The use of digital technology in contemporary art is often referred to as new media art. Since the early 90s within the new media art realm there is a growing production of interactive art installations.
These artworks are generally complex and they are heavily dependent on software for controlling the whole system. The production of the software often requires the involvement of programmers and software engineers.
J. Schmidhuber. Low-Complexity Art. Leonardo, Journal of the International Society for the Arts, Sciences, and Technology, 30(2):97-103, MIT Press, 1997. http://www.idsia.ch/~juergen/locoart/locoart.html