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What you need to know about the Math Stack: MathML, MathJax, HTML5, and EPUB 3
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What you need to know about the Math Stack: MathML, MathJax, HTML5, and EPUB 3

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MathML is a well-known and widely-used standard for encoding mathematics within XML workflows, but what you may not know is that MathML is not just a standard that affects your internal workflow, used …

MathML is a well-known and widely-used standard for encoding mathematics within XML workflows, but what you may not know is that MathML is not just a standard that affects your internal workflow, used only for storage and converted to images when you need to present your content to your audience. MathML is a key part of the digital publishing revolution towards enriched content. Its recent inclusion into the HTML5 and EPUB 3 standards is helping to bring to fruition the promise of interactive content for math-based industries around the world. In this session, attendees will learn how the Math Stack, consisting of MathML, MathJax, HTML5, and EPUB 3, can enhance your math content in this exciting digital publishing era.

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  • 1. What you need to know about the Math Stack MathML, MathJax, HTML5, an d EPUB 3
  • 2. Introduction • Autumn Cuellar, Associate Product Manager • Design Science • MathType • MathFlow • MathPlayer • MathDaisy • Equation Editor 2
  • 3. Overview • Exciting new standards developments: • MathML 3 • HTML5 • EPUB 3 • Filling the gaps: MathJax • So why all the fuss about MathML? • I want to go there. But how? • Conclusion 3
  • 4. MathML • The XML standard for encoding mathematics • MathML 1 spec finalized in 1998 • MathML 2 in 2003 • MathML 3 in late 2010 4
  • 5. MathML 3 • Line wrapping and line breaking 5
  • 6. MathML 3 • Elementary math 6
  • 7. MathML 3 • International math support 7
  • 8. HTML5 • World Wide Web - by scientists for scientists… • But HTML, the primary web language, had no support for math… • Until HTML5 8
  • 9. HTML5 • Browser makers have been vocal in their support of HTML5 • Already some MathML support: • Gecko – Mozilla/Firefox • Webkit – Safari • Opera (through CSS) 9
  • 10. EPUB 3 • EPUB 2: DAISY and XHTML • DAISY included MathML… • … so IDPF was not so far behind on the math curve. 10
  • 11. EPUB 3 • EPUB 2: DAISY and XHTML • DAISY included MathML… • … so IDPF was not so far behind on the math curve. • Or were they? 11
  • 12. EPUB 3 • EPUB 2: DAISY and XHTML • DAISY included MathML… • … so IDPF was not so far behind on the math curve. • Or were they? • EPUB = XHTML 12
  • 13. EPUB 3 • EPUB 3 in December 2011 13
  • 14. EPUB 3 • EPUB 3 in December 2011 “exciting new format … set to unleash a content revolution in the publishing world” – Matt Garrish 14
  • 15. EPUB 3 • EPUB 3 in December 2011 “exciting new format … set to unleash a content revolution in the publishing world” – Matt Garrish “The future of e-books is now.” – Digital Book World 15
  • 16. EPUB 3 • Built on HTML 5 • eReaders built on browsers may already support MathML! • Example, iBooks 16
  • 17. Filling the Gap • MathML support is growing! • But still lots of gaps • Safari, Opera – support not great • Chrome and IE – no native support 17
  • 18. Filling the Gap • MathML support is growing! • But still lots of gaps • Safari, Opera – support not great • Chrome and IE – no native support • No content producer likes gaps 18
  • 19. Filling the Gap • MathML support is growing! • But still lots of gaps • Safari, Opera – support not great • Chrome and IE – no native support • No content producer likes gaps • Luckily, there‟s MathJax 19
  • 20. MathJax • Managed by a consortium including American Mathematical Society and Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics • Open-source Javascript library for rendering MathML in any modern browser. 20
  • 21. MathJax • Chrome, IE, Safari, Firefox, etc. • Mobile devices, laptops, PCs • Wider range of eReaders, including Calibre and Readium (demo) 21
  • 22. Why MathML? • For the same reasons we get excited about HTML5 and EPUB 3: • We can do more with what we have… 22
  • 23. Searchability • Information Age • Search is key to navigating through all of that information • Math search on the horizon • Projects showing success use MathML: • MathDex • EgoMath • MathWebSearch 23
  • 24. Localization 24
  • 25. Flexibility • Easily target a range of devices: • Mobile devices • PCs • Retina display • Stylesheets give you power over presentation 25
  • 26. Accessibility • The accessibility community favors MathML – NIMAS, DAISY, others • Through MathPlayer, several screen readers and Braille translation tools support MathML (demo) 26
  • 27. Interoperability • Wide support of MathML in applications: • CAS • Graphing • Calculators • Assessment creators • Whiteboards • Etc. • (demo) 27
  • 28. How to Get There • Doctypes (Docbook, DITA) • MathML Editors (MathFlow) • Conversion processes (XSLT) • MathJax 28
  • 29. Conclusion • HTML5 and EPUB 3 have matured to • • • • the point of supporting MathML 3 Browsers and eReaders are catching up MathJax is filling the gap „til they do This is great because MathML offers exciting avenues for math content! Four easy steps will get you there 29
  • 30. Design Science www.dessci.com autumnc@dessci.com 30