Odisha Tourism


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This presentation is about Odisha Tourism and state's tourism destinations.

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Odisha Tourism

  1. 1. Presentation by : Vishal (518)
  2. 2. THE STATE • Located on the east coast of India, by the Bay of Bengal. Formly known as Kalinga, which was invaded by the Mauryan Emperor Ashoka in 261 BC, then Orrisa and now Odisha (per a longstanding name change campaign that finally received Lok Sabha approval in 2010). • Cuttack remained the capital of the state for over eight centuries until April 13, 1948 when Bhubaneswar was officially declared as the new capital of Orissa, and still is the present capital of this state. • Orissa is the 9th largest state by area in India, and the 11th largest by population. Oriya (officially spelled Odia) is the official language. • Population of state is 41.9 million and Area of state is 155,707 sq km. • Best time to visit Odisha is from November to February.
  3. 3. ODISSI Odissi (Orissi) dance and music are classical art forms. Odissi is the oldest surviving dance form in India on the basis of archaeological evidence. Odissi has a long, unbroken tradition of 2,000 years. However, the dance form nearly went extinct during the British period, only to be revived after India's independence by a few gurus. Odissi classical dance is about the love of Krishna and his supposed consort Radha.
  4. 4. ODISSI
  5. 5. GHUMURA DANCE Ghumura Dance (or Ghumra Dance) is one of the most sought and leading folk dance form in Orissa. It is classified as folk dance as the dress code of Ghumura resembles more like a tribal dance. The timeline of Ghumura dance is not clear. Many researchers claim it was a War dance in ancient India and used by Ravana in Ramayana. Ghumura dance is depicted in Konark Sun Temple confirming this dance form is since the medieval period. The dance is associated with social entertainment, relaxation, love, devotion and friendly brotherhood among all class, creed and religion in the present days.
  7. 7. MAHARI DANCE Mahari Dance is one of the important dance forms of Orissa and originated in the temples of Orissa. History of Orissa provides evidence of the 'Devadasi' cult in Orissa. Devadasis were dancing girls who were dedicated to the temples of Orissa. The Devadasis in Orissa were known as 'Maharis' and the dance performed by them came to be known as Mahari Dance. The Mahari Dancers of Orissa are supposed to follow certain restrictions, such as: • They cannot enjoy. • They should dance on the ceremonies connected to Jagannath. • They should adhere to the specifications made by the Sastras. • They must always wear clean cloths. • The dancer cannot be physically handicapped. • At the time of the performances, the dancers are not supposed to look at the audience. • The Maharis are married to the Lord at the age of nine. • Before their performances, the Mahari dancers pay their obeisance to the Lord.
  9. 9. • Orissi music is a combination of four distinctive kinds of music, namely, Chitrapada, Dhruvapada, Panchal and Chitrakala. • A unique feature of Oriya music is the Padi, which consists of singing of words in fast beat • Almost every tribal group has their own distinct song and dance style. • Being a part of the rich culture of Orissa, its music is also as much charming and colorful. Orissi music is more than two thousand five hundred years old .
  10. 10. • • A unique type of art form was developed at Puri, but it has spread all over the world. To carve a sand sculpture, the raw material is clean and finegrained sand mixed with water. With the help of this type of sand and by the magic of fingers, an artist can carve a beautiful and attractive sculpture on the beach.
  11. 11. CUISINE Orissa has culinary tradition spanning from centuries. The kitchen of the famous Jagannath temple in Puri is reputed to be the largest in the world, with a thousand chefs, working around 752 wood-burning clay hearths called chulas, to feed over 10,000 people each day. A typical meal in Orissa consists of a main course and dessert. Typically breads are served as the main course for breakfast, whereas rice is eaten with lentils (dals) during lunch and dinner. The main course also includes one or more curries, vegetables and pickles. Orissa also expertises in sea food cuisines like Prawn and Crab. The famous Chilika Lake is particularly famous for offering best sea food cuisines that are one of a lifetime experience. The famous Indian sweet "raso golla" has its origin from this state. Chhenapoda is also a major Orissa sweet cuisine. Pakhala, a dish made of rice, water, and yoghurt, that is fermented overnight, is very popular in summer, particularly in the rural areas.
  12. 12. Lingaraja Temple Puri Sun Temple Konark Chilika Lake Simlipal National Park Chandipur Lalitgiri & Ratnagiri Bhitarkanika Wildlife Sanctuary
  13. 13. Lingaraj Temple is a Hindu temple dedicated to Harihara, another name for Shiva and is one of the oldest temples of Bhubaneswar. Lingaraaj means The king of Lingam, the symbol of Shaivism. Shiva is here worshipped as Tribhuvaneshwara (Master of three worlds, i.e. Heaven, Earth and Netherworld) The temple is more than 1100 years old. This magnificent temple represents the type of Hindu architecture. The granite block image of the Linga is said to be bathed daily with water, milk and bhang (marijuana).
  14. 14. Puri is a city and the district headquarters of puri district, situated on the Bay of Bengal 60 kilometers (37 mi) south of the state capital Bhubaneswar. Puri has a very long, broad sand beach. The sea produces very big waves here. It attracts many national and international tourists because of its beautiful long beach and world famous Jagannath Temple The place to start a pilgrimage is here and Puri is a pilgrim's destination too. There are many ashrams and sacred temples in Puri. Puri is also famous for its annual Ratha Yatra, or "Festival of Chariots", when the deities Jagannath, Balabhadra, and Subhadra, are brought out of the temple, and placed in a chariot procession typically in month of July.
  15. 15. Konark Sun Temple is a 13th century Sun Temple. The temple is one of the most renowned temples in India and is a World Heritage Site. A gigantic chariot of the Sun God, with twelve pairs of exquisitely ornamented wheels pulled by seven horses. The temple is famous for its erotic sculptures. Konark forms one of the three points of the “Golden Triangle of Tourism" in the State of Orissa. The temple was called as “The Black Pagoda” by European sailors who used it as a navigational landmark to Orissa.
  16. 16. Chilka Lake (Chilika Lake) is a brackish water lagoon, covering an area of over 1,100 sq. km. It is the largest coastal lagoon in India and the second largest lagoon in the World. It is the largest wintering ground for migratory birds on the Indian subcontinent. The lake is home to a number of threatened species of plants and animals. The lake is an ecosystem with large fishery resources. Migratory water fowl arrive here from as far as the Caspian Sea, Baikal Lake and remote parts of Russia, Mongolia, Siberia, Iran, Iraq, Afghanistan and from the Himalayas. It is one of the hotspots of biodiversity in the country.
  17. 17. Kingfisher waiting for fish. Goliath heron Sea Eagle Fishing cat Green Sea Turtle
  18. 18. Simlipal National Park is a national park and an elephant reserve situated in the Mayurbhanj district . The park has an area of 845.70 square kilometers . Simlipal is home to ninety-nine Royal Bengal Tigers, 432 Wild elephants. UNESCO added this National park to its list of Biosphere Reserves in May 2009
  19. 19. Similipal National Park remains open from 1 October to 15 June only. CAUTION : Simlipal falls under a high cerebral malaria-prone zone.
  20. 20. Chandipur, also known as Chandipuron-sea, is a small sea resort in Baleswar District, Orissa, India. The beach is unique in that the water recedes from 1 to 4 kilometers during the ebb tide. Due to the unique circumstances, the beach supports bio-diversity. Horseshoe crab is also found here on the beach.
  21. 21. LALITGIRI • • • • Lalitgiri is a Buddhist complex in Orissa comprising major stupas and monasteries (viharas), similar to Ratnagiri. Numerous excavations by the Archaeological Survey of India have been conducted since 1985, and continue to this day. A museum is to be built to display relic caskets thought to contain bones of Gautama Buddha, and other archaeological finds for public display. The remains of a huge stupa, and relic caskets consisting four containers made of khondalite, steatite, silver and gold were discovered along with other important structure RATNAGIRI • • • Ratnagiri was once the site of a mahavihara, or major Buddhist monastery. A Tibetan history, the Pag Sam Jon Zang, identifies Ratnagiri as an important center in the development of the Kalachakratantra in the 10th century. There are hundreds of miniature votive stupas decorated with lotus, petal and beaded tassels.A museum now located on the site displays statuary featuring Tara, Avalokiteshvara, Aparajita, and Hariti have also been found, all in prototypical of Gupta style.
  22. 22. Remains at Site
  23. 23. Bhitarkanika National Park is a national park located in the Kendrapara District of Orissa . The park encompasses an area of 672 km². The park is home to the endangered Saltwater Crocodile , white crocodile, Indian python, King Cobra, black ibis, darters and many other species of flora and fauna. 215 species of avifauna including eight varieties of Kingfishers. Birds such as Asian Open Bill, Cormorants, Darters, Black Ibis, Egrets, are frequently seen in the park. It is also the home of medieval Hindu temples which can be found dotted throughout the sanctuary. But the major attraction remains the wildlife wealth.
  24. 24. DOMESTIC AND FOREIGN TOURIST VISITING ODISHA YEAR DOMESTIC TOURIST FOREIGNER TOURIST GRAND TOTAL 2010-2011 77,70,741 53,212 78,23,953 2011-2012 84,72,208 62,816 85,35,024