Session 3   arnim wiek
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  • 1. The Role of Research in Developing and Implementing Transformational Solutions for Water Sustainability Arnim Wiek, Lauren Withycombe Keeler, Dave White Decision Center for a Desert City Arizona State University Workshop on “Transformational Solutions for Water in the West” Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico September 5, 2013
  • 2. Failing Solutions “A current policy subsidizes farmers to invest in improved on-farm irrigation efficiency, expecting water to be conserved off farm. Contrary to expectation, water has been increasingly depleted in some regions after such improvements.” Huffaker, R. (2008). Conservation potential of agricultural water conservation subsidies, Water Resources Research, 44, W00E01. 2
  • 3. Why solution-oriented research? §  Water systems are complex §  Designing solutions for complex systems requires enhanced capacities §  Professional experience is not always sufficient 4
  • 4. Why solution-oriented research? §  Water systems are complex §  Designing solutions for complex systems requires enhanced capacities §  Professional experience is not always sufficient ê §  Solutions can fail §  Solutions can create unintended consequences §  Solutions can be less efficient than possible 4
  • 5. What is solution-oriented research? Produces evidence on §  “Good / best management practices” §  “Sustainable water supply” §  “Effective conservation measures” §  “Fair water distribution” §  “Public support” §  Etc. 6
  • 6. What are we talking about I Problem   Analysis   What is the problem? 9
  • 7. What are we talking about I II Problem   Analysis   Goal   Visioning   What is the problem? What is the goal? 9
  • 8. What are we talking about I III II Problem   Analysis   Strategy   Design  &  Tes7ng   Monitoring  &  Evalua7on   Goal   Visioning   What is the problem? How do we get from here to there? What is the goal? 9
  • 9. How to design solutions DPR Project, Texas Cloudcroft, New Mexico 12
  • 10. How to test solutions? What problem does the solution address? What is the goal? 1.  What is the intervention point? 2.  What are the actions and actors? 3.  What is the evidence that the solution works? 4.  What are barriers and coping strategies? 5.  What are unintended consequences? 12
  • 11. How to test solutions? 13
  • 12. How to test solutions? 12
  • 13. How to select or coordinate solutions? ! 13
  • 14. Intervention Points and Actions 13 !
  • 15. How to reach agreement on solutions 6
  • 16. How to reach agreement on solutions 13
  • 17. How to evaluate solutions? 6
  • 18. How to teach solutions? 12
  • 19. Customized Databases Problem – Water scarcity Goal – Satisfying all water needs/wants §  Alternative sourcing §  Participatory water budgeting (distribution) §  Demand side management §  Direct potable reuse §  … 12
  • 20. Outlook for DCDC §  DCDC’s past work: advanced knowledge on water challenges under climate change uncertainties in collaboration between researchers and policy makers §  DCDC’s future agenda includes: solutionoriented research on water supply and demand management strategies as well as integrated planning processes 11
  • 21. Contact Dr. Arnim Wiek Decision Center for a Desert City & School of Sustainability Arizona State University E-mail: arnim.wiek@asu.edu 14