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LA   RE VOLU TION   FRA NCA ISE 14 JUILLET 1789
Be fo re….. <ul><li>France was ruled by the  monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>At the time the King was  King Louis XVI </li></ul...
Cla ss es….. <ul><li>Aristocrats :  Lords and ladies who were very rich and did not work </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Classes ...
14   July   1789 <ul><li>The most famous day of the French Revolution when the people joined together to demand change fro...
14  July   1789 <ul><li>Tension was rising in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Riots due to lack of food and high prices </li></ul>...
14  July   1789 <ul><li>As crowds grew bigger, the Prison Commander, the Marquis de Launay, ordered his guards to open fir...
14   July   1789 <ul><li>Three prison officers were butchered </li></ul><ul><li>The Commander de Launay had  </li></ul><ul...
La Revo lution  Francaise   <ul><li>The King was afraid </li></ul><ul><li>He was living in the Palais de Versailles with h...
La   Rev olution   Francaise <ul><li>The National Guard brought the King and Queen back to Paris where they were held as p...
La   Revo lution   Francaise <ul><li>More and more people wanted France to become a Republic (with a President) </li></ul>...
La   Rev olution   Francaise <ul><li>He was told of his fate on 20 January 1793 </li></ul><ul><li>The next day he was prep...
AUJO URD ’HUI <ul><li>President Jacques Chirac </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin </li></ul>
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L A R E V O L U T I O N F R A N C A I S E

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Transcript of "L A R E V O L U T I O N F R A N C A I S E"

  1. 1. LA RE VOLU TION FRA NCA ISE 14 JUILLET 1789
  2. 2. Be fo re….. <ul><li>France was ruled by the monarchy </li></ul><ul><li>At the time the King was King Louis XVI </li></ul><ul><li>He was awkward, weak, shy </li></ul><ul><li>and very fat </li></ul><ul><li>His Queen was called Marie Antoinette </li></ul><ul><li>She was hated by the people because she was from Austria and she let the people know that she preferred Austria to France! </li></ul>
  3. 3. Cla ss es….. <ul><li>Aristocrats : Lords and ladies who were very rich and did not work </li></ul><ul><li>Middle Classes : Rich e.g. clergy, lawyers, but they wanted more power and a Parliament like in England </li></ul><ul><li>Common People : Peasants and labourers who had a very hard life. Paid a lot of taxes – even one for being born!! </li></ul>
  4. 4. 14 July 1789 <ul><li>The most famous day of the French Revolution when the people joined together to demand change from the King. </li></ul>
  5. 5. 14 July 1789 <ul><li>Tension was rising in Paris </li></ul><ul><li>Riots due to lack of food and high prices </li></ul><ul><li>Crowds gathered outside the Bastille – a prison used for people who criticised the King. </li></ul><ul><li>Some people were imprisoned there without a trial. </li></ul>
  6. 6. 14 July 1789 <ul><li>As crowds grew bigger, the Prison Commander, the Marquis de Launay, ordered his guards to open fire. </li></ul><ul><li>Two men climbed onto the roof </li></ul><ul><li>and opened the drawbridge </li></ul><ul><li>so the crowd could storm into the courtyard of the prison. </li></ul><ul><li>The prisoner commander surrendered as the crowds rampaged through the prison. </li></ul>
  7. 7. 14 July 1789 <ul><li>Three prison officers were butchered </li></ul><ul><li>The Commander de Launay had </li></ul><ul><li>his head hacked off, stuck on </li></ul><ul><li>a pole and paraded through the streets of Paris. </li></ul><ul><li>It was only in the evening that the crowds remembered the prisoners and went back to release them </li></ul><ul><li>But there were only 7 in the whole prison! </li></ul>
  8. 8. La Revo lution Francaise <ul><li>The King was afraid </li></ul><ul><li>He was living in the Palais de Versailles with his Queen. </li></ul><ul><li>In October a group of women went to the Palais to protest about bread shortages. </li></ul><ul><li>They were accompanied by the National Guard </li></ul><ul><li>They wanted to bring the King back to Paris. </li></ul>
  9. 9. La Rev olution Francaise <ul><li>The National Guard brought the King and Queen back to Paris where they were held as prisoners. </li></ul><ul><li>The King made secret plans to escape </li></ul><ul><li>But their attempts to flee to Austria were in vain. </li></ul><ul><li>They were recaptured and returned to Paris </li></ul>
  10. 10. La Revo lution Francaise <ul><li>More and more people wanted France to become a Republic (with a President) </li></ul><ul><li>Finally the King was tried in court – he was accused of causing the deaths of the people </li></ul><ul><li>The trial lasted 24 days </li></ul><ul><li>He was found GUILTY </li></ul><ul><li>He was sentenced to death </li></ul>
  11. 11. La Rev olution Francaise <ul><li>He was told of his fate on 20 January 1793 </li></ul><ul><li>The next day he was prepared for his execution </li></ul><ul><li>His neck was shaved </li></ul><ul><li>He was to be killed by the GUILLOTINE </li></ul><ul><li>His final words were: “ My people, I die innocent” </li></ul><ul><li>France was now a REPUBLIC </li></ul>
  12. 12. AUJO URD ’HUI <ul><li>President Jacques Chirac </li></ul><ul><li>Prime Minister Dominique de Villepin </li></ul>
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