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US-Cuba: Attitudes on Engagement

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American political opinion has shifted to support a broad US government opening to Cuba, including an end to the 54-year-old trade embargo and restrictions on travel by Americans to the island, …

American political opinion has shifted to support a broad US government opening to Cuba, including an end to the 54-year-old trade embargo and restrictions on travel by Americans to the island, according to a nationwide poll released today by the Atlantic Council.

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  • 1. U.S. – Cuba Relations Issues Survey Summary of Key Findings Presented to the: 320-594
  • 2. Bipartisan Research Team Fairbank, Maslin, Maullin, Metz & Associates (FM3) – a national Democratic opinion research firm with offices in Oakland, Los Angeles and Madison, Wisconsin – has specialized in public policy oriented opinion research since 1981. The firm has assisted hundreds of political campaigns at every level of the ballot – from President to City Council – with opinion research and strategic guidance. FM3 also provides research and strategic consulting to public agencies, businesses and public interest organizations nationwide. Public Opinion Strategies (POS) is the largest Republican polling firm in the country. Since the firm’s founding in 1991, they have completed more than 10,000 research projects, interviewing more than five million Americans across the United States. Media outlets such as The Wall Street Journal, NBC News and CNBC rely on Public Opinion Strategies to conduct their polling. The firm conducts polling on behalf of hundreds of political campaigns, as well as trade associations, not-for-profit organizations, government entities and industry coalitions throughout the nation. As a bipartisan team, FM3 and Public Opinion Strategies have researched a wide range of issues for nearly a decade, in particular on conservation-related initiatives and policies. Together, the two firms have jointly conducted research on behalf of political campaigns, businesses, not-for-profit organizations and public agencies in 40 states and nationally. 1
  • 3. Survey Methodology  Nationwide telephone survey of 1,024 randomly-selected U.S. adults ages 18 and older. – The nationwide sample margin of error is +/-3.1 percent at the 95 percent confidence level; the margin of error for population subgroups will be higher.  The survey also includes oversamples of residents in the state of Florida and New Jersey, and among Hispanic/Latinos nationwide. – A total of 617 Florida residents were interviewed, which has a sample margin of error of +/-4.0 percent at the 95 percent confidence level. – A total of 282 New Jersey residents were interviewed, which has a sample margin of error of +/-5.9 percent at the 95 percent confidence level. – A total of 525 Hispanics/Latinos were interviewed, which has a sample margin of error of +/-4.4 percent at the 95 percent confidence level.  Respondents were reached via landlines and cell phones.  Interviews were conducted in English and Spanish.  The survey was conducted January 7-22, 2014. 2
  • 4. Mood of the American Public & Perceptions of U.S. Relations with Other Nations 3
  • 5. A majority of Americans believe the nation is “off on the wrong” track. In general, would you say that things in the United States are generally headed in the right direction or do you feel that things are off on the wrong track? Nationwide Hispanics/ Latinos State of Florida Right direction 36% Right direction 35% DK/NA 9% DK/NA 10% Wrong track 56% DK/NA 15% Wrong track 55% Q7. Right direction 45% Wrong track 40% 4
  • 6. A majority of Americans say the U.S. has no diplomatic relations, trade or travel with Cuba, and has a worse relationship with the Cuban government than with Iran. Mean Score Definition: 1=U.S. has no diplomatic relations, trade or travel with that nation; 7=U.S. has a close relationship with that nation, with free and open trade and travel. No Relations (1-3) ^Cuba Nationwide State of Florida Hispanics/Latinos Neutral (4) DK (8) 78% 80% 78% Iran 71% Vietnam 44% Mexico 18% 9% 7% 13% 14% 7% 10% 34% 5.2 87% 20% 40% 60% 2.4 3.8 68% England 6% 0% Mean Score 7% 5% 10% 2.1 6% 10% 2.1 5% 14% 2.0 Close Relations (5-7) 6.3 80% 100% 8. I would like to ask you about America’s relations with other countries around the world. Please tell me what you think U.S. relations are with that country. ^Not Part of Split Sample 5
  • 7. Americans’ Attitudes toward Changing U.S. Policy Towards Cuba 6
  • 8. A solid 56 percent majority of Americans favors changing our Cuba policy. Strongly favor 30% Total Somewhat favor 26% Somewhat oppose 13% Strongly oppose DK/NA Favor 56% Total Oppose 22% 35% 9% 0% 15% 30% 45% 60% 9 (Total-Nationwide). As you may know, since 1961 the United States has had no diplomatic relations with Cuba and restricts trade and travel with Cuba for the vast majority of American citizens and American businesses. Would you favor or oppose: (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba?”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba?”) 7
  • 9. There is a notable difference when the issue is phrased as “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba” vs. “engaging more directly with Cuba.” Split Sample: “Engaging” Split Sample: “Normalizing” 32% Strongly favor 28% Somewhat favor Somewhat oppose 13% 20% Strongly oppose DK/NA 0% 27% Total Favor 60% 25% 13% Total Oppose 33% 24% 7% 15% Total Favor 52% Total Oppose 37% 11% 30% 45% 60% 0% 15% 30% 45% 60% 9. As you may know, since 1961 the United States has had no diplomatic relations with Cuba and restricts trade and travel with Cuba for the vast majority of American citizens and American businesses. Would you favor or oppose: (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba?”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba?”) 8
  • 10. Also, more than six-in-ten Floridians and Latinos favor a change in U.S. policy towards Cuba. State of Florida 38% Strongly favor 25% Somewhat favor 13% Somewhat oppose 17% Strongly oppose Hispanics/Latinos 33% Total Favor 63% 29% 13% Total Oppose 30% 18% 6% DK/NA 0% 15% Total Favor 62% Total Oppose 30% 7% 30% 45% 60% 0% 15% 30% 45% 60% 9 (Total). As you may know, since 1961 the United States has had no diplomatic relations with Cuba and restricts trade and travel with Cuba for the vast majority of American citizens and American businesses. Would you favor or oppose: (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba?”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba?”) 9
  • 11. There is a significant gender gap as men are more likely than women to favor a change in U.S. policy towards Cuba. Normalize/Engage with Cuba by Gender Total Favor Total Oppose DK/NA 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% (% of Sample) Men Women (49%) (51%) 9 (Total-Nationwide). As you may know, since 1961 the United States has had no diplomatic relations with Cuba and restricts trade and travel with Cuba for the vast majority of American citizens and American businesses. Would you favor or oppose: (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba?”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba?”) 10
  • 12. Two-thirds of Americans over the age of 65 favor a new approach towards Cuba. Normalize/Engage with Cuba by Age Total Favor Total Oppose DK/NA 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% 18-29 (% of Sample) (21%) 30-39 40-49 50-64 65-74 75+ 18-39 40-59 60+ (14%) (20%) (25%) (12%) (7%) (34%) (37%) (27%) 9 (Total-Nationwide). As you may know, since 1961 the United States has had no diplomatic relations with Cuba and restricts trade and travel with Cuba for the vast majority of American citizens and American businesses. Would you favor or oppose: (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba?”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba?”) 11
  • 13. Support is stronger among Democrats and Independents, but a majority of Republicans also favor the idea. Normalize/Engage with Cuba by Party Total Favor Total Oppose DK/NA 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Democrats… (% of Sample) (37%) Independents (25%) Republicans… (28%) Not… (6%) 9 (Total-Nationwide). As you may know, since 1961 the United States has had no diplomatic relations with Cuba and restricts trade and travel with Cuba for the vast majority of American citizens and American businesses. Would you favor or oppose: (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba?”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba?”) 12
  • 14. Liberal Democrats are most in favor of changing our policy towards Cuba, while only a slim majority of Tea Party Republicans oppose. Normalize/Engage with Cuba by Party by Ideology and Tea Party Republicans Total Favor Democrats Total Oppose DK/NA Republicans Tea Party Republicans 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% (% of Sample) (16%) (15%) (5%) (16%) (10%) 9 (Total-Nationwide). As you may know, since 1961 the United States has had no diplomatic relations with Cuba and restricts trade and travel with Cuba for the vast majority of American citizens and American businesses. Would you favor or oppose: (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba?”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba?”) 13
  • 15. As education level increases so does support for changing our policy towards Cuba. Normalize/Engage with Cuba by Education Total Favor Total Oppose DK/NA 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% (% of Sample) (26%) (27%) (34%) (12%) (54%) (45%) 9 (Total-Nationwide). As you may know, since 1961 the United States has had no diplomatic relations with Cuba and restricts trade and travel with Cuba for the vast majority of American citizens and American businesses. Would you favor or oppose: (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba?”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba?”) 14
  • 16. The gender gap exists by education level; seven-in-ten college educated men favor changing our Cuba policy. Normalize/Engage with Cuba by Education by Gender Total Favor Some College or Less Total Oppose DK/NA Four-year College or More 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% (% of Sample) Men Women Men (27%) (27%) (21%) Women (24%) 9 (Total-Nationwide). As you may know, since 1961 the United States has had no diplomatic relations with Cuba and restricts trade and travel with Cuba for the vast majority of American citizens and American businesses. Would you favor or oppose: (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba?”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba?”) 15
  • 17. Three-quarters of Americans support changing U.S. policy so that we can coordinate with Cuba on issues important to both nations. Holding meetings with the Cuban government to coordinate on issues of mutual concern, like preventing drug trafficking and smuggling Strng. Supp. Smwt. Supp. *Nationwide Smwt. Opp. 56% State of Florida 21% 62% Hispanics/Latinos 61% 0% 20% Strng. Opp. 6% 20% 19% 40% 60% DK/NA Total Total Support Oppose 14% 77% 82% 6% 12% 80% 15% 80% 11% 20% 18% 100% 11d. I am going to mention some different ways U.S. policy toward Cuba could be changed. Please tell me whether your support or oppose that proposal. *Split Sample in Nationwide Survey Only 16
  • 18. More than six-in-ten also support allowing U.S. companies to do more business in Cuba, and lifting restrictions on travel and spending money in Cuba. Strng. Supp. Smwt. Supp. Smwt. Opp. Strng. Opp. DK/NA Total Total Support Oppose Allowing more American companies to do business in Cuba 35% 27% 12% 24% 62% 36% Removing restrictions on U.S. citizens to spend dollars in Cuba 35% 26% 13% 22% 61% 35% Removing all restrictions on travel to Cuba by U.S. citizens 35% 25% 16% 20% 61% 36% 52% 43% *Allowing Cuba access to high-speed Internet and other telecommunications systems based in the United States 29% 0% 20% 23% 16% 40% 60% 27% 80% 5% 100% 11 a, b, c, e (Nationwide). I am going to mention some different ways U.S. policy toward Cuba could be changed. Please tell me whether your support or oppose that proposal. *Split Sample in Nationwide Survey Only 17
  • 19. Floridians and Latinos also express solid support for making these changes to U.S. policy towards Cuba. Strng. Supp. Allowing more American companies to do business in Cuba Removing restrictions on U.S. citizens to spend dollars in Cuba Removing all restrictions on travel to Cuba by U.S. citizens Allowing Cuba access to high-speed Internet and other telecommunications systems based in the United States Smwt. Supp. Smwt. Opp. Strng. Opp. DK/NA State of Florida 40% 23% Hispanics/Latinos 40% 25% 12% 20% State of Florida 40% 23% 13% 19% Hispanics/Latinos 38% 29% State of Florida 38% Hispanics/Latinos State of Florida Total Total Support Oppose 11% 21% 5% 32% 65% 32% 63% 32% 11% 18% 67% 29% 29% 12% 18% 67% 29% 37% 29% 15% 16% 66% 31% 39% Hispanics/Latinos 63% 25% 9% 19% 8% 64% 28% 55% 33% 30% 0% 20% 5% 25% 15% 18% 13% 40% 60% 80% 100% 11a, b, c, e. I am going to mention some different ways U.S. policy toward Cuba could be changed. Please tell me whether your support or oppose that proposal. 18
  • 20. Reactions to Factual Statements about Cuba 19
  • 21. Cuba’s proximity to the U.S. mainland, and travel restrictions were regarded by six-in-ten as important reasons to change our policy. Very Impt. to Norm./Engage Smwt. Impt. to Norm./Engage Smwt. Impt. Keep Very Impt. To Keep Cuba is only 90 miles away from the U.S. mainland 38% 20% 12% Our government only allows Cuban Americans to travel to Cuba without permission. If you are not Cuban American, the U.S. Treasury Department must approve your travel. We do not do that with any other country 37% 21% 15% 0% 20% 40% 60% Total Normalize/ Total Keep Engage 23% 58% 58% 21% 80% 35% 36% 100% 12 e, f (Nationwide). I am going to read you a series of factual statements. Please indicate whether you consider it to be a reason (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “to normalize U.S. relations with Cuba”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “for the U.S. to engage more directly with Cuba”) or a reason to keep current U.S. policy in place? (Cuba is only 90 miles away from the U.S. mainland) 20
  • 22. Floridians and Latinos had similar reactions to these statements as reasons to change our Cuba policy. Very Impt. to Norm./Engage Smwt. Impt. to Norm./Engage Smwt. Impt. Keep Very Impt. To Keep State of Florida 41% 17% 14% Hispanics/Latinos 38% 22% Total Normalize/ Total Keep Engage 23% 59% 37% 15% 20% 61% 35% 16% 21% 59% 37% 17% 18% 60% 35% Cuba is only 90 miles away from the U.S. mainland Our government only allows Cuban Americans to travel to Cuba without permission. If you are not Cuban American, the U.S. Treasury Department must approve your travel. We do not do that with any other country State of Florida 33% Hispanics/Latinos 37% 0% 20% 26% 23% 40% 60% 80% 100% 12e, f. I am going to read you a series of factual statements. Please indicate whether you consider it to be a reason (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “to normalize U.S. relations with Cuba”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “for the U.S. to engage more directly with Cuba”) or a reason to keep current U.S. policy in place? (Cuba is only 90 miles away from the U.S. mainland) ^Not Part of Split Sample 21
  • 23. Solid majorities of Americans thinks the policy should be changed because it hurts our economy, and Cuba has started to make economic reforms. Keep Very Impt. To Keep Total Very Impt. to Norm./Engage Smwt. Impt. to Norm./Engage Smwt. Impt. Normalize/ Total Engage Keep ^The Cuba trade embargo is estimated to cost the U.S. economy as much as $4.8 billion in exports and related economic output per year 36% The Cuban government has made economic reforms to allow entrepreneurship, and today more than forty percent of all Cubans earn their income from privately-owned small businesses 30% 0% 20% 21% 25% 40% 16% 16% 60% 56% 21% 80% 38% 55% 22% 37% 100% 12a, d (Nationwide). I am going to read you a series of factual statements. Please indicate whether you consider it to be a reason (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “to normalize U.S. relations with Cuba”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “for the U.S. to engage more directly with Cuba”) or a reason to keep current U.S. policy in place? (Cuba is only 90 miles away from the U.S. mainland) ^Not Part of Split Sample 22
  • 24. The statements related to economic issues were especially impactful with Latinos. Very Impt. to Norm./Engage Smwt. Impt. Keep ^The Cuba trade embargo is estimated to cost the U.S. economy as much as $4.8 billion in exports and related economic output per year The Cuban government has made economic reforms to allow entrepreneurship, and today more than forty percent of all Cubans earn their income from privately-owned small businesses Smwt. Impt. to Norm./Engage Very Impt. To Keep State of Florida 35% Hispanics/Latinos 23% 36% Hispanics/Latinos 38% 0% 20% 17% 19% 57% 37% 21% 14% 16% 42% State of Florida Total Normalize/ Total Engage Keep 63% 30% 56% 37% 64% 30% 21% 15% 26% 40% 60% 23% 13% 18% 80% 100% 12a, d. I am going to read you a series of factual statements. Please indicate whether you consider it to be a reason (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “to normalize U.S. relations with Cuba”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “for the U.S. to engage more directly with Cuba”) or a reason to keep current U.S. policy in place? (Cuba is only 90 miles away from the U.S. mainland) ^Not Part of Split Sample 23
  • 25. On the other hand, a majority opposes a policy change after hearing about Cuba’s human rights abuses, and that the Castro regime remains in power. Very Impt. to Norm./Engage Smwt. Impt. to Norm./Engage Smwt. Impt. Keep Very Impt. To Keep ^ Cuba continues to have a dismal human rights record. The Castro regime represses virtually all forms of political dissent through detentions, arbitrary arrests, beatings, travel restrictions, forced exile and sentencing dissidents in closed trials 26% State of Florida 28% Hispanics/Latinos 26% Nationwide After more than fifty years of no U.S. relations with Cuba the Castro regime remains in power Nationwide 23% State of Florida 25% Hispanics/Latinos 28% 0% 20% 17% 17% Total Normalize/ Total Engage Keep 33% 43% 50% 17% 17% 32% 45% 49% 21% 29% 47% 45% 21% 30% 41% 51% 18% 18% 34% 43% 51% 52% 41% 18% 16% 24% 16% 26% 40% 60% 80% 100% 12b, c. I am going to read you a series of factual statements. Please indicate whether you consider it to be a reason (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “to normalize U.S. relations with Cuba”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “for the U.S. to engage more directly with Cuba”) or a reason to keep current U.S. policy in place? (Cuba is only 90 miles away from the U.S. mainland) ^Not Part of Split Sample 24
  • 26. A majority of Americans and six-in-ten Floridians do not think Cuba belongs on the U.S. State Department’s list of state-sponsors of terrorism… Currently, the U.S. State Department designates four countries in the world as state-sponsors of terrorism: Cuba, Iran, Syria and Sudan. The State Department defines state-sponsored terrorism as countries that have repeatedly provided support for acts of international terrorism, and places sanctions on these nations that restrict trade, travel and foreign assistance. Total Yes/Same Threat 40% Nationwide 40% 20% 7% 61% 43% Hispanics/Latinos 60% 52% 31% State of Florida DK/NA Total No/Not Same Threat 8% 50% 0% 20% 6% 40% 60% 80% 13. In your opinion, does Cuba pose the same threat as these other countries, Sudan, Syria and Iran, and thus belongs on the list? 25
  • 27. Thousands of Al-Qaeda terrorists are in Sudan or Syria, and Iran has been aggressively building its nuclear program. Despite human rights abuses, Cuba poses none of the active dangers to the United States and our security that these other countries possess. After hearing the statement above, even fewer think Cuba should be on the state-sponsors of terrorism list. Total Yes/Same Threat Nationwide State of Florida Hispanics/Latinos 40% 30% 61% 24% 9% 67% 34% 20% DK/NA Total No/Not Same Threat 9% 59% 0% 20% 7% 40% 60% 80% 13/14 (Combined). Thinking again, does Cuba pose the same threat as Sudan, Syria and Iran, and thus belongs on the state sponsored terrorism list? 26
  • 28. Statements For and Against a Changed U.S. Policy Toward Cuba 27
  • 29. Statements Supporting Changing U.S. Policy Nationwide Statements (TRADE) Latin America is the United States’ fastest growing trading partner. Cuba, just 90 miles off the Florida Coast, provides new opportunities for American businesses in all types of industries— agriculture, hotels and tourism, and high-tech—that will help grow the U.S. economy and create new jobs in America ^ (HURT) For fifty years, the U.S. embargo has hurt the people of Cuba, not the government. Changing our policy will help the Cuban people out of severe poverty, and we can continue to be tough on the Castro regime and hold it accountable for human rights abuses (VIETNAM) Today we have good diplomatic relations with Vietnam, including open travel and free trade. If we are willing to talk to and work with a country we went to war with, surely it is time to re-evaluate our outdated Cuba policy (CHANGE) As with Communism in Eastern Europe or dictatorships in the Middle East, Cuba’s government will eventually change. It is better for the U.S. to engage more directly with Cuba now so we are in better position to respond to that change instead of waiting to respond to chaos, like what is happening in Egypt, just 90 miles from our shores (FLORIDA) For too long, politicians have allowed Florida to control U.S. foreign policy. It is time to set our Cuba policy based on what is best for America’s overall national security and economic interests State of Florida Hispanics/ Latinos Very Conv. Very/ Smwt. Conv. Very Conv. Very/ Smwt. Conv. Very Conv. Very/ Smwt. Conv. 34% 65% 32% 69% 38% 71% 33% 64% 37% 64% 33% 65% 33% 61% 37% 57% 42% 66% 32% 57% 36% 62% 36% 64% 29% 56% 26% 58% 33% 66% 15a-e. I am going to read some statements made by people who support (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba.”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba.”) Please tell me whether you find it to be a very convincing, somewhat convincing, or not too convincing reason to (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalize relations with Cuba.”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “engage more directly with Cuba.”). ^Not Part of Split Sample 28
  • 30. One additional supportive statement was asked of non-Florida Latinos. (UNEQUAL) U.S. immigration law prevents millions of hardworking and law abiding Latinos who have been here for years from gaining legal status, but if a Cuban sets foot on U.S. soil they automatically gain legal status (Asked of Non-Florida Hispanic/Latino Residents) Very Conv. Very/Smwt. Conv. 80% 60% 40% 20% 0% Hispanics/Latinos 15f. I am going to read some statements made by people who support (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba.”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba.”) Please tell me whether you find it to be a very convincing, somewhat convincing, or not too convincing reason to (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalize relations with Cuba.”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “engage more directly with Cuba.”). 29
  • 31. Statements Opposing Changing U.S. Policy State of Hispanics/ Florida Latinos Very/ Very/ Very/ Very Very Very Smwt. Smwt. Smwt. Conv. Conv. Conv. Conv. Conv. Conv. Nationwide Statements (WEAKEN) Ending the embargo before the Cuban government meets the conditions specified would weaken the United States. Changing our policy would send a message to Iran, North Korea and other countries that they can act against American interests with no consequences ^ (CUBAN AMERICANS) Cuban Americans support current U.S. policy because it puts economic pressure on the Castro regime, while providing assistance to Cuban citizens. Travel and financial restrictions have already been lifted for Cuban Americans to help their families; meanwhile we should stay tough on the Castro regime (WORKING) Now is not the time to lift sanctions as the embargo is weakening the Cuban government. Keeping existing policies in place will help bring down the Castro regime, like our tough stance against Communism helped bring down the Berlin Wall 30% 51% 32% 52% 36% 58% 27% 61% 32% 67% 29% 61% 24% 54% 22% 52% 23% 54% 16. I am going to read some statements made by people who oppose (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba.”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba.”) Please tell me whether you find it to be a very convincing, somewhat convincing, or not too convincing reason to maintain current U.S. policy. ^Not Part of Split Sample 30
  • 32. After these messages a solid majority of Americans continues to favors changing U.S. policy regardless of whether it is referred to as “normalizing” or “engaging”. Initial After Messages 30% Strongly favor 26% Somewhat favor 13% Somewhat oppose 22% Strongly oppose 32% Total Favor 56% 24% 15% Total Oppose 35% 25% 9% DK/NA 0% 15% Total Favor 55% Total Oppose 39% 5% 30% 45% 60% 0% 15% 30% 45% 60% 9 (Total)/17 (Total). As you may know, since 1961 the United States has had no diplomatic relations with Cuba and restricts trade and travel with Cuba for the vast majority of American citizens and American businesses. Would you favor or oppose: (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba?”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba?”) 31
  • 33. More than six-in-ten Floridians and Latinos favor changing our Cuba policy after the messages. Strng. Fav. Smwt. Fav. Smwt. Opp. Strng. Opp. 30% 63% Initial State of Florida 38% 25% 13% 37% 29% 13% 62% Initial Hispanics/ Latinos 29% 13% 61% 20% +3% +1% -1% +5% 18% 18% 7% 35% 39% 0% % Difference Total Total Favor Oppose 30% 33% After Messages 17% 6% 31% 66% After Messages DK/NA 22% 40% 13% 60% 22% 80% 100% 9 (Total)/17 (Total). As you may know, since 1961 the United States has had no diplomatic relations with Cuba and restricts trade and travel with Cuba for the vast majority of American citizens and American businesses. Would you favor or oppose: (SPLIT SAMPLE A: “normalizing U.S. relations with Cuba?”) (SPLIT SAMPLE B: “the U.S. engaging more directly with Cuba?”) 32
  • 34. After going through the survey, six-in-ten Americans support the U.S. appointing a Special Envoy to Cuba. The United States often establishes a special diplomatic position, called an envoy, for countries that we have hostile or tense relationships with, like North Korea, Sudan and the Congo. Nationwide DK/ NA 7% Yes 61% No 32% Hispanics/ Latinos State of Florida DK/ NA 7% Yes 61% DK/ NA 8% No 32% 18. Would you support the United States sending a special envoy to Cuba? Yes 59% No 33% 33
  • 35. U.S. – Cuba Relations Issues Survey Summary of Key Findings Presented to the: 320-594

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