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Air Traffic Control Organization Lesson

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  • 1. Air Traffic Control Organization Lesson # 3 ATC System Command Center 6:24
  • 2. Overview
    • Basic ATC organization
    • Who is responsible for separation of air traffic?
    • Overview of ATC coordination
    • Description of each type of ATC facility
    • Special ATC procedures
  • 3. Basic ATC Organization
    • Air Route Traffic Control Centers (ARTCC)
    • Air Traffic Control Towers (ATCT)
    • Flight Service Stations (FSS)
    • Air Traffic Control System Command Center (ATCSCC)
  • 4. FAA Air Traffic Services ARTCC • 22 centers ATCT • 352 towers • 185 TRACONs • 2 RAPCONs FSS • 29 FSS • 61 AFSS ATCSCC • 1 command center Air Traffic Facilities Air Traffic System Requirements Airway Facilities System Capacity Operational Test & Evaluation
  • 5. Who is Responsible for Separation of Air Traffic in the U.S.A?
    • Federal Aviation Administration
      • By Act of Congress
    • Air route traffic control centers (ARTCC)
      • The controllers in each Center are ultimately responsible for separation of all IFR traffic
  • 6. ARTCCs Are Responsible for Separating Air Traffic in the U.S.
  • 7. ARTCCs can Delegate Separation Responsibilities to Local ATC Facilities
    • Letter of Agreement (LOA)
  • 8. Space Assigned to ATC Facilities CENTER “A” CENTER “C” CENTER “B” TRACON Tower TRACON Tower TRACON Tower TRACON Tower TRACON Tower TRACON Tower
  • 9. Overview of ATC Coordination
    • “ Pre-established” coordination: Letters of Agreement (LOA) and Facility Directives (FD)
      • Delegation of separation
      • Airspace boundaries
      • Transfer of air traffic across boundaries
  • 10.
    • “ On-the-fly” coordination between controllers
      • Special pilot requests
      • Weather deviations, etc.
  • 11. Air Route Traffic Control Center (ARTCC)
    • Locations and boundaries
    • Responsibilities
    • Coordination
    • Controller positions
  • 12. ARTCC Locations and Boundaries
  • 13. Low Altitude ARTCC Sectors
  • 14. ARTCC Responsibilities
    • Process IFR flight plans
    • Issue IFR clearances
    • Separate all IFR traffic in controlled airspace
    • Delegate IFR separation around busy airports
  • 15. ARTCC Coordination
    • Facility directives and LOAs
    • Sectors
    • Handoff procedures
    • Preferential route system (preferred IFR routes)
    • Approval requests and coordination (APPREQ)
  • 16. Fort Worth ARTCC Sectors
  • 17. Handoff
  • 18. Preferential Route System
  • 19. Fig 5-8, p. 212 Airport Facilities Directory (A/FD)
  • 20. ARTCC Controller Positions
    • Flight data
    • Radar
    • Radar associate (non-radar)
  • 21. Flight data
    • 1 st job at center
    • Assist other controllers
    • Effect comm and passes info to other sectors
  • 22. Radar
    • Issue altitude,heading, and airspeed changes to provide seperation
  • 23. Radar associate (non-radar)
    • Assist radar controller with aircraft that do not show up on scope.
  • 24. Air Traffic Control Towers
    • Responsibilities
    • Types of ATC towers
    • Controller positions
  • 25. ATCT Responsibilities
    • Separate all traffic using runways for takeoff and landing
    • Relay IFR clearances
    • If delegated by ARTCC, separate IFR traffic within a given area around airport
      • Within 40-mile radius of airport
      • From surface to 5,000-17,000 feet
  • 26. Types of ATC Towers
    • VFR control tower (e.g. PKB)
      • Most class D airports
      • IFR approach and separation provided by another facility
    • Non-radar approach control tower
      • Few class D airports
      • Non-radar IFR separation within delegated airspace
    • Radar approach control tower (e.g. CMH)
      • All class B & C airports
      • Radar IFR separation within delegated airspace
  • 27. ATCT Positions
    • Flight data
    • Clearance delivery
    • Ground control
    • Local control (tower)
    • Approach/departure
      • Tower cab
      • TRACON facility next to tower
  • 28. Location of ATC Facilities Airport Middle of nowhere
    • Flight data
    • Clearance delivery
    • Ground
    • Local
    • Approach
    • Departure
    • Flight data
    • Radar
    • Associate
    Control Tower Radar room TRACON Tower cab ARTCC “Center”
  • 29. Flight Service Stations
    • Responsibilities
    • Specialist positions
  • 30. FSS Responsibilities
    • Weather observations
    • Pilot weather briefings
    • Filing IFR/VFR flight plans
    • Disseminating NOTAMs
    • Broadcasting weather information
    • Relay ATC clearances
    • Emergency assistance
  • 31. FSS Positions
    • Preflight briefing
    • In-flight
    • Flight watch (122.0) - EFAS
    • Flight data
    • NOTAM
    • Broadcast
  • 32. Air Traffic Control System Command Center
    • Responsibilities
    • Offices
    Herndon, Virginia
  • 33. ATCSCC Responsibilities
    • Modify air traffic flow when weather or other conditions place stress on the NAS
    • Cooperate with airline personnel and other ATC facilities
    • ATCSCC does not directly control any air traffic
  • 34. ATCSCC Offices
    • Airport reservation
    • Central altitude reservation
    • Flight inspection liaison
    • International operations and procedures
    • National operations control center
    • NOTAM
    • Severe weather unit
  • 35. Special ATC Procedures
    • Coordination with DOD at air traffic control facilities
    • Military use of civilian airspace (MARSA)
    • Air defense identification zones (ADIZ)
    • Foreign ATC services
    • Non-federal control towers (NFCT)
  • 36. Summary of ATC Facilities traffic separation Air Traffic Control Towers (ATCT) Air Route Traffic Control Centers (ARTCC) “ CENTER ” Flight Service Station ( FSS ) Air Traffic Control System Command Center (ATCSCC) COMMAND CENTER no separation Control Tower TOWER Terminal Radar Control TRACON
  • 37. Topics for Remainder of Course ARTCC “Center” Radar room TRACON Tower cab Control Tower Chapter 6 Control tower procedures Chapter 8 How radar works Chapter 9 Radar separation procedures
  • 38. Next
    • Chapter 6: Control Tower Procedures

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