Source for NYC story analysis: “SuperFreakonomics” By Steven D. Levitt, Stephen J. Dubner. It must be admitted that the automotive industry, while solving one environmental health crisis, contributed to new environmental challenges, especially air emissions that were not seriously addressed until the Clean Air Act.
Please look at the bottom line. Mining – that is oil and gas production in Texas plus lignite and aggregate mining. Water usage for the oil and gas industry accounts for less than 1% of all water used statewide! Even with the shale production booms, the Texas Water Development Board projects its usage share to remain relatively flat. As we will see, the O&G industry together with the Water Recycling industry can actually ADD far more water to the hydrologic cycle than it uses.
Produced Water | Session VI - Ben Sebree
BENEFICIAL CONSEQUENCES &
WATER TREATMENT MARKET
ATLANTIC COUNCIL CONFERENCE
“FOSSIL FUEL PRODUCED WATER: ASSET OR
JUNE 24-25, 2013
Benjamin W. Sebree
Sebree & Tintera, LLC.
General Counsel, Texas Water Recycling
The Oil & Gas Industry
Saved the Whales
The Automotive Industry
Saved New York City &
Recycled Produced Water
Will Help Save Texas
Beginning in the 1700’s, whale oil was
used as the primary illuminant for
By 1830, the United States became the
pre-eminent whaling nation in the
The whaling industry reached its
height in 1856, then began to swiftly
available at less than
¼ the cost of whale
with less odor than
By 1860, 40
kerosene plants were
1800: NYC Population ~
1900: NYC Population ~
~5 million manure
pounds per day
~1.6 million urine
gallons per day
25.4 to 46.3
million by the
an 82% increase
expected to see a
73% increase by
Total demand is
expected to see a
22% increase by
Groundwater storage has been
By the year 2060, existing water
supplies are expected to decrease by
Precipitation is expected to decrease
by more than 1 inch by the year
Total precipitation is expected to
decrease to 0-2 inches per year for
most of Texas.
Texas is rapidly undergoing
desertification, representing a long
term climate shift towards a more
The current rate is 10 miles per
year, moving east from west Texas.
This process is indicative of more
severe droughts to come.
By the year 2060, water shortages
could account for $116 billion dollars
in lost income and 1.1 million lost
jobs in the state of Texas alone.
An Unexpected Benefit and Market
Recycling Produced Water Can
Help Solve the Problem
Existing water supplies are expected to
decrease 10% by the year 2060.
Average Expected Shortfall:
2020 = 2.3 Million Acre Feet (7.5 Billion
2040 = 2.5 Million Acre Feet (8.15 Billion
Without developing other water
supplies, during a severe drought, Texas is
expected to have an annual shortage of 8.3
million acre-feet (2.7 trillion gallons).
Approximate Amount of
Fresh & Brackish Water Used
per Year for Texas Oil & Gas
180,106 acre feet
(less than 1% of Total State
Approximate Amount of
O&G Produced Water per
910,365 acre feet
(Approximately 5% of Total
State Water Demand; 2/3rd
Recycled Yields 3.3% of Total
State Water Demand AND
26% of projected WATER
Texas Water Supply-Demand Gap
2010 2020 2030 2040 2050 2060
Projected Water Supply vs. Demand
By recycling produced water from oil and
gas activities, a significant portion of the
projected water shortage can be addressed.
Current produced water rates are ~7 billion
barrels per year, or 294 billion gallons.
100% recycled produced water would meet
roughly 39% of the PROJECTED WATER
SHORTAGE in year 2020.
More realistically, 66% recycled produced
water would meet 26% of the PROJECTED
WATER SHORTAGE in year 2020.
Produced Water is an Asset.
The Texas Oil & Gas Industry Uses Less Than 1%
of Total State Water Demand.
But, It Can Contribute to the Hydrologic Cycle FAR
MORE than It Uses.
Recycled Produced Water Can Help Solve the
Texas Water Crisis.
If 2/3rds (Reasonably Achievable) of Produced
Water in Texas Were Recycled, It Would Yield
3.3% of Current State Water Demand
26% of Projected State Water Shortage in 2020.