themselves creatively FLICKR YOUTUBE
They use information as something to be downloaded and changed to fit their needs Information can be changed
Education is key More than ever, children need guidance and education from adults regarding how to function in this digital environment. http://www.flickr.com/photos/sanjoselibrary/2910246852/
How do we help them protect their digital identities and privacy? http://www.flickr.com/photos/sanjoselibrary/2840738004/
How do we keep them safe from cyberbullying and violence? How do we keep them safe from cyberbullying and violence?
How do we help them learn about copyright and piracy?
How do we keep them from getting overwhelmed by too much information? http://www.flickr.com/photos/evilerin/3078856253/
How do we help young people navigate this digital world without getting lost in it?
What is a Digital Dossier? Do your students have one?
Your digital dossier is anything in a digital format regarding "you" - a compilation of your digital tracks. And YES, Your Students Have One!!
From the time a child of today is in their mother's womb their dossier has begun to form.
Not only has it formed, but they have no control over it. "Individuals are losing control of this information because the data-collection practices of corporations, among others, are changing at a rate that is faster than the rate of change for society's methods of protecting the data." (Palfrey & Gasser)
Digital dossiers contain not only information you yourself have shared, but information others create about you as well.
So what happens when our teens loose control of their dossiers? What happens to their identity? Can they damage their public persona for prospective colleges and employers? "Most young people are extremely likely to leave something behind in cyberspace that will become a lot like a tattoo - something connected to them that they cannot get rid of later in life, even if they want to, without a great deal of difficulty." (Palfrey & Gasser)
We must teach our teens the concept of this "digital tattoo.” That what you put online can be permanent and damaging.
It is our job, as educators and parents to teach our students about their dossier and protect them from the negative effects it can have on their identities.
We need to show them how to protect themselves by protecting their
Due to the digital age, privacy may never be the same again
Digital Natives must get smart about controlling what they can about themselves online.
In this period of transformation, parents and teachers need to take on greater responsibility for helping Digital Natives make the right choices about their privacy.
Today’s youth must also protect themselves from each other. Bullying has always been a issue faced by children and today’s online environment makes it even easier. And now kids must also face being bullied anonymously. http://www.flickr.com/photos/izzymunchted/1419115048/
Cyberbullying has become a big issue for digital natives in recent years. Cyberbullies use email, IM, texting, social networking sites and even online gaming to harass their victims. http://www.flickr.com/photos/zzclef/3052656083/
What is Cyberbullying? Flaming Harassment Denigration Impersonation Outing & Trickery Exclusion/ Ostracism Cyberstalking http://www.ua.edu/features/abcsofeducation/cyberbullying.html
http://www.flickr.com/photos/wentongg/2717345676/ Just one incident can have a lasting impact as the text or images get passed around over and over.
Who is a Cyberbully? 4 types according to Parry Aftab: The Vengeful Angel The Power Hungry Bully Mean Girls (or Boys) The Inadvertent Cyberbully
http://www.flickr.com/photos/kkendall/427215485/ Older girls are more likely to be cyberbullies and victims.
Bullied at school and via texting and social networking sites after dating a popular boy
Committed suicide January 14, 2010 (15 years old)
What Can Parents Do? Only 35% of teens told parents about cyberbullying1 51% of preteens told Look for victim warning signs: Upset after being online or viewing a text message Withdraws from social interaction with peers Possible drop in academic performance Visibly upset/withdrawn after using the computer 1Fight Crime: Invest in Kids Survey, 2006: http://fightcrime.org/state/2006/reports/cyberbullying-teen
What Can Parents Do? Kids worry they will be punished for being bullied DON’T take away or restrict Internet privileges Next time something happens, you probably won’t hear about it Be proactive! Educate!
What Can Parents Do? Save the evidence: print or save IMs or websites “Warn” or block bullies on IM software Report harassment to site creators May violate TOS on MySpace, Facebook, etc. Create guidelines for responsible use View your child’s profile occasionally
AOL Instant Messenger offers numerous privacy settings to help prevent unwanted contact.
Facebook’s Help Center helps users stay in control of privacy settings.
The Safety Center provides tips for parents, teens, educators, and even law enforcement. It also offers a way to report abuse.
What About Schools? Create awareness about cyberbullying Incorporate cyberbullying into school policies Include protocols for reporting it Come up with a definition Talk about it in the classroom! Conduct a needs assessment What’s happening with your students?
What About Schools? What are the school’s legal obligations? Did the incident cause/threaten to cause disruption at school? Did some bullying (traditional or not) take place on school grounds? School counseling services are always available
http://www.flickr.com/photos/jpott/4175828250/ We may not be able to put a complete stop to bullying, but we can still teach them ways to cope and how to control the situation
Information Overload How much information is too much? In 2008, U.S. households consumed approximately 3.6 zettabytes of information. Every year, the amount of digital information grows more rapidly than the year before.
Information overload occurs when the amount of information available exceeds a person’s ability to process it.
Digital Natives experience information overload. They also contribute to it by the amount of information they produce.
A survey of elementary school students showed that at least 80 percent of fourth-grade and eighth-grade students have experienced information overload.
Search Engines Allow users to locate content based on self-defined search terms Help determine relevance of information without reading the whole page
RSS Feeds Users subscribe to news, blogs, or social networking sites for updates all on one page Eliminates need to continually check favorite sites for new information and updates
Recommendation Systems Use collaborative filtering to recommend information based on previous selections Save time because users don’t have to look through millions of options to find what they like
Filtering Spam filters in email, within search engines, and within RSS readers help eliminate irrelevant or unwanted information Saves user the time they’d have to spend going through things they don’t want or need to see
Tagging Lets users put customized virtual labels on sites Helps manage information and prevent overload by keeping information organized
Education is key in helping Digital Natives cope with information overload.
What can parents do to help? Raise kids’ awareness of information overload so they can learn tools and strategies to avoid it Help kids’ distinguish when multitasking might be harmful to learning Pay attention to kids’ online behavior – talk to them about where they go and what they’re looking for Lead by example: show how kids how you deal with information overload
What can educators do? Raise awareness about overload among children and their parents Teach tools and techniques to prevent overload as part of their classroom lessons Teach students how to skim information and prioritize
Information overload is not the biggest problem Digital Natives will face, but it will be a persistent challenge throughout their lives.
The Internet can be a scary place but there are a lot of positive learning opportunities and chances to connect in new ways. http://animoto.com/play/GZcVM79hhNYEjkVKDirGtw#
References “2 Students Reportedly Expelled From Mass. High School After Cyber Bullying Sucide.” FOXNews.com 24 Feb. 2010. Web. 20 Mar. 2010. Bazelton, Emily. “Could Anyone Have Saved Phoebe Prince?” Slate. 8 Feb. 2010. Web. 28 Feb. 2010. Feinberg, Ted and Nicole Robey. “Cyberbullying.” Principal Leadership. 9.1 (2008): 10-14. “Generation M2: Media in the Lives of 8- to 18-Year-Olds” by the Kaiser Family Foundation, January 2010. www.kff.org/entmedia/8010.cfm Ito, Mizuko. Hanging Out, Messing Around, and Geeking Out: Kids Living and Learning with New Media. Cambridge, MA: MIT, 2010. Kowalski, Robin M., Susan P. Limber, and Patricia W. Agatston. Cyber Bullying. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing, 2008. Lynch, Donal. “Bullied to death.” Independent.ie 14 Mar. 2010. Web. 20 Mar. 2010. Palfrey, John and Urs Gasser. Born Digital: Understanding the First Generation of Digital Natives. New York: Basic Books, 2008. “Social Media and Young Adults” by Amanda Lenhart, Kristen Purcell, Aaron Smith and Kathryn Zickuhr. Pew Internet & American Life Project, 3 Feb. 2010. http://pewinternet.org/reports/2010/social-media-and-young-adults.aspx Sutton, Susan. “School Solutions for Cyberbullying.” Principal Leadership. 9.6 (2009): 39-42. Tapscott, Don. Grown Up Digital. New York: McGraw-Hill, 2009. Willard, Nancy. “Cyberbullying: Q&A with Nancy Willard.” The Prevention Researcher. 14, supplement (2007): 13-15.