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Russianrevolution Russianrevolution Presentation Transcript

  • Russian Revolution
  • Opening Focus Assignments 1/9 “Faults of WWI Peace Treaty” 1/10 “WWI and changing values” 1/11 “Views of the War” 1/14 “Lost Generation” 1/15 “Dawes Plan” 1/18 “Path to Revolution”
  • Russian Government BeforeRevolution Monarchy: The Czar (Tsar) Until 1905 the Tsars powers were unlimited. Russia had no constitution, no political party system to check the Tsars power A strong secret police which terrorized the people.
  • Royal Background Nicholas II• Created the first secret police in Russia, brutal leader, response to revolt of army officers in 1825
  • Czar Alexander II• He implemented important reforms, notably the abolition of serfdom,• In 1867, he sold Alaska and the Aleutian Islands to the United States.• Killed by the Revolutionary Group: The People’s Will
  • Czar Alexander III• Alexander IIIs reign was during an industrial revolution in Russia .• His reign was harsh, against revolutionaries and other liberal movements.
  • Czar Nicholas II (1894) Last Czar of Russia Nicholas II was a harsh and weak ruler The Russian economy was bankrupt because of the Russo-Japanese War and WWI Russia’s entry into WWI became very unpopular.
  • Czar Nicholas II and Family
  • Russo-Japanese War (1904)Dispute over Manchuria withJapanShook national confidence in theirprogress and rule of Czar.
  • Bloody Sunday (1905)
  • Russia and World War I Russia declares war on Austria- Hungary War becomes unpopular Rationing leads to starvation Nicholas II leaves St. Petersburg to war front
  • Rasputin
  • Rasputin with Admirers
  • March Revolution (1917) 1917- protests spread through St. Petersburg and the Royal palace is taken over. Czar abdicates Provisional government (Duma) takes control lead by Alexander Keresnky Provisional government unpopular after decision to stay in WWI
  • October (Bolshevik) Revolution-1917 Lead by VI Lenin “Peace, Land, and Bread” Won support of people (especially peasants)
  • 1918 1918 March The Bolsheviks accept the peace of Brest‑Litovsk, ending WWI with Germany.
  • 1919-1920 1919 White Armies (Royal and Menshevik troops) attack the Reds (Bolsheviks) from all directions. 1920- Reds defeat Whites
  • Rule of Lenin 1920-1924 Economic Reforms included the New Economic Plan (NEP) -moderate mix of capitalism and socialism Political Reforms -Bolshevik party became Communist Party -Russia becomes the United Soviet Socialist Republics
  • Communism A Form of Socialism  Central Planning of the Economy by the State Gov’t (Communist Party) makes decisions on individual jobs and pay
  • 1924 Lenin Dies Power Vaccuum Leon Trotsky vs. Joseph Stalin Stalin takes control Now must decide how he will maintain power Decides to create a totalitarian state
  • Characteristics of a TotalitarianState Dictatorship- Absolute Authority Dynamic Leader- Vision for the nation State Control Over All Sectors of Society  Business, Family Life, Labor, youth groups, housing, religion, education, the arts State Control Over the Individual  Obedience  Denies basic liberties Organized Violence  Uses force to crush opposition
  • Stalin’s Totalitarian State State Control of the Economy  5 year plan, collective farms Police Terror  Great Purge, crush opposition Religious Persecution  Control of the individual Propaganda (socialist realism)  Molding peoples minds Education  Controlled by the government