Leadership(13)

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Leadership(13)

  1. 1. LEADERSHIP
  2. 2. Meaning : <ul><li>It is defined in the form of the qualities of a particular individual and with the help of those qualities he guides the people and makes them capable of working willingly up to their fullest capacity. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition : <ul><li>“Leadership may be defined as the ability to exert interpersonal influence by means of communication toward the achievement of a goal.” </li></ul><ul><li>-Koontz and O’Donnell </li></ul>
  4. 4. Characteristics of Leadership <ul><li>Influencing Process </li></ul><ul><li>Behaviour Changing Process </li></ul><ul><li>Interpersonal Relations between leader and followers </li></ul><ul><li>Common Goals Achieving </li></ul><ul><li>Continuous Process </li></ul>
  5. 5. Impact of Leadership on Employees’ Utilization of Capacity Expectancy Through Leadership Normal Expectancy Social Pressure Need for job Authority of superior Induced by leadership 40% 60%
  6. 6. Importance of Leadership <ul><li>Helps in influencing the behavior of people </li></ul><ul><li>Helps followers in fulfilling their needs </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in Introducing required changes </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in solving conflicts effectively </li></ul><ul><li>Helps in Training & Development of subordinates </li></ul>
  7. 7. Leadership Styles Motivational Power Based Result Based Positive Negative Employee Oriented Production Oriented Autocratic Democratic Free Rein
  8. 8. Motivation Leadership Style <ul><li>Positive Leadership Style- </li></ul><ul><li>Economic & Non- Economic Incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Negative Leadership style- </li></ul><ul><li>Coercion, Removing from job, deduction from salary </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable style? </li></ul>
  9. 9. POWER BASED LEADERSHIP STYLE
  10. 10. 1. Autocratic Leadership Style - Leader Centered <ul><li>Characteristics : </li></ul><ul><li>1. Formal Relations 2. Centralized Authority </li></ul><ul><li>3. Single Man Decisions 4. Negative Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>5. Only downward Communication </li></ul><ul><li>6. Wrong belief regarding Employees </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Quick and clear decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Satisfactory Work </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary for less educated employees </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Less Productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Agitation by Employees </li></ul><ul><li>Possibility of Partiality </li></ul>
  11. 11. 2. Democratic Leadership Style <ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Positive Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Belief in Employees </li></ul><ul><li>Open Communication </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>High Morale </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of more efficiency and productivity </li></ul><ul><li>Peaceful Industrial Relation </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Requirement of Educated Subordinates </li></ul><ul><li>Delay in Decisions </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of responsibility in Managers </li></ul>
  12. 12. 3. Free rein Leadership Style <ul><li>Characteristics </li></ul><ul><li>Full faith in subordinates </li></ul><ul><li>Independent Decision making system </li></ul><ul><li>Decentralization of Authority </li></ul><ul><li>Two way communication </li></ul><ul><li>Cooperative Relations </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages </li></ul><ul><li>Development of self confidence in subordinates </li></ul><ul><li>High level Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Helpful in development of Enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Disadvantages </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in Cooperation </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of Importance of Managerial Post </li></ul>
  13. 13. Result Based Leadership Style <ul><li>Employee Oriented Leadership Style </li></ul><ul><li>Leaders considers his followers above all the others </li></ul><ul><li>2. Production Oriented Leadership Style </li></ul><ul><li>More attention is paid to production rather than human welfare </li></ul><ul><li>Suitable style? </li></ul>

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