1836- millions of1809-1870                       people migrated to                                the USGreat plains- lef...
1850Bessemer process-one of the leadinginventions of the1800’s, this processwas developed byHenery Bessemerand William Kel...
1862The Homestead actoffering 160 acres offree land in Kansasto the head of anyhousehold orplanned to be headof a house ho...
1868,1876, 1881                                                                     Sitting Bull- 1868 he                 ...
1869-1876                        1869-invented air                  Tweed Ring- the inside                        brake   ...
1870’s  Graft-The illegal                                   1870 use of political influence for                     Ellis ...
1870’s-1880’s                       1870-1890                 1870’s-18971870-1880                                        ...
1876                                                                          The Battle of Little                        ...
1876-       1876                                                   1877                               18801876            ...
1879                    1880sDumbbell                Collective Bargaining-tenements-              the process of negation...
1881                          Booker T. Washington -A                          Prominent African                          ...
1886                                               Samuel Gompers-he                                               lead th...
1888                                                  1890-1910George Eastman-                                       Grand...
1894                                      18951894                  1894                                                  ...
After 1900                                               Literacy Test-                                               Sout...
Early      1900’s                                 1910                         1911Early 1900’s              1910         ...
Late 1800’sKickback-a method that politicians tosteal government money. A politician      Late 1800’swould tell a worker t...
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  1. 1. 1836- millions of1809-1870 people migrated to the USGreat plains- left to theIndians until the Melting pot – a potAmerican people had where many thingsinterest in it. We slowly are mixed andtook the land away from create a single mix,them legislatively until America was thewe forced many of them melting pot ofoff their land it the later cultures in the late1800’s 1800’s 1809 1836 From 1836 to 1914 millions from all over migrated to the US Culture Shock- in the late 1800’s many immigrants came to America based on the ideas of what their friends and family have told them in letters. They were rudely awakened when they arrived and didn’t find the world of opportunity they were looking for. All images from google.com/images
  2. 2. 1850Bessemer process-one of the leadinginventions of the1800’s, this processwas developed byHenery Bessemerand William Kelly in1850, it was used bymost steelindustrys by 1880 1850 1857 1859 1859 1857 Social Darwinism- Fredrick Law Taking the principle Olmsted- A ideas of Darwinism Landscape and applying them to Architect that business. focused on restoring the greenery and environment to the heavily industrialized cities, he laid the plans down for New York Centralimages All Park. from google.com/images
  3. 3. 1862The Homestead actoffering 160 acres offree land in Kansasto the head of anyhousehold orplanned to be headof a house hold,600,000 people tookadvantage of thisoffer 1862 18641862 1862 1864Homesteader- one of the 600,000 Exodusters- were the Sand Creekpeople that took advantage of the colored people that massacre- when thehomestead act and received free land made up part of the Native American were 600,000 people who slaughtered even left to Kansas though they were because of the innocent, by general homestead act S.R. Curtis All images from google.com/images
  4. 4. 1868,1876, 1881 Sitting Bull- 1868 he was one of the1865 leaders that did notLonghorns- Short sign the treaty of Forttempered breeds of Larmie,1876 had acattle great for vision of fighting, andproducing food and fought in the battle ofhelped ranchers meet Little Big Horn, butthe wants of the later in 1881 he wasdemand for beef in forced to surrender to1865 save his people 1868- 1876- 1865 1866 - 1886 1868 1881 1866-1886 1868 Long Drive-along Tammany Hall- was with the longhorns the place where New was the long drive, it Yorks powerful was used to democratic political transport cattle over machine was located large areas of land in 1868. This place and included a small was known for its team of people to do corruption. it. All images from google.com/images
  5. 5. 1869-1876 1869-invented air Tweed Ring- the inside brake corrupt group of political leaders inside of George Tammany Hall. They are Westinghouse- One lead by William M. Tweed of the rivals to or “Boss Tweed” hence Thomas Edison, he the name Tweed Ring. invented the air This group cheated and brake in 1869 and stole large amounts of also pioneered into money from everyone who the electrical field of paid taxes. study. May 10th 1869 1869-1871May 10th 1869The ContinentalRailroad- is finallyconnected unitingeast and west ofAmerica with railroadtracks, more andmore railroadsbranched from thisone until in 1890 wehad almost 180,000miles of track All images from google.com/images
  6. 6. 1870’s Graft-The illegal 1870 use of political influence for Ellis Island- an island personal gain. This in the harbor of New act of corruption York where was happening all Immigrants are over in all different required to go before ways in the late they are allowed to 1800’s enter the country. 18701870 – Standard OilEstablishedMonopoly- When a businessis the only businessproducing a product; nocompetition. This was seenon one of the largest scalesin history in the late 1800’swith John D. Rockefeller andthe standard oil industry. All images from google.com/images
  7. 7. 1870’s-1880’s 1870-1890 1870’s-18971870-1880 1870-1897 1870-1890Segregation- the separation John D. Rockefeller-between blacks and whites in Gilded Age- a term One of the Richestpublic and private places by law, meaning fancy on the men to live on earth,this regulations was almost outside but not so he used powerfuleverywhere in the south. pretty on the inside, a business tactics that term Mark Twain uses had never been seen to title his book before to conquer his portraying the greed competition and in society in this time achieve the high of a in history. Monopoly as well as $1,500,000,000 when he retired in 1897 All images from google.com/images
  8. 8. 1876 The Battle of Little Big Horn- Where Custer, a US army official fought against a much larger army of Native Americans. Custer lost 268 men and his life in the battle. The Natives only lost around 901872-1910 1873 1874- 1876 18761872-1910 1873- “The Gilded Age: A 1874-1876Mail-order Tale of Today” by Mark GeorgeCatalog- Wards Twain is published Armstrongcatalog launched Mark Twain – A writer, he Custer- in 1874in 1872 and started opposed many of the said the blackthe mail-order common social beliefs hills had goldsystem and as such as racism and “from the grasstime went on it showed his opposition, roots down” latergrew and by 1910 points, and disgust in 1876 he fought10 million through his books. Also he against theAmericans inspired other writers Indians and diedshopped by mail because of writing in the Battle of independent of “ligature Little Big Horn and all that bosh” All images from google.com/images
  9. 9. 1876- 1876 1877 18801876 1876-1880 1877Alexander Gram Bell- Thomas Edison- he The Nez Perce, analong with the help of established the first Indian tribe are forcedWatson invented the laboratory, and it was off their land intelephone located in Menlo Park Oregon New Jersey. He also patented the incandescent light bulb in 1880. All images from google.com/images
  10. 10. 1879 1880sDumbbell Collective Bargaining-tenements- the process of negationrequired every between a business 1880’sroom to have a and their employeeswindow to fresh about agreement on Ragtime- a type ofair, this is called working conditions in music containing partsdumbbell the late 1800’s is when of African Americantenements because this negation became a and European stylethe air shafts were large issue and major music. It originated inshaped like unions formed in the the saloons of thedumbbells 1880’s south 1879 1880’s 1880-1920s Settlement house- Houses that were created by reformers from the Social Gospel Movement. These houses were created to provide assistance to people in the area, especially immigrants All images from google.com/images
  11. 11. 1881 Booker T. Washington -A Prominent African American educator. He believed racism would end when blacks became well educated and had the labor force skills. In 1881 he was the head of the Tuskegee Normal and industrial Institute 1880’s 18811880’s Importance offlash recognized 1881Jacob Riis- A DanishAmerican who was a Assimilation- Thejournalist and a idea of modernizingphotographer. He the Nativeused his skills to help Americans andtry to break the accepting them intopoverty of New York. society, manyHe discovered the use Americansof flash for supported this inphotography 1881 All images from google.com/images
  12. 12. 1886 Samuel Gompers-he lead the CigarMay 4, 1884- Sued the railroad makers’ Internationalfor illegal segregation Union to join with Craft unions. TheIda B. Wells- Born into slavery, American Federationshe moved to Memphis. She of labor had Gomperslater became the local news as president andpaper editor and often she focused on strikes towould write about racial improve workinginequality. conditions May 4th 1884 1886 1887-1932 1884 1887-1932 Mugwumps- The Daws Act- Trying Republicans who to put the idea of switched to support assimilation into of the democratic reality by giving each candidate Grover Native American Cleveland because of household their own the dislike they held land instead of just a for the financially general territory. corrupt republican Sadly most of the candidate. land was stolen by 1932 and the act overall failed. All images from google.com/images
  13. 13. 1888 1890-1910George Eastman- Grandfather Clause- Anotherdeveloped camera film voting law stating that if yourso that black plates grandfather voted than youdidn’t have to be used are exempt from the literacyanymore, he also test and the poll tax, but ofinvited the Kodak, and course no blacks had fathersbecause of the Kodak who had voted and so thiscreated many new was another act putting whitephotographers that men in powercouldnt have beenbefore 1890-1910 1888 1890 Dec. 28 1890 1890-made illegal 1890- act passed Dec. 28 1890 Trust- a contract Sherman Anti-trust Wounded developed in- act- passed by Knee- it was between companies Congress in 1890 this a battle to form a monopoly act attempted to limit concluding without having to be business through the the bitter one giant ICC, but because the end of the company, instead it ICC’s power was very Indian war created many small limited and there was and era. companies linked no clear definition of together with trusts a “trust” the act to act like one didn’t reach its goal company. This was for the time being. made illegal in 1890 All images from google.com/images
  14. 14. 1894 18951894 1894 1895Eugene V. Debs- Socialism- a political andused the idea of economical system based W.E.B. Dubious- firsthaving both skilled on government control of African American toand unskilled business and property and receive a doctorate fromworkers in a union equal distribution of Harvard. He did this inand formed the wealth. This idea was 1895. He strongly urged150,000 ARU solution in the minds of blacks to educateagainst Pullman some of the ARU in 1894 themselves as much as they can All images from google.com/images
  15. 15. After 1900 Literacy Test- Southern states made voting limited to literate men, and then made a much harder test for the African Americans than the whites. 1898 After 1900 19011898 1898 1901-largest steel producerWilliam Randolph Joseph Pulitzer- aHearst- A man in the Hungarian immigrant Andrew Carnegie- Afternews paper business who bought the New moving to America inand had a large rival York World and 1848 Andrew rose upnamed joseph competed against from complete povertyPulitzer, he hoped to William Randolph to wealth. he is a greatout do his opponent Hearst with his American success storywith big interesting creativeness with of a man who workedexaggerated BS writing different hard, became successfulstories. Because of articles, and that and gave much of histhe rivalry in 1898 contributed to why wealth away. He ownedthere were more than more than 1 million the largest steel1 million newspapers papers sold everyday producing company insold everyday. 1901 All images from google.com/images
  16. 16. Early 1900’s 1910 1911Early 1900’s 1910 1911Orville and Wilbur Angel island- the Debt peonage- aWright- tested gliders equivalent of Ellis system that boundover and over and island but only it is laborers into slaverythen experimented located on the west in order to pay backwith flight of heavier coast instead of the the debt to thethan air craft east, one major employers, thispropelled by engines difference between happened to blacksThey launched their the two are Angle had and Mexicans in thefirst successful flight much worse southeast and wasn’tin kitty hawk NC. conditions than Ellis overruled until 1911 All images from google.com/images
  17. 17. Late 1800’sKickback-a method that politicians tosteal government money. A politician Late 1800’swould tell a worker to say that heneeds a larger amount of money than Political Machine- An organized group that lead thethe worker really need to complete a actions of a political party in a city. They offeredgovernment project, then the politician services to voters and businesses in exchange forsends the extra money that the worker their support. These groups gained power a fewasked for and because its extra the decades after the civil war.worker takes some and then the rest is“kicked back” to the politician All through out the late 1800’s and early 1900Late 1800’sUrbanization- because of Late 1800’sthe industrial boom, citiesgrew on large proportions Patronage- when peoplecausing Urbanization mostly are given governmenteffecting the northeast and administration. BecauseMidwest they helped the candidate get elected. This was known as the spoils system in Jacksons time. All images from google.com/images
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