Haiti: "Open For Business"


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Summary of presentations at the 2009 Intl Business meeting in Port-au-Prince

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  • Our Sustainable Technology Systems team has been working to assist farmers and distillers to transform their facilities into fuel ethanol production as a cooking fuel alternative. We also are investigating how to assist in co-product biomass brick making so that fuel is stored during the times that sugar and starch are least available. Hopefully we find a way to meet with members of your group at the December 10th meeting at the Inter-American Development Bank.

    Best wishes,
    Peggy Korth
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Haiti: "Open For Business"

  1. 1. HAITI: OPEN for BUSINESS OCTOBRE 1st2009investment opportunities in renewable energiesDieuseul ANGLADE, eng.Director General Bureau of Mines and Energy <br />International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009<br /> BME<br />
  2. 2. Presentation Plan<br />Overview of the energy Sector<br />Investment opportunities<br />Conclusion<br /> BME<br />
  3. 3. 1. Overview of the energy sector<br />Haiti energy “consumption” matrix<br />(% TOE)<br />Haiti energy “markets” matrix<br />(USD)<br />hydro<br />Other petroleum <br />fuels<br />Petroleumproducts<br />25%<br />Wood<br />Diesel<br />(380 M)<br />Biomass (wood & charcoal)<br />72%<br />Wood-Charcoal<br />(150 M)<br />* Most wood-fuel consumed by SMEs (Moonshine, drycleaners, bakeries) <br /> BME<br />
  4. 4. 1. Overview of the energy sector<br />The energy demand<br />Transportation, industry and domestic consumption<br />380 000 tons de charcoal per year for families: a US$ 150 M market<br />200 000 tons of wood in the SMEs : a US$ 60 M market<br />130 millions gallons of diesel : a US$ 380 market<br /> BME<br />
  5. 5. 2. Investment opportunities<br />2.1 Liquid fuels<br /><ul><li> bio-fuels (biodiesel)</li></ul>Progressive substitution of 45 million gallons of diesel consumed by the thermal generators in power plants.<br />130 million gallons of diesel consumed yearly.<br />The telecommunications companies consume about 4% of the imported diesel.<br /> BME<br />
  6. 6. 2. Investment opportunities<br />2.2 Cooking energies <br /><ul><li>WoodlotsProject of creation of woodlots in unused lands
  7. 7. Substitution of keroseneReplacement of kerosene lamps with lighting by small PV systems in rural areas
  8. 8. Briquette production</li></ul>Production of briquettes from waste/renewable sources of biomass as substitutes for wood & charcoal<br /> BME<br />
  9. 9. 2. Investment opportunities<br />2.1 Wind Energy<br />Lac Azuéï<br /> 10 km from P-au-P grid; 50 MW potential <br /> wind speeds : 5 to 7 m/s.<br />Northern Haiti<br /> Near Cap-Haitien grid; 2 MW potential<br /> wind speed : 5 to 6 m/s.<br />The preliminary study is being executed by 3E, a Belgian firm.<br />Feasibility studies will be undertaken next.<br /> BME<br />
  10. 10. 2. Investment opportunities<br />2.3 Solar energy<br /><ul><li>Solar panel assembly plants
  11. 11. Small PV rural solar projectsFor lighting, pumping, seafood and vaccine conservation</li></ul> BME<br />
  12. 12. The energy market is the second largest in Haiti after the food market. <br />There are already good examples of successful public-private partnerships in the Haitian Energy Sector, where the Government has committed to buying all the power produced for 5 to 15 years:<br /> SOGENER, HAYTRAC, E-POWER<br />3. Conclusions<br /> BME<br />
  13. 13. 3. Conclusions<br />The Government of the Republic of Haiti has also committing to the following actions :<br />Elaboration and submission to the vote of Parliament a bill for the creation of the enabling framework for the acceleration of the use of renewable energy and the associated technologies ;<br />Implementation of various forms of incentive mechanisms for the promotion of private sector investment in renewable energy (production and deployment);<br /> BME<br />
  14. 14. 3. Conclusions<br />Pursuing actions related to the development of biofuels, in particular: feasibility studies, R&D and the reinforcement of Public-Private partnerships;<br />Carrying out a public awareness campaign for renewable energy, utilizing instruments designed to inform and motivate.<br />HAITI IS WORKING HARD TO MAKE THE ENERGY SECTOR A GROWING AND SUSTAINABLE SECTOR<br /> BME<br />
  15. 15. THANK YOU<br />Dieuseul ANGLADE, Ing. Directeur General Bureau des Mines et de l’Énergie<br />Email : dsanglade@yahoo.com Web site: www.bme.gouv.ht<br /> BME<br />
  16. 16. Rolando Gonzalez-Bunster<br />IDB International Business Meeting<br />Investment in Wind Power Generation from an International Investor’s Perspective<br />International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009<br />BasicEnergy<br />
  17. 17. Economic and Commercial Aspects<br />Country’s political situation should be stable and should present macroeconomic growth in the short term. <br />Payment risk needs to be minimal<br />Capital for these projects migrates very easily. If too much risk is perceived in a certain country and/or market, investors will identify alternate places to deploy their capital and develop similar projects where less risk is perceived.<br />Long Term (15-20 yr) Power Purchase Agreements (“PPAs”) are a must to secure financing.<br />Involvement of multilateral funding is highly desirable. <br />Commercial financing in developing countries tends to be very short term with high interest rates which limits the possibilities to develop capital-intensive projects like wind power projects. <br />Financing sources like IDB play a significant role in promoting these projects in developing <br />countries. <br />BasicEnergy<br />
  18. 18. Site Selection<br />Initial site selection is a very methodical and technical exercise. <br />Once a site is selected, significant time and resources need to be dedicated to research its feasibility.<br />Wind atlases which contain macro wind measurements are not enough (these only provide general guidelines). Site-specific towers need to be erected in order to measure wind behavior for at least one (1) year.<br />For financing purposes, these site-specific measuring towers need to be measure wind speeds at least 2/3rds the height of the expected hub height of the wind turbines (as high as 100+ meters).<br />These measurements need to be validated by independent third parties<br />An investor will typically invest in securing the site and purchasing wind turbines <br />once the site is validated by site-specific wind measurements <br />BasicEnergy<br />
  19. 19. Permitting<br />Too much bureaucracy hinders project development. <br />In countries where wind projects have not been developed, authorities are typically hesitant to fast-track permitting - this creates a barrier against developments. <br />Other countries are competing for these projects and are willing to have more streamlined permitting processes. <br />Permitting is required for financing, hence if the permitting process is not clear and streamlined, achieving financing can become challenging. <br />A single point permitting window is highly desirable <br />BasicEnergy<br />
  20. 20. Technical and Construction Aspects<br />Available offloading ports are one of the early items that need to be identified when making an investment decision. <br />The lack of proper infrastructure to offload the equipment from the ships could easily eliminate the chance for a successful project. <br />Access to site from to the unloading point to the each of the towers’ location is also an important task that needs to be performed early on in the investment decision process.<br />If too much investment is required due to: 1) poor road conditions; 2) tight curves that don’t allow blade transportation; or 3) Mountainous terrain; then project feasibility can be jeopardized.<br />Access to grid as close to the site as possible. <br />A long transmission line can increase project cost significantly and threaten the project’s feasibility.<br />Terrain profile can influence balance of plant costs<br />BasicEnergy<br />
  21. 21. Carbon Credits<br />Although the variable costs of wind projects are minimal, the construction aspect is very capital-intensive. As such, power prices need to be high enough to repay the financing and allow for an acceptable return to the investor. Energy prices are typically not enough to allow for this. <br />To solve this issue, carbon credits are one of the few lifelines to make projects feasible.<br />The current Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) expires 2012. Difficult to predict carbon credit impact on a project’s economics post 2012.<br />A wind project in Haiti would displace Diesel (no. 2) generation – this is a “cleaner” fuel than Coal or Heavy Fuel Oil which results in less carbon credits than the same project could generate in other countries with a “dirtier” energy matrix. <br />BasicEnergy<br />
  22. 22. Thank You!<br />Rolando Gonzales Bunster, Basic Energy<br />BasicEnergy<br />
  23. 23. Prospects for Jatrophacurcas cultivation in Haiti<br />CHIBAS<br />International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009<br /> CHIBAS<br />
  24. 24. Why Jatropha?<br />Haiti presently imports over twice as much diesel fuel as gasoline (ethanol is a substitute of gasoline)<br />Haiti heavily depends on diesel for the production of electricity <br />Feedstock for ethanol production would compete for the best arable land; which is limited<br />Ethanol would have a relatively small local market<br />Oil processing and production of bio-diesel is scalable<br />Plant oil can be used directly (for local electric power generation, mills, irrigation, and small industry)<br />And Jatropha is potentially a multipurpose crop (reforestation & restoration of degraded land, biodiesel, SVO, charcoal briquettes, high protein animal feed and honey)<br /> CHIBAS<br />
  25. 25. Energy matrix (Market)<br />> USD 350 M <br />*<br />% of energy mix (market)<br />Tons of Oil Equivalent<br />> USD 150 M <br />> USD 60 M <br /> CHIBAS<br />The market for Biodiesel<br />* Most of the wood is not sold on the market<br />
  26. 26. Land availability for Jatropha<br />How much land can be usedto grow Jatropha ?<br />Expected yields ?<br />What are the profits from growing Jatropha ?<br />Mapping the risks (red):<br />Land use, environment,<br />areas suitable for food crops,<br />other socio-economic risks, etc…<br />Land use map<br /> CHIBAS<br />
  27. 27. Land availability for Jatropha<br />In green: area where you can grow Jatropha with limiting the negative impacts.<br />A: >800,000 ha<br />B: >500,000 ha<br />A<br />B<br />There is enough land to meet Haiti’s diesel market!<br /> CHIBAS<br />
  28. 28. A multipurpose cropThe markets for Jatropha<br />Edible Jatropha<br />Non edible Jatropha<br /><ul><li>Oil & Biodiesel (liquid biofuels) </li></ul>100 million gallons (280 M USD)<br /><ul><li>Charcoal briquettes80,000 ton (23 M USD)
  29. 29. High protein animal feed550,000 ton (165 M USD)
  30. 30. Honey12,000 ton (36 M USD)
  31. 31. Oil & Biodiesel (liquid biofuels)100 million gallons (280 M USD)
  32. 32. Charcoal briquettes200,000 ton (60 M USD)
  33. 33. Honey12,000 ton (36 M USD)</li></ul> CHIBAS<br />
  34. 34. Working with small holdersMaximizing profit along the value chain<br />Integrate small holders to the Jatropha value chainThere is an opportunity to develop a market chain integrating small holders and producers; one that is profitable to ALL the actors of the value chain (IDB market study)<br />“LwilAgogo” – building strategic alliances along the value chainProfitable businesses integrating the small holders and producers<br /> CHIBAS<br />
  35. 35. CHIBAS at the service of the local agro-industry<br />CHIBAS will be improving, releasing and promoting the use of improved Jatropha varieties as multipurpose crops (food/feed and energy); <br />CHIBAS is a technical center to serve the farmers and the agribusiness sector in getting access to the best and most adequate technology and the best agricultural practices; <br />CHIBAS realizes feasibility studies to establish plans for the formulation of project designs (or projects) and investment strategies (including a complete sustainable and profitable value market chain assessment) maximizing incomes for the farmers and the local communities.<br /> CHIBAS<br />
  36. 36. Thank You!<br />Gael Pressoir, CHIBAS, ExecutiveDirector<br />Geneticist & Plant Breeder<br />gael.pressoir@chibas-bioenergy.org<br />Skype: gael_pressoir<br />Phone: +509 3465 0449<br /> CHIBAS<br />
  37. 37. Can the biodiesel valuechainbeanopportunityforPrivate Sector Investments in Haiti?<br />Source: Biodiesel Value Chain Feasibility Study for Haiti – IDB and USAID/DEED<br />International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009<br /> BID & USAID-DEED<br />
  38. 38. The study has considered 3 lines of business<br />FARM BUSINESS<br />JATROPHA PRODUCTION CENTER (JPC)<br />BIODIESEL<br />Jatropha pressing<br />Machine <br />to press <br />jatropha<br />Chemical plant<br />Cake<br />Oil<br />Solid fuel-pellet <br /> IDB & USAID-DEED<br />
  39. 39. The main products have been considered<br />FARM<br />JATROPHA PRODUCTION CENTER<br />BIODIESEL<br />INDUSTRY<br />GENETICR&D<br />S<br />E<br />E<br />D<br />S<br />Notes: <br />Final products considered in the study<br />Final products subject to more investigation but with potential<br />% Shown as % of dry fruit.<br /> IDB & USAID-DEED<br />
  40. 40. Logical Framework<br />Opportunity:<br /><ul><li> There is a market
  41. 41. Private Investments </li></ul> provide good returns<br /><ul><li> 3A benefits are huge</li></ul>Strategic Options for Haiti:<br /><ul><li> Private Sector
  42. 42. Public Sector and</li></ul> Development agencies<br />Scenario we can <br />accomplish together<br />Challenges:<br /><ul><li> Entrepreneurship
  43. 43. Regulation & Public Investments
  44. 44. R&D best crops
  45. 45. Focus of development actors: arid/semi-arid lands</li></ul> IDB & USAID-DEED<br />
  46. 46. Income/ ha1 = $229<br />65,000 ha<br />700 ha<br />6,500 ha<br />Except for the small scale biodiesel plant, the three businesses present NPV positive in all scenarios<br />Variation of NPVs according to oil prices and jatropha land productivity<br />Farm business:<br />NPV/ ha<br />Jatropha Production Center business<br />NPV/ JPC<br />Biodiesel business:<br />NPV/ industrial plant<br />1 Income in fifth year<br />Asumption:<br />Diesel pumpprice in Haiti: $2,31<br /> IDB & USAID-DEED<br />
  47. 47. $US2,5/gallon and 200gl oil/ha seem to be the break-even point for the Haitian biodiesel business<br />Variation of NPVs according to oil prices and jatropha land productivity<br />($US / gal)<br />($US / gal)<br />Break-even point<br />Assumptions:<br /><ul><li> Diesel price at pump in Haiti
  48. 48. Oilprice (JPC business): 50% diesel price
  49. 49. Jatrophadryfruit (Farmbusiness): 10% oilprice
  50. 50. JPC businessincludes pellets business</li></ul>($US / gal)<br /> IDB & USAID-DEED<br />
  51. 51. $1000-1150/ha<br />238<br />2210<br />22100<br />Jobs<br />35<br />195<br />260<br />3250<br />3250<br />2600<br />$447/ha<br />Salary<br />Profits<br />65,000 ha<br />700 ha<br />6,500 ha<br />The economic impact in terms of development of each business is also significant in all scenarios analyzed<br />Farm business:<br />Income/ ha<br />Jatropha Production Center business<br />Income/ ha<br />Biodiesel business:<br />Income / industrial plant<br /> IDB & USAID-DEED<br />
  52. 52. <ul><li> 250,000 owners
  53. 53. 184,000-203,000 jobs(170,000 approximately on the farms)
  54. 54. Income per capita(1):</li></ul> > $460/ owner (=$2000/ owners with the JPC’s)<br /> > $220/ worker<br /><ul><li> Environment:
  55. 55. Replace the entire charcoal market ($320M)
  56. 56. Renewing arid lands for fruit crops in the future</li></ul>450,000 jobs<br />For a scenario of 500,000 ha of jatropha planted, 450,000 jobs can be created. Also, $460 of income per year can be generated for a minimum of 250,000 producers<br />VISION<br />500,000<br />HECTARES<br />Attractive vision because:<br /><ul><li> scheme of farm owners integrated with the JPC’s
  57. 57. arid or semi-arid land
  58. 58. can possibly be a transitory and complimentary culture
  59. 59. efforts both focused and at a national scale</li></ul>(1) From the fifth years and on<br /> IDB & USAID-DEED<br />
  60. 60. Thank You!<br />Eduardo Almeida, BID<br /> IDB & USAID-DEED<br />
  61. 61. Eucalyptus Project for Biomass Production<br />International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009<br />FGV - BID<br />
  62. 62. Methodology<br />Agroclimatic Zoning<br />LandCapability<br />FGV - BID<br />
  63. 63. Phase 1 – Land Suitability<br />Eucalyptus<br />FGV - BID<br />
  64. 64. Eucalyptus in the World<br />Source: ABRAF, 2007<br />FGV - BID<br />
  65. 65. Haiti Energy Matrix<br />Area Covered by Forest: <br />3,8%<br />Source: IEA. <br />FGV - BID<br />
  66. 66. Biomass Project<br />Manufacturing<br />Bricket<br />Firewood Stove<br />FGV - BID<br />
  67. 67. Process of Forest Production<br />18 month<br />FGV - BID<br />
  68. 68. Forestry Project<br />FGV - BID<br />
  69. 69. Forestry Project<br />Total area: 6.000ha – 1.000ha per year<br />Early planting<br />First harvest<br />FGV - BID<br />
  70. 70. Biomass Project<br />FGV - BID<br />
  71. 71. Total Investments per unit of 1.000ha, USD<br />FGV - BID<br />
  72. 72. ANOTHER ALTERNATIVE OF BIOMASS: ELEPHANT GRASS <br />Production cost of elephant grass= USD 20,00/t<br />Planting and harvesting in the same year<br />FGV - BID<br />
  73. 73. Thank You!<br />Cleber Lima Guarany<br />cleber.guarany@fgv.br<br />FGV - BID<br />
  74. 74. The Biodiesel Haiti project<br />International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009<br /> Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA<br />
  75. 75. Who we are<br />Biocarburantsd’Haiti S.A.<br /><ul><li>Haitian Corporation established in 2007
  76. 76. Major stakeholders: 4 local entrepreneurs: Reynold Roy, Reginald Noel, Georges Garnier, PascaleOriol
  77. 77. Paid up capital: us $ 120,000
  78. 78. Present activity: production of biodiesel on an experimental basis out of used vegetable oil collected from local restaurants
  79. 79. Current production: 500 gal /month sold to individuals</li></ul> Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA<br />
  80. 80. What do we want to do ?<br />Based on experience acquired over the past 2 years:<br />Transform current activity into a biodiesel production project out of jatropha oil<br /> Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA<br />
  81. 81. How do we want to do it?<br /><ul><li>Phase 1 : use 1200 hectares of land located in plateau central and owned by one of the major stakeholders to plant jatropha.
  82. 82. Phase 2 : encourage small farmers to participate in a jatropha plantation program (with the help of winner project usaid)</li></ul> Incentives will include: free seeds from our nurseries, technical assistance and a guaranteed purchase agreement at a pre approved price<br /> Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA<br />
  83. 83. Our production Goal: 1 Million gallons of biodiesel<br />Phase 1: 300 gal/ha/year<br /> for a total production : 360,000 gal of biodiesel<br />Expected time to full output : 3 years<br />Phase 2: 640 000 gal out of jatropha plantations own by small farmers<br />Expected time to full output: 3 years from end of phase 1<br /> Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA<br />
  84. 84. Target Market<br />Private industries with electricity generation capacity (generators)<br />currently 22 % of Haiti’ s diesel consumption or 25 M gal / year<br /> Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA<br />
  85. 85. What price?<br /><ul><li>At today’s diesel price of $ 2.80 we expect to be 10 to 15 % cheaper
  86. 86. At today’s price, sales at end of phase 2 will amount : $ 2.5 millions
  87. 87. Expected net profit on sales : 21 %</li></ul> Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA<br />
  88. 88. What is the estimated investment?<br />2,8 Millions us $ for plant and related equipment as well as plantation program<br /> Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA<br />
  89. 89. What are we looking for in potential partners?<br /><ul><li>Help in refining and completing project document
  90. 90. Equity financing
  91. 91. Assistance in securing bank financing
  92. 92. Technical, logistical and managerial support once project launched</li></ul> Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA<br />
  93. 93. Thank You!<br />Reginald Noel, Biocarburants d’Haiti SA, <br />biodieselhaiti@hotmail.com<br /> Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA<br />
  94. 94. WINECO-TEVASAEthanol plant<br />International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009<br /> TEVASA<br />
  95. 95. Terminal Varreux<br />WHARF SPECIFICATION <br />DRAFT 11.0 METERS FOR WHARF <br /> 9.8M FOR TANKERS<br />LOA 190 METERS MAX<br />FENDERS YOKOHAMA<br />LIST OF TANKS<br />46,000 BBLS 16<br />46,000 BBLS, WITH FLOATING ROOF 2<br />25,000 BBLS 2<br />17,500 BBLS 1<br />8,300 BBLS 4<br /> TEVASA<br />
  96. 96. Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI)<br /> TEVASA<br />Ethanol produced/processed in beneficiary countries are permitted to enter the US duty- free <br />Ethanol has to originate from bio-mass sources and has to have undergone a full transformation process in the CBI country<br />Tax saving of US 54 cents a gallon<br />
  97. 97. 30 million gal.year dehydration plant <br /> TEVASA<br />In full operation by mid 2010<br />Expansion possible to 60 M gal<br />Corresponding tanks and infrastructure additions to accommodate the increased volume are planned<br />
  98. 98. 30 million gal.year dehydration plant <br /> TEVASA<br />In full operation by mid 2010<br />Expansion possible to 60 M gal<br />Corresponding tanks and infrastructure additions to accommodate the increased volume are planned<br />
  99. 99. Processing ethanol for the US market<br /> TEVASA<br />Final stages of negotiations<br />Ethanol will originate from Brazil and after processing in Haiti it will be exported to US for further blending with gasoline<br />
  100. 100. Plant Layout<br /> TEVASA<br />
  101. 101. Thank You!<br />Maulik Radia, TEVASA, Managing Director <br />maulikradia@yahoo.com<br /> TEVASA<br />
  102. 102. Renewable Energy For a Better World<br />Transforming Haïti’s energy challenges into wealth and job creating opportunities<br />International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009<br /> ENERSA<br />
  103. 103. COMPANY PROFILE<br /><ul><li>Haïti’sonly designer and MANUFACTURER of solar panels and solar appliances
  104. 104. Small, young,… but the FASTEST GROWING solar company in the country (700% growth)
  105. 105. Industry leader in number of installations (in just over 2 years of operations)
  106. 106. From 800 sq ft, moving to new 10,000 sq ft facility
  107. 107. Widest covered geographic area
  108. 108. 58 towns & remote villages… and counting
  109. 109. contracts in all 10 departments of the country</li></ul>In very little time, we became the best local partner for nationwide solar projects<br /><ul><li>Socially responsible company
  110. 110. Trained from scratch & employed so far 18 solar technicians (almost all of them youth from Cité Soleil)
  111. 111. Investing in our Human Resources
  112. 112. Investing in environmental projects
  113. 113. Supporting youth initiatives</li></ul> ENERSA<br />
  114. 114. SOLAR as a strategic solution<br />Haïti in excellent radiation zone<br />750,000 to 1M households without access<br />Estimated total PV installed : only 700 Kw<br /><ul><li>Making PV affordable & accessible
  115. 115. Reducing the country’s dependence on imported fossil fuel
  116. 116. Creating jobs</li></ul>So, we’re in the business of Socioeconomic Development<br />has an OVERALL installed capacity ofabout360 MW<br />while Haïti<br />Germany<br />has 10 times that, just in solar PV<br />- 1,500 MW PV installed in 2008 alone<br />Spain<br />Installed 1,800 Mw PV in 2008<br /> ENERSA<br />
  117. 117. MANUFACTURING as a wealth creating option<br />SOLAR STREET LIGHT<br />MARKET VALUE ADDED CHAIN<br />PV MARKET VALUE ADDED CHAIN<br />Si- Feedstock<br />Wafer<br />Si- Feedstock<br />Cell<br />Wafer<br />Module<br />Cell<br />Manufacturing Division<br />Solar appliance<br />Module<br />BOS<br />BOS<br />Installation Division<br />Installation<br />Installation<br />43% <br />59% <br /> ENERSA<br />
  118. 118. OUR PRODUCTS<br />NATIONAL <br />TEAM WORK<br />Components from other Haïtian industrial companies as much as possible<br />Solar Lamp<br /><ul><li>Light
  119. 119. Radio
  120. 120. Mobile phone</li></ul>Mobile phone charger<br />STANDARD model<br />Mobile phone charger<br />BELT model <br />Solar Home System<br /><ul><li>3 Lights
  121. 121. Radio
  122. 122. Mobile phone</li></ul>Mobile phone chargerBELT model plus<br />Solar Module PS-X<br /><ul><li>30W
  123. 123. 60W
  124. 124. 120W</li></ul>CHAJMAN<br />Small Business<br />Mobile phone <br />Charging station<br /> ENERSA<br />
  125. 125. OTHER PRODUCTS & SERVICES <br />MULTI Kw INSTALLATIONS<br />Village Mini Central Solar Plant<br />STRONG R&D DEPARTMENT<br />Hospital<br />4 main focus:<br />Security<br />Cost<br />User friendly<br />Install. friendly<br />Custom design for<br />specific projects<br />Coffee Export Coop<br />Solar Irrigation Pump<br /> ENERSA<br />
  126. 126. OUR MAIN SUCCESS<br />SOLAR STREET LIGHT<br /><ul><li> Theft proof
  127. 127. hurricane proof
  128. 128. 12h of light per night
  129. 129. Fully automatic (ON/OFF)
  130. 130. 3 days autonomy
  131. 131. 25% cheaper than imported
  132. 132. Designed in Haïti
  133. 133. Solar panel made in Haïti
  134. 134. LED light bulb made in Haïti
  135. 135. Pole made in Haïti</li></ul> ENERSA<br />
  136. 136. FINANCING HAÏTI’S SOLAR REVOLUTON<br /><ul><li> Consumer appliances
  137. 137. OFF-Grid :
  138. 138. Residential (SHS)
  139. 139. Commercial / Institutional
  140. 140. Stand-Alone Utilities</li></ul> ECONOMICALLY VIABLE <br />MARKET SEGMENTS<br />INDUSTRY STRUCTURE FLOW CHART<br />Government<br />Local component supplier<br />Mezzanine Financing<br />Inventory Loan<br />Institutions<br />Installation Division<br />Foreign component supplier<br />Manufacturing Division<br />Micro Business<br />Household<br />Consumer<br />Other local installers<br />Market segments<br />financing mechanism<br />(credit / loan)<br />$<br />$$$<br /> ENERSA<br />
  141. 141. 5%<br />15%-20%<br />20% - 25%<br />50 % <br />( NOTE ABLE TO AFFORD )<br />Opening solar market through <br />proper financing mechanism<br />SOLAR HOME SYSTEM MARKET POTENTIAL<br />ECONOMICALLY VIABLE<br />50% penetration potential with proper financing<br />375,000 HH in Haïti<br />$ 175 M market<br />200 M HH worldwide<br />Cash able <br />1 – 3 year credit<br />3 - 5 year credit<br />Need subsidy<br />Solar needs subsidies ?<br />No…<br />Not for all market segments<br /> ENERSA<br />
  142. 142. PROFITABLE solar company, but…<br />Renewable Energy For a Better World<br />Our Greatest Achievement?<br />Changing people’s lives<br />NO VILLAGE TOO REMOTE…<br />COUNTING ON YOUR SUPPORT<br />THANK YOU<br /> ENERSA<br />