Past, present, and future of scholarly technology and practices

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Thoughts about past, the present and the future of scholarly technologies and scholarly practices. Based on work done with @hvdsomp at #DANS, as well as discussions with @scharnhorsta

Thoughts about past, the present and the future of scholarly technologies and scholarly practices. Based on work done with @hvdsomp at #DANS, as well as discussions with @scharnhorsta

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  • 1. A  reflec'on  on  the  past,  the  present   and  the  future  of  scholarly   technologies  and  scholarly  prac'ces   Meertens  eHumani'es  talk   23/1/2014   @atreloar  
  • 2. Credit  where  it  is  due   •  Drawing  this  aEernoon  on  three  strands  of   thought:   –  Doctoral  ac'vity  (from  a  long  'me  ago!)   –  Work  with  @hvdsomp  (over  last  two  weeks)   –  Thinking  with  @scharnhorsta  (since  September)   •  Thanks  to  last  two  go  to  @pkdoorn  from   DANS   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA  @atreloar   2  
  • 3. Outline   •  •  •  •  Personal  context   Some  werkhypothesen   Func'ons  of  scholarly  communica'on   Pointers  to  the  future   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA  @atreloar   3  
  • 4. CC-­‐BY-­‐SA  @atreloar   4  
  • 5. Some  personal  background   •  Educa'on   –  –  –  –  •  •  •  •  •  BA  (Germanic  Languages  &  Linguis'cs)   MA  (English  Literature)   Grad.  Dip.  (Compu'ng  Studies)   PhD  (Scholarly  Communica'on)   Academic  career:  1983-­‐1999   Health  informa'on  network  career:  1988-­‐1990   IT  Opera'ons  career:  1999-­‐2005   e-­‐Research  infrastructure  career:  2003-­‐present   More  gory  details   –  andrew.treloar.net/personal/     –  andrew.treloar.net/research/   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA  @atreloar   5  
  • 6. Generations of scholarly communication •  Republic of Letters •  System of Journals •  Web of Objects January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 7. 1.  All  knowledge  is  important  [to   someone]   •  Implica'ons:  The  processes,  structures   and  systems  associated  with  the   genera'on  and  communica'on  of   knowledge  are  thus  also  important.   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA  @atreloar   7  
  • 8. 2.  The  process  of  genera;ng   knowledge  ma<ers   •  Hopefully  self-­‐evident?   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA  @atreloar   8  
  • 9. 3.  Uncommunicated  knowledge  can   have  no  effect   •  Implica'ons:   –  Primary  -­‐  we  need  a  system  to  communicate  the   outputs  of  research   –  Secondary  -­‐  it  is  desirable  if  this  system  has  a   broad  a  public  as  possible   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA  @atreloar   9  
  • 10. 4.  The  integrity  of  what  is   communicated  is  cri;cal   •  Implica'ons:  All  elements  that  lead  to   the  genera'on  of  the  new  knowledge  are   thus  also  within  scope   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA  @atreloar   10  
  • 11. Genera'ons  of  Scholarly   Communica'on   •  Google  doc  in  progress   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA  @atreloar   11  
  • 12. 5.  The  genera;on  of  knowledge  is  becoming   more  dependent  on  data  and  models   •  Implica'ons:  Data  and  models  also  need   to  be  archived  and  communicated   •  NOTE:  This  varies  by  discipline,  and  thus   may  be  easier  to  falsify  for  some   disciplines   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA  @atreloar   12  
  • 13. 6.  Scholarly  communica;on  thus  needs  to   include  publica;on  of/access  to  data/models   •  Implica'ons:  We  need  to  provide  ways  of   publishing  (in  the  sense  of  making  public)   data  and  models,  along  with  journal   ar'cles  and  monographs  (and  working   papers,  etc)   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA  @atreloar   13  
  • 14. 7.  Data  and  models  should  be  first   class  communica;on  objects   •  Implica'on:  We  need  ways  to  refer  to/ cite/access  data  and  models  on  their   own,  not  just  as  linked  en''es  hanging   off  a  publica'on   •  Notes:     –  Rather  than  data  and  models  just  being  ways  to  produce   publica'ons,  they  can  have  value  in  their  own  rights.     –  In  some  cases  (e.g.  Human  Genome  database)  the  data   itself  is  much  more  important  than  any  single  associated   publica'on.   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA  @atreloar   14  
  • 15. 8.  The  rela;onship  between  first  class   objects  is  itself  of  value   •  Implica'on:  We  need  ways  of   represen'ng  this  rela'onship  that  are   both  human  and  machine-­‐readable   •  Notes:   –  Obviously  OAI-­‐ORE  is  directly  relevant  here   –  As  are    Verrijkte  Publica'es    (although  these  are   very  publica'on-­‐centric)   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA  @atreloar   15  
  • 16. Functions of Research Communication Rosendaal and Geurts (1997) •  Registration: Allows claims of precedence for a scholarly finding •  Certification: Establishes validity of claim •  Awareness: Allows actors in the system to remain aware of new claims •  Archiving: Preserves the scholarly record January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 17. System of Journals •  Registration –  submission of manuscript •  Certification –  peer-review (pre-publication) –  commentary (post-publication) •  Awareness –  discovery services •  Archiving –  libraries (print) –  publishers (electronic) –  special purpose organisations (e.g. Portico) January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 18. Pointers to the future “the future is already here – it’s just not very evenly distributed” William Gibson, NPR interview January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 19. Registration: BioRxiv January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 20. Registration: ideacite January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 21. Registration: Github January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 22. Registration: WikiPathways January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 23. Registration: NeuroLex January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 24. Registration: Nanopublications January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 25. Registration: Observations •  •  •  •  Decoupling registration from certification Timestamping, versioning Registration of various types of objects Machines as creators and contributors January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 26. Certification: PubPeer January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 27. Certification: ZooUniverse January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 28. Certification: Slideshare January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 29. Certification: Project FeederWatch January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 30. Certification: Observations •  •  •  •  Peer-review decoupled from publication process Certification of various types of objects Machines validating Social endorsement January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 31. Awareness: NARCIS January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 32. Awareness: myExperiment January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 33. Awareness: eLabNotebook RSS January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 34. Awareness: Twitter January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 35. Awareness: CrossRef Prospect January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 36. Awareness: Observations •  •  •  •  Awareness for various types of objects Real time awareness Awareness support targeted at machines Awareness through social media January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 37. Archiving: CLOCKSS January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 38. Archiving: DANS Easy January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 39. Archiving: perma.cc January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 40. Archiving: EU Trusted Digital Repositories January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 41. Archiving: Observations •  •  •  •  Archiving for various types of objects Distributed archives Archival consortia Audit for trustworthiness January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 42. Characterising the future Hidden Research Process Visible Fixed Nature of object Varying Atomic Atomicity of object Compound Discrete Process of making public Continuous Delayed Speed of communication Publication +data proxies Communicated object Formal Nature of process Instant Publication + linked data + linked models Informal January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp  
  • 43. Conclusions   •  The  world  is  changing,  but…   •  Changes  in  scholarly  prac'ce  require:   –  drivers  for  altered  behaviours     –  infrastructure  to  support/enable  altered   behaviours   •  Not  clear  what  final  implica'ons  will  be  yet   •  Exci'ng  'me  to  be  a  scholar!   January  27,  2014   CC-­‐BY-­‐SA,  @atreloar  and  @hvdsomp