MeningitisWhat is it?causesSymptoms of meningitisPreventionDiagnosistreatments
WHAT IS IT?Meningitis is an infectious disease caused by viruses or bacteria found in the nose and throat of healthy people.The disease causes infection and inflammation of the meninges, membranes surrounding the brain and spinal cord. Sometimes the meningococcus enters the blood spread. This problem is called meningococcal sepsis.Meningitis affects two in every 10,000 infants born at term and normal weight and two of every 1,000 infants born with low birthweight.
CUASESInfectious meningitis may be causedeither by viruses or by bacteria.Virus infection is the most common.Although hospital treatment, isusually benign. Sometimes appear asa result of other viral infections suchas mumps.When a bacterium is the causativeagent comes to a more seriouspathology. Can sometimes causedeath.
SYMPTOMS OF MENINGITISOnce infected, a person may experiencethe first symptoms between two and tendays after infection. Sometimes has anabrupt onset, in others the symptoms aresimilar to those of a cold or flu. Themost common and announce severity: high fever, Severe headache, Stiff neck,sudden vomiting, sleepiness, Loss ofconsciousness, Agitation, delirium,convulsions ,Stains red-purple skin,which implies greater severity.
PREVENTIONThere are vaccines for meningitis types A and C Vaccine type C: stimulates the formation of the germ defenses. The protection occurs within two weeks of vaccination Vaccination is done to children under 6 years. It causes mild side effects such as swelling and discomfort at the injection site, mild fever and irritability
DIAGNOSTICSThe doctor diagnosed bacterial meningitis by examining a sample of cerebrospinal fluid (spinal cord) and sending it to the laboratory for culture. The sample is obtained by puncture through the spine (lumbar puncture). You can have an ultrasound or computerized tomography (CT) to determine if an abscess is responsible for meningitis.
TREATMENTSMost people suffering from meningococcal meningitis heal without problems. Treatment consists of specific care in hospital and intensive treatment with antibiotics. It is essential to early diagnosis and prompt assistance of the specialist. In some cases the disease progresses with great force, or affects people with weak immune system and can lead to fatal outcomes.
SOURCE OF INFORMATIONhttp://www.dmedicina.com/enfermedades/infecciosas/meningitishttp://translate.google.es/ http://www.contralameningitis.org/