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  • 1836- millions of1809-1870 people migrated to the USGreat plains- left to theIndians until the Melting pot – a potAmerican people had where many thingsinterest in it. We slowly are mixed andtook the land away from create a single mix,them legislatively until America was thewe forced many of them melting pot ofoff their land it the later cultures in the late1800’s 1800’s 1809 1836 From 1836 to 1914 millions from all over migrated to the US Culture Shock- in the late 1800’s many immigrants came to America based on the ideas of what their friends and family have told them in letters. They were rudely awakened when they arrived and didn’t find the world of opportunity they were looking for. All images from
  • 1850Bessemer process-one of the leadinginventions of the1800’s, this processwas developed byHenery Bessemerand William Kelly in1850, it was used bymost steelindustrys by 1880 1850 1857 1859 1859 1857 Social Darwinism- Fredrick Law Taking the principle Olmsted- A ideas of Darwinism Landscape and applying them to Architect that business. focused on restoring the greenery and environment to the heavily industrialized cities, he laid the plans down for New York Central Park. All images from
  • 1862The Homestead actoffering 160 acres offree land in Kansasto the head of anyhousehold orplanned to be headof a house hold,600,000 people tookadvantage of thisoffer 1862 18641862 1862 1864Homesteader- one of the 600,000 Exodusters- were the Sand Creekpeople that took advantage of the colored people that massacre- when thehomestead act and received free land made up part of the Native American were 600,000 people who slaughtered even left to Kansas though they were because of the innocent, by general homestead act S.R. Curtis All images from
  • 1868,1876, 1881 Sitting Bull- 1868 he was one of the1865 leaders that did notLonghorns- Short sign the treaty of Forttempered breeds of Larmie,1876 had acattle great for vision of fighting, andproducing food and fought in the battle ofhelped ranchers meet Little Big Horn, butthe wants of the later in 1881 he wasdemand for beef in forced to surrender to1865 save his people 1868- 1876- 1865 1866 - 1886 1868 1881 1866-1886 1868 Long Drive-along Tammany Hall- was with the longhorns the place where New was the long drive, it Yorks powerful was used to democratic political transport cattle over machine was located large areas of land in 1868. This place and included a small was known for its team of people to do corruption. it. All images from
  • 1869-1876 1869-invented air brake Tweed Ring- the inside corrupt group of political George leaders inside of Westinghouse- One Tammany Hall. They are of the rivals to lead by William M. Tweed Thomas Edison, he or “Boss Tweed” hence invented the air the name Tweed Ring. brake in 1869 and This group cheated and also pioneered into stole large amounts of the electrical field of money from everyone who study. paid taxes. May 10th 1869 1869-1871May 10th 1869The ContinentalRailroad- is finallyconnected unitingeast and west ofAmerica with railroadtracks, more andmore railroadsbranched from thisone until in 1890 wehad almost 180,000miles of track All images from
  • 1870’s Graft-The illegal 1870 use of political influence for Ellis Island- an island personal gain. This in the harbor of New act of corruption York where was happening all Immigrants are over in all different required to go before ways in the late they are allowed to 1800’s enter the country. 18701870 – Standard OilEstablishedMonopoly- When a businessis the only businessproducing a product; nocompetition. This was seenon one of the largest scalesin history in the late 1800’swith John D. Rockefeller andthe standard oil industry. All images from
  • 1870’s-1880’s 1870-1890 1870’s-18971870-1880 1870-1890 1870-1897Segregation- the separation Gilded Age- a term John D. Rockefeller-between blacks and whites in meaning fancy on the One of the Richestpublic and private places by law, outside but not so men to live on earth,this regulations was almost pretty on the inside, a he used powerfuleverywhere in the south. term Mark Twain uses business tactics that to title his book had never been seen portraying the greed before to conquer his in society in this time competition and in history. achieve the high of a Monopoly as well as $1,500,000,000 when he retired in 1897 All images from
  • 1876 The Battle of Little Big Horn- Where Custer, a US army official fought against a much larger army of Native Americans. Custer lost 268 men and his life in the battle. The Natives only lost around 901872-1910 1873 1874- 1876 18761872-1910 1873- “The Gilded Age: A 1874-1876Mail-order Tale of Today” by Mark GeorgeCatalog- Wards Twain is published Armstrongcatalog launched Mark Twain – A writer, he Custer- in 1874in 1872 and started opposed many of the said the blackthe mail-order common social beliefs hills had goldsystem and as such as racism and “from the grasstime went on it showed his opposition, roots down” latergrew and by 1910 points, and disgust in 1876 he fought10 million through his books. Also he against theAmericans inspired other writers Indians and diedshopped by mail because of writing in the Battle of independent of “ligature Little Big Horn and all that bosh” All images from
  • 1876- 1876 1877 18801876 1876-1880 1877Alexander Gram Bell- Thomas Edison- he The Nez Perce, analong with the help of established the first Indian tribe are forcedWatson invented the laboratory, and it was off their land intelephone located in Menlo Park Oregon New Jersey. He also patented the incandescent light bulb in 1880. All images from
  • 1879 1880sDumbbell Collective Bargaining- thetenements- process of negationrequired every between a business and 1880’sroom to have a their employees aboutwindow to fresh agreement on working Ragtime- a type ofair, this is called conditions in the late music containing partsdumbbell 1800’s is when this of African Americantenements because negation became a large and European stylethe air shafts were issue and major unions music. It originated inshaped like formed in the 1880’s the saloons of thedumbbells south 1879 1880’s 1880-1920s Settlement house- Houses that were created by reformers from the Social Gospel Movement. These houses were created to provide assistance to people in the area, especially immigrants All images from
  • 1881 Booker T. Washington -A Prominent African American educator. He believed racism would end when blacks became well educated and had the labor force skills. In 1881 he was the head of the Tuskegee Normal and industrial Institute 1880’s 18811880’s Importance offlash recognized 1881Jacob Riis- A Danish Assimilation- TheAmerican who was a idea of modernizingjournalist and a the Nativephotographer. He Americans andused his skills to help accepting them intotry to break the society, manypoverty of New York. AmericansHe discovered the use supported this inof flash for 1881photography All images from
  • 1886 Samuel Gompers-he lead the Cigar makers’May 4, 1884- Sued the railroad International Union tofor illegal segregation join with Craft unions.Ida B. Wells- Born into slavery, The Americanshe moved to Memphis. She Federation of laborlater became the local news had Gompers aspaper editor and often she president and focusedwould write about racial on strikes to improveinequality. working conditions May 4th 1884 1886 1887-1932 1884 1887-1932 Mugwumps- The Daws Act- Trying Republicans who to put the idea of switched to support assimilation into of the democratic reality by giving each candidate Grover Native American Cleveland because of household their own the dislike they held land instead of just a for the financially general territory. corrupt republican Sadly most of the candidate. land was stolen by 1932 and the act overall failed. All images from
  • 1888 1890-1910George Eastman- Grandfather Clause- Anotherdeveloped camera film so voting law stating that if yourthat black plates didn’t grandfather voted than youhave to be used anymore, are exempt from the literacyhe also invited the test and the poll tax, but ofKodak, and because of course no blacks had fathersthe Kodak created many who had voted and so thisnew photographers that was another act putting whitecouldnt have been men in powerbefore 1890-1910 1888 1890 Dec. 28 1890 1890-made illegal 1890- act passed Dec. 28 1890 Trust- a contract Sherman Anti-trust Wounded developed in- act- passed by Knee- it was between companies Congress in 1890 this a battle to form a monopoly act attempted to limit concluding without having to be business through the the bitter one giant company, ICC, but because the end of the instead it created ICC’s power was very Indian war many small limited and there was and era. companies linked no clear definition of together with trusts a “trust” the act to act like one didn’t reach its goal company. This was for the time being. made illegal in 1890 All images from
  • 1894 18951894 1894 1895Eugene V. Debs- Socialism- a political andused the idea of economical system based W.E.B. Dubious- firsthaving both skilled on government control of African American toand unskilled business and property and receive a doctorate fromworkers in a union equal distribution of Harvard. He did this inand formed the wealth. This idea was 1895. He strongly urged150,000 ARU solution in the minds of blacks to educateagainst Pullman some of the ARU in 1894 themselves as much as they can All images from
  • After 1900 Literacy Test- Southern states made voting limited to literate men, and then made a much harder test for the African Americans than the whites. 1898 After 1900 19011898 1898 1901-largest steel producerWilliam Randolph Joseph Pulitzer- aHearst- A man in the Hungarian immigrant Andrew Carnegie- Afternews paper business who bought the New moving to America in 1848and had a large rival York World and Andrew rose up fromnamed joseph competed against complete poverty toPulitzer, he hoped to William Randolph wealth. he is a greatout do his opponent Hearst with his American success story ofwith big interesting creativeness with a man who worked hard,exaggerated BS writing different became successful andstories. Because of articles, and that gave much of his wealththe rivalry in 1898 contributed to why away. He owned thethere were more than more than 1 million largest steel producing1 million newspapers papers sold everyday company in 1901sold everyday. All images from
  • Early 1900’s 1910 1911Early 1900’s 1910 1911Orville and Wilbur Angel island- the Debt peonage- aWright- tested gliders equivalent of Ellis system that boundover and over and island but only it is laborers into slaverythen experimented located on the west in order to pay backwith flight of heavier coast instead of the the debt to thethan air craft east, one major employers, thispropelled by engines difference between happened to blacksThey launched their the two are Angle had and Mexicans in thefirst successful flight much worse southeast and wasn’tin kitty hawk NC. conditions than Ellis overruled until 1911 All images from
  • Late 1800’sKickback-a method that politicians tosteal government money. A politicianwould tell a worker to say that he Late 1800’sneeds a larger amount of money than Political Machine- An organized group that lead thethe worker really need to complete a actions of a political party in a city. They offeredgovernment project, then the politician services to voters and businesses in exchange forsends the extra money that the worker their support. These groups gained power a fewasked for and because its extra the decades after the civil war.worker takes some and then the rest is“kicked back” to the politician All through out the late 1800’s and early 1900Late 1800’sUrbanization- because of Late 1800’sthe industrial boom, cities Patronage- when peoplegrew on large proportions are given governmentcausing Urbanization mostly administration. Becauseeffecting the northeast and they helped theMidwest candidate get elected. This was known as the spoils system in Jacksons time. All images from