Union vs confederacy

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Union vs confederacy

  1. 1. U NION VS . C ONFEDERACY
  2. 2. B ALANCE OF F ORCES N UMBER OF MEN IN U NIFORM FOR EACH SIDE <ul><li>Union </li></ul><ul><li>July 1861             186,751 </li></ul><ul><li>January 1862      575,917 </li></ul><ul><li>March 1862         637,126 </li></ul><ul><li>January 1863      918,121 </li></ul><ul><li>January 1864      860,737 </li></ul><ul><li>January 1865      959,460 </li></ul><ul><li>Confederacy </li></ul><ul><li>July 1861             112,040 </li></ul><ul><li>January 1862      351,418 </li></ul><ul><li>March 1862         401,395 </li></ul><ul><li>January 1863      446,622 </li></ul><ul><li>January 1864      481,180 </li></ul><ul><li>January 1865      445,203 </li></ul>
  3. 3. B ALANCE OF F ORCES <ul><ul><li>Even though the Confederacy was outnumbered, they had more skilled officers and were bred for fighting.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They also didn't have to win the war to &quot;win&quot; -- as long as they defended, they would keep their independence. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The main things the Confederacy lacked were factories and manufacturing. It was fine at first, but as the war dragged on, they had tremendous supply problems. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The economy was the South's biggest weakness and the North's biggest strength. They had plenty of factories and railroads, and also controlled the sea. </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. B ORDER S TATES <ul><ul><li>The border states' white population was over half of all of the Confederacy. Had Missouri and Kentucky seceded alone, it would have nearly doubled the manufacturing capacity of the South.  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The border states also had the strategically important Ohio River. Lincoln apparently said, &quot;I hope to have God on my side, but I have to have Kentucky.&quot; </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. B ORDER S TATES <ul><li>The border states were slave states still loyal to the Union and were crucial to the outcome of the war. They were Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, Delaware, and later West Virginia -- the mountain white area that somewhat illegally separated from Virginia in 1861 </li></ul>
  6. 6. P RESIDENT L INCOLN VS . P RESIDENT D AVIS <ul><li>Lincoln </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Had his troubles, but having a long-established government helped a lot. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was very tactful and patient, and responded quickly to public opinion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Was even respectful to the Confederacy. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Davis </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Confederate government was new, and while their Constitution borrowed the U.S.'s, they couldn't deny states the right to secede. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The states fought for their rights -- Georgia almost was ready to secede from the secession. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Plus, Davis had an unlikable personality. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. E CONOMICS OF W AR <ul><ul><li>The North rode through the financial stresses of war much better than the South. They put excise taxes on tobacco and alcohol, as well as an income tax. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Washington Treasury greenbacked paper money at face value. This drove inflation through the roof. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The National Banking System was authorized by Congress in 1863, and it established a standard bank-note currency. It lasted for 50 years until replaced by the Federal Reserve System in 1913. </li></ul></ul>

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