A Journey To Its History
And Literature
Formal name: People’s Republic of China (PRC)
Capital: Beijing
Government type: Communist state
Legal System: Based on a c...
The red color symbolizes communist revolution.
Red is also the traditional color in Chinese
culture.
Golden yellow is the ...
It has been said
that Shang
Dynasty
flourished in
1600BC, during
the Bronze age.
Literature
•The Chinese Oracle
Bones
•Made around 1500
BC, during the time of
Shang Dynasty
•Used by priests to
tell the f...
By analyzing
oracle bone
inscriptions, other
artifacts, and
archaeological sites
such as tombs and
ancient cities, scholar...
The Qin Dynasty (221-206
BC)
From this dynasty came
two Chinese heritage
sites: The Terracotta
Army and the Great
Wall of ...
During this
dynasty, the emperor
Qin Shih Huang Di
unified the
currency, system of
writing, and even the
philosophical tho...
Confucianism
became the state
philosophy. “Men
of wisdom and
virtue” were put in
place through the
civil service
examinati...
Kung Fu Tze or Confucius was born around 551 BCE
in Lu province in Zhou. His parents were nobility, but had
become poor. W...
Confucianism
Confucius taught anyone who was
eager to learn. His ideas, called
Confucianism, stress the need to develop
re...
It is a collection of
moral and ethical principles
enunciated by the Chinese
thinker Confucius (K’ung Fu-tzu)
around 500 B...
• Tsze-kung asked what constituted
the superior man. The Master said, "He
acts before he speaks, and
afterwards speaks acc...
Ssu Ma Chien (145-
86 BC) is China’s great
historian. He was also
an astronomer and
calendar expert
during after the Han
D...
The Ballad of Hua Mulan - 5th or 6th
century
The Tang (618-907), along with the Song
dynasty (960-1279 CE) that follows, is often
referred to as China's "Golden Age“.
...
Taoism
Tao (pronounced Dow) means The Way (to
happiness). It is during the Tang Dynasty that
Taoism becomes the official “...
Taoism is not a religion. Taoism is a
philosophy, a way of looking at life and a
way of thinking about things.
Taoists bel...
During the Tang
Dynasty, the great poets Li
Po and Tu Fu became
popular. Tu Fu became
known for his poem about
war and bit...
Li Po –
706-761 AD
•Also called Li Bo or
Li Bai
•He wrote about the
good things in
life, emphasizing
love, friendship, win...
While my hair was still cut straight across my forehead I
played about the front gate, pulling flowers. You came by on
bam...
Tu Fu
•Also known as
Du Fu
• poet friend of
Li bai
•became known
for his poem
about war and
bitter human
experiences
The Solitary Goose
The solitary goose does not drink or eat,
It flies about and calls, missing the flock.
No-one now remem...
The world’s oldest book The world’s oldest
surviving book is Chinese— Buddhist text called
the Diamond Sutra, which bears ...
Lu Hsun was the pen name
of Zhou Shuren (1881-1936).
He introduced modern
Chinese literature. Aside
from being a critic , ...
The “Diary of A Madman”
written by Lu Hsun (1918)
The story presents itself as diary entries of a madman has now been cure...
Chinese Literary History
Summing Up
Things to remember from this presentation:
•Why is the Shang dynasty significant to Chinese Literature? Because it was the...
Chinese literature for grade 8
Chinese literature for grade 8
Chinese literature for grade 8
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Chinese literature for grade 8

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Chinese literature for grade 8

  1. 1. A Journey To Its History And Literature
  2. 2. Formal name: People’s Republic of China (PRC) Capital: Beijing Government type: Communist state Legal System: Based on a civil law system, which was derived from the Soviet legal System. Population: 1.3Billion China Quick Facts
  3. 3. The red color symbolizes communist revolution. Red is also the traditional color in Chinese culture. Golden yellow is the official color of the Manchu dynasty and also implies that China belongs to the Chinese people, a "yellow race“ The large star represents the Communist Party. The four smaller stars represent the four social classes of the traditional Chinese society - the working class, the peasantry, the urban petty bourgeoisie, and the national bourgeoisie (capitalists) - united under the Communist Party of China. Five 5-pointed stars reflects the importance of the number five in Chinese philosophy (The number 5 is associated with the five elements - Water, Fire, Earth, Wood, and Metal - and hence, it was historically associated with the Emperor of China) The Chinese Flag
  4. 4. It has been said that Shang Dynasty flourished in 1600BC, during the Bronze age.
  5. 5. Literature •The Chinese Oracle Bones •Made around 1500 BC, during the time of Shang Dynasty •Used by priests to tell the future •The writing on these oracle bones is the same writing that people use in modern China, just in an earlier version.
  6. 6. By analyzing oracle bone inscriptions, other artifacts, and archaeological sites such as tombs and ancient cities, scholars have been able to piece together many details of Shang civilization. They have confirmed the names of its kings, its style of government, its military history, its religious beliefs and rituals, and its society.
  7. 7. The Qin Dynasty (221-206 BC) From this dynasty came two Chinese heritage sites: The Terracotta Army and the Great Wall of China
  8. 8. During this dynasty, the emperor Qin Shih Huang Di unified the currency, system of writing, and even the philosophical thought
  9. 9. Confucianism became the state philosophy. “Men of wisdom and virtue” were put in place through the civil service examinations. Scholar-officials were expected to be junzi or noble. Women, however, w Han Dynasty 206 BC – 220CE
  10. 10. Kung Fu Tze or Confucius was born around 551 BCE in Lu province in Zhou. His parents were nobility, but had become poor. When Confucius was about 15 years old, he became quite interested in learning. In those days, only the nobility and royals were allowed education. All the teachers were government officials. It was hard for Confucius to find a way to learn because he was poor. To solve this, he went to work for a nobleman. This gave him the opportunity to learn and to travel to the imperial capital. Confucius studied and learned until he probably was the most learned man of his day. People heard of his knowledge and sent their sons to study with him. He was the first private teacher in China.
  11. 11. Confucianism Confucius taught anyone who was eager to learn. His ideas, called Confucianism, stress the need to develop responsibility and moral character through rigid rules of behavior. Confucianism is not, properly speaking, a religion; it's a way of behaving, so you'll do the right things.
  12. 12. It is a collection of moral and ethical principles enunciated by the Chinese thinker Confucius (K’ung Fu-tzu) around 500 BC in conversations with his disciples. These principles set standards for individual conduct and the administration of government and community. The Confucian Analects
  13. 13. • Tsze-kung asked what constituted the superior man. The Master said, "He acts before he speaks, and afterwards speaks according to his actions.“ • “The man who moves a mountain begins by carrying away small stones.” • "To have faults and not to reform them--this, indeed, should be Excerpts from The Confucian Analects
  14. 14. Ssu Ma Chien (145- 86 BC) is China’s great historian. He was also an astronomer and calendar expert during after the Han Dynasty. He was the first to write a comprehensive history of China, thus earning the title of “Father of Chinese History.”
  15. 15. The Ballad of Hua Mulan - 5th or 6th century
  16. 16. The Tang (618-907), along with the Song dynasty (960-1279 CE) that follows, is often referred to as China's "Golden Age“. Poetry, calligraphy, landscape painting, philosophy, political thought, historical writing, scientific advances in astronomy, chemistry, and medicine, and the production of fine silks, porcelain, and teas all flourish, particularly in the period from the 7th to the 12th centuries 7th-12th Century CE – China’s Golden Age
  17. 17. Taoism Tao (pronounced Dow) means The Way (to happiness). It is during the Tang Dynasty that Taoism becomes the official “state philosophy” of China, and as such is integrated into the imperial court system. It was also the time of the “second Daozang” – an expansion of the official Taoist canon, ordered (in CE 748) by Emperor Tang Xuan-Zong.
  18. 18. Taoism is not a religion. Taoism is a philosophy, a way of looking at life and a way of thinking about things. Taoists believe if you look at life and think about things in the right way, you'll be much happier.
  19. 19. During the Tang Dynasty, the great poets Li Po and Tu Fu became popular. Tu Fu became known for his poem about war and bitter human experiences. Li Po, a friend of Tu Fu’, wrote lyrical poetry about love. Li Yian, a woman poet also became famous. Tang Dynasty - Literature
  20. 20. Li Po – 706-761 AD •Also called Li Bo or Li Bai •He wrote about the good things in life, emphasizing love, friendship, win e, nature and simple village living.
  21. 21. While my hair was still cut straight across my forehead I played about the front gate, pulling flowers. You came by on bamboo stilts, playing horse, You walked about my seat, playing with blue plums. And we went on living in the village of Chokan: Two small people, without dislike or suspicion. At fourteen I married My Lord you. I never laughed, being bashful. Lowering my head, I looked at the wall. Called to, a thousand times, I never looked back. At fifteen I stopped scowling, I desired my dust to be mingled with yours Forever and forever and forever. Why should I climb the look out? At sixteen you departed, You went into far Ku-to-yen, by the river of swirling eddies, And you have been gone five months. The monkeys make sorrowful noise overhead. You dragged your feet when you went out. By the gate now, the moss is grown, the different mosses, Too deep to clear them away! The leaves fall early this autumn, in wind. The paired butterflies are already yellow with August Over the grass in the West garden; They hurt me. I grow older. If you are coming down through the narrows of the river Kiang, Please let me know beforehand, And I will come out to meet you As far as Cho-fu-Sa. The River Merchant’s wife
  22. 22. Tu Fu •Also known as Du Fu • poet friend of Li bai •became known for his poem about war and bitter human experiences
  23. 23. The Solitary Goose The solitary goose does not drink or eat, It flies about and calls, missing the flock. No-one now remembers this one shadow, They've lost each other in the myriad layers of cloud. It looks into the distance: seems to see, It's so distressed, it thinks that it can hear. Unconsciously, the wild ducks start to call, Cries of birds are everywhere confused.
  24. 24. The world’s oldest book The world’s oldest surviving book is Chinese— Buddhist text called the Diamond Sutra, which bears the date 868 AD. Along with other printed manuscripts, the book was discovered in 1907 in a walled-up cave in Dunhang (north-west China) and is on display at the British Library.
  25. 25. Lu Hsun was the pen name of Zhou Shuren (1881-1936). He introduced modern Chinese literature. Aside from being a critic , he became the leader of the Modern Cultural Revolution. One of his famous works is “A Madman’s Diary” which serves as Lu Hsun’’s declaration of war” against Chinese Literature. In the 1930s he became the titular head of the Chinese League of the Left-
  26. 26. The “Diary of A Madman” written by Lu Hsun (1918) The story presents itself as diary entries of a madman has now been cured of his paranoia. The diary describes a growing fear, then, after extensively studying the Four books and five classics of old Confucian culture, the diary writer, the supposed "madman", began to see the words "Eat People!" “吃人” (chiren) written between the lines of the texts (in classical Chinese texts, commentary was placed between the lines of the text, rather than in notes at the bottom of a page). Seeing the people in his village as potential man-eaters, he is gripped by the fear that everyone, including his brother, his venerable doctor and his neighbors, who are crowding about to watch him, are harboring cannibalistic thoughts on him. Despite the brother's apparent genuine concern, the narrator still regards him as big a threat as any stranger. Towards the end the narrator turns his concern to the younger generation, especially his late sister (who died when she was five) as he is afraid they will be cannibalized. By then he is convinced that his late sister had been eaten up by his brother, and that he himself may have unwittingly tasted her flesh. The story ends with the famous line: "Save the children..."
  27. 27. Chinese Literary History Summing Up
  28. 28. Things to remember from this presentation: •Why is the Shang dynasty significant to Chinese Literature? Because it was the time when the archaeologists found written evidences about the existence of an ancient dynasty through the discovery of the oracle bones. The oracles bones made from tortoise shells and animal bones provided details about the Shang civilization. •The Chinese Axial Age and the preoccupations of the philosophers during this time , and the reason for that. – Because war is rampant during the Axial Age, the pHilosophers wanted to restore social order and harmony so they came up with philosophies that might be helpful to achieve peace. •Kung Fu Tze, Confucianism and his teachings (The Confucian Analects) •Ssu Ma Chien – The Father of Chinese History •The Ballad of Hua Mulan and its era •The Golden Age of China : Why is it called the Golden Age? •The Tang Dynasty (Taoism, Li Po, Tu Fu, and some of their works) •Modern Chinese Literature: Lu Hsun
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