Social Studies SBA template on teenage pregnancy
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Social Studies SBA template on teenage pregnancy

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Social Studies SBA, Teenage Pregnancy, Caribean teenage pregnancy

Social Studies SBA, Teenage Pregnancy, Caribean teenage pregnancy

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Social Studies SBA template on teenage pregnancy Social Studies SBA template on teenage pregnancy Document Transcript

  • Teenage Pregnancy In Lowmans Candidate’s Name: Jamol Ferdinand Candidate’s Number: 1500196115 Name of Subject: Caribbean Studies Name of School: St.Vincent Community College Territory: St. Vincent and the Grenadines Centre Number: 150019 Date Submitted: 25th Feberuary 2013
  • Table of Contents SECTION __________ PAGE Introduction…………………………………………………………………….. 3 Literature Review………………………………………………………………. 4 Data Collection Sources…………….…………………………………………. 5 Presentation of Findings………………………………………………………. . 6 Interpretation of Findings………………………………………………………..9 Discussion of Findings…………………………………………………………… 11 Conclusions, Limitations and Recommendations……………………………… 13 Bibliography……………………………………………………………………… 15 Appendix………………………………………………………………………. ….16
  • INTRODUCTION Relevance of the Topic Teenage pregnancy has become a major issue in the area of Lowmans. During the past few years, there has been an ongoing observation of see many young teenage mothers being pregnant in and around the area of Lowmans. There are many reasons of the causation of teenage pregnancy but they are mainly (1) Socio-economic factors (2) Lack of discipline and control (3) Adolescent sexual behaviour and (4) Psychological factors:. This growing problem has attracted attention from governmental organizations such as the Marion House, agencies for fight against teenage pregnancy and also the ministry of national mobilisation and education. Many residents are aware of the situation and have also expressed their concern about this increase in teenage pregnancy especially the senior citizens in Lowmans. Observation of the situation in Lowmans is the main factor that influenced the conduct of this study. Problem Statement The title of this study is “A Survey of the Causes of teenage pregnancy in Lowmans” Lowmans is a sub urban district found in the country of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines comprising of several villages and consist of over 1500 households. However, the growing problem of teenage pregnancy in Lowmans is a major cause for concern . The study seeks to ascertain what are the causes of teenage pregnancy? What are the effects of teenage pregnancy? Furthermore to seek possible solutions, if any have been put in place to solve this problem? Educational Value This study can be seen as one that has immense educational value. Teenage pregnancy is continuing to be a major problem in Saint Vincent. Further more in enables me in gaining knowledge and understanding on the causes of teenage pregnancy and can further help me as a male in how I approach or see the situation in the future years to come. My study will therefore benefit Law and Sociology Students. Government organizations such as the Ministry of Mobilisation and Youths, The Social welfare and Marion House and other persons who are involved in fighting teenage pregnancy could also use my study to understand the causation of teenage pregnancy. The study can also be used to develop plans and strategies to eradicate the Problem.
  • LITERATURE REVIEW In an effort to understand the causes of teenage pregnancy in Lowmans, a number of Sources were examined. In order for one to examine the causation of teenage pregnancy, a thorough assessment and comprehensive narrative needs to be done as to further understand the reasons for the escalating teenage pregnancy problem in Lowmans. According to World Health Organization (2008) about 16 million women 15–19 years old give birth each year, about 11% of all births worldwide. Ninety-five per cent of these births occur in low- and middle-income countries. The average adolescent birth rate in middle income countries is more than twice as high as that in highincome countries, with the rate in low-income countries being five times as high. The proportion of births that take place during adolescence is about 2% in China, 18% in Latin America and the Caribbean and more than 50% in sub-Saharan Africa. Dr. Lindsay Blank (2005) in her book Teenage pregnancy prevention initiatives in New Deal Communities said that “Teenage pregnancy is very visible when it happens but the reductions are less visible and so long as there is one problem family/group of youths etc perception will still be that there are serious problems with youth and that nothing is being done about it. Dealing with teenage pregnancy is a difficult issue because of a lack of public mandate and no concern about reducing teenage pregnancy rates.” “Teenage pregnancy is a result of many factors including lack of education, poor perceived outlook and ingrained local culture”. “There is a significant inequality in teenage pregnancies, and a tenfold increase in teenage pregnancy rates between the lowest and highest social classes. Teenage pregnancy is also associated with poor educational achievement, which again is greater in deprived neighbourhoods Children of teenage mothers are more likely to have the experience of being a lone parent and are generally at increased risk of living in poverty, poor housing and suffering bad nutrition(Teenage pregnancy and parenthood: Health Development Agency, 2003). They are also more likely to become teenage parents themselves”.
  • DATA COLLECTION SOURCES Research Design Applied Research will be used in carrying out this study. The study will collect data from residents of Lowmans Saint Vincent on the causes of teenage pregnancy and how it affects the community. Applied Research using Quantitative Methods is an appropriate method of studying the causes of teenage pregnancy in Lowmans because no qualitative data exists on the issue and the views of the residents are essential in determining the effects of teenage pregnancy in the community. Method of Data Collection The method of data collection chosen is printed Questionnaires. A Questionnaire is a set of preset questions given to persons who make up the population of the study. A Questionnaire as a method of data collection is appropriate since it collects quantitative data. It is fairly easy to distribute and generalizations can also be made based on the data collected and applied in this case to residents of Lowmans and other small villages in Saint Vincent. A conventional questionnaire was designed to collect data from respondents. There were thirteen (13) Questions (Appendix 1) twenty questionnaires were distributed among the residents but only 13 returned to the investigator. There were 7 males and 13 females from the same community from which the investigation was done. The questionnaires were distributed while the investigator walked through the community. The age group of persons who received the questionnaires ranged from 15-35 Collection of Data The study was conducted in January 2013. Three weeks in the month of January (January 4 the–January 23rd) were used to collect data for the study. The questionnaires were distributed to residents in Lowmans and the respondents were given three (3) days to complete the questionnaires and return them to the researcher. Analysis and Presentation of Data The data will be analyzed using graphic and tabular methods. Descriptive statistics will also be used in analyzing and presenting the data.
  • Presentation of Findings Why do you think teenagers become pregnant? Is it because of: (A) Peer pressure (B) Drug abuse (C) Ignorance (D) Curiosity (E) Others Number of persons The column chart shows what the respondents think are the causes of teenage pregnancy 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 Causes of pregnancy Peer Pressure Curiosity Drugs Others Ignorance
  • Question six Do you think that parents or guardians are to be blamed for teenage pregnancy? Yes--- No--- Figure 2 Chart showing who the respondents believe is responsible for teenage pregnancy No Yes No 100 Yes 80 Percent 60 1
  • Question 4 At what age group do you think teenage pregnancy is most common? 12-14----- 15-17----- 18-19----- Figure 3 The cone Chart showing the age category where teenage pregnancy is most common 15 Number of 10 respondent 5 s 15 to 17 18 to 19 12 to 14 12 to 14 15 to 17 18 to 19 0 1 Age categories
  • INTERPRETATION OF FINDINGS In figure one the column chart was used to present the reasons why teenagers become pregnant. Of the ten persons that answered this question on the questionnaire, nine or 90% which is the highest figure, stated that peer pressure is the main or major reason why teenagers become pregnant. Seven or 70% of the respondents thought that curiosity was another reason for teenage pregnancy in the community of Lowmans Leeward. Drugs and other essentials were stated by three different respondents while four or 40% stated ignorance. After looking at the data that was presented in figure one, It was quite evident that the major reason responsible for teenagers becoming pregnant is by peer-pressure. Most girls ranging from ages 12 to 16 are being influence easily by what they hear from their friends and also what they hear from the media especially the dance hall songs of Vybz kartel RDX Aidonia and Movado of Jamaica. In this case, sex is like a word that is normal to them and by the influence of friends that are telling them they’re stupid to be virgins and having sex would make them feel like adults they the virgin or young one’s now try to fulfil and blend in with their peers by wanting to try it for the first time and because of their inexperience they become pregnant. In figure two, the cylinder bar shows that It shows that over 80% of the respondents thinks that parents and guardians is responsible for teenage pregnancy for they sometimes tend to let their children or child to do their own thing and also some parents may be facing both social and financial issues that they may send their daughter to a guy that is financially well to have sex with him and in return he provides for the family. In figure three, the cone chart was used to present the age categories in which teenagers become pregnant. Ten or 66% respondents stated the age category 15-17 and this was consider as the
  • most. Also six or 40% of the respondents stated 18-19 while the least number of respondents was 13% stated 12-14. In relation to the data in the cone chart presented, it was clearly understood that most teenagers become pregnant at the ages of 15 to 17 since it is the age of consent for legal sex. For question nine that was “is teenage pregnancy a problem within your community or country on a whole?” Most of the respondents stated that it is a problem within their community but for the rest of the country they do not know.
  • Discussion Of Findings My research indicated that peer pressure is the main cause for teenage pregnancy. As our society becomes more civilised and is open to varying cultures mainly externally through the media, the perception of what makes you normal in society especially among youths ranging between teenagers and young adults. As we notice in the study that teenage pregnancy is mainly common between the ages of fifteen to seventeen. This was supported by the World Health Organization (2008) that stated 16 million women 15–19 years old give birth each year, about 11% of all births worldwide and that ninety-five per cent of these births occur in low- and middle-income countries which reality is what we are seeing because St Vincent and the Grenadines on a whole according to the Human Resource Index is seen as a third world country with a middle income economy. In addition, my research indicated that parents ought to be blamed for the growing rate in teenage pregnancy in Lowmans. This may sound harsh, however while interacting with the responders to my interview while sharing the questionnaire they said that some of these parents are at times pushing for their daughters to get pregnant for a guy with money or has a job so that he can provide for her and also to help out with the home which may let us come up to the conclusion that the real cause is poverty. This observation that poverty helps to increase the tendency in become a pregnant teenager is supported by Dr. Lindsay Blank (2005) in her book Teenage pregnancy prevention initiatives in New Deal Communities “There is a significant inequality in teenage pregnancies, and a tenfold increase in teenage pregnancy rates between the lowest and highest social classes. Teenage pregnancy is also associated with poor educational achievement, which again is greater in deprived neighbourhoods Children of teenage mothers are more likely to have the experience of being a lone parent and are generally at increased risk of living in poverty, poor housing and suffering bad nutrition(Teenage pregnancy and parenthood: Health Development Agency, 2003). They are also more likely to become teenage parents themselves”. Furthermore teenage pregnancy is mainly common between the ages of fifteen and seventeen which many believed is due to the fact of peer pressure. This peer pressure is mainly because their friends see persons around those ages who are not sexually experienced as abnormal which is because of a change in cultural shift mainly because of external influences such as mainly media sources like movies and music. However though, in St Vincent and the Grenadines the law consent age for boy is sixteen and girls fifteen, some argue that this also is one of the additional causes for teenage pregnancy not only in Lowmans however but also in the country as a whole. Moreover however my research has led varying data and opinions concerning whether there is sufficient sex education in schools to which many said no because many parents are still sceptical about their children learning about sex at such an age. However though there are various programmes and workshops placed in the public’s domain to educate persons about sex and the use of contraceptives alone with consequences of unprotected sex.
  • CONCLUSIONS ,Limitations AND RECOMMENDATIONS Conclusions The study was a survey of the causes of teenage pregnancy in Lowmans Saint Vincent. It sought to ascertain what influences female Teenagers to get pregnant at such an early age in the suburban area of Lowmans. Based on the findings it can be concluded that peer pressure which leads to unprotected sex and poverty are one of the two main reasons as to the cause and rise in teenage pregnancy in Lowmans. Teenage pregnancy has been at stable but near increasing rate and that parents play little or no role in guiding their children in the right path. The media especially plays an important role in the development of teenagers and teenage pregnancy and furthermore teenagers also have sex, mainly those that are between the ages of 15-17 because of the age of consent or legal sex. Limitations Data collection was limited to administering questionnaires. Few observations were made, since the type of problem being investigated did not allow much observation to take place. The sample size is somewhat small and the findings apply only to the community of Lowmans. St. Vincent and cannot be generalized to all rural communities across Saint Vincent and the Grenadines since the dynamics of small communities would not be the same everywhere. Shanty Town was used mainly because it was a growing community and it was known to be a peaceful place. Another limitation is the validity of the information given from the respondents. Some respondents may not have given accurate answers because they probably feel it is best not to say anything. This would also affect the validity of the results. .Recommendations
  • (1) Parents should pay more attention to their children especially; the type of friends they keep, where they are going especially after school, the programmes they are watching on television and what they are listening to on radio, mp3 players and other devices. (2) Parents should take the time out to educate their children about sex and the consequences of sexual abuse, which include sexually transmitted diseases, teenage pregnancy and many others. (3) The government should look into this grown problem and plan seminars regularly, to educate teenagers about sex and issues that drive them to have sex at an early age. (4) Schools need to improve their sex education programmes taking into consideration the growing influences from the internet, television and artists and their music. (5) More programmes should be developed to attract teenagers into doing more positive things with their time, this can incorporate other young women who are teen mothers sharing their experiences that others can learn from them.
  • Bibliography World Health Organisation ‘Maternal, newborn, child and adolescent health’ From http://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/topics/maternal/adolescent_pregnancy/en/i ndex.html ECLAC Distribution Unit .Newsletter on progress towards the Millennium Development Goals from a child rights perspective(2007) “Teenage motherhood in LatinAmerica and the CaribbeanTrends, problems and challenges”From http://www.cepal.org/dds/noticias/desafios/0/27920/desafios_4_eng_Final.pdf Berthoud, R. (2001). Teenage births to ethnic minority women. Population Trends summer 104: 12-7. Dr L. Blank , Dr . E Govder ,Dr J.P June(2003) Teenage pregnancy prevention initiatives in New Deal Communities retrived( December 13th 2012) from http://extra.shu.ac.uk/ndc/downloads/reports/RR7.pdf
  • Appendix Dear Respondent, My name is Jamol Ferdinand. I am 18 years of age and I am attending the St Vincent Community College. I am currently a second year student doing my School Based Assessment. I would like your assistance in answering the following questions. The investigation is being carried out in Lowmans Leeward to observe the causes of teenage pregnancy. Thanking you in advance Yours sincerely ……………………………… Jamol Ferdinand
  • Questionnaire Place a tick next to the appropriate answer (1) Gender Male---- (2) Age: 15-25----  Female----25-35---- 35-45---- Beyond------ (3) Why do teenagers become pregnant? (A) Is it because of: Peer pressure----- Ignorance----- Social issues---- Drug abuse---- Any other reasons (please state) _____________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________ (4) At what age group do you think teenage pregnancy is most common? 12-14----- 15-17----- 18-19----- (5) Do you think that the sex education, for teenagers received at school is sufficient? Yes---- No--- (6) Do you think that parents or guardians are to be blamed for teenage pregnancy? Yes---- No---- (7) Do you think teenage mothers regret becoming pregnant? Yes---- No---- (8) Do you believe that the society is responsible for teen pregnancy? Yes----- No---- (9) Is teenage pregnancy a problem within your community or country on a whole. Yes----- No---- (10) What is the impact of teenage pregnancy on A -society and B-young teen mothers
  • (11) What factor is most powerful in teenager’s decision to become pregnant? ________________________________________________________________________ (12) What advice would you give to a teenage mother? (13) What measures can the government put in place to prevent teenagers from getting pregnant?