Artistic sources for Classical Mythology<br />Painting on ceramics, sculpture, mural, mosaic<br />
INTRODUCTION<br />Greeks and Romans used their myths not only as a source of plots for their literary works but also as mo...
PAINTING ON CERAMICS<br />Greek pottery is one of the most remarkable artistic manifestations in Greek culture, in spite o...
MAIN GREEK VASES<br />To store and transport food:<br />	AMPHORA<br />A  type of vase with two handles and a long neck nar...
To mix wine with water:<br />KRATER<br />A type of vase with a large bell-shaped body on a short stem with two horizontal ...
To pour the wine:<br />OINOCHOE<br />A type of vase with an S-shaped body, trefoil-shaped mouth and a single vertical hand...
To carry water from the water fountain:<br />HYDRIA<br />A type of vase with three handles, two horizontal on either sides...
To drink:<br />KYLIX<br />KANTHAROS<br />Type  of vase with a broad and shallow body raised on a stem and with two handles...
To keep perfumes and cosmetics:<br />LEKYTHOS<br />Type of vase with a long and narrow body and a single handle attached t...
SCULPTURE<br />Ancient Greeks learnt to represent the human –and divine—body in three dimensions (sculpture) very early. <...
Sculptures were used:<br />	1. as an element in a divinity’s cult.<br />	2. as a decorative element in the cities.<br />	3...
Diana, Barcelona<br />Pilar Torres<br />Pilar Torres<br />Diana/Artemis<br />ArchaeologicalMuseum, Istanbul (Turkey)<br />
MURALS<br />Painting on wall was used to decorate houses’ walls.<br />Unfortunately, most of them have disappeared because...
Hermes, carrer Canuda, Barcelona<br />Pilar Torres<br />Hermes, ArchaeologicalMuseum, Sabratha(Libya)<br />Pilar Torres<br />
MOSAIC<br />Mosaics were used to pave house floors.<br />Originally they were very simple: people used coloured pebbles fr...
Pilar Torres<br />Theseus killing the Minotaur<br />Archaeological Museum, Cyrene (Libya)<br />
Credits<br />Amphora, photograph from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Athena_Herakles_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen...
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Sources of classical mythology

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Sources of classical mythology

  1. 1. Artistic sources for Classical Mythology<br />Painting on ceramics, sculpture, mural, mosaic<br />
  2. 2. INTRODUCTION<br />Greeks and Romans used their myths not only as a source of plots for their literary works but also as motifs to decorate and embellish their cities, homes and everyday objects.<br />Because of that, we know how they imagined and represented their gods, and how they have influenced us.<br />
  3. 3. PAINTING ON CERAMICS<br />Greek pottery is one of the most remarkable artistic manifestations in Greek culture, in spite of its functional and practical character.<br />Pottery items were used basically to:<br /> 1. store and/or transport food;<br /> 2. mix wine with water;<br /> 3. pour the wine;<br /> 4. carry water from the water fountain;<br /> 5. eat and drink;<br /> 6. keep perfumes and cosmetics.<br />
  4. 4. MAIN GREEK VASES<br />To store and transport food:<br /> AMPHORA<br />A type of vase with two handles and a long neck narrower than the body<br />
  5. 5. To mix wine with water:<br />KRATER<br />A type of vase with a large bell-shaped body on a short stem with two horizontal handles.<br />
  6. 6. To pour the wine:<br />OINOCHOE<br />A type of vase with an S-shaped body, trefoil-shaped mouth and a single vertical handle.<br />
  7. 7. To carry water from the water fountain:<br />HYDRIA<br />A type of vase with three handles, two horizontal on either sides of the body and a vertical one between the other two<br />
  8. 8. To drink:<br />KYLIX<br />KANTHAROS<br />Type of vase with a broad and shallow body raised on a stem and with two handles<br />Type of vase with two high handles which extend above the lip of the pot.<br />
  9. 9. To keep perfumes and cosmetics:<br />LEKYTHOS<br />Type of vase with a long and narrow body and a single handle attached to the neck<br />
  10. 10. SCULPTURE<br />Ancient Greeks learnt to represent the human –and divine—body in three dimensions (sculpture) very early. <br />To make sculptures they used wood, stone –especially marble—and bronze, but also precious materials like ivory and gold. That is why many sculptures disappeared, because they were “recycled”. However, Romans made many copies from Greek originals which have survived.<br />
  11. 11. Sculptures were used:<br /> 1. as an element in a divinity’s cult.<br /> 2. as a decorative element in the cities.<br /> 3. as a decorative element in wealthy people’s homes.<br />
  12. 12. Diana, Barcelona<br />Pilar Torres<br />Pilar Torres<br />Diana/Artemis<br />ArchaeologicalMuseum, Istanbul (Turkey)<br />
  13. 13. MURALS<br />Painting on wall was used to decorate houses’ walls.<br />Unfortunately, most of them have disappeared because walls are easily destroyed by fires, earthquakes, wars or simply by time. <br />However, many paintings have survived at Pompeii (Italy) because it was covered by the lava and ashes from the Vesuvius.<br />
  14. 14. Hermes, carrer Canuda, Barcelona<br />Pilar Torres<br />Hermes, ArchaeologicalMuseum, Sabratha(Libya)<br />Pilar Torres<br />
  15. 15. MOSAIC<br />Mosaics were used to pave house floors.<br />Originally they were very simple: people used coloured pebbles from the river banks.<br />Little by little they grew more sophisticated until they became works of art.<br />
  16. 16. Pilar Torres<br />Theseus killing the Minotaur<br />Archaeological Museum, Cyrene (Libya)<br />
  17. 17. Credits<br />Amphora, photograph from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Athena_Herakles_Staatliche_Antikensammlungen_2301_B_full.jpg<br />Krater, photograph from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Chalice-crater_Louvre_CA491.jpg<br />Oinochoe, photograph from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Tithonos_Eos_Louvre_G438.jpg<br />Hydria, photograph from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Hydria_Python_Louvre_K287.jpg<br />Kylix, photograph from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Lakonian_cup_BM_GR_1968.2-13.1.jpg<br />Kantharos, photograph form http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:Kantharos_sphinxes_Louvre_CA1339.jpg<br />Lekythos, photograph from http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Image:NAMA_Circ%C3%A9_%26_Ulysse.jpg<br />Vase shapes from http://www.artfromgreece.com/vshapes.html<br />Sculpture of Diana, Archaeological Museum, Istanbul (Turkey), photographed by Pilar Torres<br />Sculpture of Diana in Barcelona, photographed by Pilar Torres<br />Hermes, ancient painting from Libya photographed by Pilar Torres<br />Hermes on a façade in Barcelona, photographed by Pilar Torres<br />Mosaic depicting Theseus killing the Minotaur, Archaeological Museum, Cyrene (Libya), photographed by Pilar Torres.<br />

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