Ann and Mike Talk Broadband

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Ann Treacy and MIke O'Connor talk about broadband and give advice to the incoming MInnesota Broadband Task Force on planning for broadband in the state from reliability to ubiquity to speed...

Ann Treacy and MIke O'Connor talk about broadband and give advice to the incoming MInnesota Broadband Task Force on planning for broadband in the state from reliability to ubiquity to speed...

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  • 1. Ann and Mike Talk Broadband Thoughts for the Broadband Task Force
  • 2. TransparencyUse that “internet” thing #MNBBTF
  • 3. Ubiquity People Businesses Communities Vision Goals Resources: • Organizational Information • Technology • Human Strategy Connectivity Affordability Actions Capacity Lead Availability FacilitiesPenetration Progress Oversee Stimulate InfrastructurePerformance Benefits Content Technology, architecture Cost Demand Impact Behaviors Funding Capabilities
  • 4. People Businesses Vision Communities Goals InformationResources:• Organizational• Technology Strategy• Human Actions Lead
  • 5. LeadLeadSustained, consistent leadership is crucial to accomplishing the Statesbroadband-ubiquity goals. Having this report become "shelfware" is one ofthe biggest fears of many Task Force members, and the quickest path to thatoutcome is to throw this report over the wall without describing the ongoingleadership that will be needed to ensure that recommendations are achieved.This leadership will come from many places and in many forms. While theState must continue to play an active convening and enabling role, there is aneed to continue to draw in leadership capability from across all stakeholders.Thus the Task Force recommends the formation of an ongoing MinnesotaBroadband Advisory Council that can provide a permanent home for thatleadership group.This leadership function is comprised of three major parts: Mobilizingcommunities and their human, technology and organizational resources;Empowering people and organizations; Managing vision, goals, strategy,information and actions.
  • 6. MobilizeMobilizing communities and their human, technology and organizational resourcesWhile addressing ubiquitous broadband is a statewide goal, its an issue that willultimately have to be addressed by each community. Thus an important part ofsuccess hinges on helping communities understand what resources they have at hand,the resources they need, and develop good strategies to achieve their broadbandgoals.• Recommendation: Collect best-practice methodologies and tools, and make them available to communities that are mobilizing their local broadband efforts.• Recommendation: Identify current and planned broadband-mobilizing efforts across the state and make them aware of each other. Provide contact information and encourage collaboration.• Recommendation: Monitor and take advantage of any Federal initiatives that promote broadband planning, coordination or construction.• Recommendation: Identify and endorse an organization (or collaborative) that can provide an ongoing focal point and funding for these tools and activities.• Recommendation: Identify leaders and resource-people with expertise in this area and share that list with communities in need of assistance
  • 7. EmpowerEmpowering people and organizationsThe Task Force has learned that there are two sides of the ubiquitous-broadband coin-- supply and demand. There is a big opportunity to increase demand by expandingdigital literacy. This will increase demand for advanced broadband services that inturn will drive an increase in supply as the market responds to that demand. At thesame time, there is an opportunity to increase the value of Minnesotas workforce byimproving digital skills, skills that are becoming ever more important as we competeon a world-wide stage. This also increases demand for ubiquitous broadband services.• Recommendation: Support efforts to build Internet awareness and expand digital literacy by coordinating existing efforts (e.g. library programs) and leveraging existing capabilities (e.g. community education and community colleges).• Recommendation: Provide tax incentives for individuals, businesses and organizations that build their digital literacy and skills.• Recommendation: Coordinate with jobs programs and ensure that there are digital literacy and skill-building components to each.• Recommendation: Support refurbished and recycled-PC programs where effective in reducing cost.
  • 8. ManageManaging vision, goals, strategy, information and actionsBringing ubiquitous broadband to everybody in the state is a large undertaking and it will happen muchmore quickly if the many efforts are well guided and coordinated. In addition, its very important that allstakeholders have a clear understanding of who is accountable for making this happen.• Recommendation: Sequence for support: unserved locations should receive the highest priority. Once priority locations have been identified, timing should favor ROI for the state and also favor locations with lower cost/location to deliver.• Recommendation: Form a permanent multi-stakeholder Minnesota Broadband Advisory Council (MBAC) with a five year sunset (tied to the many Task Force goals that are targeted for 2015). See Section 4 for additional details• Recommendation: The enabling legislation that forms the Council must establish clear expectations for meeting ubiquitous-broadband goals.• Recommendation: Provide a small ongoing staff to provide continuity to the MBAC.• Recommendation: Generate an annual report that describes the current status ("where we are now"), long and short range goals ("where we are going"), and action-plans ("how we will get there") with regard to meeting our ubiquitous-broadband goal. Review and make recommendations updating the State’s definition of Broadband and Ultra High Speed Broadband.• Recommendation: Ensure that there is tight coordination between the various state agencies that have an interest in broadband and the MBAC
  • 9. Strategy Actions Facilities Stimulate Infrastructure Content Demand FundingCapabilities
  • 10. StimulateAchieving ubiquitous broadband will require heavy lifting by many peopleand organizations and the Task Force would be remiss if it didnt describeways to stimulate that activity. Minnesota has arrived at the place wherepure market-based solutions are reaching their limit and progress beyond thispoint will require additional approaches. It is preferable to stimulate themarket to complete the job, but options need to be provided for otherapproaches when market solutions arent effective.As with the other recommendations, this has to be a multi-stakeholder effortin order to be successful and the Task Force looks to the proposed MinnesotaBroadband Advisory Council to make sure that these collaborations happen,and happen quickly.Stimulating can come in many forms. This section of the recommendationsdescribes three broad activities: Coordinating public and private activitiesthat move the state toward ubiquitous broadband; Building facilities,infrastructure and content; Incenting funding, demand and capabilities.
  • 11. CoordinateCoordinating public and private activities that move the state toward ubiquitous broadbandMuch of the remaining work of achieving ubiquitous broadband will be easier if it is coordinated.Providers and communities (either geographic or communities of interest – e. g. local governments,local chambers of commerce) need to leverage opportunities created by each others projects.Businesses large and small will benefit from knowing where and when facilities will be added or willbecome available. To phrase this another way, there is a real risk of slowing down progress and wastingprivate and public resources if these efforts arent coordinated.Coordination should not be limited to within the State. Indeed, the Task Force wishes to avoid the "notinvented here" trap and coordinate Minnesotas efforts with those in neighboring states and across thecountry.• Recommendation: Identify and support new and existing consortia and partnerships needed to achieve ubiquitous broadband (note; the Public Private Partnership sub-group may have some specific ideas here).• Recommendation: Dig once; coordinate infrastructure construction projects, such as roads and electrical grid improvements with ubiquitous-broadband projects.• Recommendation: Plan once; develop coordinated broadband, electric grid, and energy retrofit projects• Recommendation: Include this coordination role in the charter of the proposed Minnesota Broadband Advisory Council, but set the expectation that the Council enlist the aid of public and private partners in doing this work.• Recommendation: Ensure that the MBAC members are aware of and encouraged to attend conferences with similar statewide broadband councils.
  • 12. BuildBuilding facilities, infrastructure and contentUltimately achieving ubiquitous broadband requires building things -- facilities, infrastructure andcontent. Minnesota has accomplished a great deal through market-driven construction yet unservedareas remain.. Minnesota needs to stimulate actions that will finish the job in a way that also providesfor future expansion as broadband needs inevitably increase and maintain the state as a good place forinnovative providers to do business.There is also the need to build content as well as facilities if goals are to be met because, as the TaskForce has learned, content drives demand and demand drives deployment. Thus this section of thereport also includes several content-building recommendations.• Recommendation: Initiate a study to develop a wide-ranging collaborative funding strategy to support the recommendations of this report.• Recommendation: Support the formation of procurement collaborations by government, educational institutions and businesses to stimulate deployment of advanced last- mile and middle-mile infrastructure• Recommendation: Assist providers with right-of-way issues arising during construction projects (Role of Government and Public/Private Partnership sub-groups may have more detail)• Recommendation: Explore collaborative strategies to expand broadband use through advanced applications such as e-government, tele-healthcare and distance-learning.
  • 13. IncentIncenting -- funding, demand and capabilitiesSome actions needed to accomplish the ubiquitous-broadband goalwill require incentives. In some cases these incentives will have to bemonetary, but this section also raises the possibility of non-monetaryincentives (e.g. promotion and recognition) and provides somerecommendations to get that started.• Recommendation: Initiate a study to determine the advisability of establishing a surcharge-funded Minnesota Broadband Fund• Recommendation: Work toward expansion of the definition of the Federal Universal Service Fund to include broadband• Recommendation: Publicize successful broadband initiatives in the state• Recommendation: Identify other non-monetary incentives to undertake the actions needed to achieve ubiquitous broadband.
  • 14. Connectivity Affordability Capacity AvailabilityPenetration Oversee Stimulat ProgressPerformance Benefits Technology, architecture Cost Impact Behaviors
  • 15. Oversee• The adage "that which gets measured gets done" most certainly applies to meeting the goal of ubiquitous- broadband. Thus oversight is required so that the state can determine where it stands, determine whether it is on course, recognize and reward successes and suggest changes when they are needed.• This portion of the recommendations is broken into three sections: Tracking resources (organizational, technology, human), connectivity, affordability, capacity, availability and penetration; Evaluating progress, performance, benefits, technology and cost; Rewarding positive action and regulating in the consumers interest.
  • 16. TrackTracking resources (organizational, technology, human), connectivity, affordability, capacity, availability andpenetration;It is clear that better information is required in order to guide policy and action if the state is to achieve itsbroadband goals. The Task Force recognized a strong need for reliable information during its policy discussionsand wants to ensure that subsequent leaders will have access to the sources it needs.The following recommendations describe the information that is needed in order to understand the currentsituation and areas of need with regard to ubiquitous broadband.• Recommendation: Working through the NTIA mapping project Steering Committee, identify ways to track broadband availability -- tiers of upload/download speeds -- in each location (residential and business) consistent with the task-force speed recommendations (rather than the current FCC-standard 756k/down standard).• Recommendation: Working through the NTIA mapping project Steering Committee, identify ways to track the number of individual and commercial broadband subscribers in the state, the speed and cost of the services they buy• Recommendation: Working through the NTIA mapping project Steering Committee, identify ways to track actual vs published/advertised broadband speeds available in each location• Recommendation: Working through the NTIA mapping project Steering Committee, identify ways to track affordability -- price/mBit -- in each location (actual vs goal)• Recommendation: Provide methods and templates to allow local communities and regions to track organizational, technology and individual-expert resources and needs -- especially those related to ubiquitous broadband deployment• Recommendation: Working through the NTIA mapping project Steering Committee, identify ways to track actual vs goal capacity of broadband facilities in each location (with an eye to the capability for future expansion)• Recommendation: Working through the NTIA mapping project Steering Committee, identify ways to track actual vs goal penetration/take-rate of various tiers of broadband service in each location• Recommendation: Provide as much of the data as possible in a public dataset (in addition to maps) that others can use in conjunction with their own data -- while at the same time preserving the privacy of the data that must remain confidential.• Recommendation: Provide the ability to independently verify the information that is gathered• Recommendation: Generate a semi-annual status assessment of broadband development (percentage of households with broadband availability and penetration).• Recommendation: Provide updates to collected data (and maps) every six months.
  • 17. EvaluateEvaluating progress, performance, benefits, technology and costIt is not enough to simply measure activity. It is equally important toevaluate what the measures are saying and make suggestions as towhat changes are required in order to maintain forward momentum.• Recommendation: The MBAC should identify expert resources that can be relied upon to assist them with their work as needed.• Recommendation: Establish a "working group" process that can allow formation of multi-stakeholder groups to assist the MBAC as needed• Recommendation: Establish a public-facing tool whereby business and residential consumers can interact on an informational basis with the MBAC
  • 18. RewardRewarding positive action that is in the consumers interest.The Task Force feels that the most desirable course is to focus onrewarding success, especially at this early stage in the process ofmoving the state towards ubiquitous broadband. There is too much tolearn, and too many avenues to explore, to warrant a substantialchange in the states regulatory posture with regard to broadbanddeployment at this time.• Recommendation: Identify and monitor locations that are unserved or served by only one broadband provider• Recommendation: Maintain up to date public-facing information "dashboard" describing progress towards reaching the states ubiquitous-broadband goals• Recommendation: Maintain and promote an up to date list of broadband organizations and conferences.• Recommendation: Recognize and promote successful efforts
  • 19. Focus on action Do… Or do not… There is no “try”
  • 20. But wait! There’s more… Coming up, Part II the Sequel… Thrill as Ann and Mike talk about: • Reliability – pp 82-89 • Financing – pp 71-81
  • 21. Ann and Mike Talk Broadband Thoughts for the Broadband Task Force
  • 22. Reliability People Businesses Communities Vision Goals Resources: • Organizational Information • Technology • Human Strategy Connectivity Affordability Actions Capacity Lead Availability Facilities Penetration Progress Oversee Stimulate Infrastructure Performance Benefits Content Technology, architecture Cost Demand Impact Behaviors Funding Capabilities
  • 23. Goals• Distinguish Minnesota as a secure and reliable place to work, play and innovate on the Internet. Positioning Minnesota in this way will:• Provide a competitive advantage for the state• Strengthen businesses• Protect consumers and citizens• Promote the development and early adoption of advanced applications
  • 24. Objectives• Ensure that the middle-mile broadband infrastructure in the state has no “single points of failure” in the event of a disaster or attack.• Ensure that there are multiple diverse high-capacity routes for “commodity” Internet traffic entering and leaving the state.• Ensure redundancy for public safety. As high speed broadband becomes the medium for the communication and delivery of vital functions such as police, dispatch and ambulance services, phone service, telemedicine services etc. backup systems need to be available in the event of the failure of the primary broadband link. For example, in rural Minnesota the failure of the only fiber carrying these vital services to the remote and sparsely populated areas of the state, without a back-up option, could result in major public safety concerns.• Explore peering strategies and the degree to which they can contribute to our security, vulnerability and redundancy goals. All Internet providers should consider exchanging intra- state Internet traffic within the state. This is an inexpensive, robust way to increase performance and reduce vulnerability by allowing the state to remain a fully functioning “island” in the event of attacks and disasters that happen elsewhere.• Ensure that there are mechanisms to protect the confidentiality of sensitive information while still making it available to practitioners and policy-makers.• Ensure that there is a robust ongoing multi-stakeholder collaboration in regard to security, vulnerability and redundancy activities statewide.
  • 25. People Businesses Vision Communities Goals InformationResources:• Organizational• Technology Strategy• Human Actions Lead
  • 26. LeadLead “We cannot afford to discover successful cyber intrusions after-the-fact, acceptdisastrous losses, and then seek merely to contain them. It requires a broad alliance of departments, agencies, and industry leaders to focus on countering the threat, mitigating vulnerabilities, and enhancing resiliency in order to preserve our national security, national economy, and public welfare.” Dennis Blair, Director of National Intelligence Hearing on “Annual Threat Assessment of the Intelligence Community” for the Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, February 12, 2009Just as with achieving our other broadband goals, “steady leadership wins the race.”Ensuring that the state has secure reliable redundant broadband infrastructure is not aone-time project but rather a long-term commitment of leadership talent to anongoing program of vigilance and collaborative problem solving.As with achieving our other goals, the Task Force recommends that this leadership netbe thrown as widely as possible. While the State must continue to play an activeconvening and enabling role, there is a need to continuously to draw in leadershipcapability from across all stakeholders.
  • 27. MobilizeMobilizing communities and their human, technology and organizational resourcesWhile ensuring secure redundant broadband is a statewide goal, its a problem that willultimately have to be addressed locally. Thus an important part of success hinges on security-aware consumers and organizations that understand what resources they have at hand, theresources they need, and develop good strategies to make the most of these.• Recommendation: Collect best-practice methodologies and tools, and make them available to consumers and organizations that are undertaking security and redundancy efforts.• Recommendation: Identify current and planned security and redundancy efforts across the state (such as the Chief Security Officer forum, InfraGuard and the Center for Strategic Information Systems and Security) and make them aware of each other. Strongly encourage collaboration.• Recommendation: Identify and endorse an organization (or collaborative) that can provide an ongoing focal point and funding for these tools and activities.• Recommendation: Identify technical and professional experts with expertise in this area and share that list with people and organizations in need of assistance.• Recommendation: Develop “what’s in it for me?” materials to assist in recruiting and retaining public and private-sector participants.
  • 28. EmpowerEmpowering people and organizationsMuch of the work of securing the Internet depends on informed and educated consumers. Atthe same time, there is an opportunity to increase the value of Minnesotas workforce byimproving Internet security skills, skills that are becoming ever more important as we defend ourcitizens, businesses and online assets from ever increasing attacks. Indeed a recently releasedreport from the Partnership for Public Service and Booz, Allen Hamilton says, “our federalgovernment will be unable to combat these threats without a more coordinated, sustained effortto increase cybersecurity expertise in the federal workforce.” The same can be said for privateand public-sector organizations here in Minnesota.• Recommendation: Support efforts to build cybersecurity awareness and skills by coordinating existing efforts (e.g. library programs) and leveraging existing capabilities (e.g. community education, community and technical colleges and Minnesota’s university systems).• Recommendation: Provide tax incentives for individuals and organizations that undertake to increase their security skills, assist with helping to reduce the vulnerability of our Internet infrastructure or build out facilities that increase redundancy.• Recommendation: Coordinate with jobs programs and encourage the addition of cybersecurity components to each.
  • 29. ManageManaging vision, goals, strategy and actionsBringing secure redundant reliable broadband to everybody in the state is a largeundertaking and it will happen much more quickly if the many efforts are well guidedand coordinated. In addition, its very important that all stakeholders have a clearunderstanding of who is accountable for making this happen.• Recommendation: Include cybersecurity, vulnerability and redundancy in the remit of the proposed permanent multi-stakeholder Minnesota Broadband Advisory Council (MBAC) housed in the Department of Commerce to guide the leadership, stimulus and oversight functions outlined in this report.• Recommendation: The enabling legislation that forms the Council must establish clear expectations for meeting our security, vulnerability and redundancy goals• Recommendation: Provide a small ongoing staff to provide continuity the MBAC.• Recommendation: Generate an annual report (perhaps building on this report) that describes the current status ("where we are now"), long and short range goals ("where we are going"), and action-plans ("how we will get there") with regard to meeting our cybersecurity and redundancy goals.
  • 30. Strategy Actions Facilities Stimulate Infrastructure Content Demand FundingCapabilities
  • 31. Stimulate“It’s now clear that this cyber threat is one of the most serious economic andnational security challenges we face as a nation. It’s also clear that we’re not as prepared as we should be, as a government or as a country.” President Barack Obama, May 29, 2009Achieving secure, reliable broadband will require heavy lifting by many people andorganizations and, as with its other recommendations, the Task Force wants torecommend ways to stimulate this activity. Security, vulnerability and redundancyare, at their core, issues of “readiness.” Like all readiness issues, the focus needs tobe on the things that need to happen in order to get ready. Collectively the stateneeds to make sure those ongoing, ever more refined, preparations are happeningquickly and effectively.As with the other recommendations, this has to be a multi-stakeholder effort in orderto be successful and the Task Force looks to the proposed Minnesota BroadbandAdvisory Council to make sure that these collaborations happen, and happen in atimely manner.
  • 32. CoordinateCoordinating public and private activities that move the state toward more secure, redundant broadbandMuch of the work of achieving the state’s broadband security and redundancy goals will be easier if it iscoordinated. Providers and their large customers need to leverage opportunities created by each othersprojects. Businesses large and small will benefit from knowing where and when secure, redundant facilitieswill be added or will become available. Smooth coordination is crucial to becoming more nimble inresponding to cyber threats and disasters as well as deploying preventative capabilities.Coordination should not be limited to within the State. Indeed, the Task force wishes to avoid the "notinvented here" trap and coordinate Minnesotas efforts security, vulnerability and redundancy efforts withthose in neighboring states, across the country and worldwide.• Recommendation: Identify and support new and existing consortia and partnerships needed to advance these security, vulnerability and redundancy goals (note; the Public Private Partnership sub-group may have some specific ideas here).• Recommendation: Plan once; develop coordinated broadband, electric grid, and energy reliability/redundancy projects• Recommendation: Dig once; coordinate infrastructure construction projects, such as roads and electrical grid improvements with broadband projects aimed at increasing redundancy and reducing vulnerability.• Recommendation: Include this coordination role in the charter of the proposed Minnesota Broadband Advisory Council, but set the expectation that the Council aggressively enlist the ongoing aid of public and private partners (both individuals and organizations) in doing this work.• Recommendation: Ensure that the MBAC members are aware of and encouraged to attend conferences with similar statewide broadband security councils.
  • 33. BuildBuilding facilities, infrastructure and contentUltimately achieving secure, less-vulnerable, redundant broadband is about building things -- facilities,infrastructure, systems, and response-teams to name a few. The days have passed where the Internet was adiscretionary product offered by purely market-driven communications providers. Today the Internet is aneconomic and social necessity that is rapidly becoming indispensable to Minnesotas citizens and organizations.While there are strong market forces driving providers towards some of the goals we describe, there is a needto stimulate collaboration, shared infrastructure and services that no single provider could justify orundertake on their own. Minnesota needs to stimulate actions that will fill those gaps in a way that alsoprovides for future improvement as security, vulnerability and redundancy needs inevitably increase whilemaintaining the state as a welcoming place for innovative providers to do business.There is also the need to build education and training capabilities if goals are to be met because, as manyknow, awareness drives demand and demand drives deployment. Thus this section of the report also includesseveral content-building recommendations.• Recommendation: Initiate a study to develop a wide-ranging collaborative funding strategy to support the recommendations of this report• Recommendation: Support the formation of procurement collaborations by government, educational institutions and businesses to stimulate deployment of advanced last-mile and middle-mile infrastructure• Recommendation: Promote service-provider collaboration to deliver on the redundancy and reliability goals.• Recommendation: Encourage municipalities and regions interested in building broadband networks to participate in incentive programs where their projects could reduce vulnerability and increase redundancy.
  • 34. IncentIncenting -- funding, demand and capabilitiesSome actions needed to accomplish security, vulnerability andredundancy goals will require incentives. In some cases theseincentives will have to be monetary, but this section also raises thepossibility of non-monetary incentives (e.g. promotion andrecognition) and provides some recommendations to get that started.• Recommendation: Initiate a study to determine the advisability of establishing a surchage-funded Minnesota Broadband Fund• Recommendation: Work toward expansion of the definition of the Federal Universal Service Fund to include broadband• Recommendation: Publicize successful security, vulnerability and redundancy initiatives in the state• Recommendation: Identify other non-monetary incentives to undertake the actions needed to achieve these goals.
  • 35. Connectivity Affordability Capacity AvailabilityPenetration Oversee Stimulat ProgressPerformance Benefits Technology, architecture Cost Impact Behaviors
  • 36. Oversee "The committee is troubled by the lack of situational awareness about the opportunities, activities and identities of cyber thieves or potential attackers on U.S. information networks. This is a serious weakness and a source of frustration for those responsible foroversight and strategic decision-making. Unfortunately, it will not be easy to remedy this, as incentives to report cyber intrusions and vulnerabilities are generally negative in the U.S. government and private sector. The committee believes this must change so thatcybersecurity leaders can make well-informed decisions and respond to problems quickly." US Senate Select Committee on Intelligence, July 24, 2009The adage "that which gets measured gets done" most certainly applies to meetingour security, vulnerability and redundancy goals. Thus oversight is required so thatthe state can determine where it stands, determine whether it is on course,recognize and reward successes and suggest changes when they are needed.The challenge in this area is found in the competing needs for better information andmeasurement versus the equally compelling need to protect that information frompeople and organizations wishing to do harm. The Task Force hopes that the leadersof these initiatives can strike a balance between these competing needs, whilerecognizing that today the tendency by almost every stakeholder leans too far towardkeeping information closely held.
  • 37. TrackTracking resources (organizational, technology, human) and capability;It is clear that better information is required in order to guide policy and action if the state is to achieve its broadbandgoals. The Task Force was hampered by the lack of reliable information during many of its policy discussions andwants to ensure that subsequent leaders will not face similar hurdles.The following recommendations describe the information that is needed in order to understand the current situationand areas of need with regard to security, vulnerability and redundancy.• Recommendation: Develop and implement a mechanism to maintain the confidentiality of sensitive or proprietary information gathered to advance the security, reliability and redundancy of broadband in the state. The Task Force wants to acknowledge that much of the information described below would be detrimental if it were to find its way into public view. At the same time, not collecting and sharing this information between responsible stakeholders is detrimental to achieving our goals.• Recommendation: Working through the NTIA mapping project Steering Committee, identify ways to track broadband availability – with an eye toward redundancy.• Recommendation: Working through the NTIA mapping project Steering Committee, identify ways to maintain an up to date inventory of those locations that have only one physical or logical path to the Internet.• Recommendation: Working through the NTIA mapping project Steering Committee, identify ways to maintain an up to date inventory of those locations that connected to the Internet backbone through a single point of failure.• Recommendation: Provide methods and templates to allow local communities and regions to track organizational, technology and individual-expert cybersecurity resources and needs• Recommendation: Provide as much of the data as possible in a public dataset (in addition to maps) that others can use in conjunction with their own data -- while at the same time preserving the privacy of the data that must remain confidential.• Recommendation: Provide the ability to independently verify the information that is gathered• Recommendation: Generate a semi-annual status assessment of security, vulnerability and redundancy• Recommendation: Provide updates to collected data (and maps) every six months.
  • 38. EvaluateEvaluating progress, performance, benefits, technology and costIt is not enough to simply measure activity. It is equally important to evaluatewhat the measures are saying and make suggestions as to what changes arerequired in order to maintain forward momentum.• Recommendation: The MBAC should identify expert staff resources that can be relied upon to assist them with their work as needed. These experts could sometimes be under non-disclosure agreements, when they are required to maintain confidentiality.• Recommendation: Establish a "working group" process can allow formation of multi-stakeholder groups to assist the MBAC as needed. Some of these working groups could be managed with very stringent information-disclosure restrictions, which could be helpful given the sensitive nature of some of the information required to address security and redundancy goals• Recommendation: Establish a public-facing informational tool whereby business and residential consumers can interact on an informational basis with the MBAC
  • 39. RewardRewarding positive actionThe Task Force feels that the most desirable course is to focus onrewarding success, especially at this early stage in the process ofmoving the state towards secure, reliable, redundant broadband.However, the Task Force recognizes that circumstances may arise inthe future that might best be addressed with rule-making, standards-setting or regulation.• Recommendation: Maintain up to date public-facing information "dashboard" describing progress towards reaching the states security, reliability and redundancy goals. Base the dashboard on the final goals and objectives arrived at by the Task Force.• Recommendation: Maintain and promote an up to date list of cybersecurity and broadband-reliability organizations and conferences.• Recommendation: Recognize and promote successful efforts
  • 40. FinancesAn innovative, multi-stakeholder collaboration could beformed to provide the funds needed to reach our goals.Indeed it is the opinion of the Task Force that it would bequite unfair to expect any single stakeholder group(providers, consumers, taxpayers, investors) to carry thewhole burden of this effort.Fortunately, there are a wide variety of funding sourcesavailable to address the work that needs to be done. It’sfor this reason that the Task Force recommends a projectto weave that coalition together. The list which followsshould be viewed only as an example and starting pointfor that effort.
  • 41. Federal Sources of Funds• Federal Communications Commission – E-Rate – Rural Health Initiative• Housing and Urban Development agencies – Block grants• NTIA – BTOP• Universal Service Fund• USDA – RUS
  • 42. State Sources of Funds• General Fund• Bonding• Attorney General (telecomm fines and penalties)• Economic development agencies• Emergency management agencies• Housing and community development agencies• State Universal Service Fund (legislation passed, but never implemented)• Tobacco settlement funds• University of Minnesota and U of M Extension
  • 43. County and Municipal Sources of Funds• Economic development programs• Emergency management agencies• Housing and community development agencies• Poverty agencies
  • 44. Nonprofit-Sector Sources of Funds or Fund-raising Assistance• Foundations (eg) – Benton Foundation – Blandin Foundation – Library foundations – Minneapolis Foundation – Pew Charitable Trust – St Paul Foundation – Wilder Foundation• Charities (eg) – Catholic Charities – Council of Churches – United Way• Non-profit corporations (eg) – Chambers of Commerce – MN Council of Foundations – MN Council of Nonprofits – MN League of Cities
  • 45. Private-Sector Sources of Funds• Consumers – Individuals – Large businesses – Small businesses• Telecommunications providers – Cable companies – Fixed wireless providers – Mobile wireless providers – Telephone companies
  • 46. Focus on action Do… Or do not… There is no “try”