Road to the War North America in the 18th century was being controlled by Spain, France, and Great Britain. France and Britain both wanted total control. British jealous of French fur trade with Indians Leads to strife and rivalry Global conflict for land Only solution is war
North America Before the War
Beginnings of the War Land, Land, Land Fort Duquesne (1754) - Pittsburgh, PA Claimed by both the French and British George Washington sent to demand withdrawal of French They will not leave, which leads to the attack of the British on the French French succeed
The Indians Sided with the French because they benefited from trade with them. They were worried the British were going to take over their land.
Developments of the War Seven Years’ War (1756-1763) French and Indian War becomes North American theater of the 7 Years’ War. British and French clash, fighting for land on both Europe and North America.
The World Before the War
Leaders of the War Great Britain General Edward Braddock Sent over from Great Britain to be Commander in Chief. Led army to attack Fort Duquesne Braddock’s Expedition General James Wolfe Battle of Quebec France Marquis de Montcalm Military leader of New France Saw defeat and death at Battle of Quebec
Battle Grounds Lakes George and Champlain Located in New York and reach up to Canada Provided easy routes for food and supplies Strategic position which allowed for much control of North America French Bases Montreal Quebec British Bases Hudson River
Battle Grounds (Continued) Fort Carillion (1958) French base controlled by Montcalm Lake Champlain British attack are unsuccessful Re-attack and take over Renamed Fort Ticonderoga Important military center
Ending of the War Battle of Quebec (1759) French under command of Montcalm British under James Wolfe Great Britain enters through St. Lawrence River Plains of Abraham British prevail Treaty of Paris (1763) Officially brought the French and Indian War and 7 Year’s War to an end
Outcomes of the War Land British gain everything east of the Mississippi Spain receives land west of the Mississippi Long term effects British spending throughout the war causes for more taxes on the colonists Helps sparks the flames of the Revolutionary War.
Works Cited Borneman, Walter R. The French and Indian War: Deciding the Fate of North America. Chicago: HaperCollins Publishers, 2006. Fowler, William M. Empires At War: The French and Indian War and the Struggle for North America, 1754-1763. New York: Walter Publishing Company, 2005. Global Security. Global Security: French and Indian War. 1 November 2010 <http://www.globalsecurity.org/military/ops/french_indian.htm>.
Ohio History Central. Ohio history Central: French and Indian War. 1 November 1 2010 <http://www.ohiohistorycentral.org/entry.php?rec=498>. US History. US History: French and Indian War. 1 November 2010 <http://www.ushistory.org/declaration/related/frin.htm>.