Humans Replaced
by Machines
Dr. Augustine Fou
http://www.linkedin.com/in/augustinefou
November 2012
Augustine Fou- 1 - @ac...
Seismic Transitions
Agricultural
Age
Centuries
Farming freed people from manually
growing their own food.
Industrial
Age
D...
The next transition …
… is occurring now.
• When there is abundant information
• When access devices are ubiquitous
• When...
Machines replace humans
“For reproducible, standardized
tasks, machines can do them
better, faster, cheaper than
human lab...
Jobs to be Automated
Source: Oxford University via Bloomberg March 2014
Augustine Fou- 5 - @acfou
Robot Density
Source: Credit Suisse, Company Reports
Augustine Fou- 6 - @acfou
Robot Density
Augustine Fou- 7 - @acfou
Robotic Surgery
Robots can
perform surgeries
with far more
microscopic
precision and far
less human error
GE's Hospital Ro...
3D Printing
3D printing can
make complex
shapes that prior
manufacturing
processes or even
human hands
could not makeImage...
Information Processing
“IBM Watson is
powered by 10 racks of
IBM servers with 2,880
processor cores running
at 80 teraflop...
Harvesting Produce
"The engineers were testing the
Lettuce Bot, a machine that can
"thin" a field of lettuce in the time
i...
Robotic Chicken Butcher
Source: Popular Science, March 2013
“Seconds to debone an
individual bird – 2 – 4
seconds.”
August...
Drones for Delivery
Source: Gizmodo Sept 2013
Augustine Fou- 13 -
These Autonomous Patrol Cars Keep
Watch Over Our Nuclear Stockpiles
Autonomous Patrol
Augustine Fou- 14 -
Source: Gizmodo,...
A Fleet of Unpowered Submarines Is
About to Plumb the Ocean's Depths
Autonomous Research
Augustine Fou- 15 -
Source: Gizmo...
Writing LA Times Articles
Augustine Fou- 16 -
Source: Business Insider March 2014
Whenever there is an earthquake
in south...
So What?
“Humans need to move onward to
doing higher-order knowledge work
which is not reproducible – e.g. solving
problem...
Collaborative Innovation
Age
Augustine Fou- 18 - #diginnovia
YOU ARE HERE
Dr. Augustine Fou – Chief Digital Strategist
November 28, 2012 19acfou@mktsci.com
“I study trends and help clients
prepare...
Special Thanks
“Special thanks to the
School of Emerging Media
and Technology, Toby
Daniels, and Skillshare for
allowing m...
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Humans Replaced by Machines by Augustine Fou PhD

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If machines are able to do reproducible things better, faster, and cheaper than humans, what is left for humans to do?

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    dimindinnovations.co.in
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Humans Replaced by Machines by Augustine Fou PhD

  1. 1. Humans Replaced by Machines Dr. Augustine Fou http://www.linkedin.com/in/augustinefou November 2012 Augustine Fou- 1 - @acfou
  2. 2. Seismic Transitions Agricultural Age Centuries Farming freed people from manually growing their own food. Industrial Age Decades Factories freed people from manual manufacturing. Info Age Years Information enabling people. ? Age ? Augustine Fou- 2 - @acfou
  3. 3. The next transition … … is occurring now. • When there is abundant information • When access devices are ubiquitous • When users are continuously connected • When users are in the habit of sharing and discussing online Augustine Fou- 3 - @acfou
  4. 4. Machines replace humans “For reproducible, standardized tasks, machines can do them better, faster, cheaper than human laborers.” Augustine Fou- 4 - @acfou
  5. 5. Jobs to be Automated Source: Oxford University via Bloomberg March 2014 Augustine Fou- 5 - @acfou
  6. 6. Robot Density Source: Credit Suisse, Company Reports Augustine Fou- 6 - @acfou
  7. 7. Robot Density Augustine Fou- 7 - @acfou
  8. 8. Robotic Surgery Robots can perform surgeries with far more microscopic precision and far less human error GE's Hospital Robot Could Reduce Human Errors And Save Lives Popular Science, Jan 31, 2013 Augustine Fou- 8 - @acfou
  9. 9. 3D Printing 3D printing can make complex shapes that prior manufacturing processes or even human hands could not makeImage Credit: http://makezine.com/pub/ev/147 Augustine Fou- 9 -
  10. 10. Information Processing “IBM Watson is powered by 10 racks of IBM servers with 2,880 processor cores running at 80 teraflops… computing system that rivals a human’s ability to answer questions posed in natural language” Image Credit: IBM Augustine Fou- 10 -
  11. 11. Harvesting Produce "The engineers were testing the Lettuce Bot, a machine that can "thin" a field of lettuce in the time it takes about 20 workers to do the job by hand. The thinner is part of a new generation of machines that target the last frontier of agricultural mechanization — fruits and vegetables destined for the fresh market, not processing, which have thus far resisted mechanization because they're sensitive to bruising.” Source: Business Insider July 2013 Augustine Fou- 11 -
  12. 12. Robotic Chicken Butcher Source: Popular Science, March 2013 “Seconds to debone an individual bird – 2 – 4 seconds.” Augustine Fou- 12 -
  13. 13. Drones for Delivery Source: Gizmodo Sept 2013 Augustine Fou- 13 -
  14. 14. These Autonomous Patrol Cars Keep Watch Over Our Nuclear Stockpiles Autonomous Patrol Augustine Fou- 14 - Source: Gizmodo, March 2014
  15. 15. A Fleet of Unpowered Submarines Is About to Plumb the Ocean's Depths Autonomous Research Augustine Fou- 15 - Source: Gizmodo, March 2014
  16. 16. Writing LA Times Articles Augustine Fou- 16 - Source: Business Insider March 2014 Whenever there is an earthquake in southern California, a system called Quakebot analyzes notifications from the US Geological Survey and automatically creates a blog post for the Los Angeles Times. We first noticed this in a post titled "Earthquake aftershock: 2.7 quake strikes near Westwood" in the LA Times today via Gizmodo's Adam Clark Estes. At the bottom of the post it reads, "This information comes from the USGS Earthquake Notification Service and this post was created by an algorithm written by the author.
  17. 17. So What? “Humans need to move onward to doing higher-order knowledge work which is not reproducible – e.g. solving problems that have never been solved before or where there is no right or wrong answer.” - Dr. Augustine Fou November 28, 2012 17
  18. 18. Collaborative Innovation Age Augustine Fou- 18 - #diginnovia YOU ARE HERE
  19. 19. Dr. Augustine Fou – Chief Digital Strategist November 28, 2012 19acfou@mktsci.com “I study trends and help clients prepare for and position themselves optimally for future business.” FORMER CHIEF DIGITAL OFFICER, HCG (OMNICOM) MCKINSEY CONSULTANT CLIENT SIDE / AGENCY SIDE EXPERIENCE PROFESSOR AND COLUMNIST ENTREPRENEUR / SMALL BUSINESS OWNER PHD MATERIALS SCIENCE (MIT '95) AT AGE 23 ClickZ Articles: http://www.clickz.com/author/1151/augustine-fou Slideshares: http://www.slideshare.net/augustinefou LinkedIn: http://www.linkedin.com/in/augustinefou
  20. 20. Special Thanks “Special thanks to the School of Emerging Media and Technology, Toby Daniels, and Skillshare for allowing me to be part of their important work – not only in the future of education, but also the future of business.” - Dr. Augustine Fou November 28, 2012 20 http://socialmediaweek.org/education/ http://www.skillshare.com/schools/smw

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