Advanced Fossil Energy Technologies: Presentation by Southern Company

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Key Issues in Ensuring Access to Energy, Protecting Energy Security, and Enhancing Environmental Performance

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Advanced Fossil Energy Technologies: Presentation by Southern Company

  1. 1. Atlantic Council “Advanced Fossil Energy Technologies” Washington, D.C. - September 9, 2013 Southern Company Perspectives on Energy R&D Randall Rush GM, Gasification Technology
  2. 2. Southern Company R&D Attributes “Learn by Doing” • Centrally located research engineers and scientists • Laboratories dispersed across operating assets • Active collaboration with utilities, universities, vendors • Heavily leveraged by external funding partners • Intellectual property positions that do not impede technology deployment • Research portfolio provides hardened technology options delivered in close cooperation with in-house Operations and EPC capability
  3. 3. DOE/Southern Company R&D Project Timeline 1970 2013 Solvent Refined Coal Advanced Coal Cleaning 100 MW Chiyoda Demo SCR Pilot Plant Switchgrass Co-Firing Advanced T-Fired Burner DOE/EPRI Coal Quality Expert Activated Carbon Injection SECARB CO2 Injection Citronelle CO2 Injection SECARB Phase IIIIDMS GenVARR Stack Water Recovery PSDF NCCC Activated Carbon Injection MerCAP Scrubber Additives Low Temperature Oxidation Catalysts CCPI 3 CCS Demo Kemper IGCC- CCPI Advanced Wall-Fired Burner 2010-2018 2007-Present
  4. 4. Development 1-10 MWe Demonstration 10-100+ MWe Commercial 250 MWe + Research < 0.1 MWe Coal-based Technology Development Directly Resulting from DOE/Southern Company R&D Partnership
  5. 5. Development 1-10 MWe Demonstration 10-100+ MWe Commercial 250 MWe + SCR systems FGD systems Baghouse w/ activated carbon Research < 0.1 MWe Carbon Dioxide (Capture & Storage) Coal-based Technology Development Directly Resulting from DOE/Southern Company R&D Partnership Low NOx burners
  6. 6. Confidential and Proprietary Development 1-10 MWe Demonstration 10-100+ MWe Commercial 250 MWe + SCR systems Crist Clean Coal Project 1992-1995 9 MW SEI Birchwood 1996 250 MW 18,000 MW 8,000 MW FGD systems Scholz 1978 23 MW Yates Clean Coal 1992 100 MW Baghouse w/ activated carbon Miller 1995 1 MW Gaston 2&3 1996 & 2001 2*250 MW Research < 0.1 MWe Carbon Dioxide (Capture & Storage) Daniel 2009 SECARB II 3000 tons Barry 500 tpd 2011 - 2014 25MW Citronelle 2009 - 2020 SECARB III 100k tpy National Carbon Capture Center Coal-based Technology Development Directly Resulting from DOE/Southern Company R&D Partnership Industry Southern 100,000 MW 11,000 MW 8,000 MW* 1,600 MW • Denotes estimate • provided by EPRI 500 MW 325,000 MW 22,000 MW Low NOx burners Hammond Clean Coal 1991 500 MWSmith Clean Coal 1992 180 MW Kemper 3 MM tpd 2014 - 2054 584 MW
  7. 7. Confidential and Proprietary Development 1-10 MWe Demonstration 10-100+ MWe Commercial 250 MWe + SCR systems Crist Clean Coal Project 1992-1995 9 MW SEI Birchwood 1996 250 MW 18,000 MW 8,000 MW FGD systems Scholz 1978 23 MW Yates Clean Coal 1992 100 MW Baghouse w/ activated carbon Miller 1995 1 MW Gaston 2&3 1996 & 2001 2*250 MW Research < 0.1 MWe Carbon Dioxide (Capture & Storage) Daniel 2009 SECARB II 3000 tons Barry 500 tpd 2011 - 2014 25MW Citronelle 2009 - 2020 SECARB III 100k tpy National Carbon Capture Center Coal-based Technology Development Directly Resulting from DOE/Southern Company R&D Partnership Industry Southern 100,000 MW 11,000 MW 8,000 MW* 1,600 MW • Denotes estimate • provided by EPRI 500 MW 325,000 MW 22,000 MW Low NOx burners Hammond Clean Coal 1991 500 MWSmith Clean Coal 1992 180 MW Kemper 3 MM tpd 2014 - 2054 584 MW
  8. 8. Confidential and Proprietary Development 1-10 MWe Demonstration 10-100+ MWe Commercial 250 MWe + SCR systems Crist Clean Coal Project 1992-1995 9 MW SEI Birchwood 1996 250 MW 18,000 MW 8,000 MW FGD systems Scholz 1978 23 MW Yates Clean Coal 1992 100 MW Baghouse w/ activated carbon Miller 1995 1 MW Gaston 2&3 1996 & 2001 2*250 MW Research < 0.1 MWe Carbon Dioxide (Capture & Storage) Daniel 2009 SECARB II 3000 tons Barry 500 tpd 2011 - 2014 25MW Citronelle 2009 - 2020 SECARB III 100k tpy National Carbon Capture Center Coal-based Technology Development Directly Resulting from DOE/Southern Company R&D Partnership Industry Southern 100,000 MW 11,000 MW 8,000 MW* 1,600 MW • Denotes estimate • provided by EPRI Kemper 3 MM tpd 2014 - 2054 584 MW 500 MW 325,000 MW 22,000 MW Low NOx burners Hammond Clean Coal 1991 500 MWSmith Clean Coal 1992 180 MW
  9. 9. R&D Portfolio: Carbon Capture and Storage Coal Seam Injection Study Pilot Capture Demo Groundwater Impacts Study Underground Carbon Injection 1 MW Solid Sorbent Pilot Kemper County IGCC Geologic Suitability Study National Carbon Capture Center University Training Program Biomineralization Study UAB Cap Rock Lab 25 MW CCS
  10. 10. R&D Portfolio: Carbon Capture and Storage Coal Seam Injection Study Pilot Capture Demo Groundwater Impacts Study Underground Carbon Injection 1 MW Solid Sorbent Pilot Kemper County IGCC Geologic Suitability Study National Carbon Capture Center University Training Program Biomineralization Study UAB Cap Rock Lab 25 MW CCS
  11. 11. 25 MW CCS Demo Integrated CO2 capture, compression, pipeline transportation, and geologic sequestration • 90% CO2 capture • Integrated Operations August 2012 • 171,400 tons of CO2 captured , 78,100 tons injected • Plant Barry
  12. 12. National Carbon Capture Center Project Partners
  13. 13. National Carbon Capture Center Partial List of Technology Suppliers
  14. 14. Development of the Transport Coal Gasifier for Power and Chemical Production TRIGTM Leverages Long History of Fluid Catalytic Cracking (FCC) Expertise Late 30's 1942 1951 Early 1960's 1976 1980's 1990 1996 1996 China 2011 USA 2014 First Commercial FCC Unit for Exxon Orthoflow™ A Design Orthoflow™ C Design Resid FCCs Orthoflow™ F Design Design Based on FCC Technology Pilot Plant Tech Center Grand Forks, ND 2,600 Hours Test Run PSDF at Wilsonville, AL. >19,000 hrs in gasification including >3,000 hrs on Miss. Lignite thru Aug‘13 TRIGTM In Kemper County, MS, USA
  15. 15. Kemper County IGCC Plant SitePlant Site Test results from the NCCC allow ~40MW more output than would have been possible from higher Steam/CO ratios required in refinery applications • 15+ years of development at the NCCC • 524MW on syngas w/ 65+% CO2 capture • CO2 & other emissions ~equal to NG • 3 MM TPY CO2 for EOR • Zero Liquid Discharge (ZLD) plus treated effluent from City of Meridian, MS and moisture from coal drying as makeup water
  16. 16. Kemper County IGCC
  17. 17. DOE/Southern Company R&D Project Timeline 1970 2013 Solvent Refined Coal Advanced Coal Cleaning 100 MW Chiyoda Demo SCR Pilot Plant Switchgrass Co-Firing Advanced T-Fired Burner DOE/EPRI Coal Quality Expert Activated Carbon Injection SECARB CO2 Injection Citronelle CO2 Injection SECARB Phase IIIIDMS GenVARR Stack Water Recovery PSDF NCCC Activated Carbon Injection MerCAP Scrubber Additives Low Temperature Oxidation Catalysts CCPI 3 CCS Demo Kemper IGCC- CCPI Advanced Wall-Fired Burner 2010-2018 2007-Present
  18. 18. Southern Company’s Diverse Generation Portfolio Potential 2020 Range Average Actual Low Gas Price High Gas Price ‘07-’08 2012 High Coal Price Low Coal Price Natural Gas 16% 45% 57% 34% Coal 69% 36% 22% 45% Nuclear & Other 15% 19% 21% 21% Generation Mix by Fuel Source The reliability of our generation fleet and the flexibility to utilize the least expensive fuel source keeps retail prices low and less volatile
  19. 19. National Carbon Capture Center Wilsonville, Alabama Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Mississippi Power Plant Ratcliffe Second Largest U.S. Solar Cimarron Solar Facility Largest U.S. Biomass Nacogdoches Generating Facility Mercury Research Center Gulf Power Plant Crist 25-MW CCS Alabama Power Plant Barry Water Research Center Georgia Power Plant Bowen Power Delivery and End-Use Technology Lab U.S. first New Nuclear Georgia Power Plant Vogtle Smart Grid: Integrated Distribution Management System Air Quality Science Center SEARCH network; ARIES; mercury Savannah Seaport Electrification All-electric Crane Demonstration Campo Verde Solar Facility Imperial County, California Apex Solar Facility North Las Vegas, Nevada Spectrum Solar Facility Clark County, Nevada Granville Solar Facility Granville County, North Carolina R&D Delivers Benefits to the Industry Recent Southern Company Projects with R&D Foundations
  20. 20. National Carbon Capture Center Wilsonville, Alabama Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle Mississippi Power Plant Ratcliffe Second Largest U.S. Solar Cimarron Solar Facility Largest U.S. Biomass Nacogdoches Generating Facility Mercury Research Center Gulf Power Plant Crist 25-MW CCS Alabama Power Plant Barry Water Research Center Georgia Power Plant Bowen Power Delivery and End-Use Technology Lab U.S. first New Nuclear Georgia Power Plant Vogtle Smart Grid: Integrated Distribution Management System Air Quality Science Center SEARCH network; ARIES; mercury Savannah Seaport Electrification All-electric Crane Demonstration Campo Verde Solar Facility Imperial County, California Apex Solar Facility North Las Vegas, Nevada Spectrum Solar Facility Clark County, Nevada Granville Solar Facility Granville County, North Carolina R&D Delivers Benefits to the Industry Recent Southern Company Projects with R&D Foundations Non-Coal Focus
  21. 21. Benefits from Investments in Clean Coal Technology +183% -82% -88% Sources: EPA National Air Pollutant Emission Trends EIA Annual Energy Review -96% Coal-fired Generation Emission Rates Between 1970 and 2008 U.S. SO2, NOx, and particulate emissions from coal-fired electric power plants were reduced by 82 to 96%, while coal-fired generation almost doubled. Between 1990 and 2010 Southern Company’s SO2, NOx, and mercury emissions from coal-fired electric power plants were reduced by 60 to 80%, while coal-fired generation increased by 40%.

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