WORLD OCEAN PROTOCOL,A TREATY FOR THE GLOBAL COMMONS an atlasphere measure of success
WHAT IS SUCCESS?Success might mean, but is not limited to: 1. a level of social status 2. achievement of an objective/goal 3. the opposite of failure From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
AT WHAT POINT DO WE SAY.... ENOUGH ALREADY ? Japan has caught $6 billion worth of illegal Southern Blueﬁn tuna over the past 20 years. - Australian Broadcasting Corporation
WORLD POPULATION 2011: 6.9 BILLION PEOPLE 2050: 7.5-10.5 BILLION PEOPLE 2048: 37 YEARS UNTIL COLLAPSE=1-3 BILLION MORE MOUTHS TO FEED, with what food?
“AS MANY AS 90% OF ALL THE OCEAN’S LARGE FISH, HAVE BEEN FISHED OUT.” - WWF
2048: FACT NOT FICTIONOUR CURRENT RATE OF CONSUMPTIONWILL CAUSE A TOTAL OCEAN COLLAPSE IN ONLY 37 YEARS
THREATS TO THE GLOBAL OCEAN COMMONS OVERFISHING POLICY HABITAT DAMAGE 90% of Apex predators: GONE Fraud and Piracy Fuel & Oil Spills Destructive Fishing Poaching in the High Seas PlasticsBy-catch threatens all Species 30% lost Ineffective Laws Garbage Pollution to ‘waste’ Fish caught faster than they can 1/4 of the worlds catch is unreported Chemicals and reproduce or unregulated Prescription Drugs Global ﬁshing ﬂeet is overcapacity Narrow scope and loopholes Coral Reefs MULTIPLE Species Collapse Violations abound Sewage Waste Trawling destroys habitat only 1% of Ocean is protected Ocean Acidiﬁcation Nets and Longlines catch Subsidies Aquaculture EVERYTHING Jellyﬁsh blooms ECO Fibbing No Deep Sea Protection Small Forager Fish, Anchovies and “Special” Interests: PSO Nuclear Radiation Sardines used as FEED, not FOOD “Partnership for Sustainable Oceans”?
One per cent of the worlds Industrial ﬁshing ﬂeets account for 50 per cent of the worlds catches. - CNN "After climate change, commercial ﬁshing represents thegreatest threat to life in our oceans. As well as ruthlessly ﬁshing out stock after stock, the way we ﬁsh has disastrous consequencesfor other species and entire ecosystems – but the damage being done is out at sea, out of sight, and out of mind for most people. We need totake drastic action to repair the damage we’ve done to our oceans before it’s too late." Willie Mackenzie, Oceans Campaign, Greenpeace United Kingdom
With enoughLONGLINES to wrap around the globe 500 times! GILLNETS, NOW made from KEVLAR!
FUN FISH FACT:2 X BIGGER = 8 X MORE EGGS The largest ﬁsh lay the best quality eggs, hence, providing for future generations means NOT taking the biggest ﬁsh!4 X BIGGER = 64 X MORE EGGS
TRAWLING = massive ‘bycatch’ 38.5 Million TONS per YEAR! nearly 30% is ‘DISCARDED’ !!!
ALL BOATS WORLDWIDE TOTAL AMOUNT OFWOULD HAVE TO CATCH FISH IN THE OCEAN EVERY FISH 4 TIMES AVAILABLE TO CATCH TO FILL EVERY BOAT* 4x 1x ZIP ZERO 3x 2x NADA *translation: too many boats with too much capacity
FARMING FISH FARMING? CROWDING INFECTED DISEASED MEDICATED ESCAPES CONVERSION RATIO: CONVERSION RATIOS: ONE SEED: MANY APPLES 5:1= 5 # FEED: 1 # SALMON 15:1= 15 # FEED: 1 # TUNA“The NOAA draft policies seem more aimed at boosting the aquaculture industry at any cost than rationally and scientiﬁcally evaluating the pros and cons of this type of development in any given circumstance, place and time.”
Broken Agreements The International Commission for the Conservation of Atlantic Tunas (ICCAT) sets quota FA I L for short-term policies that favour ﬁsherman over the long-term conservation of the species. It is often jokingly referred to as "the International Conspiracy to Catch all Tuna"
THE GLOBAL COMMONS DID YOU KNOW, YOU CAN CLAIM 2 HECTARES OF THE OCEAN? (surface area of ocean /number of people on Earth) “The commons is a new way to express a very old idea—that some forms of wealth belong to all of us, and that these community resources must be actively protected and managed for the good of all. The commons are the things that we inherit and create jointly, and that will (hopefully) last for generations to come.The commons consists of gifts of nature such as air, water, oceans and wildlife as well as shared social creations such as libraries, public spaces, scientiﬁc research and creative works”.
WHAT IS WORKING ANDHOW CAN WE DO MORE OF IT? 3 SUCCESS STORIES
ALASKAThe secret to Alaska’s success lies in two basic principles:• Responsible ﬁsheries management and sustainableﬁshing practices take care not to harm the ﬁsh, othermarine plants and animals, nor the environment• And ﬁsh populations are never overﬁshed.
MacFARLAND SPRINGS LASSEN, CA MacFarland marks the movement of farming ﬁsh towards organic farming techniques, where chemicals are not used and the feed source is natural to the farmed product. Feed Conversion Ratio (FCR*) around .25 to 1 – an environmental breakthrough. By comparison, a traditional farmed trout has a FCR in excess of 4 to 1.
VETA LA PALMA SEAFOOD, SPAIN “A farm that doesnt feed its animals A farm that measures its success by the health of its predators A farm thats literally a water puriﬁcation plant” -Dan Barber, chef "Fish? I didnt know anything about ﬁsh. Im an expert in relationships." -Miguel, biologist
WHAT YOU CAN DOEATING • Stop eating ﬁsh • Eat ﬁsh less often, consider Fish Free Fridays • Eat locally caught seafood that is in season • Be adventurous, learn to eat new ﬁsh • Learn who caught your ﬁsh • Get the factsPURCHASING • Support restaurants that are doing the right thing • Support your local ﬁsherman • Educate yourself and make informed purchases • Does your ﬁsh tastes like chicken? Ask about farmed ﬁsh conversion ratios, how many pounds of feed did it take to grow this ﬁsh?ADVOCACY • Educate someone about sustainable seafood • Join Oceana and become a wave-maker • Protect your share of the Global Commons
TREATY A treaty is an express agreement underinternational law entered into by actors in international law, namely sovereign states and international organizations.A treaty may also be known as an (international) agreement, protocol, covenant, convention or exchange of letters, among other terms. Treaties can be loosely compared to contracts: both are means of willing parties assuming obligations amongthemselves, and a party to either that fails to live up to their obligations can be held liable under international law. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
THE WORLD OCEAN PROTOCOL A TREATY FOR THE GLOBAL COMMONS WORLD OCEAN PROTOCOL, A TREATY FOR THE GLOBAL COMMONS PURPOSE The purpose of this treaty and its subsequent protocol is to establish an International Standardized System of Global Oceanic accountability and stewardship. The Ocean is the largest asset of the Global Commons, shared by all Global Citizens. As Global Citizens we agree to hold our countries, nations, governments and businesses accountable for Right Stewardship of our Common Collective Oceanic Asset and to protect it from further ruinous practices and selﬁsh interests of those who would proﬁt by illegal means and measures. APPLICATION AND SCOPE This Protocol affects all nations, all citizens and all species of Planet Earth. Each county shall sign and agree to the Protocol. Any non compliant and non signatory nation will face consequences in accordance with the measures and limits determined by the Rights of Nature Agreement for any Ocean Citizens captured until signing the agreement. The desired goal is that all Global Citizens shall have equal access to the natural, social and economic privilege provided by the Oceanic Commons. Is is the desire of all citizens to avoid unintended consequences wherever possible. EFFECTIVE DATE The effective date of The World Ocean Protocol, when the policy comes into effect, is to be in accordance with as yet to be established global holiday known as World Ocean Day, to be inaugurated on July 22, 2011.WILL YOU HELP MAKE OCEANIC PROTECTION A REALITY?
The "great work" facing humanity, is to move from mindlessly extracting and consuming the earths resourcesto establishing a mutually beneﬁcial relationship with nature.” THOMAS BERRY