information from a text (including
diagrams) and their own personal
experiences to anticipate what they
are about to read (or what comes
Helps students to ask questions while they are
Encourages students to skim or re-read portions of
the story to better understand it or to recall facts
about the characters or events
Provides a way for students to monitor their
understanding of the material
Ss will more fully comprehend what they have read
and will retain the information for longer periods of
worksheet while reading
Create a simple worksheet by dividing a piece of paper
in half, long ways, and writing "Prediction" on the left
hand half and "Evidence" on the right hand half.
2. Have students review the front and back of
a book, the table of contents, the chapter
names, subheadings and diagrams in a book
prior to reading.
students to list as many possible
outcomes of a story as they can think of.
Read a portion of a story and ask the class to think
about different ways the story might turn out. List all
the ideas on the board and review again after reading
the rest of the story.
4. Have students go on a treasure hunt in a
Thinking about the clues the author gives about how
the story will end.
5. Remind students to always look for the
basics of a story: Who, What, Where, When,
Why and How.
This information will help them separate the
important and nonessential information in the story so
they can guess what will happen next.
6. For younger children, go through the book,
looking at and discussing the pictures
Ask the students what they think is happening in the
story. Then read the story to see how well they
non-fiction reading, help students
identify the main topic sentence.
Once students can quickly identify the main idea, they
can make predictions about how the rest of the
paragraph or section will provide information to back
up this sentence.
8. Make inferences
To accurately make predictions students must
understand not only what the author said, but what
the author is implying.
9. Read a story, stopping before reaching the
Have each student write their own
ending to the story.