Philippines Singapore Thailand Brunei Laos Indonesia Cambodia Myanmar Vietnam East timor Malaysia
Essential Question: How is culturereflected in Southeast Asian music?
The music of Southeast Asia reflects different aspects of Asian culture through its timbre, rhythm, melody, texture, form and style.
Activity: Group workMake a report/collage for eachSoutheast Asian country usingpictures of fabrics, art work,architecture and other aspects ofculture. Relate how these aspectsof culture are influenced
by history such as foreign influences (Dutch in Indonesia, Chinese in Laos, Vietnam, Singapore and Thailand, Spain and America in the Philippines and India in Indonesia, Burma, Malaysia, Brunei).
Explore Activity: “Concoctions and Connections”
Match the picture withthe music: Choosefrom which country(Philippines,Indonesia, Thailand)
Indonesia: Dutch influences in the keroncong through the use of the cuk and cak and western instruments.
Thailand:Chinese influence can be seen in Thai architecture and Thai tonal language.Philippines:Rondalla were influenced by Spanish bandurilla.
The music of Southeast Asia is diverse because of the different geographical, historical and cultural influences in the region.
Thailand, Burma, Laos and Cambodia have Chinese influences. While Indonesia, Malaysia and Brunei have Hindu and Arabic Influences.
Thai Pi Phat (Gong ensemble)Thai Khruang Sai ( String ensemble)Indonesia gamelan( gong ensemble)Philippine-gangsa -kulintangan -rondalla
Aside from monarchy, the influence of colonization is evident in the music of the Philippine and Indonesia. Spanish influences in Philippine music can be seen in the sarswela, rondalla and tiples( boy’s choir)
American influences in popular music and bodabil theatre form.Dutch influences can be seen in keroncong, an instrumental ensemble of Indonesia that is
composed mainly of westernized instrument such as guitar, cuk(chuk) and cak(chak) which are small guitars, double bass, violin and flute.
This evident in the use of bamboo instrument( Philippine kalingga tongatong, patteteg, bungkaka and
Malabon musikong bumbong as well as Indonesian sumatran bamboo instrument such as the anklung.
Pesindhen (local Indonesian singer) using both chest and head voice. In the Philippines, there are many vocal timbres ( chest and head voice) associated with different traditions
and functions such asindegenous epicsinging examplehudhud,pasyon, choralsinging in thetiples, kundiman orPhilippine artsong, popular or jazzsinging.
In Thai, Lao and Cambodian there is such a thing as the mowlan or molam vocal tradition, a sort of epic singing similar to Philippine visayan balitaw wherein a man and woman debate in a sing –song manner.
Thailand,Laos, Cambodia, Vietnam –molam, mawlun / kaen mouth organ, dan tranh, dan co, dan ty ba, pi phat, ching, ranat, ehru
is a mouth organ of Lao origin whose pipes, which are usually made of bamboo, are connected with a small, hollowed-out hardwood reservoir into which air is blown, creating a sound similar to that of the violin.
is a plucked zither of Vietnam. It has a wooden body and steel strings, each of which is supported by a bridge in the shape of an inverted "V."
Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei , Indonesia – pesinden/ gamelan, keroncongMyanmar – music bears Indian influences