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India After 1200
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India After 1200



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  • 1. Art of India After 1200
  • 2. Taj Mahal (20-1)
    • -Built under the reign of Shah Jahan
    • -Built as a mausoleum, which is a building that is a monument used as a tomb, for his ‘favorite wife’ Mumtazi-Mahal who died at child birth
    • -Surrounded by garden and pool back when it was built the garden was filled with fruit plants and cypress trees ( Van Gogh painted a cypress tree in Starry Night)
    • - The fruit plants represent life whereas the cypress tree represents death. The garden juxtaposed these two.
    • - At each corner is a minaret, or slender tower
    • -crowning each minaret is a chattri or pavilion
    • -The tomb is almost as tall as it is wide.
  • 3. The Bodhisattva Avalokiteshvara (20-2)
    • Bodhisattvas are beings who are well advanced on the path to Buddha hood.
    • Avalokiteshvara, is distinguished by his garments, such as the lotus flower ( upper left shoulder) or the crown.
    • The third eye is a symbol of the ability to see in miraculous ways
  • 4. Detail of Leaf with the Birth of Mahavira ( 20-3)
    • Associated with the Jain religion
    • Confined religion so art was mainly in texts and not public such as architectural art
  • 5. 20-4 Outer gopura of the Minakshi-Sundareshvara
    • Gopuras are the entrance gateway to the Hindu temple enclosure.
    • Most temple complexes can be associated with the Hindu religion which dominated India
  • 6. (20-6) Page with Hamza’s Spies Scale in Fortress (Left) (20-7) Jahangir in Darbar ( Right)
  • 7. Punjab University ( 20-10)
    • Recently there has been a shift towards using a method of ancient architecture called Vaastusashtra. Vaastusashtra is based on the effects of the five natural elements: sun, water, earth, sky, and air in relation to man. Indian architects use this science since flats constructed using this science are more in demand by buyers.
  • 8. Krishna with Gopis ( not pictured in text)
    • Paintings associated with Krishna usually are representations of poems and symbolize the relationship between god and human.
    • Here pictured Krishna with Gopis. Krishna clones, a believable illusion, dance with the Gopis.
  • 9. Lady with a lotus flower ( not pictured in text)
    • painted under the patronage of Raj Singh (1652-1681)who was a keen patronage to Indian art
    • The scene is simple but drawn with a sure, well composed and full of joy of life and a fine sensitiveness of observation
    • Must be observed as symbols instead of an exact description of nature
  • 10. Emperor Shah Jehan in Darbar ( not pictured in Text)
    • Portraits and Darbar scenes were popular with the artists of Shah Jehan
    • Some portraits have highly ornamented borders decorated with figures of men, plants and animals