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BITS OF CULTURE ABOUT THE UNITED OF AMERICA STATES U S A
The United States is a country located on the north of the American continent .
It’s between Canada and Mexico. Also between the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans.
The country has got 50 states, including Alaska and Hawaii. Many Americans live in different states during their lives.
The land area of the States is 9.300.000 Km ² The land area of Europe is 10.500.000 Km ² ALMOST THE SAME SIZE!
More than 298 million people live in the States .
More than 44 million people live in Spain.
About 730 million people live in Europe.
About 7 million people live in Catalonia.
THE MELTING POT
People from Europe , (mainly from England, Ireland, Germany and Poland).
Hispanics (mainly Mexicans, Cubans and Puerto Ricans)
A small group of Native Americans.
The US is a multicultural country. There are people from many nationalities. The main groups are:
MONEY, MONEY, MONEY… 1, 5 AND 10 DOLLAR NOTES PENNY (1c.) NICKLE (5c.) DIME (10c) QUARTER (25c.)
THE MOST FAMOUS SPORTS Baseball AmericanFootball Basketball
THE US HAS GOT BEAUTIFUL NATIONAL PARKS, Grand Canyon in Arizona Bryce Canyon and Arches Park in Utah
AND BEAUTIFUL FALLS, LAKES, RIVERS AND GEYSERS. Yosemite Niagara falls Colorado river Yellowstone
In these parks there are amazing animals:
Buffalos Coyotes Elks Deers Opossums
Sea lions Squirrels Whales Turtles Alligators
US FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS DISNEY WORLD!
US FAMOUS ATTRACTIONS Universal Studios!
FAMOUS AMERICAN PEOPLE SINGERS AND MUSICIANS: ELVIS PRESLEY BOB DYLAN MADONNA LOUIS ARMSTRONG BRUCE SPRINGSTEEN EMINEM
ACTORS AND FILM DIRECTORS: TOM HANKS ROBIN WILLIAMS JENNIFER ANISTON BRAD PITT STEVEN SPIELBERG UMA THURMAN WOODY ALLEN ROBERT DE NIRO JULIA ROBERTS
WRITERS, INVENTORS, ASTRONAUTS... ERNEST HEMINGWAY NEIL ARMSTRONG THOMAS EDISON SAMUEL MORSE MARTIN LUTHER KING EMILY DICKINSON JOHN F.KENNEDY
A LITTLE BIT OF HISTORY... Thanksgiving In 1620, about one hundred men, women and children travelled during 66 days from England to “the New World” on a ship (the Mayflower). These people were the Pilgrims. When they arrived to America they were very happy, but the first winter was very hard for the Pilgrims. It was very cold and they didn’t have much to eat. Many people died.
An Indian called Squanto helped the Pilgrims. He showed them how to plant corn, how to grow beans, squash and pumpkins and how to build shelter. The Pilgrims continued to work during the summer. In October 1621 the Pilgrims and Indians had a harvest festival. Ninety Wampanoag Indians joined in the celebration of eating, dancing, and playing games .
This feast was called the First Thanksgiving by President Abraham Lincoln. In 1863, he proclaimed the fourth Thursday of November as the official "Thanksgiving Day." Thanksgiving Day in America is a time to offer thanks, of family gatherings and holiday meals. A time of turkeys, stuffing, and pumpkin pie. A time for Indian corn, holiday parades and giant balloons.
Many schools celebrate Thanksgiving with plays, concerts or meals. Students dress up as Native Americans and Pilgrims.
A LITTLE BIT OF HISTORY... Independence Day Independence Day is the national holiday of the United States of America. It commemorates the 13 colonies’s independence from Britain. The Declaration of Independence was on July 4, 1776, in Philadelphia. On July 4th, every year, Americans celebrate America’s birthday with picnics, barbacues, parades and fireworks. Many cities have big fireworks displays .
A LITTLE BIT OF HISTORY... Halloween When it gets dark, children dress up and go “trick or treating”, asking for candy. Halloween started in England, when poor people went around houses asking for small cakes to eat. In the States families buy pumpkins and carve them. Then, they put them at the door. Many people like decorating their houses with witches, skeletons, ghosts, etc.
In the States some people live in apartments In low buildings or high buildings
but most people live in houses in the suburbs.
Some families live in very expensive big houses, in nice neighborhoods and other families live in poor neighborhoods.
CARS ARE VERY IMPORTANT IN AMERICA. People drive every day to go to work to go to school to go shopping... to go EVERYWHERE !
Sometimes Americans spend hours in their cars.
Many children go to school by bus.
This is how the US school system works:
Children start school when they’re 5 years old. KINDERGARTEN
The second year they start elementary school , from 1st to 5th grade.
From 6th to 9th grade they go to middle school.
From 9th to 12th grade they go to high school.
After high school, students can go to college.
THERE ARE DIFFERENT TYPES OF SCHOOLS: Some schools have this structure because they’re in earthquake areas (as in California).
In other states schools are higher buildings.
INSIDE THE SCHOOL. THE CLASSROOM
INSIDE THE SCHOOL. THE CLASSROOM
INSIDE THE SCHOOL. THE MENU
Food in the States comes from different countries. Hamburgers with French fries Pepperoni pizza B.L.T. , ham or chicken sandwiches Bagels And hot dogs! Things like corn and potatoes come from America. Many people eat this kind of food:
There are lots of different desserts and snacks: Big ice- creams Chocolate chip cookies Brownies Muffins Pretzels
SOME FAMOUS CITIES IN THE STATES
Las Vegas Los Angeles (L.A) Chicago Miami
SAN FRANCISCO The city from the Golden Gate Bridge Chinatown Lombard Street The cable car and Alcatraz Island
BOSTON Fanueil Hall market Trinity Church Harvard University (Cambridge) Prudential Center and John Hancock tower
NEW YORK Central Park Rockefeller Center Empire State Building
NEW YORK Ellis island and Statue of Liberty Times Square. Broadway theaters The United Nations Chrysler Building Little Italy
WASHINGTON D.C Lincoln Memorial Washington Monument The Capitol
WASHINGTON D.C The White House Eternal Flame. J.F.Kennedy’s gravesite. President of the United States. G.W.Bush (through Jan. 2009) The Pentagon