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Summary of presentations at the 2009 Intl Business meeting in Port-au-Prince

Summary of presentations at the 2009 Intl Business meeting in Port-au-Prince

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  • Our Sustainable Technology Systems team has been working to assist farmers and distillers to transform their facilities into fuel ethanol production as a cooking fuel alternative. We also are investigating how to assist in co-product biomass brick making so that fuel is stored during the times that sugar and starch are least available. Hopefully we find a way to meet with members of your group at the December 10th meeting at the Inter-American Development Bank.

    Best wishes,
    Peggy Korth
    CEO STS
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Haiti: "Open For Business" Presentation Transcript

  • 1. HAITI: OPEN for BUSINESS OCTOBRE 1st2009investment opportunities in renewable energiesDieuseul ANGLADE, eng.Director General Bureau of Mines and Energy
    International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009
    BME
  • 2. Presentation Plan
    Overview of the energy Sector
    Investment opportunities
    Conclusion
    BME
  • 3. 1. Overview of the energy sector
    Haiti energy “consumption” matrix
    (% TOE)
    Haiti energy “markets” matrix
    (USD)
    hydro
    Other petroleum
    fuels
    Petroleumproducts
    25%
    Wood
    Diesel
    (380 M)
    Biomass (wood & charcoal)
    72%
    Wood-Charcoal
    (150 M)
    * Most wood-fuel consumed by SMEs (Moonshine, drycleaners, bakeries)
    BME
  • 4. 1. Overview of the energy sector
    The energy demand
    Transportation, industry and domestic consumption
    380 000 tons de charcoal per year for families: a US$ 150 M market
    200 000 tons of wood in the SMEs : a US$ 60 M market
    130 millions gallons of diesel : a US$ 380 market
    BME
  • 5. 2. Investment opportunities
    2.1 Liquid fuels
    • bio-fuels (biodiesel)
    Progressive substitution of 45 million gallons of diesel consumed by the thermal generators in power plants.
    130 million gallons of diesel consumed yearly.
    The telecommunications companies consume about 4% of the imported diesel.
    BME
  • 6. 2. Investment opportunities
    2.2 Cooking energies
    • WoodlotsProject of creation of woodlots in unused lands
    • 7. Substitution of keroseneReplacement of kerosene lamps with lighting by small PV systems in rural areas
    • 8. Briquette production
    Production of briquettes from waste/renewable sources of biomass as substitutes for wood & charcoal
    BME
  • 9. 2. Investment opportunities
    2.1 Wind Energy
    Lac Azuéï
    10 km from P-au-P grid; 50 MW potential
    wind speeds : 5 to 7 m/s.
    Northern Haiti
    Near Cap-Haitien grid; 2 MW potential
    wind speed : 5 to 6 m/s.
    The preliminary study is being executed by 3E, a Belgian firm.
    Feasibility studies will be undertaken next.
    BME
  • 10. 2. Investment opportunities
    2.3 Solar energy
    • Solar panel assembly plants
    • 11. Small PV rural solar projectsFor lighting, pumping, seafood and vaccine conservation
    BME
  • 12. The energy market is the second largest in Haiti after the food market.
    There are already good examples of successful public-private partnerships in the Haitian Energy Sector, where the Government has committed to buying all the power produced for 5 to 15 years:
    SOGENER, HAYTRAC, E-POWER
    3. Conclusions
    BME
  • 13. 3. Conclusions
    The Government of the Republic of Haiti has also committing to the following actions :
    Elaboration and submission to the vote of Parliament a bill for the creation of the enabling framework for the acceleration of the use of renewable energy and the associated technologies ;
    Implementation of various forms of incentive mechanisms for the promotion of private sector investment in renewable energy (production and deployment);
    BME
  • 14. 3. Conclusions
    Pursuing actions related to the development of biofuels, in particular: feasibility studies, R&D and the reinforcement of Public-Private partnerships;
    Carrying out a public awareness campaign for renewable energy, utilizing instruments designed to inform and motivate.
    HAITI IS WORKING HARD TO MAKE THE ENERGY SECTOR A GROWING AND SUSTAINABLE SECTOR
    BME
  • 15. THANK YOU
    Dieuseul ANGLADE, Ing. Directeur General Bureau des Mines et de l’Énergie
    Email : dsanglade@yahoo.com Web site: www.bme.gouv.ht
    BME
  • 16. Rolando Gonzalez-Bunster
    IDB International Business Meeting
    Investment in Wind Power Generation from an International Investor’s Perspective
    International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009
    BasicEnergy
  • 17. Economic and Commercial Aspects
    Country’s political situation should be stable and should present macroeconomic growth in the short term.
    Payment risk needs to be minimal
    Capital for these projects migrates very easily. If too much risk is perceived in a certain country and/or market, investors will identify alternate places to deploy their capital and develop similar projects where less risk is perceived.
    Long Term (15-20 yr) Power Purchase Agreements (“PPAs”) are a must to secure financing.
    Involvement of multilateral funding is highly desirable.
    Commercial financing in developing countries tends to be very short term with high interest rates which limits the possibilities to develop capital-intensive projects like wind power projects.
    Financing sources like IDB play a significant role in promoting these projects in developing
    countries.
    BasicEnergy
  • 18. Site Selection
    Initial site selection is a very methodical and technical exercise.
    Once a site is selected, significant time and resources need to be dedicated to research its feasibility.
    Wind atlases which contain macro wind measurements are not enough (these only provide general guidelines). Site-specific towers need to be erected in order to measure wind behavior for at least one (1) year.
    For financing purposes, these site-specific measuring towers need to be measure wind speeds at least 2/3rds the height of the expected hub height of the wind turbines (as high as 100+ meters).
    These measurements need to be validated by independent third parties
    An investor will typically invest in securing the site and purchasing wind turbines
    once the site is validated by site-specific wind measurements
    BasicEnergy
  • 19. Permitting
    Too much bureaucracy hinders project development.
    In countries where wind projects have not been developed, authorities are typically hesitant to fast-track permitting - this creates a barrier against developments.
    Other countries are competing for these projects and are willing to have more streamlined permitting processes.
    Permitting is required for financing, hence if the permitting process is not clear and streamlined, achieving financing can become challenging.
    A single point permitting window is highly desirable
    BasicEnergy
  • 20. Technical and Construction Aspects
    Available offloading ports are one of the early items that need to be identified when making an investment decision.
    The lack of proper infrastructure to offload the equipment from the ships could easily eliminate the chance for a successful project.
    Access to site from to the unloading point to the each of the towers’ location is also an important task that needs to be performed early on in the investment decision process.
    If too much investment is required due to: 1) poor road conditions; 2) tight curves that don’t allow blade transportation; or 3) Mountainous terrain; then project feasibility can be jeopardized.
    Access to grid as close to the site as possible.
    A long transmission line can increase project cost significantly and threaten the project’s feasibility.
    Terrain profile can influence balance of plant costs
    BasicEnergy
  • 21. Carbon Credits
    Although the variable costs of wind projects are minimal, the construction aspect is very capital-intensive. As such, power prices need to be high enough to repay the financing and allow for an acceptable return to the investor. Energy prices are typically not enough to allow for this.
    To solve this issue, carbon credits are one of the few lifelines to make projects feasible.
    The current Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) expires 2012. Difficult to predict carbon credit impact on a project’s economics post 2012.
    A wind project in Haiti would displace Diesel (no. 2) generation – this is a “cleaner” fuel than Coal or Heavy Fuel Oil which results in less carbon credits than the same project could generate in other countries with a “dirtier” energy matrix.
    BasicEnergy
  • 22. Thank You!
    Rolando Gonzales Bunster, Basic Energy
    BasicEnergy
  • 23. Prospects for Jatrophacurcas cultivation in Haiti
    CHIBAS
    International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009
    CHIBAS
  • 24. Why Jatropha?
    Haiti presently imports over twice as much diesel fuel as gasoline (ethanol is a substitute of gasoline)
    Haiti heavily depends on diesel for the production of electricity
    Feedstock for ethanol production would compete for the best arable land; which is limited
    Ethanol would have a relatively small local market
    Oil processing and production of bio-diesel is scalable
    Plant oil can be used directly (for local electric power generation, mills, irrigation, and small industry)
    And Jatropha is potentially a multipurpose crop (reforestation & restoration of degraded land, biodiesel, SVO, charcoal briquettes, high protein animal feed and honey)
    CHIBAS
  • 25. Energy matrix (Market)
    > USD 350 M
    *
    % of energy mix (market)
    Tons of Oil Equivalent
    > USD 150 M
    > USD 60 M
    CHIBAS
    The market for Biodiesel
    * Most of the wood is not sold on the market
  • 26. Land availability for Jatropha
    How much land can be usedto grow Jatropha ?
    Expected yields ?
    What are the profits from growing Jatropha ?
    Mapping the risks (red):
    Land use, environment,
    areas suitable for food crops,
    other socio-economic risks, etc…
    Land use map
    CHIBAS
  • 27. Land availability for Jatropha
    In green: area where you can grow Jatropha with limiting the negative impacts.
    A: >800,000 ha
    B: >500,000 ha
    A
    B
    There is enough land to meet Haiti’s diesel market!
    CHIBAS
  • 28. A multipurpose cropThe markets for Jatropha
    Edible Jatropha
    Non edible Jatropha
    • Oil & Biodiesel (liquid biofuels)
    100 million gallons (280 M USD)
    • Charcoal briquettes80,000 ton (23 M USD)
    • 29. High protein animal feed550,000 ton (165 M USD)
    • 30. Honey12,000 ton (36 M USD)
    • 31. Oil & Biodiesel (liquid biofuels)100 million gallons (280 M USD)
    • 32. Charcoal briquettes200,000 ton (60 M USD)
    • 33. Honey12,000 ton (36 M USD)
    CHIBAS
  • 34. Working with small holdersMaximizing profit along the value chain
    Integrate small holders to the Jatropha value chainThere is an opportunity to develop a market chain integrating small holders and producers; one that is profitable to ALL the actors of the value chain (IDB market study)
    “LwilAgogo” – building strategic alliances along the value chainProfitable businesses integrating the small holders and producers
    CHIBAS
  • 35. CHIBAS at the service of the local agro-industry
    CHIBAS will be improving, releasing and promoting the use of improved Jatropha varieties as multipurpose crops (food/feed and energy);
    CHIBAS is a technical center to serve the farmers and the agribusiness sector in getting access to the best and most adequate technology and the best agricultural practices;
    CHIBAS realizes feasibility studies to establish plans for the formulation of project designs (or projects) and investment strategies (including a complete sustainable and profitable value market chain assessment) maximizing incomes for the farmers and the local communities.
    CHIBAS
  • 36. Thank You!
    Gael Pressoir, CHIBAS, ExecutiveDirector
    Geneticist & Plant Breeder
    gael.pressoir@chibas-bioenergy.org
    Skype: gael_pressoir
    Phone: +509 3465 0449
    CHIBAS
  • 37. Can the biodiesel valuechainbeanopportunityforPrivate Sector Investments in Haiti?
    Source: Biodiesel Value Chain Feasibility Study for Haiti – IDB and USAID/DEED
    International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009
    BID & USAID-DEED
  • 38. The study has considered 3 lines of business
    FARM BUSINESS
    JATROPHA PRODUCTION CENTER (JPC)
    BIODIESEL
    Jatropha pressing
    Machine
    to press
    jatropha
    Chemical plant
    Cake
    Oil
    Solid fuel-pellet
    IDB & USAID-DEED
  • 39. The main products have been considered
    FARM
    JATROPHA PRODUCTION CENTER
    BIODIESEL
    INDUSTRY
    GENETICR&D
    S
    E
    E
    D
    S
    Notes:
    Final products considered in the study
    Final products subject to more investigation but with potential
    % Shown as % of dry fruit.
    IDB & USAID-DEED
  • 40. Logical Framework
    Opportunity:
    • There is a market
    • 41. Private Investments
    provide good returns
    • 3A benefits are huge
    Strategic Options for Haiti:
    • Private Sector
    • 42. Public Sector and
    Development agencies
    Scenario we can
    accomplish together
    Challenges:
    • Entrepreneurship
    • 43. Regulation & Public Investments
    • 44. R&D best crops
    • 45. Focus of development actors: arid/semi-arid lands
    IDB & USAID-DEED
  • 46. Income/ ha1 = $229
    65,000 ha
    700 ha
    6,500 ha
    Except for the small scale biodiesel plant, the three businesses present NPV positive in all scenarios
    Variation of NPVs according to oil prices and jatropha land productivity
    Farm business:
    NPV/ ha
    Jatropha Production Center business
    NPV/ JPC
    Biodiesel business:
    NPV/ industrial plant
    1 Income in fifth year
    Asumption:
    Diesel pumpprice in Haiti: $2,31
    IDB & USAID-DEED
  • 47. $US2,5/gallon and 200gl oil/ha seem to be the break-even point for the Haitian biodiesel business
    Variation of NPVs according to oil prices and jatropha land productivity
    ($US / gal)
    ($US / gal)
    Break-even point
    Assumptions:
    • Diesel price at pump in Haiti
    • 48. Oilprice (JPC business): 50% diesel price
    • 49. Jatrophadryfruit (Farmbusiness): 10% oilprice
    • 50. JPC businessincludes pellets business
    ($US / gal)
    IDB & USAID-DEED
  • 51. $1000-1150/ha
    238
    2210
    22100
    Jobs
    35
    195
    260
    3250
    3250
    2600
    $447/ha
    Salary
    Profits
    65,000 ha
    700 ha
    6,500 ha
    The economic impact in terms of development of each business is also significant in all scenarios analyzed
    Farm business:
    Income/ ha
    Jatropha Production Center business
    Income/ ha
    Biodiesel business:
    Income / industrial plant
    IDB & USAID-DEED
  • 52.
    • 250,000 owners
    • 53. 184,000-203,000 jobs(170,000 approximately on the farms)
    • 54. Income per capita(1):
    > $460/ owner (=$2000/ owners with the JPC’s)
    > $220/ worker
    • Environment:
    • 55. Replace the entire charcoal market ($320M)
    • 56. Renewing arid lands for fruit crops in the future
    450,000 jobs
    For a scenario of 500,000 ha of jatropha planted, 450,000 jobs can be created. Also, $460 of income per year can be generated for a minimum of 250,000 producers
    VISION
    500,000
    HECTARES
    Attractive vision because:
    • scheme of farm owners integrated with the JPC’s
    • 57. arid or semi-arid land
    • 58. can possibly be a transitory and complimentary culture
    • 59. efforts both focused and at a national scale
    (1) From the fifth years and on
    IDB & USAID-DEED
  • 60. Thank You!
    Eduardo Almeida, BID
    IDB & USAID-DEED
  • 61. Eucalyptus Project for Biomass Production
    International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009
    FGV - BID
  • 62. Methodology
    Agroclimatic Zoning
    LandCapability
    FGV - BID
  • 63. Phase 1 – Land Suitability
    Eucalyptus
    FGV - BID
  • 64. Eucalyptus in the World
    Source: ABRAF, 2007
    FGV - BID
  • 65. Haiti Energy Matrix
    Area Covered by Forest:
    3,8%
    Source: IEA.
    FGV - BID
  • 66. Biomass Project
    Manufacturing
    Bricket
    Firewood Stove
    FGV - BID
  • 67. Process of Forest Production
    18 month
    FGV - BID
  • 68. Forestry Project
    FGV - BID
  • 69. Forestry Project
    Total area: 6.000ha – 1.000ha per year
    Early planting
    First harvest
    FGV - BID
  • 70. Biomass Project
    FGV - BID
  • 71. Total Investments per unit of 1.000ha, USD
    FGV - BID
  • 72. ANOTHER ALTERNATIVE OF BIOMASS: ELEPHANT GRASS
    Production cost of elephant grass= USD 20,00/t
    Planting and harvesting in the same year
    FGV - BID
  • 73. Thank You!
    Cleber Lima Guarany
    cleber.guarany@fgv.br
    FGV - BID
  • 74. The Biodiesel Haiti project
    International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009
    Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA
  • 75. Who we are
    Biocarburantsd’Haiti S.A.
    • Haitian Corporation established in 2007
    • 76. Major stakeholders: 4 local entrepreneurs: Reynold Roy, Reginald Noel, Georges Garnier, PascaleOriol
    • 77. Paid up capital: us $ 120,000
    • 78. Present activity: production of biodiesel on an experimental basis out of used vegetable oil collected from local restaurants
    • 79. Current production: 500 gal /month sold to individuals
    Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA
  • 80. What do we want to do ?
    Based on experience acquired over the past 2 years:
    Transform current activity into a biodiesel production project out of jatropha oil
    Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA
  • 81. How do we want to do it?
    • Phase 1 : use 1200 hectares of land located in plateau central and owned by one of the major stakeholders to plant jatropha.
    • 82. Phase 2 : encourage small farmers to participate in a jatropha plantation program (with the help of winner project usaid)
    Incentives will include: free seeds from our nurseries, technical assistance and a guaranteed purchase agreement at a pre approved price
    Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA
  • 83. Our production Goal: 1 Million gallons of biodiesel
    Phase 1: 300 gal/ha/year
    for a total production : 360,000 gal of biodiesel
    Expected time to full output : 3 years
    Phase 2: 640 000 gal out of jatropha plantations own by small farmers
    Expected time to full output: 3 years from end of phase 1
    Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA
  • 84. Target Market
    Private industries with electricity generation capacity (generators)
    currently 22 % of Haiti’ s diesel consumption or 25 M gal / year
    Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA
  • 85. What price?
    • At today’s diesel price of $ 2.80 we expect to be 10 to 15 % cheaper
    • 86. At today’s price, sales at end of phase 2 will amount : $ 2.5 millions
    • 87. Expected net profit on sales : 21 %
    Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA
  • 88. What is the estimated investment?
    2,8 Millions us $ for plant and related equipment as well as plantation program
    Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA
  • 89. What are we looking for in potential partners?
    • Help in refining and completing project document
    • 90. Equity financing
    • 91. Assistance in securing bank financing
    • 92. Technical, logistical and managerial support once project launched
    Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA
  • 93. Thank You!
    Reginald Noel, Biocarburants d’Haiti SA,
    biodieselhaiti@hotmail.com
    Biocarburants d’Haiti, SA
  • 94. WINECO-TEVASAEthanol plant
    International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009
    TEVASA
  • 95. Terminal Varreux
    WHARF SPECIFICATION 
    DRAFT 11.0 METERS FOR WHARF
    9.8M FOR TANKERS
    LOA 190 METERS MAX
    FENDERS YOKOHAMA
    LIST OF TANKS
    46,000 BBLS 16
    46,000 BBLS, WITH FLOATING ROOF 2
    25,000 BBLS 2
    17,500 BBLS 1
    8,300 BBLS 4
    TEVASA
  • 96. Caribbean Basin Initiative (CBI)
    TEVASA
    Ethanol produced/processed in beneficiary countries are permitted to enter the US duty- free
    Ethanol has to originate from bio-mass sources and has to have undergone a full transformation process in the CBI country
    Tax saving of US 54 cents a gallon
  • 97. 30 million gal.year dehydration plant
    TEVASA
    In full operation by mid 2010
    Expansion possible to 60 M gal
    Corresponding tanks and infrastructure additions to accommodate the increased volume are planned
  • 98. 30 million gal.year dehydration plant
    TEVASA
    In full operation by mid 2010
    Expansion possible to 60 M gal
    Corresponding tanks and infrastructure additions to accommodate the increased volume are planned
  • 99. Processing ethanol for the US market
    TEVASA
    Final stages of negotiations
    Ethanol will originate from Brazil and after processing in Haiti it will be exported to US for further blending with gasoline
  • 100. Plant Layout
    TEVASA
  • 101. Thank You!
    Maulik Radia, TEVASA, Managing Director
    maulikradia@yahoo.com
    TEVASA
  • 102. Renewable Energy For a Better World
    Transforming Haïti’s energy challenges into wealth and job creating opportunities
    International Business Meeting, Port-au-Prince, 1-2 October, 2009
    ENERSA
  • 103. COMPANY PROFILE
    • Haïti’sonly designer and MANUFACTURER of solar panels and solar appliances
    • 104. Small, young,… but the FASTEST GROWING solar company in the country (700% growth)
    • 105. Industry leader in number of installations (in just over 2 years of operations)
    • 106. From 800 sq ft, moving to new 10,000 sq ft facility
    • 107. Widest covered geographic area
    • 108. 58 towns & remote villages… and counting
    • 109. contracts in all 10 departments of the country
    In very little time, we became the best local partner for nationwide solar projects
    • Socially responsible company
    • 110. Trained from scratch & employed so far 18 solar technicians (almost all of them youth from Cité Soleil)
    • 111. Investing in our Human Resources
    • 112. Investing in environmental projects
    • 113. Supporting youth initiatives
    ENERSA
  • 114. SOLAR as a strategic solution
    Haïti in excellent radiation zone
    750,000 to 1M households without access
    Estimated total PV installed : only 700 Kw
    • Making PV affordable & accessible
    • 115. Reducing the country’s dependence on imported fossil fuel
    • 116. Creating jobs
    So, we’re in the business of Socioeconomic Development
    has an OVERALL installed capacity ofabout360 MW
    while Haïti
    Germany
    has 10 times that, just in solar PV
    - 1,500 MW PV installed in 2008 alone
    Spain
    Installed 1,800 Mw PV in 2008
    ENERSA
  • 117. MANUFACTURING as a wealth creating option
    SOLAR STREET LIGHT
    MARKET VALUE ADDED CHAIN
    PV MARKET VALUE ADDED CHAIN
    Si- Feedstock
    Wafer
    Si- Feedstock
    Cell
    Wafer
    Module
    Cell
    Manufacturing Division
    Solar appliance
    Module
    BOS
    BOS
    Installation Division
    Installation
    Installation
    43%
    59%
    ENERSA
  • 118. OUR PRODUCTS
    NATIONAL
    TEAM WORK
    Components from other Haïtian industrial companies as much as possible
    Solar Lamp
    • Light
    • 119. Radio
    • 120. Mobile phone
    Mobile phone charger
    STANDARD model
    Mobile phone charger
    BELT model
    Solar Home System
    • 3 Lights
    • 121. Radio
    • 122. Mobile phone
    Mobile phone chargerBELT model plus
    Solar Module PS-X
    • 30W
    • 123. 60W
    • 124. 120W
    CHAJMAN
    Small Business
    Mobile phone
    Charging station
    ENERSA
  • 125. OTHER PRODUCTS & SERVICES
    MULTI Kw INSTALLATIONS
    Village Mini Central Solar Plant
    STRONG R&D DEPARTMENT
    Hospital
    4 main focus:
    Security
    Cost
    User friendly
    Install. friendly
    Custom design for
    specific projects
    Coffee Export Coop
    Solar Irrigation Pump
    ENERSA
  • 126. OUR MAIN SUCCESS
    SOLAR STREET LIGHT
    • Theft proof
    • 127. hurricane proof
    • 128. 12h of light per night
    • 129. Fully automatic (ON/OFF)
    • 130. 3 days autonomy
    • 131. 25% cheaper than imported
    • 132. Designed in Haïti
    • 133. Solar panel made in Haïti
    • 134. LED light bulb made in Haïti
    • 135. Pole made in Haïti
    ENERSA
  • 136. FINANCING HAÏTI’S SOLAR REVOLUTON
    • Consumer appliances
    • 137. OFF-Grid :
    • 138. Residential (SHS)
    • 139. Commercial / Institutional
    • 140. Stand-Alone Utilities
    ECONOMICALLY VIABLE
    MARKET SEGMENTS
    INDUSTRY STRUCTURE FLOW CHART
    Government
    Local component supplier
    Mezzanine Financing
    Inventory Loan
    Institutions
    Installation Division
    Foreign component supplier
    Manufacturing Division
    Micro Business
    Household
    Consumer
    Other local installers
    Market segments
    financing mechanism
    (credit / loan)
    $
    $$$
    ENERSA
  • 141. 5%
    15%-20%
    20% - 25%
    50 %
    ( NOTE ABLE TO AFFORD )
    Opening solar market through
    proper financing mechanism
    SOLAR HOME SYSTEM MARKET POTENTIAL
    ECONOMICALLY VIABLE
    50% penetration potential with proper financing
    375,000 HH in Haïti
    $ 175 M market
    200 M HH worldwide
    Cash able
    1 – 3 year credit
    3 - 5 year credit
    Need subsidy
    Solar needs subsidies ?
    No…
    Not for all market segments
    ENERSA
  • 142. PROFITABLE solar company, but…
    Renewable Energy For a Better World
    Our Greatest Achievement?
    Changing people’s lives
    NO VILLAGE TOO REMOTE…
    COUNTING ON YOUR SUPPORT
    THANK YOU
    ENERSA