Mate Selection And Attraction Power Point

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Mate Selection And Attraction Power Point

  1. 2. <ul><li>Psychology is the study of the mind and how it processes things </li></ul><ul><li>Psychology helps us answer the question of why people are the way they are </li></ul><ul><li>What makes them act and speak and live the way they do </li></ul>
  2. 3. <ul><li>of human psychological adaptation to physical and social changes such as changes in the brain structure, cognitive mechanisms, and behavioral differences among individuals. </li></ul>
  3. 4. <ul><li>The process by which psychological adaptations are identified </li></ul><ul><li>A type of reverse engineering </li></ul><ul><li>Attempts to figure out how the mind evolved to solve certain problems </li></ul>
  4. 5. <ul><li>An evolutionary psychologist proposes that internal mechanisms are adaptations that helped our ancestors survive and reproduce </li></ul>
  5. 6. <ul><li>A psychological adaptation is the solving of a particular reproductive problem using a functional component of the nervous system. </li></ul><ul><li>Psychological adaptations are thought to operate using the highly abstract domain of information processing. </li></ul>
  6. 7. <ul><li>Two basic perspectives have dominated psychological research on romantic attraction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>people perceive attributes in others that inherently induce attraction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>People are attracted to people with whom an exchange of resources would be possible </li></ul></ul>
  7. 8. <ul><li>the ability of a population to maintain or increase its numbers in succeeding generations </li></ul><ul><li>By choosing partners who offer genetic benefits or resources the human females can enhance their Darwinian fitness </li></ul>
  8. 9. <ul><li>Study by Buss, Shackelford, Kirkpatrick, and Larson looked at mate preferences from 1939 to 1996. </li></ul><ul><li>Found increased importance in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical attractiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Good financial prospects </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Found decreased importance in: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Domestic skills (in women) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chastity </li></ul></ul>
  9. 10. <ul><li>Sexual Selection- the evolution of characteristics that enable individuals to gain advantage over same-sex competitors in order to attract a mate </li></ul><ul><li>He theorized that: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>males to compete amongst themselves for mates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Females tend to be more selective in choosing a mate than males </li></ul></ul>
  10. 11. <ul><li>Competition between members of the same sex cause selection of certain traits </li></ul><ul><li>Selected characteristics (adaptations) should be those that enable winning in combat </li></ul><ul><li>(either direct or non-direct) </li></ul><ul><li>Non-direct characteristics more prevalent in humans: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Skill at locating mates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Producing effective mate-attracting behaviors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquiring desirable resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Altering appearance </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. <ul><li>Preferential choice exerted by members of one sex for members of the opposite sex </li></ul><ul><li>Called the “Female Choice” </li></ul><ul><li>Male choice is possible in monogamous mating systems </li></ul>
  12. 13. <ul><li>Parental Investment affects reproductive strategies </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Males- maximize copulatory opportunities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Females- impose maximum choice, wait for the </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>best male </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Main reproductive constraint for men is gaining access to reproductively valuable females </li></ul>
  13. 14. <ul><li>Female value is indicated by youth and health </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical appearance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attractiveness </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Male Value is indicated by their ability and willingness to invest parentally, and good genes </li></ul>
  14. 15. <ul><li>Indicators include </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Masculine </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physically attractive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sex appeal </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Physically fit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intelligence </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Physically attractive women express stronger preferences for all of these traits except intelligence </li></ul>
  15. 16. <ul><li>One is that there are consensually desired and sought after characteristics. </li></ul><ul><li>Two is that sex differences and three are individual differences. </li></ul><ul><li>Only a few people find a mate that has all the consensually desired attributes. </li></ul><ul><li>And if anyone is excluded from mating, it is someone who lacks consensually desired attributes. </li></ul>
  16. 17. <ul><li>-People’s dancing ability is associated with body symmetry, a measure of developmental stability and hence disease resistance. </li></ul><ul><li>In ecologies with many parasites, both sexes increase the importance of physical attractiveness because it is an indicator of health. </li></ul><ul><li>Attractive and feminine women show stronger preferences for masculinized male voices than do less attractive and less feminine women. </li></ul>
  17. 18. <ul><li>Answers.com . Web. <http://www.answers.com/topic/evolutionary-psychology>. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Buss, D.M., & Barnes, M. (1986). Preferences in human mate selection. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Buss, D.M., Shackelford, T.K., Kirkpatrick, L.A., & Larsen, R.J. (2001). A Half Century of Mate Preferences: The Cultural Evolution of Values. Journal of Marriage & Family, </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Buss, D.M. (1988). The evolution of human intrasexual competition: Tactics of mate attraction. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Dictionary.com . Web. <http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/darwinian+fitness>. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>The Evolutionary Psychology FAQ. Edward H. Hagen Web. </li></ul><ul><li><http://www.anth.ucsb.edu/projects/human/epfaq/psychadaptation.html>. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Evolutionary Psychology . 2008. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Http://plato.stanford.edu/entried/evolutionary-psychology.html . </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Medicin Net . Web. <http://www.medterms.com/script/main/art.asp?articlekey=38858>. </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><li>Schulte-Hostedde, A.I., Eys, M.A., & Johnson, K. (2008). Female Mate Choice is Influenced by Male Sport Participation. Evolutionary Psychology Journal, www.epjournal.net </li></ul>

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