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Tomorrow's Dharma

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Previously "Yoga the supreme dharma"

Previously "Yoga the supreme dharma"

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  • Many say because India has something eternal in its core – after all it is called the Sanatana dharma
    Others say that Hindus have fought
    Also often leads to confusion – What really is hinduism?
  • In Gita Jnana Yoga is identified with the path of the Sankhya yogins. The characteristic of the Sankhya or Jnana yoga is sanyas or renunciation.
  • Sanyasis and Sadhus
    Save souls, abandon the world. Gives rise to nastika religions that even reject the veda and yagnas
  • Establishment of monastic order – emphasis on renunciation
  • Gita: Sarvam Karmakhilam partha jnane
  • This is the Hinduism we all practice and which we generally associate with the name
  • God Goddess – bhagavan / bhagavati, devotees bhaktas
  • What we do today – going to temple, derasar or gurudwara. One could even include in this worship offered in non-Hindu religions like Islam and Christianity
    Left out many, for e.g. saints like Kabir and Mira-bai
  • Knowledge is now something that is given by the grace of god
    Karma also is now the service of god in the world and even rituals take on a devotional aspect
  • It must respond to the needs of the modern world and present times?
  • Ramakrishna as the true Purohita – brahmana
  • The bhagawad siddhi of the bhagavad yoga
  • It must respond to the needs of the modern world and present times?
  • Vivekananda: “Yoga is the compression of all evolution into one lifetime”
  • Shankara and all those who followed him emphasized the Jnana yoga of the Gita
    Similarly others such as Madhvacharya and Chaitanya Mahaprabhu emphasized the Bhakti aspect of the Gita
    Lokmanya Tilak is the only one who chose to highlight the Karma aspect of the Gita
  • Ascent as the great paradigm guiding Indian spirituality and world religions.
    Descent of god is the new paradigm given by Sri Aurobindo.
    This is what was missing in Hinduism.
    Vivekananda as forerunner.
  • This is the message and the work of Mother India, it is the work of the evolution, the work of the universe and the work of god. The greatest work. Does America feel that democracy is meant only for America? Does Europe think that science and technology are meant only for Europe?
  • Transcript

    • 1. Tomorrow’s Dharma for today’s youth Govind Nishar
    • 2. America yesterday
    • 3. What happened? How did the Hindus manage to survive for 5000 years under constant attack but without attacking anybody else?
    • 4. Hinduism is Sindhuism
    • 5. 1st wave Sanatan Dharma - Vedic Central focus – Yagna (Karma)
    • 6. 1st wave Sanatan Dharma - Vedic Worldview: Sacrifice of the Divine Purusha. One spirit becoming infinite manifestation Goal: Invocation of gods through sacrifice (ritual) and attainment of heaven
    • 7. 1st wave Sanatan Dharma - Vedic This first wave Vedic Hinduism was revived by Swami Dayananda Sarasvati when he founded the Arya Samaj
    • 8. 2nd wave Sanatan Dharma - Vedantic Central focus – Sanyasa (Jnana)
    • 9. 2nd wave Sanatan Dharma - Vedantic Worldview: World and works (Sansara and Karma) product of Maya or Mara i.e. force of IGNORANCE / AVIDYA. Goal: The one absolute, unchanging truth (SAT). Transient world is a temporary illusion (ASAT) not permanent fact
    • 10. 2nd wave Sanatan Dharma - Vedantic This second wave Vedantic Hinduism was revived by Vivekananda for modern times as a universal religion
    • 11. Knowledge absorbs and predominates over Karma
    • 12. 3nd wave Sanatan Dharma - Pauranic Central focus – Archana / Aradhana / Prarthana (Bhakti) of pauranic gods
    • 13. 3nd wave Sanatan Dharma - Pauranic Worldview: LEELA (play) for the delight of god/goddess and his/her devotees Goal: The delight of god through love and aspiration to god
    • 14. 3nd wave Sanatan Dharma - Pauranic This is the Hinduism we all practice today and which we generally associate with the name and where it is most popular and dynamic
    • 15. Bhakti absorbs and predominates over both Karma and Jnana
    • 16. What’s next for Dharma? 1st wave – Vedic – Yagna - Karma 2nd wave – Vedantic – Jnana - Sanyasa 3nd wave – Pauranic – Aradhana - Bhakti 4th wave - ?? Is there something that ties all of these and yet is greater than all of them put together?
    • 17. The great secret • What is the one connecting thread through all of these? • There is one power that runs through all these • Without it – Yagna (Karma) is empty ritual – Jnana is mere philosophy – Bhakti is superficial religion • The word that denotes this power is frequently attached to the end of all three
    • 18. The Gita reveals the answer What is the Gita’s Dharma? YOGA
    • 19. What does Sri Krishna ask Arjuna to become? Answer: A YOGI
    • 20. Why Yoga? • There are many types of yogas and many types of yogis • Each yoga consists of sadhana aiming at one or many siddhis or supernormal powers • The Gita’s yoga is to attain the highest siddhi – union with the Divine within oneself and in all
    • 21. Yoga ties Karma, Jnana and Bhakti Gita itself brings out the yogic essence of all three and integrates them all into one YOGA
    • 22. Vivekananda’s greatest work He initiated for the fourth wave of Hinduism that is just beginning to sweep the world
    • 23. What’s next for Dharma? 1st wave – Vedic – Yagna - Karma 2nd wave – Vedantic – Jnana - Sanyasa 3nd wave – Pauranic – Aradhana - Bhakti 4th wave – Yogic – Sadhana – Siddhi (selfperfection) It is Yogic Hinduism that is today spreading throughout the world
    • 24. Modern Masters of 4th wave Sanatan Dharma
    • 25. What is missing? • Yogic world-view • Individual and universal goal
    • 26. What is missing? Yogic world-view But all life, when we look behind its appearances, is a vast Yoga of Nature who attempts to realise her perfection in an everincreasing expression of her potentialities and to unite herself with her own divine reality.
    • 27. Yogic worldview: Evolution as yoga • All of creation is a great yoga of nature • All life is nothing but the yoga of god seeking to manifest his own perfection
    • 28. Life evolving is god growing Yoga is conscious evolution from man human to man divine or super-man
    • 29. Life evolving is god growing “The animal is a living laboratory in which Nature has, it is said, worked out man. Man himself may well be a thinking and living laboratory in whom and with whose conscious co-operation she wills to work out the superman, the god. Or shall we not say, rather, to manifest God?”
    • 30. Sri Aurobindo – 4th wave dharma sansthapana Recovered the complete yoga of the Gita integrating karma, jnana and bhakti
    • 31. Sri Aurobindo – 4th wave dharma sansthapana Discovered the secret yoga of the rishis in the Veda
    • 32. Sri Aurobindo – 4th wave dharma sansthapana Developed a new synthesis of vedic, vedantic and tantric yogas called the PURNA YOGA or the Yoga of Integral Transformation
    • 33. Sri Aurobindo – 4th wave dharma sansthapana A revolutionary new orientation: • Moksha is no longer the final goal, not just escape from life on earth but only the first step to a new divine life on earth • Veda-anta for man is veda-arambha for superman
    • 34. Sri Aurobindo – 4th wave dharma sansthapana Revelation of parashakti as the yogashakti that descends from above when called Yoga not just for ascent of soul but for descent of God
    • 35. The goal Take up yoga for self-perfection and world transformation Find out thy soul, recover thy hid self, In silence seek God's meaning in thy depths, Then mortal nature change to the divine.

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