China• Long March: Zedong’s retreat from Jeishi, 1934• Mao Zedong defeated anti-communists, Jeishi, in 1949• Great Leap Forward: Zedong’s plan to rapidly modernize China• Women gain rights• Marxism adapted to Confucianism• Youth asked to experience Revolution• China becoming tired of communism, 1970’s• Make new friends, China/US relations improve while Soviet Chinese relations fail
Quick Review• The Cold War in Asia, after China fell to communism• China increased US “red scare/ red tide”• Increased Domino theory and US determination to prevent further communist regimes elsewhere
Korean War• 1950-1953• Tug of War- Pull people over the 38th parallel.• North Communist, supported by China and Russia,• North was the aggressor, invaded South• South supported by UN and US• Ended in ceasefire, 1953, pre-war conditions.
Korean War Places• Battle of Inchon-1950, US surprise attack lead by Macarthur• Fight for Pusan- City in deep south of Korea• Seoul – Capital of S. Korea
Vietnam War Overveiw• Began between France and Vietnam• France defeated at Dien Bien Phu and forced to withdraw• Vietnam split, North and South• Ho Chi Minh vs. Diem• US remained actively involved until 1965• Fighting continued until 1975, last of US troops left• Saigon fell (capital of South) to communists
Vietnam War Specifics• Gulf of Tonkin- The mystery shot• Operation Rolling Thunder- Bombs AWAY!• Tet offensive- NOT a Holiday vacation• Napalm- Agent Orange• Guerrilla War- POP goes the Vietcong• Cambodia and Laos- Neighborhood affair• Ho Chi Minh trail- This way south• Saigon- 3,2,1, and communist!
Mai Lai• Example of US brutality• Attacked civilians in Vietnam• Shot, raped and pillaged the village• Brought under penalty for War Crimes
Tiananmen Square Massacre• 1989: Beijing, China• Public frustrated with strict Communist Regime and called for Democracy• Students, Workers, and supporters of Democracy held a demonstration in Tiananmen Square• Police attempted to clear out the demonstrators• Thousands killed, wounded, arrested/tortured to show Communist had control
1989: Massacre in Tiananmen Square “Several hundred civilians have been shot dead by the Chinese army during a bloody military operation to crush a democratic protest in Pekings (Beijing) Tiananmen Square. Tanks rumbled through the capitals streets late on 3 June as the army moved into the square from several directions, randomly firing on unarmed protesters.” “…But as the days passed, millions of people from all walks of life joined in, angered by widespread corruption and calling for democracy. Tonights military offensive came after several failed attempts to persuade the protesters to leave.Throughout the day the government warned it would do whatever itsaw necessary to clamp down on what it described as "social chaos". But even though violence was expected, the ferocity of the attack took many by surprise, bringing condemnation from around the world…”
Results• Showed brutality of Communist Regimes• Scorn from Democratic Nations• Call for end to Human Right’s violations Issues Today• One-Child policy• Corruption and Criminal activity within the Government• Jailing opponents/ prison labor• Dalai Lama
Asian TigersTaiwan, Hong Kong, Singapore, and Korea
Asian Tigers• What is meant by the term, Asian Tiger?1980’s, four small Asian territories that had growing industries and “aggressive” economic growth• Taiwan, Singapore, Hong Kong and South Korea were the four “Asian Tigers”
One Party, Two Systems• Way to add territory back to China• Both Taiwan and Hong Kong had years of ruling themselves without following the Communist way of life• Communists let Taiwan and Hong Kong continue to govern themselves and run their own economy, but had limited foreign relations• Was protected by China’s military• Twain returned in 1990’s, Hong Kong returned in 1997
Moving On• Now that we have seen the Cold War in China, let’s move to Latin America• Using the handouts given, answer the following questions:1. What was the Arms Race?2. Who is Fidel Castro? What country is he associated with? Is he alive today?3. What did the US try to do in 1961 at the Bay of Pigs?4. What is an embargo?5. What country had nuclear missiles in Cuba?6. Who was the leader of that country at the time?7. Who was the leader of the US?8. Summarize the Cuban Missile Crisis of 1962 and what were the end results?9. How do Latin Americans feel about US intervention?