English booklet 6th primary
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  • 1. ENGLISH BOOKLET 6th PRIMARY COLEGIO BUEN PASTOR MARILÓ SAN JUAN GÓMEZ
  • 2. 2 UNIT 0: HIGH TECHNOLOGY VOCABULARY: TECHNOLOGY WORDS • Laptop • Keyboard • Screen • Mouse • Speakers • Pen drive • Chat • Mobile phone • Webcam • Microphone • Computer • Printer • MP3 STRUCTURE: PRESENT SIMPLE We use present simple to talk about actions you do everyday. FORM • AFFIRMATIVE: SUBJECT + VERB He, she, it we add s to the verb I You We They read - Verbs ending in sh, ch, ss or x, e.g. teach, wash, watch, go: add es to the verb after he, she, it I You We They go - Verbs ending in consonant + y, e.g. carry, study, cry: change y i and add es after he, she, it. He She It reads He She It goes
  • 3. 3 • NEGATIVE: SUBJECT + DON’T/ DOESN’T + VERB There is no s at the end of the verb in the negative • QUESTION: DO/ DOES + SUBJECT + VERB? There is no s at the end of the verb in questions NOTES: __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________ UNIT 1: BEASTLY TALES VOCABULARY: ANIMALS AND MYTHS Animals and its parts: • Monkey • Lion • Bear • Elephant • Tiger • Snake • Giraffe • Eagle • Penguin • Horse • Bird • Fish I You We They carry He She It carries I You We They don’t read He She It doesn’t read Does he she it read?Do I You We They read?
  • 4. 4 • Claws: Garras • Horn: Cuerno • Feathers: Plumas • Wings: Alas • Scales: Escamas • Tail: Cola • Nest: Nido Myths: • Griffins: Grifo • Unicorn: Unicornio • Dragon: Dragón • Centaur: Centauro • Siren: Sirena • Harpy: Arpía • Mermaid: Sirena STRUCTURE: GOING TO We use going to to talk about plans: something that you have decided to do or not to do. FORM • AFFIRMATIVE: SUBJECT + VERB TO BE + GOING TO + VERB I You We They am are going to ride a bike...
  • 5. 5 He She It is going to climb a mountain... • NEGATIVE: SUBJECT + VERB TO BE + NOT+ GOING TO+ VERB I You We They am not aren’t going to listen to music... He She It isn’t going to wash the car... • QUESTION: VERB TO BE + SUBJECT + GOING TO + VERB? Am Are I You We They going to know the lesson...? Is He She It going to dance...? UNIT 2: TOMORROW’S WORLD VOCABULARY: TRANSPORTS/ SPACE Transports: • Car • Bicycle/ bike • Motorbike • Bus • Plane • Rocket • Boat • Ferry • Lorry • Train • Taxi • Submarine • Balloon • Underground/ metro Space: • Space • Air • Earth • Moon
  • 6. 6 • Astronaut • Engineer • Businessman • Tourist • Planets STRUCTURE: FUTURE- WILL We use will to talk about the future. FORM • AFFIRMATIVE: SUBJECT + WILL+ VERB I She You You It They He We will go to the Moon • NEGATIVE: SUBJECT + WILL+NOT + VERB WON’T I She You You It They He We will+ not= won’t change my clothes • QUESTION: WILL + SUBJECT + VERB? Will I She You You It They He We invent a carplane ? NOTES: _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________
  • 7. 7 _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________ UNIT 3: THE GREAT OUTDOORS VOCABULARY: COUNTRYSIDE /CAMPING WORDS Countryside words: • Rock • River • Tree • Lake • Waterfall • Mountain • Flower • Cave • Hill • Grass • Ground • Bush Camping words: • Tent • Rucksack • Sleeping bag
  • 8. 8 • Torch • Compass • Compass points: North, South East and West • Explorer • Camp STRUCTURE: PAST CONTINUOUS We use past continuous to describe what was happening in the past FORM AFFIRMATIVE: SUBJECT + WAS/ WERE + VERB-ING I He She It was working You We They were NEGATIVE: SUBJECT + WASN’T/ WEREN’T + VERB-ING I He She It wasn’t (was + not) having dinner You We They weren’t (were + not) INTERROGATIVE: WAS/ WERE + SUBJECT + VER-ING? Was I He She It walking in the park? Were You We They NOTES: _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________
  • 9. 9 UNIT 4: FOOD, GLORIOUS FOOD! VOCABULARY: HEALTHY & UNHEALTHY FOOD/ UTENSILS Healthy food: • Vegetables: o Lettuce o Tomato o Carrot o Cabbage o Cucumber o Onion o Spinach o Mushrooms • Fruits: o Strawberry o Watermelon o Pear o Apple o Orange o Peach o Pineapple o Cherry o Banana o Grapes • Food: o Rice o Bread o Pasta o Cereal o Potato o Meat o Fish o Chicken o Cheese • Drinks: o Water o Juice o Milk Unhealthy food: • Food: o Pizza o Hamburger
  • 10. 10 o Chips o Chocolate o Cakes o Ice-cream o Milk-shake o Fried fish o Fried chicken • Drinks: o Soda o Coke o Sugar drinks Utensils: • Table cloth • Napkin • Glass • Fork • Spoon • Knife GRAMMAR: COUNTABLES & UNCOUNTABLES NOUNS/ ENOUGH, TOO MUCH, TOO MANY • Countables nouns: We can count them and they can be singular or plural: one biscuit, two apples, three chairs... • Uncountable nouns: We can’t count them and they are always singular: Milk, bread, toast. We can’t say: a milk, two mils, three milks... You’ll need enough apples. We haven’t got enough eggs. Have we got enough flour? We’ve got too many apples. We’ve got too much sugar. TOO MANY with countable nouns. TOO MUCH with uncountable nouns UNIT 5: UNDER THE SEA VOCABULARY: SEA WORDS
  • 11. 11 • Seal • Lobster • Crab • Octopus • Squid • Beach • Sea • Ocean • Shark • Whale • Dolphin • Jellyfish • Coral • Rescue people • Starfish • Seahorse STRUCTURE: PRESENT PERFECT/ STILL, SINCE, FOR We use present perfect to talk about an action started in the past and finish in the present. AFFIRMATIVE: SUBJECT + HAVE/HAS + PAST PARTICIPLE I You We They have eaten He She It has eaten NEGATIVE: SUBJECT + HAVEN’T/ HASN’T + PAST PARTICIPLE I We You They He She It haven’t hasn’t played played INTERROGATIVE: HAVE/ HAS + SUBJECT + PAST PARTICIPLE? Have I You We They been? Has He She It been? STILL/ SINCE/ FOR We still haven’t chosen the project. I live in Seville since last year. SINCE= Starting point She is in the School for three years. FOR= Period of time
  • 12. 12 NOTES: _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ___________ UNIT 6: FREE TIME VOCABULARY: FREE TIME AND MUSIC Free time: Skateboard Clothes design Free running Mountain bike Beatbox Board Games Chess Camp Climb Take photos Baseball Cook Hockey Dance Music: Concert Guitar Rock Pop Rap Opera Jazz STRUCTURE: SOME/ ANY/ NO/ EVERY Some Any No Every Someone Anyone No one Everyone Something Anything Nothing Everything Somewhere Anywhere Nowhere Everywhere
  • 13. 13 NOTES: _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ ___________ UNIT 7: DRESS SENSE VOCABULARY: CLOTHES/ ADJECTIVES Clothes: Button Umbrella Gloves Pocket Belt Tights Decorate Shorts Skirt Trousers Jeans Socks Hat Earring Ring Bag/ Handbag Dress
  • 14. 14 Adjectives: Excited Bored Brave Happy Unhappy Afraid Angry Tired STRUCTURE: MAY/ MIGHT(NOT) To express possibilities: MODAL VERB + INFINITIVE It may look better with a jacket. You might feel like a rock star. I might not wear a jacket. When might you go to the disco? NOTES: _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ UNIT 8: AROUND THE WORLD VOCABULARY: COUNTRIES AND NATIONALITIES Countries:
  • 15. 15 Brazil India France Mexico Germany Portugal Greece Spain Poland Ireland England Italy USA Nationalities: Brazilian Indian French Mexican German Portuguese Greek Spanish Polish Irish English Italian American STRUCTURE: PRESENT PERFECT/ YET, ALREADY,JUST Have you written the article on Mexico yet? I haven’t written the article yet. I’ve already finished it. I’ve just finished it. NOTES: _______________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________ __________________________
  • 16. 16 TRINITY 4 Examination format Total examination time: 10 minutes The examination consists of two assessed phases: - Discussion of a topic prepared by the candidate (up to 5 minutes) - Conversation on two subject areas selected by the examiner (up to 5 minutes) Candidate performance The candidate is expected to demonstrate the following communicative skills and meet the language requirements listed below during the examination. Communicative skills In the topic phase: - Give information about the prepared topic in a series of limited long turns about the four discussion points on the Topic form. - Answer questions on the prepared topic and participate in informal discussion, during which the examiner might request more information, facts or details. - Ask the examiner at least one question about the topic area - Take the opportunity provided to include samples of the language functions and language items opposite, where appropriate In the conversation phase: - Show understanding of the examiner by responding appropriately to questions - Make appropriate contributions with short statements - Communicate limited information in simple and direct exchanges Language requirements Language functions - Talking about past events - Talking about future plans and intentions - Expressing simple comparisons - Expressing likes and dislikes - Describing manner and frequency Grammar Understand and use: 1. – Past simple tense of regular and common irregular verbs 2. – Going to future 3. – Like + gerund/infinitive, e.g. I like shopping, I like to read books 4. – Adverbs of manner and frequency 5. – Comparatives and superlative of adjectives 6. – Link word but Lexis - Vocabulary specific to the topic area - Vocabulary specific to the subject areas - Adverbs of frequency, e.g. sometimes, often, never - Adverbial phrases of frequency, e.g. every day, once a week - Expressions of past time, e.g. yesterday, last night - Phrases and expressions relating to the language functions listed above
  • 17. 17 Phonology The correct pronunciation of vocabulary specific to the topic and subject areas Appropriate weak forms and intonation in connected speech Three different ways of pronouncing “ed” past tense endings, e.g. played, walked, wanted Avoidance of speech patterns of recitation 1.- jobs 2.- places in the local area 3.- place of study 4.- home life 5.- weather 6.- free time 7.- times and dates 8.- ordinal numbers up to 31st for dates Phonology - The correct pronunciation of words relevant to the lexical areas listed above. - The use of contractions where appropriate. - Basic stress and intonation patterns for words short sentences and simple questions. Subject areas for the Conversation phase Two subject areas will be selected by the examiner from the list below: Holidays Shopping School and work Hobbies and sport Food Weekend and seasonal activities Grammar Understand and use: 1. – Past simple tense of regular and common irregular verbs 2. – Going to future 3. – Like + gerund/infinitive, e.g. I like shopping, I like to read books 4. – Adverbs of manner and frequency 5. – Comparatives and superlative of adjectives 6. – Link word but 1. PAST SIMPLE TENSE OF IRREGULAR VERBS Affirmative: I studied English yesterday Negative: I did not study English yesterday Interrogative: Did I study English yesterday? Affirmative Negative Interrogative I studied English You studied English He studied English I did not study English You did not study English He did not study English Did I study English? Did you study English Did he study English?
  • 18. 18 She studied English It studied English We studied English You studied English They studied English She did not study English It did not study English We did not study English You did not study English They did not study English Did she study English? Did it study English? Did we study English? Did you study English? Did they study English? PAST SIMPLE TENSE OF IRREGULAR VERBS Affirmative: I drank a glass of milk yesterday Negative: I did not drink English yesterday Interrogative: Did I drink English yesterday? Affirmative Negative Interrogative I drank English You drank English He drank English She drank English It drank English We drank English You drank English They drank English I did not drink English You did not drink English He did not drink English She did not drink English It did not drink English We did not drink English You did not drink English They did not drink English Did I drink English? Did you drink English Did he drink English? Did she drink English? Did it drink English? Did we drink English? Did you drink English? Did they drink English? 2. GOING TO FUTURE (Expressing future plans) a. I am going to go to Italy next summer. n. I am not going to go to Italy next summer. i. Am I going to go to Italy next summer? Affirmative Negative Interrogative I am going to go You are going to go He is going to go She is going to go It is going to go We are going to go You are going to go They are going to go I am not going to go You are not going to go He is not going to go She is not going to go It is not going to go We are not going to go You are not going to go They are not going to go Am I going to go? Are you going to go? Is he going to go? Is she going to go? Is it going to go? Are we going to go? Are you going to go? Are they going to go? 3. LIKE + GERUND / INFINITIVE – I like shopping, I like to read books Like + gerund a. I like reading books = me gusta leer libros (me divierte) n. I don’t like reading books = no me gusta leer libros (no me divierte) i. Do you like reading books? = ¿te gusta leer libros? b. I like eating vegetables = me gusta comer verduras n. I don’t like eating vegetables = no me gusta comer i. Do you like eating vegetables? = ¿te gusta leer libros?
  • 19. 19 Like + infinitive a. I like to read books = me gusta leer libros (porque creo que es bueno para mí) b. I don’t like to read books = no me gusta leer libros (porque no creo que sea bueno para mí) c. Do you like to read books? = ¿te gusta leer libros? a. I like to eat vegetables = me gusta comer verduras (porque es bueno para la salud) b. I don’t like to eat vegetables c. Do you like to eat vegetables? 4. ADVEBS OF MANNER AND FREQUENCY Sometimes = algunas veces Often = con frecuencia Never = nunca How often do you go to the cinema? I sometimes go at weekends I often go at weekends I never go to the cinema (the adverb goes just before the main verb when it is not the verb to be) How often are you nervous because of exams at school? I am sometimes nervous because of exams at school I am often nervous because of exams at school I am never nervous because of exams at school (the adverb goes just after the verb to be) never = nunca scarcely = escasamente rarely = raramente sometimes = algunas veces usually = normalmente, usualmente... always = siempre (about) once a month = (alrededor de...) una vez al mes (about) twice a month = (alrededor de...) dos veces al mes - WITH THE VERB TO BE “She is never ungry” WITH THE REST OF THE VERBS “She never fails an exam” - WITH COMPLEX FORMS OF THE VERBS “She has never failed an exam” “She has never been in Italy”
  • 20. 20 5. COMPARATIVES AND SUPERLATIVES OF ADJECTIVES Comparatives of adjectives - De igualdad: “She is as tall as her brother” (short adjective) “She is as intelligent as her brother” (long adjective) - De superioridad: “She is taller than her brother” (short adjective: tall) “She is more intelligent than her brother” (long adjective: intelligent) Superlatives of adjectives - Short adjective: tall “She is the tallest student in her class” - Long adjective: intelligent “She is the most intelligent student in her class” 6. – Link word but But = pero… Example: “She is a very intelligent girl but she is very lazy” = Ella es una niña muy inteligente pero es muy perezosa Vocabulary / Lexis - Vocabulary specific to the topic area - Vocabulary specific to the subject areas - Adverbs of frequency, e.g. sometimes, often, never - Adverbial phrases of frequency, e.g. every day, once a week - Expressions of past time, e.g. yesterday, last night - Phrases and expressions relating to the language functions listed above Holidays Beach –playa mountain –montaña go swimming
  • 21. 21 –nadar go skiing –esquiar go fishing –pescar go climbing –escalar go surfing –hacer surf go sailing –navegar travel –viajar visit –visitar See –ver Monument –monumento statue –estatua square –plaza bridge –puente river –río sea –mar swimming-pool –piscina go out with my friends –salir con mis amigos swim in the sea –nadar en el mar tomar el sol sunbathe go for a walk –dar un paseo play sport –practicar deporte play video games –jugar con videojuegos listen to music –escuchar música country –país city –ciudad town –ciudad village –pueblo abroad –en el extranjero stay at home –quedarse en casa
  • 22. 22 stay in a hotel –alojarse en un hotel lie in the sun –tomar el sol Suncream –crema solar sunglasses –gafas de sol swimming costume –bañador spend my holidays –pasar mis vacaciones have fun –pasárselo bien have a good time –pasárselo bien enjoy –disfrutar boring –aburrido interesting –interesante by bus –en autobús by train –en tren by car –en coche on foot –a pie by bike –en bicicleta by underground –en metro meet my friends –quedar con mis amigos in the morning –por la mañana in the afternoon –al mediodía in the evening –por la tarde at night –por la noche at the weekend –los fines de semana museum –museo cathedral –catedral church –iglesia theatre –teatro read books –leer libros watch tv –ver la tele
  • 23. 23 centre –centro north –norte south –sur east –este west –oeste spring –primavera summer –verano Autumn –otoño winter –invierno go cycling –montar en bici near –cerca (de) far from –lejos de go to the cinema –ir al cine have lunch –almorzar have dinner at a restaurant –cenar en un restaurante go shopping –ir de compras shops –tiendas shopping centre –centro commercial department store –grandes almacenes at weekends –los fines de semana on weekdays –los días entre semana by boat –en barco place –sitio, lugar leave –salir de arrive –llegar come back –regresar party –fiesta festivity –festividad fair
  • 24. 24 –feria theme park –parque temático bowling alley –bolera skating rink –pista de patinaje gym –gimnasio sports centre –polideportivo have breakfast –desayunar take photos –hacer fotos write a letter –escribir una carta postcard –postal surf the web –usar internet ride a bike –montar en bici ride a horse –montar a caballo - I stayed in a hotel from the eighth of July to the first of August. Me alojé en un hotel desde el ocho de Julio al uno de agosto. - Last year I spent my summer holidays in Rota El año pasado pasé mis vacaciones de verano en Rota. - Seville is bigger than Cádiz Sevilla es más grande que Cádiz - Seville is the most beautiful city in the world Sevilla es la ciudad más bonita del mundo. - Where did you go? I went to Tenerife ¿Dónde fuiste? Fui a Tenerife. - I visited some monuments Visité algunos monumentos - What do you like doing in the summer? I like swimming and going cycling with my friends - ¿Qué te gusta hacer en verano? Me gusta nadar e ir en bici con mis amigos - Madrid is far from Seville Madrid está lejos de Sevilla - Huelva is near Seville Huelva está cerca de Sevilla. - It’s in the north of Spain Está en el norte de España. - How often do you visit your grandparents? I visit my grandparents at weekends ¿Con qué frecuencia visitas a tus abuelos? Visito a mis abuelos los fines de semana.
  • 25. 25 - What are you going to do? – I’m going to play sport and read some books ¿Qué vas a hacer? –Voy a hacer deporte y a leer algunos libros. - How did you travel to Italy? –I went there by bus ¿Cómo viajaste a Italia? –Fui allí en autobús. - What do you usually do at weekends? –I usually go out with my parents ¿Qué sueles hacer los fines de semana? –Suelo salir con mis padres. - What are the most famous places in Madrid? The most famous places in Madrid are Prado Museum, La Cibeles Statue, La Puerta de Alcalá…. ¿Cuáles son los lugares más famosos de Madrid? –Los lugares más famosos de Madrid son el museo del Prado, La Cibeles, la Puerta de Alcalá - What time did you arrive in Toledo? I arrived in Toledo at 4 o’clock ¿A qué hora llegaste a Toledo? Llegué a Toledo a las 4. - When are you going to come back? I am going to come back on the 4th of August ¿Cuándo vas a regresar? Voy a regresar el 4 de agosto. Shopping pet shop –tienda de animales clothes shop –tienda de ropa book shop –librería toy shop –juguetería bakery –panadería hairdresser’s –peluquería department store –grandes almacenes shopping centre –centro comercial chemist’s –farmacia newsagent’s –tienda de prensa bar –bar restaurant –restaurante café –cafetería money –dinero pocket money –dinero suelto Pagar -pay / paid / paid expensive
  • 26. 26 –caro cheap –barato music shop –tienda de música grocery –tienda de alimentación supermarket –supermercado sell / sold / sold –vender sales –rebajas price –precio (Repasa el vocabulario de la ropa que está en el cuadernillo de fotocopias) How often do you go shopping? – I usually go shopping twice a week ¿Con qué frecuencia vas de compras? - Normalmente voy de compras dos veces a la semana. Where’s the nearest shopping centre? - Go straight on, turn left and go to the traffic lights. The shopping centre is opposite the traffic lights ¿Dónde está el centro comercial más cercano? - Sigue adelante y gira a la izquierda y ve al semáforo. El centro comercial está enfrente del semáforo. - Where did you buy that jacket? I bought it in El Corte Inglés - ¿Dónde te compraste esa chaqueta? Me la compré en El Corte Inglés. - How much was it? It was 50 euros - ¿Cuánto te costó? Me costó 50 euros. School and work teacher –profesor mechanic –mecánico bus driver –conductor de autobús singer –cantante taxi driver –taxista farmer –granjero doctor –médico engineer –ingeniero chemist - químico physician
  • 27. 27 –físico lawyer –abogado plumber –fontanero artist –artista, pintor film star –actor, actriz actor –actor actress –actriz football player –futbolista basketball player –jugador de baloncesto tennis player –tenista architect –arquitecto model –modelo sportsman –deportista (hombre) sportswoman –deportista (mujer) policeman - policía (hombre) policewoman –policía (mujer) politician –político shop assistant –dependiente waiter –camarero waitress –camarera professor –profesor (de universidad) nurse –enfermero secretary –secretario boss –jefe student –estudiante journalist –periodista scientist - científico My father works for a company in Seville –Mi padre trabaja en una empresa de Sevilla My mother works in a factory
  • 28. 28 –Mi madre trabaja en una fábrica My brother works as a waiter –Mi hermano trabaja como camarero What do you do? –¿A qué te dedicas? I am a student – Soy estudiante What does your mother do? - ¿A qué se dedica tu madre? She’s a teacher – Es profesora Where’s the nurse? - ¿Dónde está el enfermero? He’s at hospital - Está en el hospital. What’s the journalist doing? - ¿Qué está haciendo el periodista? He’s writing on a notebook - Está escribiendo en un cuaderno A. What’s his/her job? doctor = medico teacher = professor/a nurse = enfermero/a mechanic = mecánico/a secretary = secretario/a shop assistant = dependiente/a de tienda hairdresser = peluquero/a engineer = ingeniero/a farmer = granjero/a B. Job (noun) and work (verb) What’s your job? or What do you do? = ¿a qué te dedicas? I’m a waiter = soy camarero What does your father do? = ¿a qué se dedica tu padre? ¿cuál es el trabajo…? He’s a doctor = él es médico Where do you work? = ¿dónde trabajas? I work in a restaurant = trabajo en un restaurante Where does your father work? = ¿dónde trabaja tu padre? He works in a hospital = él trabaja en un hospital C. Workplaces = lugares de trabajo office = oficina factory = fábrica shop = tienda
  • 29. 29 school/collage = colegio hospital = hospital D. Manual jobs These are jobs where you work with your hands. Bricklayer = builds walls with bricks Carpenter = makes things using wood Plumber = installs and repairs water pipes, etc… Electrician = installs and repairs electrical things Mechanic = repairs cars E. Professional people job definition Architect Lawyer Engineer Accountan Designs buildings Represents people with legal problems Plans the building of roads, bridges, machines…etc Controls the financial situation of people and companies F. The medical profession Doctors, nurses and surgeons (= specialist doctors who operate on people) work in hospitals. Dentists and vets (= animal doctors) work in places we call surgeries. All of these people treat (= give medical help, for example, advice, medicine) and look after (= care for / take care of) people or animals. G. The armed forces and the emergency services soldier = in the army sailor = in the navy pilot = in the air force police officer / policeman / policewoman = in the police force firefighter / fireman = in the fire brigade PLACE OF STUDY school –colegio classroom –clase (aula) class –clase (grupo) lesson –clase (de una asignatura) subject –asignatura student –estudiante pupil
  • 30. 30 –alumno teacher –professor maths –matemáticas science –ciencia spanish –lengua española english –inglés geography –geografía history –historia p.e. physical education –educación física art –dibujo, manualidades music –música religion –religión homework –deberes exercises –ejercicios activities –actividades Book –libro notebook –cuaderno dictionary –diccionario pen –bolígrafo pencil –lápiz rubber –goma ruler –regla calculator –calculadora blackboard –pizarra window –ventana chair –silla table –mesa floor –suelo door –puerta ceiling
  • 31. 31 –techo clock –reloj de pared computer –ordenador Video - vídeo cd player –reproductor de cd dvd player –reproductor de dvd radio –radio stairs –escaleras corridor –pasillo office –despacho headmaster –director train –entrenar area –zona playground –patio break - recreo uniform –uniforme canteen –comedor library –biblioteca chapel - capilla The playground has different areas to play football, basketball and volleyball –El patio tiene zonas diferentes para jugar al fútbol, al baloncesto y al voleibol What time do you start school? I start school at 9.00 - ¿A qué hora empiezas el colegio? Empiezo el colegio a las 9. What time do you finish school? – I finish school at five o’clock in the afternoon What are you wearing? – I’m wearing a white polo shirt, a bluesweater and a red skirt, blue socks and blue shoes What time is the break? – The break is from eleven o’clock to half past eleven What’s your favourite subject? –My favourite subject is Maths Where is the teacher? – He’s in the classroom
  • 32. 32 - She’s studying Hobbies/sports Ver el vocabulario del apartado “Holidays” score –marcar win –ganar lose / lost / lost –perder beat –ganar, vencer (a otro) league –liga national team –selección nacional championship –campeonato equipment –equipamento team –equipo match –partido stadium –estadio court –pista referee –árbitro player –jugador forward –delantero goalkeeper –portero coach –entrenador go training –entrenar tracksuit –chándal shorts –calzonas t-shirt –camiseta trainers –botines sportsperson –deportista sportsman –deportista (hombre) sportswoman
  • 33. 33 –deportista (mujer) run –correr fast –rápido slow –lento strong - fuerte What kind / type / sort of books do you like? - ¿Qué tipo de libros te gustan? – I like adventure books, horror books, science fiction books…. - Me gustan los libros de aventura, de miedo y de ciencia ficción. How often do you go to the cinema? - ¿Con qué frecuencia vas al cine? I sometimes go to the cinema at weekends A veces voy al cine los fines de semana When did you last watch a football match? - ¿Cuándo fue la última vez que viste un partido de fútbol? –I watched a football match last night.–Vi un partido de fútbol anoche. When are you going to play tennis? - ¿Cuándo vas a jugar al tennis? – I’m going to play tennis next week –Voy a jugar al tenis la semana que viene. What do you like doing in your free time? - ¿Qué te gusta hacer en tu tiempo libre? –In my free time I like reading books and doing sport –En mi tiempo libre me gusta leer libros y hacer deporte. Do you prefer football or basketball? - ¿Prefieres el fútbol o el baloncesto? –I prefer football because it is more exciting Prefiero el fútbol, porque es más emocionante. Food Estudiar el vocabulario de la comida en el cuadernillo de fotocopias: healthy –saludable fast food –comida rápida Cook –cocinar Cook –cocinero dessert –postre recipe –receta mediterranean diet –dieta mediterránea meal –comida fat –grasa vitamin –vitamina Unhealthy –poco saludable delicious –delicioso
  • 34. 34 hungry –hambriento soft drinks –refrescos Weekend / seasonal activities (ver el vocabulario y las expresiones de los apartados “holidays” y “hobbies / sports”; repasar el vocabulario del tiempo atmosférico en las fotocopias) spring –primavera summer –verano autumn / fall –otoño winter –invierno in the morning –por la mañana in the afternoon –a mediodía in the evening –por la tarde at night –por la noche stay at home –quedarse en casa go out –salir weather –tiempo atmosférico degrees - grados What can you do in the summer? - ¿Qué puedes hacer en verano? –You can go fishing - Puedes pescar. How often do you go skiing in winter? - ¿Con qué frecuencia esquías en invierno? - I go skiing once a week -Voy a esquiar una vez a la semana. What do you usually do in spring? - ¿Qué sueles hacer en primavera? -I sometimes go shopping, I often go to the cinema, but I never go skating - A veces voy de compras, a menudo voy al cine, pero nunca voy a patinar. What did you do last autumn? - ¿Qué hiciste el pasado otoño? –I travelled to Paris –Viajé a París. Where are you going next summer? - ¿Dónde vas a ir el próximo verano? –Next summer I am going to Rota. It is a village in Cádiz, a town next to Seville El próximo verano voy a ir a Rota. Es un pueblo de Cádiz, una ciudad que está al lado de Sevilla. What do you like doing in winter? - ¿Qué te gusta hacer en invierno? –In winter I like staying at home - En invierno me gusta quedarme en casa. What’s your favourite season? - ¿Cuál es tu estación favorita?
  • 35. 35 –The best season is summer, because I love swimming in the sea, but it is very hot in Seville! Autumn is better than winter. In Seville, it’s colder in winter. But spring is more beautiful, because there are a lot of flowers, the weather is good and we celebrate Easter processions and Feria de Abril (very popular festivities). In spring there are a lot of tourists in Seville, especially from the USA –La mejor estación es el verano, porque me encanta nadar en el mar, pero ¡hace mucho calor en Sevilla! El otoño es mejor que el invierno. En Sevilla, hace más frío en invierno. Pero la primavera es más bonita, porque hay muchas flores, el tiempo es bueno y celebramos las procesiones de Semana Santa y la Feria de Abril (festividades muy populares). En primavera hay muchos turistas en Sevilla, sobre todo de Estados Unidos. What’s the weather like in winter in Seville? - ¿Qué tiempo hace en invierno en Sevilla? -It’s cold in the morning and at night - Hace frío por la tarde y por la noche. SOME COMMON MISTAKES AND SOME ADVICE FOR THE EXAM – ALGUNOS FALLOS COMUNES Y CONSEJOS PARA EL EXAMEN A) Cuando uses el verbo LIKE, si quieres usar otro verbo detrás, por ejemplo “Me gusta jugar al fútbol”, el verbo en inglés debe terminar en –ING: “I like playing football” B) No te olvides de usar bien los posesivos: HIS es para masculino (su) y HER es para femenino (su). C) Recuerda que el presente continuo se usa para lo que está ocurriendo en este momento. No se te puede olvidar usar el presente del verbo TO BE y el verbo terminado en ING (por ejemplo: She is dancing –Ella está bailando) D) Recuerda que los adjetivos van siempre delante del nombre: a grey sweater, a big house... E) Delante de plural, no puedes usar A o AN, She’s wearing a shirt and trousers. A trousers estaría mal. F) No confundas nunca el verbo HAVE (tener) con el verbo TO BE (ser y estar). Es un fallo grave. G) Recuerda que en presente simple, el verbo lleva –S en afirmativa (My father works in an office) y que se usa HAS (My sister has got a computer) H) No te olvides de usar DON’T y DOESN’T en las negativas depresente simple. I) Con las fechas se usan los números ordinales, no los cardinales. J) Repasa muy bien la pronunciación de las partes del cuerpo. K) Recuerda que cuando entres en la sala de examen, tienes que saludar (Good afternoon, good evening) y cuando termines tienes que despedirte (Goodbye) L) No te quedes callado. Si te hacen una pregunta y no la entiendes, pregunta “Sorry?” o “Can you repeat, please?” Si finalmente no la entiendes, debes decirlo: “I don’t know” (No lo sé), “I don’t understand” (No lo entiendo) M) No utilices ninguna palabra en español. N) Demuestra todo el inglés que sabes. Si estás seguro de que sabes construirlas, usa frases completas. Si no, contesta brevemente.
  • 36. 36 INTERVIEW Hello! Where do you live? - Hello! I live in Bellavista, Seville, Spain. Bellavista is a suburb in Seville. Is that near here? - No, it’s half an hour from here by car, train or bus…. What’s the weather like today? - It’s sunny and warm. Is it raining / foggy / windy…etc now? - No, it isn’t. And what about yesterday? - It was sunny and warm too. What do you do when you get home from school? - First, I have lunch with my family. Then, I do my homework, I watch television, I have a shower, I have dinner and finally, I go to bed at 10 o’clock. What’s the name of your best friend? - Cristina Tell me about Cristina. - Cristina is 12 years old. She is tall and has got brown hair. She’s pretty. She’s very nice and funny. Let’s look at this picture. What are these people doing? - They are sitting in front of a café. They’re drinking coffee. - They are in a restaurant. They are having lunch or dinner… - They are waiting in a queue at the cinema - They are listening to the teacher in class - They are doing homework / watching TV/ playing with the computer/ playing volleyball…etc When’s your birthday? - My birthday is on the 11th of May. - My birthday is in May What time do you go to bed? - I usually go to bed at half past ten. Can you play the piano…etc? No, I can’t. But I can play the guitar / volleyball…etc Yes, I can. Where’s your classroom? - Go up the stairs. It’s on the left. ATTENTION! Don’t forget to ask the examiner one or two questions.