Conditional sentences
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Conditional sentences

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Conditional sentences Conditional sentences Presentation Transcript

  • Read these sentences...
    • Water turns to ice if it freezes .
    • If people don’t get enough sleep,
    • they are dangerous drivers.
    • to describe what always happens in some situations
    • to talk about scientific facts
    When do you use these sentences ? These are TYPE 0 Conditional Sentences
  • at how we FORM these sentences. or Present Simple IF + Present Simple, Main clause If-clause IF + Present Simple Present Simple If-clause Main clause
  • Now look at these examples.
    • If James studies hard,
    • he will be prepared for the quiz.
    • You will be sorry if you buy that car.
    • to talk about things that probably will happen in the future, considering certain circumstances
    • to describe possible situations and their possible results
    • to talk about “real situations” – when we are certain that something will happen when someone does something
    When do you use them ? These are TYPE 1 Conditional Sentences
  • This is how we FORM the 1st Conditional . or WILL / WON’T + infinitive IF + Present Simple, Main clause If-clause IF + Present Simple WILL / WON’T + infinitive If-clause Main clause
  • And what about these ?
    • If I had enough money, I would take a trip to Hawaii.
    • I wouldn’t do that if I were you.
    • to describe possible situations and their possible results
    • to talk about “imaginary situations” – we imagine something that we are (almost) certain that won’t come true
    • to give someone advice , using the expression
    • “ If I were you…”
    When can you use this type of sentences ? These are TYPE 2 Conditional Sentences
  • Here is how we FORM the 2nd Conditional . or WOULD / WOULDN’T + infinitive IF +Past Simple, Main clause If-clause IF + PAST Simple WOULD / WOULDN’T + infinitive If-clause Main clause
    • Conditional sentences have two clauses :
    • an IF clause and a MAIN clause .
    • the IF clause presents the condition
    • the other clause presents the results
    Don't forget...
  • Now let's do some exercises . . .