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Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
Sustaining Our Future
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Sustaining Our Future


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  • 1. Genetically Modified Foods Savior or Time Bomb?
  • 2. Biotechnology
    • “Biotechnology is the modification of living organisms and their products.”
    • Genetically Modified Foods and Crops are a branch of biotechnology as the genes of the plant are modified so that specific trains are displayed or exhibited.
  • 3. Genetically Modified Foods
    • Genetically modified foods offer a range of advantages to both the economic well-being of a country as well as its agricultural industry.
    • Enabling a range of characteristics to be displayed in foods, Genetic modification assists in sustaining our futures through its desirable traits.
  • 4. Process
  • 5. Advantages
    • Agricultural
      • Decreases the strain put on the agricultural industry via droughts and lowers production costs
    • Economic
      • Boost Economy through Export
    • Nutritional
      • Provide added nutritional value to food products
  • 6. Agricultural Advantages
    • Wider environmental diversity
      • Salt, drought, pollution and wind resistance
    • Pest and disease resistance
      • Pesticides and other chemicals are not required
    • Higher yields
      • Larger income for farmer and intern the economy
  • 7. Economic Advantages
    • Increased Production
      • Increases the export revenue and decreases the import costs of a country
    • Higher Land Use
      • Less land is wasted due to lack of water, salt saturation or pollution
  • 8. Nutritional Advantages
    • Higher Nutritional Value
      • Specific characteristics can be implemented into foods such as higher calcium content or other nutrients.
    • Lower Allergy Rate
      • Allergic components of foods can be removed. This could mean that people who are lactose intolerant may be able to consume dairy products.
  • 9. Disadvantages
    • Health
      • Unknown affects on health in future
    • Legal Requirements
      • Labeling, packaging and testing legislations are still being created
    • Environmental
      • Changes the biodiversity of enviroments
    • Testing
      • The current population is the test as genetically modified foods have only just been released onto the market.
  • 10. Health Issues
    • Unknown Future Health Issues
      • The current population are the test generation
      • Altering genes may produce new allergic reactions
      • Future effects are unknown as the technology is only 20 years old
  • 11. Legal Requirements
    • Labeling
      • Labeling Laws for GM Foods State:
        • Any Food that has ingredients or processing that contain novel DNA or a DNA protein and has altered characteristics of the food must be labeled as GM Food.
      • A food must indicated it is GM when:
        • It falls outside the typical nutritional value
        • Contains a ‘new factor’ that may cause allergic reactions
        • Naturally occurring toxins are different from similar non-GM foods
      • A food is not required to be labeled as GM when:
        • It is a refined food and this refining removed the novel DNA or DNA protein
        • If flavors from GM foods do not make up more than 1 gram per kilogram
        • The GM product is present in a value less than 1% per ingredient and there unintentionally
        • Food that is consumed at the point of sale (Restaurants and Take Away)
  • 12.
    • There are 5 organizations responsible for GM foods:
      • Food Standards Australia and New Zealand
        • Decides whether the food is safe or not
      • Office of the Gene Technology Regulator
        • Approves GM trials and commercial release of GM crops
      • Australian Pesticides and Veterinary Medicines Authority
        • Determines all chemicals aloud to be used in the agricultural industry
      • Australian Quarantine Inspection Services
        • Regulates the movement of product around Australia and internationally
      • Therapeutic Goods Administration
        • Carries out long term testing and assessments
  • 13. Environmental
    • Biodiversity
      • Genetically Modified crops may alter the natural balance between life forms and the environment
    • Contamination
      • Cross pollination may occur between the altered and unaltered crops, which leads to contamination of natural crops.
    • Biodiversity
      • New diseases or pests may develop if previous forms no longer affect the modified plant.
  • 14. Testing
    • When testing GM crops, a number of precautions have been put in place, these include:
      • A ‘no-grow’ zone up to 2km wide around the GM crop.
      • Constant checks of surrounding crops to ensure no contamination has occurred
      • Removal of all parts of the crop once the test has been completed so that cattle do not graze on them.
  • 15. Ethics
    • Safety
      • Are genetically modified foods safe?
    • Testing
      • Is it ethical to test on a population?
      • Should we be testing on animals?
    • Modifying Nature
      • Is it right to modify nature to suit ourselves?
  • 16. Sustainability
    • Genetically modified foods allow us to sustain our futures through:
      • Higher yields which leads to better economic situations
      • Greater use of land
      • Better nutritional value
      • Larger supplies to meet demand on agricultural industries.
  • 17. Conclusion
    • Genetically modified foods provide both advantages and disadvantages
    • With further research could provide a valuable tool in sustaining our lifestyles
    • May revolutionize the way we live, improving our health and lifestyles.