River tales


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River tales

  1. 1. River Tales Local Knowledge of River Systems Among Pulangiyen Talaandigs of Maramag, Bukidnon, Northern Mindanao, Philippines Dennis B. Coronel
  2. 2. River Tales Local Knowledge of River Systems Among Pulangiyen Talaandigs of Maramag, Bukidnon, Northern Mindanao, Philippines
  3. 3. Aims and Objectives  Primarily the study aimed to explore, reclaim and document the orally transmitted tales about the Pulangi River among the elders of the Pulangiyen Talaandigs in Maramag, Bukidnon.
  4. 4. Aims and Objectives More specifically, it geared to answer the following questions: What sets of meanings and symbols are constructed and embedded in their world view and perception of the river ecosystem as reflected in these tales? How does this world view influence the way they habituate the river environments and deal with its resources? What local traditions, practices, and responses to changes in the river ecosystem have been observed, followed and performed by members of the community? How does the Pulangiyen Talaandig community regulate and manage this local knowledge system in the light of fast changing social contexts?
  5. 5. Background of the Study 
  6. 6. Background of the Study Dologon Panadtaran Kalasungay
  7. 7. Background of the Study The Pulangiyen Talaandigs documented ancestry dates back to the early 19th century river-based and natural resource dependent people As a result of waves of colonization in the region, to date there are essentially two groups of Pulangiyen, those occupying upstream Pulangi, and the much older settlement down south , , which is also the site of the Nat’l.Power Corp. Agus IV Hydropower dam station. The hydropower station has resulted in the creation of a lake, which today is known as Maramag Basin, or Pulangi Lake which has tremendously altered the course of downstream Pulangi river and the lives of Pulangiyen Talaandigs who have lived in the area long before the coming of National Power Corporation.
  8. 8. Background of the Study Stakeholders and participants of the Study: • a total of 21 elder members coming from the three communities: Dologon – 9 Kalasungay - 7 Panadtaran - 5 • 59 – 83 years old •17 –females, 4 males •18 are tribal leaders
  9. 9. Methodology Phase 1. Site Selection and Pre-Entry Preparations  Secondary Materials/Document Review Area Maps
  10. 10. Methodology Phase 2. Consent Validation and Entry Procedures  FPIC Tribal Council Panalwaheg Ritual
  11. 11. Methodology Phase 3. Community Immersion KI Interviews Life History Case Studies generate primary transcriptions Focus Group Discussions validate text and analysis 
  12. 12. Methodology Phase 4. Data Validation and Community Feedback Inscription Transcription Translation Interpretation COMMUNITY Representation
  13. 13. Results and Outputs A.The River Tales Grand Narratives * The River is a Snake * The Egg Flows in the River * Abundance in the Pulangi * The Panalwaheg
  14. 14. Results and Outputs Subsumed Narratives * The Crocodiles with Golden Earrings * The Giant Snake at the Root of the Old Tree * Why the River Never Runs Dry * The Hunters and the Giant Snake * The Snake that Blocked the Road
  15. 15. Results and Outputs CONTENT ANALYSIS: THEMATIC DOMAINS Nature as Self: Web Cosmology Pleasing the Gods: Protection and Preservation Contested Past: Forgetfulness and Dislocation  Reclaiming the Future
  16. 16. Discussion and Analysis A. River Tales as Alternative Environmental Narratives “A substantial alternative to existing, largely ‘top- down’ natural resource management paradigms.” (Davis, 2012) B. Narratives as Symbol Complexes  A set of standardized orientations to recurrent problems. (Kluckhohn, 1970). C. Ethos and Worldview  Narratives contain and reveal the people’s most comprehensive ideas of order. (Geertz, 1973)
  17. 17. Conclusions A. The Pulangiyen Talaandigs as “Symbolizing, Conceptualizing, Meaning-Seeking Individuals B. Local Knowledge as a Contestation Discourse
  18. 18. Recommendatio nsA.Pulangiyen Talaandig Children Stories: Book B. Production of Course Module Materials for syllabi integration
  19. 19. Daghan Kaayong Salamat!