An Overview on Current Free and Open Source Desktop GIS  Developments Steininger & Bocher A presentation by Atle F. Sveen,...
Agenda <ul><li>Definition of «Free» & «Open Source» software </li></ul><ul><li>Free GIS Software </li></ul><ul><li>Major P...
«Free» & «Open Source» software (FSF vs. OSI) vs. Proprietary FOSS
Licenses <ul><li>Keep the «freedoms» </li></ul><ul><li>Viral vs. Corporate style </li></ul><ul><li>GPL, BSD, Mozilla </li>...
FOS GIS Organisations FOSS Open Standards
FOS GIS Software <ul><ul><li>Group on usage  </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Group on programming language </li></ul><ul><li>Group ...
Desktop GIS <ul><li>Retronym </li></ul><ul><li>«A desktop GIS is a mapping software that is installed onto and runs on a  ...
Evaluation Criteria <ul><li>User level </li></ul><ul><li>Application Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Development Platform </li></u...
Projects Evaluated <ul><li>GRASS – «The old man» </li></ul><ul><li>Quantum GIS – «GRASS for dummies» </li></ul><ul><li>uDi...
GRASS – «the old man» <ul><li>Geographic Resources Analysis Support System </li></ul><ul><li>Developed by the US Army  </l...
GRASS
Quantum GIS – «GRASS for dummies» <ul><li>Developed by volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Started 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Geograp...
Quantum GIS
uDig – «Eclipse based» <ul><li>User-Friendly Desktop Internet GIS </li></ul><ul><li>View and edit directly in databases </...
uDig
JUMP family – «Fork'o'rama» <ul><li>Open Java Unified Mapping Platform </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian companies and ministerie...
OpenJUMP
OrbisGIS – «The new kid on the block» <ul><li>First public version Januray 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Targets GIS analysts and...
OrbisGIS
Advantages <ul><li>No license fees </li></ul><ul><li>Support of standards  </li></ul><ul><li>and used formats important </...
Disadvantages <ul><li>Training costs </li></ul><ul><li>Installation know-how </li></ul><ul><li>Limited documentation </li>...
Conclusions «Open source can't strongly appeal (yet) to conservative late adopters, and ESRI is finding it hard (at the mo...
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FOS Desktop GIS

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Presentation of the article An Overview on Current Free and Open Source Desktop GIS Developments by Steininger & Bocher for the GISc Module at NTNU, Norway

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FOS Desktop GIS

  1. 1. An Overview on Current Free and Open Source Desktop GIS Developments Steininger & Bocher A presentation by Atle F. Sveen, GISc Module 06.11.2008
  2. 2. Agenda <ul><li>Definition of «Free» & «Open Source» software </li></ul><ul><li>Free GIS Software </li></ul><ul><li>Major Projects </li></ul><ul><li>Advantages and disadvantages </li></ul>
  3. 3. «Free» & «Open Source» software (FSF vs. OSI) vs. Proprietary FOSS
  4. 4. Licenses <ul><li>Keep the «freedoms» </li></ul><ul><li>Viral vs. Corporate style </li></ul><ul><li>GPL, BSD, Mozilla </li></ul>
  5. 5. FOS GIS Organisations FOSS Open Standards
  6. 6. FOS GIS Software <ul><ul><li>Group on usage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Group on programming language </li></ul><ul><li>Group on foundation and maintenance </li></ul>
  7. 7. Desktop GIS <ul><li>Retronym </li></ul><ul><li>«A desktop GIS is a mapping software that is installed onto and runs on a personal computer and allows users to display , query , update , and analyze data about geographic locations and the information linked to those locations. (ESRI)» </li></ul>
  8. 8. Evaluation Criteria <ul><li>User level </li></ul><ul><li>Application Focus </li></ul><ul><li>Development Platform </li></ul><ul><li>Features </li></ul><ul><li>OGC standards supported </li></ul><ul><li>License </li></ul><ul><li>Supported OSes </li></ul><ul><li>Development API? </li></ul>Long term Current state
  9. 9. Projects Evaluated <ul><li>GRASS – «The old man» </li></ul><ul><li>Quantum GIS – «GRASS for dummies» </li></ul><ul><li>uDig – «Eclipse based» </li></ul><ul><li>gvSIG – «Spanish ESRI-killer» </li></ul><ul><li>SAGA – «German scientific» </li></ul><ul><li>ILWIS – «Oldschool teaching system» </li></ul><ul><li>MapWindow GIS – «.net GIS kernel» </li></ul><ul><li>JUMP family – «Fork'o'rama» </li></ul><ul><li>KOSMO – «Spanish Jump fork» </li></ul><ul><li>OrbisGIS – «The new kid on the block» </li></ul>
  10. 10. GRASS – «the old man» <ul><li>Geographic Resources Analysis Support System </li></ul><ul><li>Developed by the US Army </li></ul><ul><li>Alternative to ARCINFO </li></ul><ul><li>First version in 1985 </li></ul><ul><li>GPL in 1999 </li></ul><ul><li>UNIX based, used by GIS experts </li></ul>
  11. 11. GRASS
  12. 12. Quantum GIS – «GRASS for dummies» <ul><li>Developed by volunteers </li></ul><ul><li>Started 2002 </li></ul><ul><li>Geographic data viewer for Linux </li></ul><ul><li>Plugins heavily used </li></ul>
  13. 13. Quantum GIS
  14. 14. uDig – «Eclipse based» <ul><li>User-Friendly Desktop Internet GIS </li></ul><ul><li>View and edit directly in databases </li></ul><ul><li>Commercially driven </li></ul><ul><li>Based on the Eclipse platform </li></ul><ul><li>Front-end for PostGIS </li></ul>
  15. 15. uDig
  16. 16. JUMP family – «Fork'o'rama» <ul><li>Open Java Unified Mapping Platform </li></ul><ul><li>Canadian companies and ministeries </li></ul><ul><li>Data editing </li></ul><ul><li>Came short of fundings -> Forks </li></ul><ul><ul><li>OpenJUMP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>DeeJUMP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SkyJUMP </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>KOSMO </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. OpenJUMP
  18. 18. OrbisGIS – «The new kid on the block» <ul><li>First public version Januray 2008 </li></ul><ul><li>Targets GIS analysts and researchers </li></ul><ul><li>Basic viewing and querying </li></ul><ul><li>Vector and raster </li></ul>
  19. 19. OrbisGIS
  20. 20. Advantages <ul><li>No license fees </li></ul><ul><li>Support of standards </li></ul><ul><li>and used formats important </li></ul><ul><li>Helps learning (free to try) </li></ul><ul><li>No re-inventing the wheel </li></ul>
  21. 21. Disadvantages <ul><li>Training costs </li></ul><ul><li>Installation know-how </li></ul><ul><li>Limited documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of continuity and long-term planning </li></ul><ul><li>Maybe no or little support </li></ul><ul><li>Companies biased </li></ul>
  22. 22. Conclusions «Open source can't strongly appeal (yet) to conservative late adopters, and ESRI is finding it hard (at the moment) to appeal to technically savvy early adopters.»
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