TENSE MEANS TIME____PRESENT TIME PAST TIME FUTURE TIME
Simple Present Present Continuous Present Perfect Present Perfect I am playing. I have played. ContinuousI play. I have been playing for two hours . Simple Past Past Continuous Past Perfect Past Perfect I played. I had played. Continuous I was playing. I had been playing when you came.Simple Future Future Continuous Future Perfect Future Perfect I will have ContinuousI will play. I will be playing. played.I will have been playing for two hours at 2 o’clock.
There are The Present three The Past Main tenses The Future EACH TENSE HAS FOUR FORMSSIMPLE: Present, Past, FutureCONTINUOUS: Present, Past, FuturePERFECT: Present, Past, FuturePERFECT CONTINUOUS: Present, Past,Future
USESSIMPLE PRESENT TENSE Repeated ActionsPresent Form Of verb Habitual Actions ORPresent Form Of Verb + Universal Truth‘s’ or ‘es’ A Future ActionExamples: 5. Honesty is the best policy. 6. Our school re-opens in1.I drink tea daily. July.2. She drinks tea daily. 7. Ram doesn’t go to school .3. I sing well. 8. I don’t like to read sad4. She sings well. stories. 9. Does he know the way?
Simple Past Tense Simple Future TensePast Form Of Verb Will + Present form of the VerbUses: Uses:PAST ACTIONNARRATION OF STORIES oFUTURE ACTIONSDESCRIPTION OF SERIES OFAST EVENTS Examples: xamples: 1.She will receive. I / She received your your letter tomorrow.etter yesterday. 2.It looks like it . It rained last week. will rain tomorrow. . She watched her brother3.She will watch her eing awarded. brother being awarded.
FUTURE CONTINUOUSPRESENT CONTINUOUS PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE TENSETENSE Was, were + Present Will be +PresentIs, am, are + Present Participle ParticipleParticiple Uses: Uses:Uses: To describe an action that To describe an action:To describe an action that : Was going on at a point of That will be in progressIs happening at the moment time, When another action at a given point of time inof speaking. took place. the future.Going on over a period of Examples: Examples:time. 1. It was raining at this time yesterday. 1.This time tomorrow, I shall be flying overExamples: 2. She was watching her London.1. It is raining. brother play when the thieves entered the house. 2. I won’t be going for the2. She is watching her brother party tomorrow. play. 3. He was typing in his office when the fire broke out. 3. The school team will3. My sister is singing on the bestage. going to Agra next week.
PRESENT PERFECT TENSE PAST PERFECT TENSE FUTURE PERFECT TENSEhas/ have +Past Participle Had + Past Participle Will/ shall have + Past ParticipleUses: Uses:To describe an action: To describe an action that Uses:Which has been completed had already taken place in To describe an action thator done just now, near the the past before another will be completed bypresent time. action took place In the some point of time in theAn action that has taken place past. future.In the past, but the action hasIts effect In the present. Examples:An action that began in the Examples:past, 1.When I reached theand is continuing in the present. station, the train had left. 1.He will have left before you reach.Examples: 2. They had already pulled1.He has eaten all the biscuits. down the old building 2. They will have cleaned before the order the streets in an hour.2.He has lived here for ten years. was given.
PRESENT PERFECT PAST PERFECT FUTURE PERFECTCONTINUOUS CONTINUOUS CONTINUOUSHas been/ have been Had been Will have been + + +Present Participle Present Participle Present ParticipleUse: Use: Use:To describe an actionwhich began in the past but To describe an action To describe an actionIs still continuing in the that That will be in present. began in the past and progress even after a continued in the past for given point of time. sometime.Examples: Examples: Examples:1.He has been sleeping for 1.By next December,five hours. 1.When I visited him, he We will have been living had been teaching there here for five years.2.They have been working for five years.since 9a.m.
PRESENTSIMPLE TENSE PRESENT CONTINUOUS PRESENT I AM READING. I/WE/THEY/YOU READ. YOU/WE/THEY ARE READING. SHE/HE/IT READS. SHE/HE/IT IS READING.PRESENT PERFECT PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUS I/ WE/ THEY/YOU HAVE BEEN I/WE/THEY/YOU HAVE READING +TIME. READ. SHE/HE/IT HAS BEEN READING SHE/HE /IT HAS READ. +TIME.
PAST PAST SIMPLE TENSE PAST CONTINUOUS I/WE/THEY/YOU/SHE/HE/ I/SHE/HE/IT WAS READING. IT YOU/WE/THEY WERE READING. READ. PAST PAST PERFECT PERFECT CONTINUOUSI/HE/SHE/YOU/WE/THEY I/WE/SHE/HE/THEY/YOU HAD BEENHAD READ THE BOOK LAST READING THE BOOK WHEN WEEK. THE TEACHER WENT INTO THE CLASSROOM.
FUTURE TENSESIMPLE FUTURE FUTURE CONTINUOUSI/WE/YOU/SHE/HE/THEY WILL READ THE BOOK I/WE/YOU/THEY/HE/SHE TOMORROW. WILL BE READING THE BOOK SOON. FUTURE FUTURE PERFECT PERFECT CONTINUOUSI/WE/YOU/SHE/HE/THEY I/WE/YOU/SHE/HE/THEY WILLWILL HAVE READ THE BOOK HAVE BEEN READING THE BOOK BY NEXT WEEK. FOR FIVE DAYS ON MONDAY.
COMMON MISTAKES IN TENSES 1.It is raining since yesterday. X It has been raining since yesterday.2. I reached the station before the train had arrived. X I had reached the station before the train arrived. 3. Yesterday we had seen the panther. X Yesterday we saw the panther. 4. I had been playing a match. I had been playing a match yesterday, so couldn’t go out with my friends.