I rewrote Kbps to– Kbps-1000 bits in 1 Kbps, referred to usually as “728 K” for exampleMbps-1 million bits, 1000 Kbps, referred to as “3 megabits” or “3 Meg” changed to… 1 megabit and 1 MegGbps-1 billion bits, 1000 Mbps, referred to as “1 gigabit” or “10 gig” changed to…. 1 gigAnd added “ Low latency is important for voice and video applications.”
Anoka county last mile options
Last Mile Connections?Anoka County Broadband Conference June 26th, 2012 1
U-reka Broadband Ventures• U-reka is a Telecommunications Consulting firm working with Municipalities, Service Providers and Tribal Governments to develop broadband strategies• Focus on developing public-private partnerships between providers and communities• Several successful deployments currently in development across the upper-midwest• www.u-rekabroadband.com 2
Agenda• Definitions and Explanation• Broadband-In the eye of the Beholder• FCC Definition and Goals• State of MN Definition and Goals• Internationally and Other States• Existing Providers• Most Promising Technologies 3
“Broadband is in the Eye of the Beholder”• There are many definitions of broadband out there• Really depends on where you come from and what your goals are (universal coverage vs. targeted coverage)• In this presentation we will define broadband and show the many options that there are out there 4
DefinitionsBroadband-communication in which a wide band of frequencies is available to transmit information; can take a variety of mediums (wireless, copper, fiber optic)Bandwidth-the amount of data that can be carried from one point to another in a given time period (usually a second)Bit-smallest unit of computer dataKbps-1000 bits in 1 Kbps, referred to usually as “728 K” for exampleMbps-1 million bits, 1000 Kbps, referred to as “1 megabit” or “1 Meg”Gbps-1 billion bits, 1000 Mbps, referred to as “1 gigabit” or “1 gig”Download-transfer of data from the Internet to an end-userUpload-transfer of data from an end-user to the InternetLatency- a synonym for delay, is an expression of how much time it takes for a packet of data to get from one designated point to another. Low latency is important for voice and video applications. 5
Definitions, cont.Asynchronous, Synchronous-Information travels up and down theconnection at either different (asynch) or the same (sync) speeds.USF-Universal Service Fund, 4 funds that currently subsidize High Costtelephone service, Low Income telephone service, E-rate discountedtelephone and Internet services for schools and libraries and RuralHealthcare discounts for data connections.Transport infrastructure-type of medium used to carry signal, wirelineis fiber optic, copper or hybrid cable, wireless is over licensed orunlicensed spectrum. Infrastructure remains empty until you addservices.Applications-telephone, video, email, data transfers, etc. 6
ExplanationCourtesy of Broadband Properties Magazine
FCC Definition and Goals• 100 Mbps to 100 million-FCC Goal to get 100 Mbps service to 100 million households in the United States• 4:1 Rural-4 Mbps download and 1 Mbps upload to rural areas• USF Changes-change from supporting telephone lifeline service to broadband service• Wireless Initiative-increase the penetration of 3G and 4G services 8
State of MN Definition and Goals -from Chapter 237.012 of MN Statutes• Goal One – Universal access and high speed deployment as soon as possible but no later than 2015 all state residents and businesses have access to broadband service that provides a minimum download speed of 10 to 20 Megabits per second and minimum upload speed of 5 to 10 Megabits per second.• Goal Two involves increasing MN’s ranking among other states and countries. 9
Existing Provider Last Mile Technologies• Cable Television-utilize Hybrid Fiber Coax Networks (HFC) using Data Over Cable Service Interface Specification (DOCSIS) technology• Telephone-utilize Digital Subscriber Line (DSL) technology in Fiber to the Node (FTTN) and Fiber to the Premise (FTTP) networks• Wireless-Variety of technologies depending on application – 3G – WiFi – WiMax• Satellite-Historically the slowest of all the broadband technologies; new technologies allowing download speeds up to 10 Mbps recently announced (www.viasat.com) 10
What is the future bringing?• Fiber to the Premise (FTTP)-technology being deployed by a majority of community based broadband networks-facilitates delivery of a “triple-play” of services• 4G Wireless-or Long Term Evolution-being touted by wireless carriers as a replacement for landline internet services• Whitespace Wireless-known as “Super WiFi” or “TV Band”-currently in early deployments including England and Wilmington, North Carolina 11
For more information John Schultz 651 email@example.com www.u-rekabroadband.com 12
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