Trends In Broadband By Bill Coleman


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Global Trends in Broadband: Learn about the emergence of big bandwidth networks and applications from around the world. Hear about what is happening in Minnesota and in the U.S with fiber optic networks! Understand how advanced wireless networks are changing our world and the way we communicate.

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Trends In Broadband By Bill Coleman

  1. 1. Trends in Broadband Minnesota’s Place in the Global Broadband Network
  2. 2. Key Considerations in Broadband <ul><li>High Capacity Fiber-Based Networks </li></ul><ul><li>Mobility Enabled by Wireless </li></ul><ul><li>Applications </li></ul>
  3. 3. Moving Towards Fiber Ubiquity <ul><li>Connecting Cities and Research Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting Large Businesses, Schools and Governments </li></ul><ul><li>Connecting Homes and Small Businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Telecommunications Networks, Multi-national businesses </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional Networks </li></ul><ul><li>FTTP! </li></ul>Then Now!
  4. 4. Internet II
  5. 6. Combined Fiber Network of MN Independent Telephone Companies
  6. 7. Regional K12 School Networks <ul><li>Connecting K12 schools </li></ul><ul><li>Owned or leased fiber </li></ul><ul><li>Gigabit capable w/100 Mbps connectivity </li></ul><ul><li>Shared network management services </li></ul><ul><li>Distance learning over interactive video </li></ul><ul><li>Connection to Internet2 </li></ul>
  7. 8. Regional MSET Network in Central Minnesota
  8. 9. Eagan Fiber Map
  9. 10. Getting Fiber Deployed
  10. 11. Technology Choices <ul><li>FTTP vs FTTN </li></ul><ul><li>Active vs Passive </li></ul><ul><li>GPON vs EPON </li></ul><ul><li>Factors driving choice include: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Deployment costs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Capacity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ability to support open access networks and unbundling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scalability </li></ul></ul>
  11. 12. Who Will Provide Fiber in Your Community? <ul><li>LEC – Your existing telephone company? </li></ul><ul><li>CLEC – A competitive telecom company? </li></ul><ul><li>Cable – Your existing cable company? </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal – Your city government through a utility or joint venture </li></ul><ul><li>Developer – To new residential development areas </li></ul><ul><li>Or maybe a unique partnership? </li></ul>
  12. 13. Minnesota Fiber Deployments
  13. 14. MN FTTP Deployment <ul><li>Existing Municipal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Windom </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Longtime cable TV provider upgrades to FTTH and offers triple play </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross Lake </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Longtime municipal teleco and cable provider upgrades to FTTH and offers triple play </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Planned Municipal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Monticello </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Has passed referendum and is preparing to sell bonds for municipal utility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Red Wing </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Is considering options </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Iron Range FiberNet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>A joint powers group considering an open access network </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>St. Paul </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>City Council just adopted a task force recommendation to deploy fiber in stages rather than move forward on citywide wireless </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 15. More FTTP Projects <ul><li>CLEC Fiber Projects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cohasset/Grand Rapids by Paul Bunyan Telephone Cooperative financed through RUS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brainerd/Baxter by Consolidated Telephone Company – CTC leveraged with school district as anchor tenant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wabasha (Hiawatha Broadband) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>LEC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Multiple deployments with network upgrades and greenfield development primarily by independents and Frontier Communications </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Developer </li></ul><ul><ul><li>FTTH in Rosemount, Hugo and other suburban locations. These franchises are in the midst of an ownership change. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Nationally </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Verizon is the nation’s leading deployer of FTTP networks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Qwest is committed to a FTTN strategy in states with statewide video franchising </li></ul></ul>
  15. 16. Open Access Networks: One Network, Many Providers <ul><li>Open Access Networks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Utilize one wholesale provider to own, maintain and operate the network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Opportunity for multiple providers to provide retail services, whether voice, video and/or data as well as niche services </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A portion of the 700 Mhz spectrum up for auction may be utilized as open access wireless </li></ul>
  16. 17. Making Full Use of Fiber <ul><li>Even with FTTP, some providers are not offering “big bandwidth” services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Windom – 5 Mbps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cross Lake – 1 Mbps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Verizon - 5, 15 or 30 Mbps </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>International – 40 Mbps or more </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Local users have not changed their practices to take full advantage of the services </li></ul>
  17. 18. Wireless Increasing Mobility, Increasing Capabilities, Increasing Value
  18. 19. Wireless Types <ul><li>Wi-Fi </li></ul><ul><li>Wi-Max </li></ul><ul><li>Fixed Wireless </li></ul><ul><li>Cellular </li></ul><ul><li>Devices are increasingly made to use multiple services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>IPhone can use wi-fi for calling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cellular data can be used to connect laptops and home networks </li></ul></ul>
  19. 20. Wi-Fi <ul><li>Short range, moderate speed service </li></ul><ul><li>Unlicensed frequencies </li></ul><ul><li>Offered for free in coffee shops, campuses, hotels and tourist areas </li></ul><ul><li>Significant use within homes and businesses for networking </li></ul><ul><li>Municipal deployments are increasing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Minneapolis - Moorhead </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>St. Louis Park - Chaska </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Frontier Communications in Burnsville </li></ul>
  20. 21. Wi-Max <ul><li>Longer range, medium speed (3-5 Mb) </li></ul><ul><li>Licensed frequencies </li></ul><ul><li>Offers promise of mobility and roaming </li></ul><ul><li>Wi-Max can be used for wireless backbone </li></ul><ul><li>Major corporate backing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprint – Clearwire partnership </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intel and other vendor backing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Alternative to DSL and cable modems for home and business </li></ul>
  21. 22. Fixed Wireless <ul><li>Longer range, medium speed </li></ul><ul><li>Generally unlicensed frequencies </li></ul><ul><li>Generally deployed on city water towers to serve community and surrounding area </li></ul><ul><li>External antennas required </li></ul><ul><li>Line of sight generally required </li></ul>
  22. 23. Cellular Data <ul><li>Offered by national providers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sprint, Verizon, ATT, others </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Increasing speed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1 Mb now, soon up to 3 Mb </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Proliferation of mobile devices and applications </li></ul><ul><ul><li>GPS </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Smart phone/Blackberries/PDAs </li></ul></ul>
  23. 24. Applications Driving Demand for Bandwidth
  24. 25. Blandin Light Speed Grant Program <ul><li>Designed to overcome barriers to application development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Equipment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Software </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Four projects recently funded </li></ul>
  25. 26. Education Applications <ul><li>Windom </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Empower and train students to create local video content and make this content available online and over cable </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Encourage local teachers to create content for distribution over the regional and state education network </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Little Crow </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Purchase equipment to enable store and forward of online and video conference curriculum </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase availability of local content, including cultural and sporting events, for online viewing </li></ul></ul>
  26. 27. Health Care Applications <ul><li>Home and Community Options – Winona </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Group home operator will use HBC fiber network to monitor facilities and residents via sensor and video </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Use high speed networking for network operations, including back-up, file sharing and training </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Lakewood Health System – Staples </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use remote monitoring, both video and instruments, to maintain contact with and improve monitoring of post-surgical and long-term patients in their homes </li></ul></ul>
  27. 28. Questions and Discussion