Education And Skills


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Education And Skills

  1. 1. 21 st century skills and competences in OECD countries Katerina Ananiadou Innovation Strategy: Education and Skills Paris, 7 December 2009
  2. 2. Overview of presentation <ul><li>Brief discussion and our working definition of 21 st c skills and competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Findings from a questionnaire study in OECD countries </li></ul><ul><li>Conclusions/key questions in this domain </li></ul>
  3. 3. Discussion <ul><li>21st century skills and competencies: belief that the current century will demand a very different set of skills from people </li></ul><ul><li>But no universal agreement on the exact set of skills and competencies </li></ul><ul><li>The OECD approach </li></ul><ul><ul><li>DeSeCo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>PISA Survey </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Definitions (1) <ul><li>Typology with three approaches to defining and assessing 21st century skills and competencies (from more to less directly related to ICT): </li></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT functional skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ICT skills for learning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>21st century skills and competencies </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Definitions (2) <ul><li>Our working definition of 21 st c skills and competencies: </li></ul><ul><li>Those skills and competencies young people will be required to have in order to be effective workers and citizens in the knowledge society of the 21st century. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Aim of the questionnaire survey <ul><li>To obtain up-to-date information </li></ul><ul><li>on whether and how OECD </li></ul><ul><li>countries teach and assess 21 st </li></ul><ul><li>century skills and competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Survey took place summer 2009 </li></ul>
  7. 7. Questions: <ul><li>How are 21 st century skills/competencies defined in current policy guidelines and regulations? </li></ul><ul><li>What was the context that led to their introduction? </li></ul><ul><li>Are there guidelines or regulations on teaching or assessing 21 st skills/competencies? </li></ul><ul><li>Has there been an impact on teacher training programmes? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Skills we included in the questionnaire <ul><li>creativity innovation </li></ul><ul><li>critical thinking decision making </li></ul><ul><li>collaboration communication </li></ul><ul><li>productivity leadership </li></ul>
  9. 9. Questionnaire returns: countries and regions
  10. 10. Context <ul><li>Curriculum reform (eg Mexico, Norway) </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation (eg new curriculum Australia) </li></ul><ul><li>Specific projects or studies (eg Austria, Italy, Spain) </li></ul>
  11. 11. Skills covered <ul><li>Mostly positive answers to first question </li></ul><ul><li>However few clear definitions </li></ul><ul><li>Some countries have groups of ‘ key ’ competencies (eg Belgium (Fl), Korea, Slovak Republic) </li></ul><ul><li>Mostly taught across the curriculum, with exception of ICT in some countries (eg Turkey) </li></ul>
  12. 12. Assessment and evaluation <ul><li>Mostly positive answers but few assessments targeted to these skills and competencies </li></ul><ul><li>Are rigorous assessment procedures an essential condition for the teaching of these skills and competencies? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Impact on teacher training <ul><li>Few teacher training programmes that target specifically the teaching of these skills. </li></ul><ul><li>Several programmes/initiatives for developing ICT pedagogical skills. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Questions for discussion <ul><li>What are the key success factors for policies? </li></ul><ul><li>In what way should 21 st century skills be integrated into subject-based curricula? </li></ul><ul><li>Are ICT skills different from the others? </li></ul><ul><li>What role does ICT play in 21st century skills? </li></ul><ul><li>How can we involve teachers in the debate and the design of teacher training programmes? </li></ul><ul><li>What types of assessment are appropriate for the monitoring and evaluation of 21 st century skills and competencies? </li></ul>
  15. 15. <ul><li>Thank you! </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul>