Groups of people who share a concern, a set of problems, or a passion about a topic, and who deepen their knowledge and expertise in this area by interacting on an ongoing basis
From: Wenger, McDermott and Snyder (2002) Cultivating Communities of Practice, p. 4
From Wenger (1998) Communities of Practice: Learning as a social system
Practices Learning From Andrew Cox (2005) What are communities of Learning? Journal of Information Science 31,6, p 529
Practical learning pre-senses From: Garrison, D.R. (2006) ONLINE COMMUNITY OF INQUIRY REVIEW: SOCIAL, COGNITIVE, AND TEACHING PRESENCE ISSUES DRAFT
Community * Range Mean Median S.D. All participants (N = 89) Connectedness 28 26.71 28 7.029 Learning 31 29.84 31 6.765 Community 56 56.55 58 12.681 * As measured by the Rovai Classroom Community Scale (2002)
“ The field experience was the most beneficial to me ...having other students share their experience...The field instructor had a lot of experience that she was able to share with us. It is hard to pass up discussions... I do not think a student can get much out of reading without experience and discussion with others... Forming a sense of community, I learn better through experiential learning.”
Which aspects were most effective for facilitating social presence?
“ The field experience was the most beneficial, because it forced me to get out and experience issues that I hadn't before... I haven't taken the time to interact as much as I would like to but I know that people would've been available for more interaction if I'd taken the effort.