Rome
Urban development
Urban planning
 Town planning is the science that studies urban phenomena with the
      purpose of planning their histori...
Urban development
• Rome is one of the oldest cities in the world and it has had a
  particular urban development during i...
Origins
According to legend Rome was
founded in 875 BC on seven hills,
as you can see in this picture




The first detect...
The greatest urban and
                        monumental
                        development occurred
                   ...
In the MIDDLE AGES, after the fall of the Holy Roman
 Empire, the city headed towards decline. Depopulation and
abandonmen...
In the 15th -16th centuries Rome regained some of its former lustre
  thanks to the papacy which reigned over the city. Ma...
CAPITAL OF THE KINGDOM OF ITALY
                  (1870-1922)

In 1870 Rome was chosen as
the capital city of Italy for it...
By1900 the population doubled. The city was greatly restored but also
damaged in several parts, such as the Capitoline Hil...
Via Carlo Felice in 1960, during a religious event with Pope Pius
                  IX, and the same street today.
Countryside outside the walls adjacent the Pyramid, now a fully
                   urbanized neighborhood.
Fascist Rome and Empire
                      (1922-1945)
   Rome was the protagonist of the rise of fascism in 1922. In 1...
Via della Conciliazione in
               the past …….




……at present
Other major urban interventions were carried out in Via dei Fori
 Imperiali with the construction of a subway line and alo...
VIA DEI FORI IMPERIALI: Before…….
…..and after the renewal




 Construction
                           Inauguration
Two photos of the
same street
The first one taken
during world war II.
The second one a
short time ago.
Foro Italico ( or Foro Mussolini)




    In a drawing of the fascist period
Foro Italico seen from above as it appeared when built ….
…… as it stands today
Understanding the importance of propaganda in creating great works
Mussolini decided to build a new neighborhood called EU...
Reconstruction of the original plan for EUR
Different views of EUR
During the fascist period new lower
class neighborhoods. San Basilio
Garbatella, Cinecittà, Trullo,
Quarticciolo were anne...
Rome hosted the 1960 Olympics, using many ancient sites such as Villa
Borghese and the Thermae of Caracalla as venues. New...
The contemporary city (after 1945)
• Today's Rome reflects the stratification of the ages of its long
  history, but it is...
Population growth
• The current population is officially around 2.8 million, but on
  workdays it is estimated that it exc...
By the early eighties, the city's population growth stopped completely, with
a slight decrease from 1981 to 2001. This is ...
Monica Boccuzzi
 Sara Esposito
Claudio Quaranta
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Urban Development

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Urban Development

  1. 1. Rome Urban development
  2. 2. Urban planning Town planning is the science that studies urban phenomena with the purpose of planning their historical development through the interpretation, reorganization, consolidation and adaptation of existing urban aggregates to discipline their growth potential through the design of new ones and the reform and organization of systems connecting the aggregates to each other and the natural environment
  3. 3. Urban development • Rome is one of the oldest cities in the world and it has had a particular urban development during its historical evolution. • There are several stages in its development: • Republican and Imperial Age • Middle Ages • Renaissance and Baroque • Modern Age • Contemporary Age (after 1860)
  4. 4. Origins According to legend Rome was founded in 875 BC on seven hills, as you can see in this picture The first detectable expansion through reconstructions of written sources is the one dating back to the Republican era.
  5. 5. The greatest urban and monumental development occurred during the Empire. These are maps of the urban area during the reign of Augustus
  6. 6. In the MIDDLE AGES, after the fall of the Holy Roman Empire, the city headed towards decline. Depopulation and abandonment greatly reduced the number of inhabitants who concentrated near the river banks.
  7. 7. In the 15th -16th centuries Rome regained some of its former lustre thanks to the papacy which reigned over the city. Many popes engaged in improving the city's arts, as a mark of their power. 18th-century St. Peter's Basilica as it whould appear to contemporary people
  8. 8. CAPITAL OF THE KINGDOM OF ITALY (1870-1922) In 1870 Rome was chosen as the capital city of Italy for its historical and artistic importance. There were less than 250,000 inhabitants ,70% of whom were illiterate. The city was prey to malaria and robbers. There were no industries in the modern sense of the term.
  9. 9. By1900 the population doubled. The city was greatly restored but also damaged in several parts, such as the Capitoline Hill, gutted to make way for the Altare della Patria. The arrangement of several districts was upset. Ministerial buildings were designed and constructed. The Altare della Patria during its construction
  10. 10. Via Carlo Felice in 1960, during a religious event with Pope Pius IX, and the same street today.
  11. 11. Countryside outside the walls adjacent the Pyramid, now a fully urbanized neighborhood.
  12. 12. Fascist Rome and Empire (1922-1945) Rome was the protagonist of the rise of fascism in 1922. In 1929 Church and State stipulated the Lateran Pacts, by which Italy ceded the territory of the Vatican to the Pope thus creating Vatican city. Mussolini built Via della Conciliazione causing a partial demolition of the medieval district. View from the terrace of St. Peter before and after the demolition in the fascist period
  13. 13. Via della Conciliazione in the past ……. ……at present
  14. 14. Other major urban interventions were carried out in Via dei Fori Imperiali with the construction of a subway line and along the Tiber left bank to build the sports complex of the Foro Mussolini (now Foro Italico). Fascism sought to renew the glories of ancient Rome. Different views of Via dei Fori Imperiali
  15. 15. VIA DEI FORI IMPERIALI: Before…….
  16. 16. …..and after the renewal Construction Inauguration
  17. 17. Two photos of the same street The first one taken during world war II. The second one a short time ago.
  18. 18. Foro Italico ( or Foro Mussolini) In a drawing of the fascist period
  19. 19. Foro Italico seen from above as it appeared when built ….
  20. 20. …… as it stands today
  21. 21. Understanding the importance of propaganda in creating great works Mussolini decided to build a new neighborhood called EUR - acronym for Universal Exhibition Rome - which was completed in 1942 . The rationalistic architecture of EUR would not only give lustre to fascism and the capital of the Empire, but also bring Rome closer to the sea.
  22. 22. Reconstruction of the original plan for EUR
  23. 23. Different views of EUR
  24. 24. During the fascist period new lower class neighborhoods. San Basilio Garbatella, Cinecittà, Trullo, Quarticciolo were annexed to the city as well as the villages of Labaro, Osteria del Curato, Quarto Miglio, Capannelle Pisana Torrevecchia, Octavia, Casalotti. This resulted in an extension to the southeast, along the streets Tiburtina Prenestina Casilina, Appia Nuova. The city passed the course of the river Aniene from both sides and developed toward the sea. On the north-west Monte Mario was also incorporated. These expansions were needed to cater for a growing of population.
  25. 25. Rome hosted the 1960 Olympics, using many ancient sites such as Villa Borghese and the Thermae of Caracalla as venues. New structures were created, such as the great Olympic Stadium (which later was renovated and expanded to accommodate the 1990World Football Cup). the Olympic Village was designed to accommodate the athletes and transformed into a residential neighborhood after the games. View of the Stadio Flaminio and the Olympic Village
  26. 26. The contemporary city (after 1945) • Today's Rome reflects the stratification of the ages of its long history, but it is also a large and modern metropolis. • After World War II the city continued to expand because of the growth of government and industry, with the creation of new neighborhoods and suburbs. • All around the city there is a network of ever-expanding suburbs, which has created a series of social and economic problems
  27. 27. Population growth • The current population is officially around 2.8 million, but on workdays it is estimated that it exceeds 3.5 million. It is a remarkable growth compared to the past. • Rome’s inhabitants were • 138,000 in 1825, • 244,000 in 1871, • 692,000 in 1921 • 1,600,000 in 1961
  28. 28. By the early eighties, the city's population growth stopped completely, with a slight decrease from 1981 to 2001. This is a phenomenon observed in other major Italian and European cities, partly due to falling birth rates (not sufficiently compensated by immigration) and partly to the development of satellite towns outside the municipal area. With more than 2,700,000 inhabitants, Rome is the most populous town in Italy. In the EU, the municipality of Rome is in fourth place after London, Berlin and Madrid.
  29. 29. Monica Boccuzzi Sara Esposito Claudio Quaranta
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