Chapter 3 Perception and the Self in Interpersonal Communication
The Self in Interpersonal Communication Self Concept- your self image, or the view you have of who you are. Your self-concept develops from 4 sources: Others’ Images-How significant others see you. Social Comparisons- How you compare to your peers Cultural Teachings- How you fulfill the teachings of your culture. Self Evaluation- How you evaluate your own feelings and behaviors.
The Self in Interpersonal Communication
Self Awareness- The degree to which you know yourself.
This is explained by a model called the Johari Window, which consists of 4 basic areas, that represents a different part of yourself.
Open self- Information about yourself that you and others know
Hidden self- Information about yourself that you know but others don’t know.
Blind self- Information about yourself that you don’t know but others do know.
Unknown self- Information about yourself that neither you nor others know.
The Self in Interpersonal Communication
Self Esteem- The value you place on yourself.
There are 5 Techniques for increasing your self esteem.
Attack Self-Destructive Beliefs
Seek out Nourishing People
Work on projects that will result in successes
Remind yourself of your successes
Assignment #1 Watch this video clip from the movie Mean Girls and explain what type of techniques they are using to increase self-esteem .post on the class’s tumblr blog. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=r9Y2ZSd6K-I
Perception in Interpersonal Communication Perception- The process by which you become aware of objects, events, and people through your senses. Interpersonal perception can be separated into 5 stages:
Stimulation- whatyour senses pick up: hear, see, smell, feel.
Organization- You organize the information your senses pick up.
Interpretation-Evaluation-the information you have gathered influences the way you think and how you stereotype. Example: When meeting an athlete, you assume he is not intelligent and only cares about sports.
Perception in Interpersonal Communication. Memory-Your information is stored so that they can be retrieved later. Recall – Accessing the information you have stored into your memory.
Assignment #2 Go to the class discussion board and answer the following questions on blackboard What do you think is the most important stage in perception and why? Describe a time when you used the Interpretation-Evaluation stage to stereotype someone or something. Comment on another classmate’s post.
Impression Formation Impression Formation- The process by which you perceive another person and ultimately come to some kind of evaluation or interpretation of this person. There are 6 significant processes that influence the way you perceive another person and come to some kind of interpretation of him/her.
Impression Formation 6 Processes: Self-fulfilling Prophecy- a prediction that comes true because you act on it as if it were true. Implicit Personality Theory- the system of rules that tells you which characteristics go together. Perceptual Accentuation- Leads you to see what you expect or want to see Primacy-Recency- We give more importance to the person’s first impression (Primacy) or the impression that is most recent (Recency) Consistency- Maintaining balance among attitudes. Example: I expect someone I like to like me. Attribution- the process of assigning causation or motivation to a person’s behavior.
Impression Formation There are 4 ways to increase accuracy in impression formation: Analyze Impressions Check Perceptions Reduce uncertainty Increase cultural sensitivity
Assignment # 3 Go to page 65 in your Interpersonal Communications textbook and take the test about people perception. Explain what processes you possess and how you can change your interpretation of people. Post your answers on the face book like page.
Impression Management: Goals and Strategies Impression Management- The processes you go through to communicate the impression you want others to have of you. There are 7 goals and strategies that are used to make an impression. These strategies can have a positive effect by helping to give others the “right” impression or backfire and have a negative effect giving others a bad impression
Impression Management: Goals and Strategies Impression Management Goals and Strategies: To be liked To be believed To excuse failure To secure help To hide faults To be followed To confirm self-image
Assignment #4 Post one picture or video of someone making a positive impression and one picture or video of someone making a negative impression. Post these on the class tumblr blog.